Hispanic Artists

American Civil Liberties Union
General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Dr. Gloria Rodriguez
Born 1948



Sandra Benítez
Born 1941


American Authors

Juan D. Gonzalez
Born 1947



John Leguizamo
Born 1964



Narciso Rodriguez
Born 1964



Andrés Cantor


Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. From which country did Guinea gain independence on this date in 1958? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two teams played the only triple-header in major league baseball history on this date in 1920? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the New York Times, into how many different languages was the Peanuts comic strip translated each day? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. On this date in 1967, who was the first African-American to be sworn in as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What is Sting's real name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Virginia, in what year did Nat Turner lead a slave revolt? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Jennifer Owings Dewey book (according to Boyds Mill Press):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Chemical Heritage Foundation, William Ramsay was responsible for adding what new group of elements to the periodic table.

2. According to the New York Times, Mohandas Gandhi was often referred to as the Mahatma, which means what?

3. According to the History Channel, was the address of the new home that the new York Stock Exchange opened on this date in 1922?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Wallace Stevens:

Nat Turner
Born on This Date 1800

[University of Virginia]

Slave Rebellion Leader

William Ramsay
Born on This Date in 1852

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemistry 1904 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Mohandas Gandhi
Born on This Date 1869

[Lucid Cafe]

Human Rights Activist

Jennifer Owings Dewey
Born on This Date 1941

[Boyds Mill Press]

Primary Children's Author

Since This Date 1950

[Norman Rockwell Museum]

Comics & Cartoons

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
World Farm Animals Day
(Observed annually on October 2 since 1983 in honor of Mohandas Gandhi)
Mohandas Gandhi Farming & Agriculture Animals World Farm Animals Day Website
Guinea: Independence Day
(Commemoration of independence from France 10/02/1958)
Guinea France U.S. Department of State History Channel
India: Gandhi Jayanti (Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)
(Commemorates the birth of Mohandas Gandhi born 10/02/1869)
Indian Political and Social Workers Mohandas Gandhi ILoveindia.cim
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1939 Otto R. Salassi (Mississippi-born Children's Author) Mississippi Authors Young Adult Authors
1941 Jeanne Betancourt (Vermont-born Children's Author) Vermont Authors Young Adult Authors
Jennifer Owings Dewey (Chicago-born Children's Science Author) Jennifer Owings Dewey Primary Children's Authors Science
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1879 Wallace Stevens (Pennsylvania-born Poet) Wallace Stevens Poetry
1904 Graham Greene (English Novelist) Graham Greene
1910 Lauren Kephart Soth (Iowa-born 1956 Pulitzer Prize Winner for Editorial Writing) Iowa Authors Journalism 1956 Pulitzer Prize Winner for Editorial Writing
1921 Edmund Crispin (English Writer) Edmund Crispin
Artists, Architects and Designers
1948 Donna Karan (New York-born Fashion Designer) New York Artists & Designers Donna Karan Biography
1949 Annie Leibovitz (Connecticut-born Photographer) Annie Leibovitz Photography
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1893 Leroy Shield (Minnesota-born Composer, Pianist) Minnesota Composers American Composers Classical Music
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1935 Robert Lawrence (Chicago-born Test Pilot: First African-American Selected for Astronaut Training) Chicago Explorers and Astronauts Astronauts African-American Explorers and Astronauts African-American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1852 William Ramsay (Scottish-born 1904 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) William Ramsay Helium Neon Argon Krypton 1904 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1901 Charles Stark Draper (Missouri-born Weapons Inertial Navigation Engineer) Missouri-born Scientists & Mathematicians War Draper Lab Technology and Society
Military Leaders
1851 Ferdinand Foch (French Army General) French Military Leaders World War I
Political & Social Leaders
1452 Richard III (King of England) English Political and Social Leaders Richard III
1538 Saint Charles Borromeo (Italian Roman Catholic Bishop) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Religion
1781 William Wyatt Bibb (Virginia-born Statesman: Namesake of Bibb Counties in Georgia and Alabama) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Bibb County, Alabama Bibb County, Georgia U.S. Congress Alabama State Archives University of Georgia
1800 Nat Turner (Virginia-born African-American Slave; Rebellion Leader) Nat Turner Slavery Famous African Americans
1847 Paul von Hindenburg (German Military Officer and President) Paul von Hindenburg World War I
1849 Daniel Ringo (Kentucky-born First Chief Justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Supreme Court Law Arkansas History Commission
1869 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Indian Rights Leader) Indian Political and Social Workers Mohandas Gandhi Human Rights
1871 Cordell Hull (Tennessee-born American Diplomat) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government Tennessee Encyclopedia
1885 Ruth Bryan Owen (Illinois-born: Florida's First Female Representative in Congress) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Florida Historical Society
1910 James V. Carmichael (Georgia-born Legislator, Businessman, Educational Leader) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Special Needs Education Education Administration University of Georgia
1937 Johnnie Cochran (Louisiana-born African-American Trial Lawyer) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources African American Political and Social Leaders African-American Registry
Performing Artists
1890 Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx (New York City-born Comedian; "The Marx Brothers") The Marx Brothers American Performing Artists Film Television
1895 William "Bud" Abbott (New Jersey-born Comedian) William Famous American Entertainers Film
1922 Moses Gunn (Missouri-born African-American Actor) Missouri Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
1928 George "Spanky" McFarland (Texas-born Child Film Star; Member of "Our Gang") Texas Performing Artists Film Famous American Entertainers
1945 Don McLean (New York-born Popular Musician) New York Performing Artists Popular Musicians
1951 Sting (Popular English Musician) Sting Popular Musicians
1970 Kelly Ripa (New Jersey-born Actress, Television Personality) New Jersey Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Biography
Sports Figures
1932 Maury Wills (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Major League Baseball) Washington, D.C. Sports Figures African American Sports Figures Baseball ESPNl
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1264 Pope Urban IV (French-born Roman Catholic Pope) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Concordia
1780 John André (British Officer Hanged as a Spy for Benedict Arnold) Benedict Arnold Hanging of John André Capital Punishment Chambers Book of Days History Channel Library of Congress
1803 Samuel Adams (Massachusetts-born Patriot; Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Sam Adams Declaration of Independence American Revolution
1927 Svante Arrhenius (Swedish Chemist; 1903 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Svante Arrhenius Chemistry 1903 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1985 Rock Hudson (Illinois-born Actor; AIDS) Illinois Performing Artists Famous American Entertainers Film AIDS
1998 Gene Autry (Texas-born Country & Western Singer, Actor) Gene Autry Actors Film Country & Western Musicians Baseball Team Owner
2005 Nipsey Russell (Georgia-born African-American Comedian, Actor) Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
Icon Icon
Historical Events Occurring between 1100 - 1199
1187 Muslim General Saladin Captures Jerusalem from the Crusaders Jersusalem The Crusades Islam Religion Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1535 Jacques Cartier Climbs and Names Canada's Mount Réal (Mount Royal) Which Will Become Montreal Canada Jacques Cartier North American Explorers New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1780 British Spy John André Is Hanged Benedict Arnold Hanging of John André Capital Punishment University of Michigan Chambers Book of Days History Channel Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1811 At Oregon's Port of Astoria, the 25-Ton Schooner Dolly Is Launched as the First Vessel Built on the Columbia River Astoria, Oregon Naval History The Columbia River Historic Firsts Port of Astoria
1818 The Potawatomi Indians Relinquish Much of Their Indiana Land in Exchange for an Annual Payment of $2,500 U.S. Dollars Indiana Potawatomi Indians Historic U.S. Documents Economics Ohio Historical Society
1820 The Arkansas General Assembly Holds Its Final Session at Arkansas Post Arkansas General Assembly State of Arkansas National Park Service Arkansas History Commission
1821 Indiana's First State Prison Opens in Jeffersonville Jeffersonville, Indiana Prisons Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1835 The Texas Revolution Begins The Texas Revolution History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1836 Charles Darwin Returns to Falmouth, England, After Five-Year Expedition Aboard the HMS Beagle Charles Darwin Evolution History Channel Concordia
1849 California's Great Seal Is Adopted by the Constitutional Convention at Monterey California California State Museum
Johann Strauss, Jr., Takes Over His Father's Orchestra, One Week After His Father's Death Johann Strauss, Jr. Composers American Public Media
1861 The First Train of the Wisconsin Central Railroad Runs Between Menasha and Waupaca Wisconsin Railroad Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
Future Delaware Congressman, Edward Martin, Is Arrested on Suspicion of Being a Traitor to the Union Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress American Civil War Crime State of Delaware
1862 Federal Troops Attacks Confederate Emplacements at St. Johns Bluff Near Jacksonville, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 A Federal Detachment Attacks Salt Works Near Florida's St. George's Sound Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Ojibwe Sign the Old Crossing Treaty, Ceding to the U.S. Government 3 Million Acres of Land in the Red River Valley Minnesota Native American Tribes Rivers Historic U.S. Documents Minnesota Historical Society
1864 Confederates Are Victorious at the Battle of Saltville, Virginia Virginia Battle of Saltville, VA History Channel
1867 Oct 1-4, African-American Men Vote for First Time in an Alabama Statewide Election Alabama Voting African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
Storer College in Harpers Ferry Opens as West Virginia's First African-American College West Virginia Education Education African-American Heritage Historic Firsts National Park Service West Virginia State Archives
1871 Brigham Young, 71 year-old Leader of the Mormon Church, Is Arrested for Polygamy Brigham Young Utah The Mormon Church Law and Legal Resources Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints
1873 The Cornerstone Is Laid for Michigan's New State Capitol Michigan Government State Capitol State of Michigan
1874 Green Cove Springs, Florida Is Incorporated Green Cove Springs, Florida Florida Historical Society
1884 In Wisconsin, Near Washburn and Bayfield, a Large Log dam Burst, Destroying Two Wagon Bridges and a Railroad Track Wisconsin Dam Bridges Railroad Wisconsin Historical Society
1894 A Tornado Kills 4 in Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Tornadoes Death National Weather Service Arkansas History Commission
1897 George Washington Bright Is Hired as First African-American Member of the Los Angeles Fire Department Los Angeles City Government Labor Fire Safety African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Los Angeles Fire Department African-American Registry
1898 Hurricane Knocks Georgia's Sapelo Island Lighthouse Out of Commission for 100 Years Georgia Hurricanes Sapelo Island Lighthouse University of Georgia
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Florida's First Law School, Stetson University College of Law, Opens in Deland Deland, Florida Education Law Historic Firsts Stetson College of Law Florida Historical Society
William Jennings Bryan Speaks in St. Peter, Minnesota St. Peter, Minnesota William Jennings Bryan Minnesota Historical Society
The St. Paul Dispatch Runs a Photo of all Motorized Vehicles Owned by City Residents: Two Cars and Two Trucks St. Paul, Minnesota Automotives Journalism Minnesota Historical Society
1903 In Alaska, Telegraphic Communication Is Established Between Sitka and Juneau Via Submarine Cable Alaska The Telegraph Alaska Historical Society
1912 Voters Approve Constitutional Amendment Creating Bleckley County, Georgia Bleckley County, Georgia Elections University of Georgia
1919 Three Days of Deadly Race Riots End in Elaine, Arkansas Elaine Race Riot Racism Farming & Agriculture Labor African-American Heritage Encyclopedia of Arkansas
President Woodrow Wilson Suffers Paralyzing Stroke Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency Stroke New York Times
1920 Reds & Pirates Play 0nly Triple-Header in Major League History Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts Society for American Baseball Research
1922 New York Stock Exchange Opens in a New Location New York City Investments and Markets New York Stock Exchange History Channel
George Sutherland Sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court English Political and Social Leaders President Warren G. Harding U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Oyez
1937 Ronald Reagan Makes His Film Debut in Love Is on the Air Ronald Reagan Film The Internet Movie Database
1941 Germans Launch Operation Typhoon Surge to Moscow Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1942 Japanese Ship 200 Americans ("The Lost Battalion") to Singapore as Prisoners of War Japan Singapore World War II Prisoners of War Texas State Historical Association
1944 Surviving Polish Rebels Surrender to Nazi Forces to End the Warsaw Uprising Warsaw Poland Nazi Germany Warsaw Uprising History Channel
1948 New York's Watkins Glen International Hosts Its First Grand Prix Races New York Auto Racing Historic Firsts Watkins Glen International History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Charles Schulz' Peanuts Comic Strip Begins National Syndication in Seven Newspapers Charles Schulz Cartoons & Comics Journalism Official Web Site New York Times Minnesota Historical Society
1958 Guinea Gains Independence from France Guinea France History Channel
4,000 Members of the United Auto Workers in Janesville, Wisconsin Join a National Strike Against General Motors Janesville, Wisconsin Automotives Labor Strikes Bridges UAW Wisconsin Historical Society
1959 The First of 154 Episodes of Twilight Zone Airs Television Historic Firsts The Internet Movie Database
1962 NASA Launches Explorer 14 to Measure Cosmic-ray Particles and Interplanetary Magnetic Fields Space Exploration The Solar System NASA
Johnny Carson Debuts as the Host of The Tonight Show Johnny Carson Television History Channel
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s I Have a Dream Speech Is Registered with the U.S. Patent Office Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights/Human Rights Historic American Documents Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1965 Phillies Pitcher, Chris Short, Strikes Out 18 New York Mets in 15 Innings Philadelphia New York City Delaware Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball State of Delaware
1966 NASA Launches ESSA 3 Meteorological Satellite to Record Daytime Earth Cloud Cover Space Exploration Earth Science Meteorology Clouds NASA
1967 Thurgood Marshall Is Sworn in as the First African-American Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Thurgood Marshall President Lyndon Johnson U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel Library of Congress New York Times Oyez African-American Registry
1968 25 Die in Mexico City Student Riot Mexico Death BBC
U.S. Congress Passes the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act U.S. Congress Rivers Historic U.S. Documents National Wild and Scenic Rivers Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
President Lyndon Johnson Signs Bill Creating 504,000-acre North Cascades National Park Washington Lyndon Johnson North Cascades National Park HistoryLink
1972 First Day of Classes at the University of North Florida Florida Education Education Historic Firsts Universtiy of North Florida Florida Historical Society
1974 Researchers Link Smoking Marijuana to Brain Damage Scientific Research Marijuana The Brain BBC
1975 Retail Giant, W.T. Grant, Files for Bankruptcy Business & Industries History Channel
1983 In Jefferson, Wisconsin, Ground Is Broken for an Addition to St. Coletta School for Developmentally Disabled People Jefferson, Wisconsin Education Special Needs Education Wisconsin Historical Society
1984 Ground Is Broken for the Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia The Carter Center University of Georgia
1987 5.4. Magnitude Earthquake Kills Three in Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
1993 Demonstrators Backing Rebel Ministers of Parliament Clash with Russian Police Russian Government BBC
1995 South Africa's Human Rights Commission Meets for the First Time South African Government Huiman Rights Historic Firsts South African History
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to Present
2001 Washington's Cedar River Watershed Education Center is dedicated Washington Earth and Environmental Science Official Web Site HistoryLink