Hispanic Artists

American Civil Liberties Union
General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
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Separation Bar
César Chávez
César Chávez
Born Mar 31, 1927

Human Rights/Civil Rights

Arthur Schomburg
Arthur Schomburg
Born: Jan 24, 1874

[Africa Within]


Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. From what country did Croatia declare its independence on this date in 1991? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was elected Governor of California on this date in 2003? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to her Scholastic biography, why did Faith Ringgold become an artist and a writer? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the last name of a Nobel Laureate chemist or physicist born on the date:

1. In what two cities did devastating fires erupt on this date in 1871? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to, in what year did Juan Perón first become President of Argentina? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Gale Group, what university did Jesse Jackson first attend on an athletic scholarship? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Faith Ringgold (according to Artcyclopedia):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Woodrow Wilson Leadership Program in Chemistry, what was the profession of the father of Henry Louis Le Chatelier?

2. What is the relationship between Frank Herbert and the author of the article on Herbert at The Zone?

3. According to the Authors' Calendar, Alexander Solzhenitsyn was born in what town in Southern Russia?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1922 work by Marina Tsvetaeva (according to Authors' Calendar):

Henry-Louis Le Chatelier
Born on This Date 1850

[University of Cincinnati]


Juan Perón
Born on This Date 1895

[Rose-Hulman University]

President of Argentina

Frank Herbert
Born on This Date 1920

[The Zone]

American Authors

Faith Ringgold
Born on This Date 1930

[University of Georgia]

Primary Children's Author

Jesse Jackson
Born on This Date 1941

[Encyclopedia Britannica]

U.S. Civil Rights Activist

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Croatia: Independence Day
(Observance of declaration of independence from Yugoslavia: 10/08/1991)
Croatia Yugoslavia European History U.S. Department of State
Peru: Battle of Angamos
(Commemoration of the Battle of Angamos: 10/08/1879)
Chile Peru Naval History U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1903 (Mikro) Christoffel Hermanus Kühn (South African Children's Author) South African Authors Young-adult Authors South African Hisatory
1917 Walter Lord (Maryland-born Historical Novelist) Maryland Authors Young-adult Authors
1920 Barthe DeClements (Washington-born Children's Author) Barthe DeClements Young-adult Authors
Frank Herbert (Washington-born Science Fiction Author of Dune) Frank Herbert
1925 Edward Ormondroyd (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Young-adult Authors Purple House Press
1930 Faith Ringgold (New York City-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Faith Ringgold Primary Authors American Artists African American Authors
1936 Suzanne Newton (North Carolina-born Children's Author) North Carolina Authors Young-adult Authors
1939 Harvey Pekar (Ohio-born Creator of the American Splendor Comic Book Series) Ohio Authors Young-adult Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1943 R.L. Stine (Ohio-born Author of Creepy Children's Books) R.L. Stine Young-adult Authors
1946 Bel Mooney (English Writer, Broadcaster, Painter, Children's Author) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Young-adult Authors Bewl Mooney
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1871 Albert Edward Wiggam (Indiana-born Journalist, Author) Indiana Authors Journalism
1892 Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva (Russian Poet) Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva Poetry
1905 Meyer Levin (Chicago-born Writer) Meyer Levin Judaism
1927 Patrick D. Smith (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors) Mississippi Writers Project)
Artists, Architects and Designers
1878 Alfred Munnings (English Artist) English Artists) Artists)
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1585 Heinrich Schutz (German Composer) German Composers Composers
1870 Louis Vierne (French Composer) French Composers Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1959 Carlos Noriega (Peruvian-American Astronaut) Peruvian Explorers, Astronauts Astronauts Latin-American Explorers Biography
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1850 Henry-Louis Le Chatelier (French Chemist) Henry-Louis Le Chatelier Chemistry Equilibrium
1869 J(ames) Frank Duryea (Illinois-born Automobile Pioneer, Inventor) J. Frank Duryea Automobile Inventors & Inventions
1872 Mary Engle Pennington (Tennessee-born Chemist; Food Refrigeration and Preservation Expert) Tennessee Scientists & Mathematicians American Women Scientists & Mathematicians Foods and Nutrition Center for the Study of Science and Technology
1883 Otto Heinrich Warburg (German-born 1931 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Otto Heinrich Warburg Anatomy Enzymes 1931 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1917 Rodney Robert Porter (English Biochemist; 1972 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Rodney Robert Porter Biochemistry 1972 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1918 Jens C. Skou (Danish Chemist; 1997 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Jens C. Skou Enzymes 1997 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1926 César Milstein (Argentinean 1984 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) César Milstein DNA 1984 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1890 Eddie Rickenbacker (Ohio-born World War I Flying Ace, World Record Race Car Driver) Eddie Rickenbacker Automobile Racing Aviation World War I
Political & Social Leaders
1838 John Hay (Indiana-born Author, Statesman, U.S. Secretary of State) John Hay Abraham Lincoln U.S. Government
1863 Nathaniel B. Smithers (Delaware Congressman: 1883-1865) Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1880 Chen Duxiu (Chinese Author, Editor; a Founder of the Chinese Communist Party) Chinese Political and Social Leaders AsianHistory
1895 Juan Perón (President of Argentina) Juan Perón
1910 Gus Hall (Minnesota-born Chairman of the Communist Party) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1915 William A. Egan (Three-Term Governor of the State of Alaska) Alaskan Political and Social Leaders Alaskan Historical Society
1934 Kader Asmal (South African Political Activist, Human Rights Lawyer) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African Hisatory
1941 Jesse Jackson (South Carolina-born African-American Religious, Civil Rights, Political Leader) Jesse Jackson U.S. Civil Rights African American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1893 Clarence Williams (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Musician, Producer, Composer, Pioneer) Louisiana Peforming Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1897 Rouben Mamoulian (Georgian-American Director) Rouben Mamoulian Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1926 Klaus Kinski (Polish Actor) Klaus Kinski
1941 Paul Hogan (Australian Actor) Paul Hogan Actors Film
1943 Chevy Chase (New York City-born Comedic Actor) Chevy Chase Actors Film Television
1949 Sigourney Weaver (New York City-born Actress) Sigourney Weaver Actors Film
1956 Stephanie Zimbalist (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Television
1970 Matt Damon (Massachusetts-born Actor) Matt Damon Actors Film
Sports Figures
1890 Eddie Rickenbacker (Ohio-born World War I Flying Ace, World Record Race Car Driver) Eddie Rickenbacker Automobile Racing Aviation World War I
1932 Ray Reardon (Welsh-born Winner of Six Snooker World Titles Between 1970-1978) Welsh Sport Figures Sports
1938 Fred Stolle (Australian Member of the Tennis Hall of Fame) Australian Sport Figures Tennis Hall of Fame
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1735 Yongzheng (Third Emperor of China's Qing Dynasty) Chinese Dynasties AsianHistory
1754 Henry Fielding (English Author) Henry Fielding Authors
1793 John Hancock (Massachusetts-born American Patriot, Signer of the Declaration of Independence) John Hancock Declaration of Independence American Revolution
1818 George Truitt (Governor of Delaware: 1808-1811) Delaware Political and Social Leaders State of Delaware
1869 Franklin Pierce (New Hampshire-born 14th President of the United States) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Franklin Pierce The American Presidency
1967 Clement (Richard) Attlee (British Prime Minister, 1945-1951) Clement Attlee
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1778 In New York, Soldiers of the Continental Army Burn to the Ground the Deserted Mohawk Village of Unadilla New York Mohawk Fire Safety American Revolutuion History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cool morning Set out early the wind from the N. W. great quantities of the red Berries, ressembling Currents, are on the river in every bend—passed the lower pint of an Island close on the L. S. 2 of our men discovered the reckerrei [Recorees - Arikara Indians] village, about the Center of the Island on the L. Side on the main Shore. this Island is about 3 miles long, Seperated from the L. S. by a Channel of about 60 yards wide verry Deep,

The Isld. is covered with fields, where those people raise their Corn Tobacco Beens &c. &c. Great numbers of those People came on the Island to See us pass, we passed above the head of the Island & Capt. Lewis with 2 interpeters & 2 men went to the Village I formed a Camp of the french & the guard on Shore, with one Sentinal on board of the boat at anchor, a pleasent evening all things arranged both for Peace or War, This Village (6) is Situated about the Center of a large Island near the L. Side & near the foot of Some high bald uneaven hills, Several french men Came up with Capt. Lewis in a perogue, one of which is a Mr. Gravellin* a man well versed in the language of this nation and gave us Some information relitive to the Countrey naton

[*Joseph Gravelines was an associate or employee of Régis Loisel and Pierre-Antoine Tabeau, reported in 1811 as having lived among the Arikaras for more than twenty years. The captains found him useful as an Arikara interpreter, and in 1805 he accompanied the Arikara chief who journeyed to Washington. He had to return alone, bearing the news of the chief's death; the Arikaras gave him an unpleasant reception. The government later employed him as its representative among the Arikaras, an indication of the captains' high opinion of him.]

Lewis: On the shore, in the point formed by the junction of the Weterhoo river with the Missouri.
Observed meridian Altd. of 's U. L. with Sextant by the fore observation. 77° 35'
Latitude deduced from this observation N. 45° 39' 5"

South Dakota Map: 10/08/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/08/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Arikara Indians Global Positioning Buffaloberry

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1812 Americans Capture British Brigs Detroit and Caledonia War of 1812 Naval History U.S. Navy
1821 A Victory by the Mexican Army Ends Anglo-American Attempts to Seize Texas from Spain Mexico Spain Texas War Latin-American Heritage Texas State Historical Society
1823 New York Governor Clinton Presides over the Joining of the Erie Canal and Hudson River New York Political and Social Leaders Erie Canal Naval History University of Virginia
1836 Washington, Arkansas Is Incorporated Washington, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1848 The City of Racine, Wisconsin Is Incorporated Racine, Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1855 The Arrow, a Ship Flying the British Flag, Is Boarded by Chinese Authorities Who Arrest the Crew China Great Britain Naval History AsianHistory
1858 Center City, Minnesota Is Established Center City, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1860 Telegraph Line Is Opened between Los Angeles and San Francisco Los Angeles San Francisco The Telegraph History of Technology San Francisco Museum
1862 Union Forces Repel Confederates at Perryville, Kentucky Kentucky Battle of Perryville Library of Congress History Channel Florida Historical Society State of Michigan
1863 Union Brigadier General Alexander Asboth Is Named to Command of Federal Forces in West Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Causes $500,000 in Property Damage Along the California Santa Cruz Mountains California Earthquake USGS
1869 The Virginia General Assembly Meets to Ratify the 14th and 15th Amendments, a Prerequisite for Readmission to the Union Virginia General Assembly U.S. Constitution Reconstruction Virginia Hoistorical Society
1871 The Great Chicago Fire Erupts Great Chicago Fire Fire Safety Writer's Almanac History Channel
Peshtigo, Wisconsin Is Destroyed by Forest Fire. 1,000+ People Killed Peshtigo Fire Fire Safety Death Library of Congress
1878 In New Mexico, Lincoln County Residents Ask for Protection from the Violence of the Local Range War Lincoln County, New Mexico Business War Law and Legal Resources New Mexico Magazine
1879 Chile Captures the Huascar from Peru in the Naval Battle of Angamos Chile Peru Naval History Federation of American Scientists
1885 The First Trees Are Cleared for Streets in Ybor City, Florida under the Direction of Civil Engineer Gavino Gutierrez Ybor City, Florida Florida Historical Society
1890 Train Robber "Rube" Burrow Is Killed After Escaping from Jail in Linden, Alabama Linden, Alabama Railroad Crime Notorious Americans Alabama State Archives
1895 The Liberty Bell Arrives in Atlanta, Georgia for Exhibition at the Pennsylvania Building of the Cotton States and International Exposition Atlanta, Georgia Pennsylvania The Liberty Bell University of Georgia
1896 George Washington Carver Arrives in Macon County, Alabama to Direct the Tuskegee Institute's Agricultural School Macon County, Alabama George Washington Carver Educators of Note African-American Scientists and Mathematicians Tuskegee University Alabama State Archives
1898 The First Issue of the Magazine "Musical America" Is Published Journalism Music Historic Firsts Musical America American Public Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 Domino Sugar Trademark is Registered Trademarks and Patents U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
1904 The Vanderbilt Cup Auto Race Is Run in Hicksville, New York New York Auto Racing Newsday History Channel
1909 Orville Wright Begins Training the U.S. Army's First Pilot The Wright Brothers Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
1918 Tennessee's Alvin C. York Almost Single-Handedly Captures & Kills 160 Germans Tennessee Military Figures World War I Brigham Young University History Channel
The President of the Atlanta, Georgia Chamber of Commerce Tells Landlords Not to Evict Tenants Infected with Spanish Influenza Atlanta, Georgia 1918 Flu Epidemic Housing University of Georgia
1919 63 Planes Begin the First Transcontinental Air Race in the United States (California - New York) California New York Aviation History Historic Firsts History Channel
1924 In West Virginia, the Cincinnati Reds Play the McDowell County All-Stars McDowell County, West Virginia Ohio Sports Figures Major League Baseball West Virginia State Archives
1926 The Witte Museum Opens in San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas Museums Witte Museum Texas State Historical Society
1934 Bruno Hauptmann Is Indicted for the Murder of Charles A. Lindbergh's Infant Son Charles A. Lindbergh Crime Law & Legal Resources New York Times
1936 The Spokane Children's Home Refuses to Accept African-American Orphans Spokane, Washington Racism Child Advocacy HistoryLink
1940 The U.S. Excess Profits Tax Act Is Signed into Law Taxes Law & Legal Resources U.S. Treasury
1941 Nazi Invasion of Russia Reaches the Sea of Azov with the Capture of Mariupol Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1942 The U.S. Copper-Silver-Manganese Wartime Five-cent Coin Is Authorized. Currencies Copper Silver Managanese U.S. Treasury
Philadelphia "P" Mint Mark First Appears on U.S. Coins Currencies U.S. Treasury
1945 Truman Indicates the U.S. Has Shared Atomic Secrets with Britain and Canada Great Britain Canada President Truman Nuclear Weapons The Truman Library New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 85 Die When Three Trains Collide in England England Railroad Death BBC
1956 Yankee Don Larsen Pitches the Only Perfect Game in World Series History Baseball USA Today New York Times
Southdale Shopping Center, the First Fully Enclosed Shopping Mall, Opens in Edina, Minnesota Edina, Minnesota Architecture Consumer Economics Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1958 Dr Ĺke Senning Implants the First Internal Heart Pacemaker Medical Research The Heart History of Technology Historic Firsts TExas Heart Institute Canadian Broadcasting 'Corporation
In Wisconsin, Singing Cowboy Gene Autry Performs At the Rock County 4-H Fair Rock County, Wisconsin Gene Autry Country & Western Music Rock County 4-H Fair Wisconsin Historical Society
1961 Paul Hornung Scores 33 points for Green Bay" 4 TDs, 6 PATs, 1FG Football USA Today
1967 A Special Detachment of the Bolivian Army Wounds and Captures Marxist Revolutionary Che Guevara Bolivia History Channel
1968 Richard Nixon Is Nominated as the Republican Candidate for President of the United States Richard Nixon Republican Party Wisconsin Historical Society
1970 The Communist Delegation in Paris Rejects President Richard Nixon's Peace Proposal Presaident Richard Nixon Vietnam War I History Channel
Alexander Solzhenitsyn Is Selected as the Nobel Laureate for Literature Alexander Solzhenitsyn The Cold War 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature History Channel
1971 California Governor Ronald Reagan Starts the First Pump at the A. D. Edmonston Pumping Plant California Ronald Reagan Water A. D. Edmonston Pumping Plant LearnCalifornia
1973 Britain's First Independent Radio Station Begins Broadcasting British Media Radio London Broadcasting Corporation Historic Firsts BBC
1979 Sugar Babies Opens on Broadway Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1982 All Labor Organizations in Poland Are Banned Poland Labor Organizations The Cold War New York Times
1984 Atlanta, Braves Knuckleball Pitcher Phil Niekro Wins His 300th Game Atlanta, Georgia Ohio Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball University of Georgia
1985 Achille Lauro Palestinian Hijackers Kill a Wheelchair-bound Jewish-American Judaism Middle East history Death Terrorism New York Times
1990 17 Palestinians Die in Clashes with Israeli Police at Temple Mount Religious Site Israel Middle East history Death History Channel
Texas-born E. Donnall Thomas Is Selected for the Nobel Prize in Medicine Texas Scientists & Mathematicians Washington Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Cells 1990 Nobel Laureate in Medicine HistoryLink
1991 The Excavation of an African-American Burial Site in Lower Manhattan Is Announced New York City Slavery Death African-American Heritage National Park Service Preservation Magazine Archaeological Institute of America
1998 U.S. House of Representatives Initiates Impeachment Inquiry of President Clinton U.S. House of Representatives Impreachment of President Clinton History Channel
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2003 Arnold Schwarzenegger Is Elected Governor of California Austria Political and Social Leaders Governor of California Elections BBC
2004 John Kerry & George W. Bush Meet in St. Louis for Presidential Debate #2 of 3 Missouri President George W. Bush 2004 Presidential Election The American Presidency
2005 7.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 70,000+ in Pakistan, India, Afghanistan Pakistan India Afghanistan Earthquake CNN History Channel BBC USGS
2010 Nobel Foundation Awards Peace Price to Liu Xiaobo, Chinese Writer and Political Dissident Liu Xiaobo 2010 Nobel Laureate for Peace