Hispanic Artists

American Civil Liberties Union
General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
Separation Bar
David Diaz
David Diaz
Born c. 1959


Primary Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Artists Awarded 1995 Caldecott Medal for Smoky Night

Franklin Chang-Diaz
Franklin Chang-Diaz
Born: Apr 5, 1950




Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.


Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year did Congress pass a resolution making October 9 Leif Erikson Day in the U.S.? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did the first Norwegian immigrants arrive in the U.S. on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, from whom did Mary Ann Shadd Cary receive her education? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist born on this date:

1. In what year was Hermann Emil Fischer awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, on what date was the construction of the Washington Monument completed? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Nobel Foundation, what was Andrei Sakharov's profession? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Johanna Hurwitz (according to Ravenstone Press):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the New York Times, for which two Cleveland newspapers did Bruce Catton once serve as a reporter?

2. According to the Walgreen official website, Charles Walgreen was born near what Illinois town?

3. According to the Bechtel Corporation, how thick is the Hoover Dam at its base?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1965 Album of John Lennon and the Beatles (according to Authors' Calendar):

Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Born on This Date 1823

[Canadian Digital Collections]

Publisher/Rights Activist

Emil Fischer
Born on This Date 1852

[Nobel Foundation]

Organic Chemistry 1902 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Bruce Catton
Born on This Date 1899

[New York Times]


Johanna Hurwitz
Born on This Date 1937

[Ravenstone Press]

Young-adult Author

John Lennon
Born on This Date 1940

The Beatles

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: World Post Day
(Commemorates the founding of the Universal Postal Union in Bern, Switzerland: 10/09/1874)
United Nations Universal Postal Union
Uganda: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 10/09/1962)
Uganda Great Britain U.S. Department of State
United States: Leif Erikson Day
(Observed per 1964 resolution celebrating the arrival of the first Norwegian immigrants 10/09/1825)
Leif Erikson Denmark Finland Iceland Sweden Presidential Proclamation
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1909 Elton C. Fax (Maryland-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Elton C. Fax Primary Children's Authors American Artists Famous African Americans
1937 Johanna Hurwitz (New York City-born Children's Author) Johanna Hurwitz Young-adult Authors
1941 Dina Anastasio (Iowa-born Children's Author) Iowa Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1899 Bruce Catton (Michigan-born Historian) Bruce Catton American Civil War
1923 Mary Ann Shadd Cary (Delaware-born African-American Educator, Journalist, Abolitionist) Mary Ann Shadd Cary Canadian Social Leaders Education Journalism The Underground Railroad Famous African Americans
1934 Jill Ker Conway (Australian Memoirist) Jill Ker Conway
Artists, Architects and Designers
1848 Frank Duveneck (Kentucky-born Artist) Kentucky Artists
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1835 Charles-Camille Saint-Saens (Paris-born Composer) Charles-Camille Saint-Saens Composers
1914 Roger Goeb (Iowa-born Composer) Iowa Composers American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1895 Eugene Bullard (Georgia-born Aviator: First African-American Combat Pilot) Georgia Explorers and Aviators World War I Aviation Military History African-American Military Figures African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1852 Hermann Emil Fischer (German-born 1902 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Hermann Emil Fischer Organic Chemistry 1902 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1879 Max von Laue (German-born 1914 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Max von Laue Physics 1914 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1873 Charles Walgreen (Illinois-born Founder of the Walgreen Drug Store Chain) Charles Walgreen Medicines & Pharmaceuticals
Military Leaders
1860 Leonard Wood (New Hampshire-born Medical Officer and Governor General of the Philippines: 1921-7) The Philippines New Hampshire Military Leaders Medicine
1201 Robert de Sorbon (French Theologian and Founder of the Sorbonne) French Political and Social Leaders Theologians and Religious Leaders Education The Sorbonne
1837 Francis Wayland Parker (New Hampshire-born Educator) Francis Wayland Parker Educators of Note
1890 Aimee Semple McPherson (Canadian-born American Religious Evangelist) Aimee Semple McPherson Religion Leaders and Theologians
1909 Donald Coggan (English Archbishop of Canterbury) Donald Coggan Religion Leaders and Theologians Archbishop of Canterbury
Political & Social Leaders
1757 Charles X (King of France: 10/9/1757 - 11/6/1836) French Political and Social Leaders
1782 Lewis Cass (New Hampshire-born Michigan Governor and U.S. Senator) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate State of Michigan University of Georgia
1845 John Henry Rogers (North Carolina-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Arkansas) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1906 Léopold (Sédar) Senghor (President of Senegal) Léopold Senghor Poetry
1909 Frederick Donald Coggan (Archbishop of Canterbury) Frederick Donald Coggan Religion Archbishop of Canterbury
1915 James "Big Jim" Folsom (Two-term Alabama Governor: 1947-1951 and 1955-1959) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Alabama State Archives
1929 Ernest "Dutch" Morial (Louisiana-born Attorney, Politician, Elected Official) New Orleans Political Leaders Politics African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
The Notorious
1859 Alfred Dreyfus (Jewish Soldier Falsely Accused of Treason in Historic French Trial) Alfred Dreyfus Judaism Law and Legal Resources
Performing Artists
1920 Yusef Lateef (Tennessee-born African-American Saxophonist) Tennessee Performing Artists Musicians Famous African Americans
1940 John Lennon (English Popular Musician, Songwriter: A Member of the Beatles) John Lennon The Beatles
1955 Scott Bakula (Missouri-born Actor) Missouri Performing Artists Actors Television Film
Sports Figures
1903 Walter O'Malley (New York City-born Attorney; Owner of the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers) New York City Sports Figures Law & Legal Resources Business Major League Baseball Baseball Official Web Site
1889 Rube Marquard (Ohio-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1955 Mike Singletary (Texas-born African-American Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
1970 Annika Sorenstam (Swedish Golfer) Sweden Golf
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1047 Pope Clement II (German-born Roman Catholic Pope) Germany Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1806 Benjamin Banneker (Maryland-born African-American Mathematician) Benjamin Banneker Mathematics Famous African Americans
1868 Howell Cobb (Georgia-born Politician and Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1954 Robert Jackson (Pennsylvania-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders President Franklin Roosevelt U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1958 Pope Pius XII (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1967 Che Guevara (Argentine Revolutionary Executed in Bolivia) Che Guevara Bolivia History Channel BBC
1974 Oskar Schindler (Czech-born German Businessman Who Save Jewish Lives During World War II) Czech Political & Social Leaders Nazi Germany World War II The Holocaust History Channel
1988 Felix Wankel (German Automotive Pioneer) German Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Automobiles
1995 J. Evetts Haley (West Texas Historian) Texas Authors Texas State Historical Society
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Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1604 "Kepler's SuperNova" First Sighted in the Constellation Ophiuchus Johannes Kepler Space and Astronomy Oberlin College
1635 Roger Williams Is Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for Spreading "New & Dangerous Opinions" Roger Williams Masachusetts Colony Colonial History Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities Concordia History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1701 Yale University Is Chartered by the Colonial Legislature of Connecticut Connecticut Education Colonial Connecticut Education Yale University Library of Congress
1775 Lord Dartmouth Orders British Officers to North Carolina Great Britain North Carolina Colonial North Carolina American Revolution History Channel
1776 Father Francisco Palou Founds Mission San Francisco de Asis (Mission Delores), San Francisco's Oldest Building San Francisco California Missions Missions of California Concordia
1779 Count Casimir Pulaski Is Mortally Wounded During the Siege of Savannah Casimir Pulaski Savannah, Georgia University of Georgia
English Luddites Riot Against the Introduction of Machinery for Spinning Cotton in Manchester, England English History Business & Economics Writer's Almanac
1781 The Battle of Yorktown Begins American Revolution Writer's Almanac
1791 Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad Is Founded in Soledad, California Soledad, California California Missions LearnCalifornia
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1825 First Norwegian Immigrants Arrive in America Norway Immigration Norwegian Embassy, U.S. New York Historical Society
1849 Emily Elizabeth Dickinson and Party Climb Mt. Holyoke Emily Dickinson American Authors Mount Holyoke Range Stqate Park American Collection
1854 U.S. President Franklin Pierce Appoints Nathaniel Hawthorne to the American Consulate at Liverpool, England Liverpool, England Nathaniel Hawthorne Franklin Pierce American Authors U.S. Government American Collection
1855 New York City's Isaac Singer Patents the Sewing Machine Motor New York City Scientists & Inventors Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Singer USPTO
1856 Iowa's First Successful Manned Balloon Ascension Takes Place in Muscatine Muscatine, Iowa Hot Air Balloons Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1864 Union Troops Humiliate Confederates at Tom's Brook, Virginia Virginia at Tom's Brook History Channel
1866 Platteville Normal School Opens As Wisconsin's First College Devoted Wholly to Training Teachers Platteville, Wisconssin Education Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1871 The Great Chicago Fire Is Brought Under Control Great Chicago Fire Fire Safety Library of Congress
The Largest Earthquake in Delaware History Is Recorded Delaware Earthquakes USGS
Governor of Texas Imposes Martial Law in Freestone County for Voting Irregularities Freestone County, Texas Voting Texas State Historical Society
1875 Conway, Arkansas Is Incorporated Conway, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1876 Alexander Graham Bell Makes the First Long-Distance Telephone Call Alexander Graham Bell The Telephone History of Technology Historic Firsts Technology and Society
In Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, a Rally Is Held to Support Greenbacks Rather Than Gold as the National Currency Kandiyohi County, Minnesota Currency Gold Minnesota Historical Society
Baldwin, Florida Is Incorporated Baldwin, Floridal Florida Historical Society
The Women's Club of Wisconsin Is Organized in Milwaukee Milwaukee, Wisconsin Women Historic Firsts Women's Club of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1888 The Washington Monument First Opens to the Public Washington D.C. The Washington Monument Historic Firsts National Park Service Writer's Almanac
1890 France's Clément Ader Achieves the First Sustained Motorized Flight French Scientists & Mathematicians Aviation Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1891 President Benjamin Harrison Visits Portland, Oregon Portland, Oregon President Benjamin Harrison The American Presidency
1894 Four Miners Die in Newcastle, Washington Coal Mine Fire Newcastle, Washington Labor Death History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake Does Structural Damage on Alaska's Kodiak Island Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1912 Speaking in Janesville, Wisconsin, Jane Addams Campaigns for Women's Right to Vote Janesville, Wisconsin Jane Addams American Women Social Leader Women's Suffrage Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
West Virginia Division of Confederate Veterans Hold Their Annual Reunion in Moorefield Moorefield, West Virginia American Civil War West Virginia State Archives
1914 Germans Take Antwerp, Belgium After 12-day Siege Belgium Germany World War I Humanitas International
1915 Belgrade Falls to Austria-Hungary Belgrade, Serbia Austria Hungary World War I History Channel
Auto Racer Gil Anderson First to Average 100+ mph in a Race Auto Racing Historic Firsts History Channel
1916 John H. Clarke Is Sworn in as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Ohio Political and Social Leaders President Woodrow Wilson U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
Pitcher Babe Ruth of the Red Sox Pitches 13 Scoreless Innings to Win Game 2 of the World Series Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball New York Times
1921 Earle Dickson, a Cotton Buyer for Johnson & Johnson, Invents the Band-Aid The Band Aid Inventors and Inventions IntelliHealth
1923 The MV Kennecott Freighter Breaks into Pieces on Queen Charlotte Islands on Her Maiden Voyage from Alaska Alaska Naval History Alaska Historical Society
1925 The Writing of Fiction by Edith Wharton is Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
In Madison, Indiana, the Lanier Mansion Is Dedicated as a State Memorial Madison, Indiana Architecture Indiana Historical Society
1930 Laura Ingalls First Women to Complete Solo Transcontinental Flight (4d NY-CA) New York California Women Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1933 Bones of Browns Valley Man Found in Traverse County, Minnesota Are Likely From a Paleo-Indian Between 8,000 and 12,000 Years Ago Traverse County, Minnesota Paleo Indians Archeology/Anthropology Minnesota Historical Society
1934 King Alexander of Yugoslavia Is Assassinated in France Yugoslavia France European History Death League of Nations
1936 First Generator at the Hoover Dam Becomes Fully Operational Hoover Dam Electricity U.S. Department of the Interior History Channel
1938 The First Radio Altimeter is Demonstrated by Bell Labs in New York New York Aviation Inventors & Inventions Technology and Society
1940 London's St. Paul's Cathedral Is Bombed During the Battle of Britain London, England St. Paul's Cathedral Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
Carol Frost, the Son of Robert Frost, Commits Suicide Robert Frost Poetry Death American Collection
1942 Jubilee Is the First Radio Broadcast to Showcase African-American Talent Radio African-American Performing Artists Historic Firsts History Channel
1944 Churchill & Stalin Begin 9-day Conference in Moscow Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill World War II History Channel
1945 Shidehara Kijuro Becomes Prime Minister of Japan Japanese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1946 The Iceman Cometh, by Eugene O'Neill, Opens on Broadway Eugene O'Neill The Iceman Cometh Internet Broadway Database
1947 High Button Shoes Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1949 A Statue of Leif Erikson Is Dedicated on the Capitol Grounds in St. Paul, Minnesota Leif Erikson St. Paul, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1959 Conservative Tories Win Third Consecutive General Election in England English Government Elections BBC
1961 Ray Charles' Recording of "Hit The Road Jack" Reaches #1 on the Pop Singles Chart Ray Charles Popular Music African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
1962 Uganda Gains Its Independence from Great Britain Uganda Great Britain South African History African-American Registry
1963 Mud Slide at Italy's Vajont Dam Kills 3,000+ Italy Dams Death Suburban Eenergy Managerment Project
Nelson Mandela and 8 Others Charged with Sabotage and Attempted Overthrow of the State South Africa Nelson Mandela Crime South African History
1965 "Mr. Acarius," a Story Originally Written by William Faulkner in 1953, Is Published in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers Project
1967 Argentinean Revolutionary, Che Guevara, Is Executed in Bolivia) Che Guevara Bolivia History Channel BBC
Indonesia Breaks Off Diplomatic Relations with China Indonesia China Asian History
1968 Delaware Governor Charles Terry Suffers a Debilitating Heart Attack While Campaigning for Re-Election Delaware Political and Social Leaders Politics The Heart State of Delaware
1969 National Guard Controls Protesters at Chicago 7 Trial Chicago Chicago 7 Trial History Channel
1970 Khmer Republic Is Proclaimed in Cambodia Cambodian Government Vietnam War History Channel
1975 Andrei Sakharov Is Chosen for the Nobel Peace Prize Andrei Sakharov 1975 Nobel Prize for Peace History Channel
1979 Minnesota's Rose Totino Patents Her "Crisp Crust" Frozen Pizza Crust Minnesota Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Trademarks and Patents Foods and Nutrition Minnesota Historical Society
1980 Jimmy Carter Is the First U.S. President to Visit Florida's Capitol in Tallahassee Florida State Capitol President Jimmy Carter Florida Historical Society
1983 North Korean Bomb Kills 21 Burmese and Korean Officials in Rangoon Burma South Korea North Korea Terrorism Death Asian History
1985 New York City Dedicates Part of Central Park As "Strawberry Fields" New York City John Lennon The Beatles New York City Parks and Recreation
1986 Andrew Lloyd-Webber's Musical "Phantom of the Opera" Premieres at Her Majesty's Theatre in London Andrew Lloyd-Webber Stage and Theater Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1988 Latvians Begin Mass Movement for Independence from the Soviet Union Latvia Soviet Union Cold War BBC
1990 David Souter Is Sworn in as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders President George Bush U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1992 30 lb. Meteorite Lands on an '80 Chevy Malibu in Peekskill, New York Peekskill, New York Automotives Astronomy Meteors & Meteorites History Channel
1995 8.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 49, Injures 100, Leaves 1,000 Homeless Along Mexico's Jalisco Coast Mexico Earthquakes Death USGS
Arizona Amtrak Train Derailment Kills One and Injures 100 Arizona Railroads Death Amtrak Court TV
1997 North Carolina Basketball Coach, Dean Smith, Retires with 879 Wins in 36 Years As Coach University of North Carolina Basketball Hall of Fame New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2000 International Consortium Launches HETE-2 Satellite to Detect Gamma Ray Bursts Space Exploration MIT NASA