Hispanic Artists

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Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
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Hispanic Military Leaders
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Separation Bar

Baruj Benacerraf
Born on This Date 1920

[Nobel Foundation]

Medical Research 1980 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology

Selena Quintanilla Pérez
Born on This Date 1971

[Warner Brothers]


Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was selected as the Nobel Laureate for Peace on this date in 2000? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who hit the home run that won the World Series on this date in 1960? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the U.S. Army, how did Mary Hays McCauly earn the nickname of Molly Pitcher? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. What play opened on Broadway on this date in 1962? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Al-Ahram Weekly, in what year did Hosni Mubarak restore full diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, who was Arna Bontemps' co-editor of The Poetry of the Negro: 1746-1949? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Kansas State University, Rudolf Virchow was the first person in Germany to be appointed to a chair for what subject?

2. According to PBS, Herb Block worked 55 years for which newspaper?

3. According to TIME, what two degrees did Margaret Thatcher earn from Oxford University?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1960s hit by Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel (according to the History Channel):

Molly Pitcher
Born on This Date 1754

[U.S. Field Artillery Assoc.]

Noted American Military Leaders

Rudolf Virchow
Born on This Date 1821


Medical Research

Arna Bontemps
Born on This Date 1902


Young-adult Authors

Herb Block
Born on This Date 1909

[Library of Congress]

Political Cartoonist 1942, 1954, 1979 Pulitzer Prizes for Editorial Cartooning

Margaret Thatcher
Born on This Date 1925


British Political Leaders

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Burundi: Rwagasore Day
(Commemorates the assassination of Prince Louis Rwagasore: 10/13/1961)
Burundi Belgium U.S. Department of State
England: St. Edward's Day
(Commemorates the transfer of the body of St. Edward to a Westminster Abbey shrine: 10/13/1163)
England Westminster Abbey
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1902 Arna Bontemps (Louisiana-born African-American Harlem Renaissance Writer, Children's Author) Arna Bontemps Young-adult Authors Famous African-Americans
1921 Barbara Walker (Michigan-born Children's Author) Michigan Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1936 Robert Ingpen (Australian Children's Author, Illustrator) Australian Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1938 Eileen Dunlop (Scottish Children's Author) Scottish Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Harriet Pincus (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1950 Michelle Catlidge (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1952 Michael Sampson (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1873 Bert J. Griswold (Iowa-born Indiana Newspaper Writer, Cartoonist) Iowa Authors & Illustrators Indiana Authors & Illustrators Journalism American Artists Indiana Historical Society
1890 Conrad Richter (Pennsylvania Novelist and Short Story Writer; Received 1951 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators 1951 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Writer's Almanac
1906 J. Saunders Redding (Delaware-born African-American Author) Delaware Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors & Illustrators African American Registry
1910 Ernest Kellogg Gann (Nebraska-born Writer) Ernest Kellogg Gann Aviation Film
1925 Frank Gilroy (New York City-born Playwright) Frank Gilroy Plays
1929 Richard Howard (Ohio-born Poet, Translator)) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Poetry American Academy of Poets Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1909 Herb Block (Chicago-born Political Cartoonist) Herb Block Comics & Cartoons 1942, 1954, 1979 Pulitzer Prizes for Editorial Cartooning
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1949 Leona Mitchell (Oklahoma-born African-American Lyric Soprano) Oklahoma Performing Artists Opera African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1776 Peter Barlow (English Physicist) English Scientists & Mathematicians Physics
1821 Rudolf Virchow (German Pathologist) Rudolf Virchow Medical Research Cells Anatomy
1920 Carroll Leevy (South Carolina-born African-American Medical Researcher: Liver Disease) South Carolina Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Anatomy African-American Scientists & Mathematicians Intellihealth
1754 Molly Pitcher (New Jersey Military Figure in the American Revolution) Molly Pitcher American Revolution
1926 Jesse LeRoy Brown (Mississippi-born African-American Aviator) Jesse LeRoy Brown Aviation History African American History Historic Firsts
Political & Social Leaders
1862 John R. Commons (Ohio-born Political Reformist, Author; Member of the Wisconsin State Legislature) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders American Authors Wisconsin Historical Society
1877 Theodore Bilbo (U.S. Senator from Mississippi: 1935-47) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1901 Edith Sampson (Pennsylvania-born First African-American Woman Appointed to the U.S. Delegation to the United Nations) United Nations Edith Sampson African-American Political and Social Leaders
1925 Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister of England) Margaret Thatcher British Political Leaders
Performing Artists
1853 Lillie Langtry (English Actress) English Performing Artists Stage and Theater
1907 Yves Allégret (French Film Director) French Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1909 Art Tatum (Ohio-born African-American Jazz Pianist) Art Tatum Jazz Noted African Americans
1917 Burr Tillstrom (Chicago-born Puppeteer: Kukla, Fran and Ollie) Chicago Performing Artists Puppetry
1921 Yves Montand (Italian-born American Actor) Italian Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1924 Nipsey Russell (Georgia-born African-American Comedian) Georgia Performing Artists Television African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1925 Lenny Bruce (New York-born Comedian) New York Performing Artists Authors' Calendar Writer's Almanac New York Times
1926 Ray Brown (Pennsylvania-born African-American Jazz Bassist) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1941 Paul Simon (New Jersey-born Popular Singer, Songwriter) Paul Simon Popular Musicians
1947 Sammy Hagar (California-born Popular Musician) California Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1959 Marie Osmond (Utah-born Popular Singer) Utah Performing Artists Popular Musicians Biography Internet Movie Database
1963 Kelly Preston (Hawaiian-born Actress) Hawaii Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1876 Rube Waddell (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1931 Eddie Mathews (Texas-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1962 Jerry Rice (Mississippi-born African-American Professional Football Player) Mississippi Sports Figures Football African American History
1969 Nancy Kerrigan (Massachusetts-born Member of the Figure Skating Hall of Fame) Massachusetts Sports Figures Olympic Games Figure Skating Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1890 Samuel F. Miller (Kentucky-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1961 Prince Louis Rwagasore (Prime Minister of Burundi: Assassination) Burundi Belgium Nations Encyclopedia
1974 Ed Sullivan (New York City-born Television Host) New York City Performing Artists Journalists Television History Channel
1990 Le Duc Tho (Vietnamese-born 1973 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Le Duc Tho Vietnam War 1973 Nobel Laureate for Peace
2002 Stephen Ambrose (Illinois-born Military History Author) Illinois Authors American Authors World War II
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1710 British Capture Acadia's Fort Royal from the French Canada Great Britain France Forts Six Clattenburg,  Halifax
1775 The U.S. Navy Is Created by the Second Continental Congress The Continental Congress The U.S. Military Naval History U.S. Navy
1781 Joseph II of Austria Issues Edict of Tolerance to Suppress Persecution and Torture of Evangelicals Austria Religion Civil Rights/Human Rights European History Concordia
1792 The Cornerstone Is Laid for the White House The White House The American Presidency The Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: one man J. Newmon [John Newman] Confined for mutinous expression

Set out early proceeded on, passd. a Camp of Seauex on the Starboard Shore those people only viewed us & did not Speak one word— The visiters of last evening all except one returned which is the Brother of the Chief we have on board

21 miles above the Village passed a Creek about 15 yards wide nearly opposit this creek a fiew miles from the river
on the S. S. 2 Stones resembling humane persons & one resembling a Dog is Situated in the open Prarie, to those Stone the Rickores
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] pay Great reverance make offerings whenever they pass (Infomtn. of the Chief & Intepeter) those people have a Curious Tredition of those Stones, one was a man in Love, one a Girl whose parents would not let marry, the Dog went to mourn with them all turned to Stone gradually, Commenceing at the feet. Those people fed on grapes untill they turned, & the woman has a bunch of grapes yet in her hand on the river near the place those are Said to be Situated, we obsd. a greater quantity of fine grapes than I ever Saw at one place.

We proceeded on under a fine Breeze from the S.E. and Camped late at the upper part of Some wood on the Starboard Side, Cold & Some rain this evening. we Sent out hunters Killed one Deer.

We Tried the Prisoner Newmon [John Newman] last night by 9 of his Peers they did "Centence him 75 Lashes & Disbanded the party."

Ordway: In conformity to the above order the Court martial convened this day for the trial of John Newman, charged with "having uttered repeated expressions of a highly criminal and mutinous nature; the same having a tendency not only to distroy every principle of military discipline, but also to alienate the affections of the individuals composing this Detachment to their officers, and disaffect them to the service for which they have been so sacredly and solemnly engaged."— The Prisonar plead not guilty to the charge exhibited against him. The court after having duly considered the evidence aduced, as well as the defense of the said prisonor, are unanimously of opinion that the prisonar John Newman is guilty of every part of the charge exhibited against him, and do sentence him agreeably to the rules and articles of war, to receive seventy five lashes on his bear back, and to be henceforth discarded from the perminent party engaged for North Western discovery; two thirds of the Court concurring in the sum and nature of the
punishment awarded. the commanding officers approve and confirm the sentence of the court, and direct the punishment take place tomorrow between the hours of one and two P. M.— The commanding officers further direct that John Newman
in future be attatched to the mess and crew of the red Perogue as a labouring hand on board the same, and that he be deprived of his arms and accoutrements, and not be permited the honor of mounting guard untill further orders; the commanding officers further direct that in lue of the guard duty from which Newman has been exempted by virtue of this order, that he shall be exposed to such drudgeries as they may think proper to direct from time to time with a
view to the general relief of the detachment.—
South Dakota Map: 10/08/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/08/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes Wild Grapes Deer

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rained a little before day, and all the morning, a hard wind from the S West untill 9 oClock, the rained Seased
& wind luled, and Capt Lewis with two Canoes Set out & passed down the rapid The others Soon followed and we passed over this bad rapid Safe. We Should make more portages if the Season was not So far advanced and time precious with us

This must be a verry bad place in high water, here is great fishing place, the timbers of Several houses piled up, and
a number of wholes of fish, and the bottom appears to have been made use of as a place of deposit for their fish for ages past,

here two Indians from the upper foks over took us and continued on down on horse back, two others were at this mouth of the Creek— we passed a rapid about 9 mile lower.

at dusk came to on the Std. Side & Encamped The two Inds. on horse back Stayed with us. The wife of Shabono
our interpetr we find reconsiles all the Indians, as to our friendly intentions a woman with a party of men is a token of peace

The Countery Thro' which we passed to day is Simlar to that of yesterday open plain no timber passed Several
houses evacuated at established fishing places, wind hard from The S. W. in the evening and not very cold

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/10/05 Franklin County
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 Out-numbered British Repel American Attack at Queenston Heights, Canada Canada Great Britain War 1812 Thinkquest
1827 St. Francis County, Arkansas Is Created St. Francis County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1843 B'nai B'rith Founded is in New York City by Twelve German-Jewish Immigrants New York City Judaism B'nai B'rith Montana Historical Society
1845 Voters of the Republic of Texas Overwhelmingly Approve Annexation as the 28th State Texas United States History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1849 Delegates to the Constitutional Convention Meeting at Colton Hall in Monterey Sign the California Constitution Monterey, Calofornia Historic U.S. Documents LearnCalifornia
1857 The Minnesota State Constitution Is Ratified by Popular Vote Minnesota State Constitution Historic U.S. Documents Votes Minnesota Historical Society
Henry H. Sibley Is Elected Governor of Minnesota over Alexander Ramsey by a Margin of 240 Votes Out of 35,340 Cast Governor of Minnesota Elections Votes Minnesota Historical Society
1859 Alexander Gregg Consecrated as First Bishop of Episcopal Diocese of Texas Texas Religion Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1861 U.S.S. Keystone State Captures Confederate Steamer Salvor Near Dry Tortugas Islands Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Association
1862 Sixth Michigan Cavalry Is Mustered into Federal Service at Grand Rapids Michigan American Civil War State of Michigan
The "Waukesha Minute Men" Are Mustered into Service Waukesha, Wisconsin American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1863 In West Virginia, Union Troops Defeat the Confederates at the Battle of Bulltown West Virginia Battle of Bulltown West Virginia State Archive
Ohio Voters Reject anti-War Gubernatorial Candidate Ohio American Civil War Elections History Channel
1870 Governor Signs Legislation Creating the Georgia State Board of Education Georgia Education University of Georgia
1884 Conference in Washington, D.C. Designates Greenwich, England As the Prime Meridian England Washington, D.C. Time Maps Greenwich 2000
1885 Georgia Tech University Is Founded Georgia Education Georgia Tech University
1893 Melody for "Happy Birthday to You" Registered with U.S. Patent/Trademark Office Music Copyrights USPTO
20,000 State Residents Attend "Minnesota Day" at the Chicago World's Fair Minnesota Chicago Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1903 West of Las Vegas, New Mexico, the Montezuma Hotel Is Sold to the YMCA for $1 Las Vegas, New Mexico Economics YMCA New Mexico Magazine
1915 Meharry Medical College Is Chartered Tennessee Education African-American Heritage Meharry Medical College Tennessee State University
1924 Judson Walter Minor Is the First African American Appointed as a Police Officer in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin Lew Enforcement Agencies African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Milwaukee City Police Department Wisconsin Historical Society
1926 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Centered in Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1928 Laurence Stallings Publishes "Turn Out the Guard" in the Saturday Evening Post Georgia Authors & Illustrators American Authors Journalism American Collection
1934 William Faulkner Publishes "Retreat"" in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism American Collection
1939 Harry James Records "On a Little Street in Singapore" with Frank Sinatra As Vocalist Frank Sinatra Popular Music University of Georgia
1943 Italy Declares War on Germany Italy Nazi Germany World War II History Channel New York Times
26-year-old Poet Robert Lowell Sentenced to Jail for Evading the Draft Robert Lowell World War II History Channel
1946 Constitution of the French Fourth Republic Is Ratified by Referendum France Historic World Documents French Foreign Ministry
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1958 Harold Burton Retires As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1960 Nixon & Kennedy Compete in Their Third Presidential Debate Richard Nixon John F. Kennedy The American Presidency New York Times
Pirate Bill Mazeroski's HR Is First to End a 7th Game of a World Series Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
Alaska Methodist University (Alaska Pacific University) Is Dedicated in Anchorage. Anchorage, Alaska Education Alaska Pacific University Alaska Historical Society
1961 Political Rivals Assassinate Burundi Prime Minister, Prince Louis Rwagasore Burundi Belgium Nations Encyclopedia
The First Wisconsin Oktoberfest Celebration Is Held in La Crosse, Wisconsin Oktoberfest La Crosse, Wisconsin Historic Firsts La Crosse Oktoberfest Wisconsin Historical Society
1962 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf Opens on Broadway New York City Plays Internet Broadway Database
1963 8.5 Magnitude Earthquake Centered in the Kuril Islands Off the Japanese Coast Earthquakes USGS
1975 First One-dollar U.S. Bicentennial Coins Are Introduced into Circulation Currency U.S. Treasury
1976 Bolivian Plane Crash Kills Dozens in Santa Cruz Brazil Air Disasters Death BBC
1981 Hosni Mubarak Elected President of Egypt Following El-Sadat Assassination Egypt Al-Ahram Weekly New York Times
1988 British Government Fails to Suppress Publication of the Book Spycatcher Great Britain Literature Cold War BBC
1990 The Target Center Arena Opens in Minneapolis MInneapolis, Minnesota Business Sports Target Center Minnesota Historical Society
1992 Government Announces Plans to Close 1/3 of Britain's Deep Coal Mines Great Britain Labor Economics BBC
1993 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 60 in New Guinea Earthquakes USGS
1998 The NBA Cancels First Two Weeks of Regular Season for a Player Lockout Basketball NBA Labor New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between from 2000 to present
2000 South Korean President Kim Dae-jung 2000 Laureate for the Nobel Peace Prize. Korea 2000 Nobel Prize for Peace
2004 John Kerry & George W. Bush Meet in Arizona for Presidential Debate #3 of 3 Arizona President George W. Bush 2004 Presidential Election The American Presidency PBS
2006 Freak Lake-Effect Storm Dumps Two Feet of Wet Snow on Buffalo, New York Bufflao, New York Snow CNN
2010 33 Chilean Miners Are Rescued One-at-a-Time After Being Trapped for 69 Days 2,300' Below Ground Chile Mining NPR CNN BBC