Hispanic Artists

American Civil Liberties Union
General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Born Jul 15, 1952

[U.S. Congress]

U.S. Congress

Xavier Becerra
Born Jan 26, 1958

[U.S. Congress]

U.S. Congress

Inés Cifuentes

[Whitman College]


Tony Pérez
Tony Pérez
Born May 14, 1942

[Baseball Hall of Fame]
Baseball Hall of Fame
Rosario Dawson
Rosario Dawson
Born May 9, 1979

[Internet Movie Database]

American Performing Artists

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year was October 5 first observed as World Teacher's Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1921, what were the two teams who played in the first World Series game ever broadcast on radio? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Random House, in what two European countries did Louise Fitzhugh study art? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by David Shannon (according to Scholastic):

1. Why is this date observed as Proclamation of the Republic Day in Portugal? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to McDonald's, what reason did Ray Kroc give for McDonald's success? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to National Women's History Month, Maya Lin's parents were both university teachers. What did they teach? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Louise Fitzhugh (according to Random House):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, what did Robert Hutchings Goddard prove in 1915?

2. According to the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in addition to Václav Havel, who are three other world leaders to have received the medal?

3. According to Oyez, what skills did Louis Brandeis employ to distinguish himself as an extraordinary justice of the United States Supreme Court?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1978 work by Václav Havel (according to Authors' Calendar):
Robert Hutchings Goddard
Robert Hutchings Goddard
Born on This Date 1882


Space Exploration

Ray Kroc
Ray Kroc
Born on This Date 1902

[Oak Park Tourist]


Louise Fitzhugh
Louise Fitzhugh
Born on This Date 1928

[Purple Socks]

Young-adult Literature

Václav Havel
Václav Havel
Born on This Date 1936

[Ceská Politicka]

Plays Human Rights/Civil Rights Czech Republic

Maya Lin
Maya Lin
Born on This Date 1959

[University of California, Irvine]

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

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United Nations: World Teacher's Day
(Initiated in 1994 to commemorate U.N. recommendation regarding importance of teachers and the fundamental right of education: 10/05/1966)
United Nations Teacher Tools World Teacher's Day
Portugal: Proclamation of the Republic Day
(Commemorates Overthrow of the Portuguese Monarchy and Creation of the First Republic: 10/05/1910)
Portugal U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1913 Gene Zion (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists
1928 Louise Fitzhugh (Tennessee-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Louise Fitzhugh Young-adult Authors American Artists
1938 Marianne Brandis (Dutch Children's Author) Dutch Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1952 Clive Barker (British Children's Author) Clive Barker Young-adult Authors
1955 Gloria Rand Dank (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1959 David Shannon (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Washington, D.C. Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists Scholastic
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1713 Denis Diderot (French Playwright, Encyclopedist) Denis Diderot Plays Encyclopedia
1911 Flann O'Brien (Irish Avant-Garde Novelist ) Flann O'Brien
1936 Václav Havel (Czech Author, Dramatist, President) Václav Havel Plays
1950 Edward P. Jones (Virginia-born African-American 2004 Pulitzer Prize Winner for Fiction) Edward P. Jones African-American Authors & Illustrators 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
1952 Clive Barker (English Horror Novelist) Clive Barker Official Website Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1922 Bil Keane (Pennsylvania-born Cartoonist: Family Circus) Bil Keane Cartoons and Comics
1959 Maya Lin (Ohio-born Asian-American Architect: Vietnam Veterans Memorial) Maya Lin Vietnam Veterans Memorial Asian-American Artists, Architects and Designers
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1962 Ken Noda (New York City-born Composer, Pianist) New York City Composers American Composers Classical Musicians
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1864 Louis Jean Lumiere (French Chemist) Louis Jean Lumiere Chemistry Photography
1879 Peyton Rous (Maryland-born 1966 Nobel Laureate Medicine or Physiology) Maryland Mathematicians and Scientists Cancer 1966 Nobel Laureate Medicine or Physiology
1882 Robert Hutchings Goddard (Massachusetts-born Rocket and Space Flight Pioneer) Robert Hutchings Goddard Inventors and Inventions Space Exploration
1930 Reinhard Selten (German-born 1994 Nobel Laureate for Economics) German Mathematicians and Scientists Economics 1994 Nobel Laureate for Economics
Business Leaders
1902 Ray Kroc (Illinois-born Business Leader: McDonalds) Ray Kroc McDonalds
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1789 William Scoresby (British Arctic Explorer) British Explorers The Arctic
Military Leaders
1895 Walter Bedell Smith (Indiana-born U.S. Army Chief of Staff World War II) Indiana Military Leaders U.S. Military World War II
Political and Social Leaders
1703 Jonathan Edwards (Connecticut-born Minister/Missionary) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders American Collections Writer's Almanac
1751 James Iredell (British-born Associate Justice of the United State Supreme Court) James Iredell U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1830 Chester A. Arthur (Vermont-born 21st President of the United States) Chester A. Arthur The American Presidency
1834 Benjamin Frederick (Ohio-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Iowa) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Iowa Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1892 Gardner Robert Withrow (Wisconsin-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
Performing Artists
1903 Larry Fine (Pennsylvania-born Actor: The Three Stooges) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Three Stooges Film Internet Movie Database
1908 Joshua Logan (Texas-born Actor, Filmmaker) Texas Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1918 Allen Ludden (Wisconsin-born Television Gameshow Host) Wisconsin Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database Wisconsin Historical Society
1919 Donald Pleasence (British Actor) Donald Pleasence Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1935 Diahann Carroll (New York City-born African-American Actress) Diahann Carroll Actors African-American Performing Artists
1943 Steve Miller (Wisconsin-born Popular Musician) Wisconsin Performing Artists Popular Musicians Steve Miller Band Wisconsin Historical Society
1951 Karen Allen (Illinois-born Actress) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1975 Kate Winslet (British Actress) British Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1965 Mario Lemieux (Canadian-born Professional Hockey Player) Canadian Sports Figures
1965 Grant Hill (Texas-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Texas Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures NBA
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1739 Tomochichi (Yamacraw Indian Chief) Creek Indians University of Georgia
1805 William Killen (First Chief Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court) Delaware Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources
1813 Chief Tecumseh (Native American Leader Killed at the Battle of the Thames) Canada Battle of the Thames Chief Tecumseh War of 1812
1824 Thomas B. Robertson (Governor of Louisiana: 1820-1824) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1941 Louis Brandeis (Kentucky-born First Jewish Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Louis Brandeis U.S. Supreme Court Judaism Oyez
1983 Earl Silas Tupper (New Hampshire-born Inventor of Tupperware) New Hampshire Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Tupperware
2001 Mike Mansfield (New York City-born Senate Majority Leader from Montana, Ambassador ) New York City Political and Social Leaders Montana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Senate
2011 Steve Jobs (California-born co-Founder of Apple Computers) Steve Jobs Inventors & Inventions Computer Technology Apple Computers
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Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1789 James Wilson Sworn in As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court James Wilson U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1795 Napoleon Sparks His Career by Defending the National Convention in Paris Paris The National Convention Napoleon Bonaparte The History Net
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Frost this morning,

we Set out early and proceeded on passed a Small Creek on the Left Side at 7 oclock heard Some yels proceeded on Saw 3 Indians of the Teton band, they called to us to Come on Shore, beged Some Tobacco, we answd. them as usial and proceeded on,

Saw a Gang of Goats Swiming across the river out of which we killed four they were not fatt.

in the evening passed a Small Island Situated Close to the L. Side,— I walked on the Isd. found it Covered with wild rye, I Shot a Buck, Saw a large gang of Goat on the hills opposit, one Buck killed, also a Prarie wolf this evening, the high Land not So high as below, river about the Same width, the Sand bars as noumerous, the earth Black and many
of the Bluffs have the appearance of being on fire, we Came too and Camped on a mud bar makeing from the L. S.
The evening is Calm and pleasant

South Dakota Map: 10/05/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 09/01/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Sioux Indians Pronghorn Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Wind Easterly and Cool,

had all our horses 38 in number Collected and branded Cut off their fore top and delivered them to the 2 brothers and one Son of one of the Chiefs who intends to accompany us down the river to each of those men I gave a Knife & Some Small articles &c. they promised to be attentive to our horses untill we Should return.—

[Lewis's branding iron bore the legend "U.S. Capt. M. Lewis." Now in the possession of the Oregon Historical Society, it is one of the few authenticated articles associated with the expedition known to have survived. Files of the society are inexact and sources disagree on the item's provenance. It was found in 1892, 1893, or 1894, by Lineaus Winans of Hood River, Oregon, near present The Dalles, Oregon, on or below one of the Memaloose Islands before Columbia River dams inundated the area.]

Nothing to eate except dried fish & roots. Capt Lewis & myself eate a Supper of roots boiled, which Swelled us in Such a manner that we were Scercely able to breath for Several hours—

finished and launched 2 of our Canoes this evening which proved to be verry good

our hunters with every diligence Could kill nothing. The hills high and ruged and woods too dry to hunt the deer which is the only game in our neighbourhood.

Several Squars Came with Fish and roots which we purchased of them for Beeds, which they were fond of—

Capt Lewis not So well to day as yesterday

Ordway: a clear cool morning a little white frost. the two men returnd from the villages late last evening with their
horses loaded with commass roots and Some more in loaves and a considerable quantity of dryed Sammon &C. Several dressed Elk Skins and otter &C

we continued dressing off the canoes. got up all our horses 38 in number. we branded them on the near fore Shoulder with a Stirrup Iron, and cropped their fore mane So as we may know them at our return.

the old chief [Twisted Hair (Walamottinin) of the Nez Perce] who we leave the care of our horses with has engaged to
go on with us past his nation and leave the horses in the care of his two sons our officers gave them Some Small presents &C. another Chief
[Tetoharsky of the Nez Perce] engaged to go with us also. towards evening we put two of the canoes which was finished in to the water.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Clearwater County
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 Troops Commanded by William Henry Harrison Defeat Shawnee and Miami Indians at the Battle of the Thames: Chief Tecumseh Is Killed Canada William Henry Harrison Chief Tecumseh Battle of the Thames State of Michigan
1821 Greeks Capture Tripolitza, Main Turkish Fort in Peloponnese Area of Greece Greece Turkey War The History Net
1823 The British Medical Journal, The Lancet, Is First Published Great Britain Medicine Historic Firsts The Lancet Intellihealth
1829 The Second Virginia Constitutional Convention Opens in Richmond Richmond, Virginia West Virginia Virginia State Consttution West Virginia State Archives
1835 In Little Rock, Arkansas' Last Territorial Legislature Is Convened Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1840 Archibald Yell Is Elected Governor of Arkansas Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Elections Arkansas History Commission
1846 Wisconsin's First State Constitutional Convention Meets in Madison Madison, Wisconsin Wisconsin State Consttution Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
John Switzler Is Authorized to Operate a Ferry Crossing the Columbia River Opposite Fort Vancouver for 5 Years Oregon Washington Columbia River Naval History Economics
1855 Yakama Indians Clash with Federal Troops Igniting a Three-year War Washington Yakima Indians War HistoryLink
1862 Federal Troops Occupy a Nearly Deserted Jacksonville, Florida Florida American Civil War State Historical Society
1864 Confederates Fail to Break Union Supply Line at Allatoona, GA Georgia Battle of Allatoona
1877 Nez Percé Chief Joseph Surrenders to U.S. Cavalry in Bear Paw Mountains, MT Montana Chief Joseph Library of Congress
1881 International Cotton Exposition Opens in Atlanta, Georgia Georgia International Trade University of Georgia
1882 Outlaw Frank James Surrenders in Missouri Frank James Notorious Americans The History Net
1892 The Dalton Gang Is Almost Wiped Out Attempting to Rob Two Coffeyville, Kansas Banks Kansas Notorious Americans The History Channel
1898 In Minnesota, 6 U.S. Soldiers Are Killed in a Failed Attempt to Arrest Bugonaygeshig, a Native American Minnesota Native-Aemrican Heritage Law and Legal Resources Death MInnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1909 U.S. Army's African-American "Buffalo Soldiers" Arrive in Washington from Philippines Washington American <Military Figures African-American Military Figures HistoryLink
1910 Portugal's Monarchy Is Overthrown and the First Republic Is Established Portugal U.S. Department of State The Contemporary Portuguese Political History Research Centre
1913 Storm Causes $1 Million Damage in Nome, Alaska Nome, Alaska Storm Economics Alaska Historical Society
1918 3,000 Cases of Spanish Influenza Reported at Augusta Georgia's Camp Hancock Georgia Influenza University of Georgia
1921 Giants Play the Yankees in the First World Series Game Broadcast on Radio New York City Baseball Radio Historic Firsts Baseball Almanac
1923 Edwin Hubble Identifies the First Cepheid Variable Star Edwin Hubble Space and Astronomy Historic Firsts SEDS
1925 1,334 Copies of Ernest Hemingway's First American Book In Our Time Are Published Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collections
1926 Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Approves $150,000 for the Purchase of a New Airfield Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Aviation History Economics General Mitchell Airport Wisconsin Historical Society
1930 British Airship R101 Crashes Near Beauvais, France Killing 48 People Great Britain France Aviation Death Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia
Laura Ingalls Begins First Solo Transcontinental Flight by a Woman (4d NY-CA) Laura Ingalls California Women Aviation History Historic Firsts PBS
The New York Philharmonic Begins Its Series of Weekly Sunday Afternoon National Broadcasts with a Program from Carnegie Hall The New York Philharmonic Radio Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
1931 Two Americans Complete First Nonstop Pacific Flight (41 hours Japan to Washington) Japan Washington State Aviation History Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1936 English Miners and Shipworkers Begin Labor March from Jarrow to London English History Labor Newcastle Chronicle
1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Calls for a ''Quarantine'' of Aggressor Nations President Franklin D. Roosevelt World War II NY Times
1945 Marine Sergeant. David Timpany, Returns to Janesville After Almost 4 years as a Japanese Prisoner of War Japan Janesville, Wisconsin World War II Prisoners of War Wisconsin Historical Society
1946 The Science Place Opens as the Dallas Health Museum Texas Museums Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1947 Truman Uses First Televised White House Broadcast to Plea for Food for Europe President Harry Truman The White House Television Historic Firsts NY Times
1948 110,000 Die in 7.3 Magnitude Turkmenistan Earthquake Turkmenistan Earthquake Death USGS
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 The Second Suburban Shopping Mall in the U.S. Opens in Framingham, MA Massachusetts Business Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1953 Former Governor of California, Earl Warren, Is Sworn in As 14th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Earl Warren U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1961 Breakfast at Tiffany's Opens at Radio City Music Hall in New York New York City Radio City Music Hall Breakfast at Tiffany's
1962 The Beatles Release "Love Me Do" The Beatles Popular Music Complete Beatles Discography
1969 ''Monty Python's Flying Circus'' Debuts on BBC Television Great Britain Television The Internet Movie Database BBC
1970 Quebec Separatists Kidnap British Trade Commissioner in Canada Canada Great Britain Terrorism Marianopolis College
1974 David Kunst Returns to Waseca, Minnesota, Completing a 4-year Journey as the First Person to Walk Around the World Waseca, Minnesota Hiking Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1978 Isaac Singer Is Chosen as the Nobel Laureate in Literature Isaac Singer 1978 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1982 Unmanned Rocket Sled Reaches 6,121 mph (Mach 8) on 9.5 mile NM Track New Mexico Physics Space Exploration
1985 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Rocks Canada's Northwest Territories Canada Earthquake USGS
1986 Eugene Hasenfus' Capture by Sandinista Rebels Exposes Iran-Contra Scandal Nicaragua Iran-Contral Scandal CIA History Channel
1989 Dalai Lama Chosen as the Nobel Laureate for Peace Dalai Lama Religion 1989 Nobel Laureate for Peace
NC Jury Convicts Television Evangelist Jim Bakker of Defrauding Followers North Carolina Religion Television Crime NY Times
1995 Irish Poet Seamus Heaney Is Chosen as the Nobel Laureate in Literature Seamus Heaney Poetry 1995 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1999 Crowded Commuter Trains Collide in London's Paddington Station: 31 die Great Britain Railroads Death BBC
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 Yugoslav Protesters Storm Parliament Proclaiming Vojislav Kostunica President Yugoslavia BBC
2001 Georgia Supreme Court Banishes Electrocution As Cruel and Unusual Punishment Georgia Law and Legal Resources Capital Punishment Death University of Georgia
Barry Bonds Hits Homeruns 71 & 72 for New Major League Season Record Baseball NY Times