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Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
Born: Nov 24, 1713

Catholicism Spanish Political and Social Leaders California

Juan Nepomuceno Seguín
Juan Nepomuceno Seguín
Born: Oct 29, 1806

The Alamo Politics

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was selected as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize on this date in 1964? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1968, which U.S. spacecraft was the first to transmit a live telecast? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, who are three generals for whom Dwight Eisenhower served early in his military career? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Lois Lenski (according to Purple House Press):

1. Who won the 10,000 M run on this date at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On what date and year was Nikita Khrushchev not allowed to visit Disneyland? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, in what year did Alfred Nobel obtain a patent for dynamite? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1930 work by Katherine Mansfield (according to the Writer's Almanac):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. Photos of Russian missiles in Cuba were taken on this date in 1962. On what date did President Kennedy first learn of the missiles?

2. According to TIME, J. Craig Venter was one of the two most important players in the worldwide effort to map out the human genome. Who was the other person?

3. According to the Anton Haardt Gallery, James "Son" Thomas began to play the guitar seriously after what age?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1965 e.e.cummings work (according to Authors' Calendar):

Dwight Eisenhower
Born on This Date 1890

[The White House]

The American Presidency

Lois Lenski
Born on This Date 1893

[Illinois State University]

Young-adult Authors 1946 Newbery Medal

e.e. cummings
Born on This Date 1894

[Grand Valley State University]


James "Son" Thomas
Born on This Date 1924

Jazz & Blues

J. Craig Venter
Born on This Date 1946

[The Virtual Wall]

Human Genome Project

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1893 Lois Lenski (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator Awarded the 1946 Newbery Medal) Lois Lenski Young-adult Authors American Artists 1946 Newbery Medal
1926 Miriam Cohen (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1927 Don Madden (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors & Illustrators American Artists
1944 Tessa Paul (Zimbabwean Children's Author, Illustrator) Zimbabwe Artists
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1867 Masaoka Shiki (Japanese Author, Poet) Masaoka Shiki Haiku Poetry
1888 Katherine Mansfield (New Zealand Author) Katherine Mansfield
1894 e.e. cummings (Massachusetts-born Poet) e.e. cummings Poetry
1905 Eugene Fodor (Hungarian-American Travel Author) Eugene Fodor Travel
1906 Hannah Arendt (German Author) Hannah Arendt Judaism World War II
1942 Péter Nádas (Hungarian Author) Péter Nádas
1949 Katha Pollitt (New York City-born Poet) Katha Pollitt Poetry
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1865 Sydney Laurence (New York City-born Alaskan Artist) New York City Artists Alaskan Artists American Artists & Designers Alaska Historical Society
1939 Ralph Lauren (New York City-born Designer) Ralph Lauren American Artists & Designers
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1822 Alexander W. Livingston (Ohio-born Developer of Commercial Tomato Varieties) Ohio Scientists & Inventors Foods & Nutrition Farming & Agriculture Ohio Historical Society
1843 Ole Ringness (Norwegian-American Inventor of the Disc Plow and Disc Harrow) Norwegian Scientists & Inventors Texas Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Farming & Agriculture Texas State Historical Association
1857 Elwood Haynes (Indiana-born Automotives Pioneer) Indiana Business Leaders The Automobile Inventors & Inventions Business & Economics
1900 W. Edwards Deming (Iowa-born Statistician) Iowa Statistics Japan
1946 J. Craig Venter (Utah-born Leader in the Human Genome Project) J. Craig Venter Human Genome Project
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1644 William Penn (English Reformer, Founder of Pennsylvania) William Penn Pennsylvania Colonial Pennsylvania
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1857 Joseph R. Lamar (Georgia-born Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez University of Georgia
1890 Dwight Eisenhower (Texas-born Supreme Allied Commander in World War II; 34th President of the United States) Texas Political and Social Leaders Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency World War II
1930 Mobutu Sese Seko (Joseph Desire Mobutu - President of Zaire) Zaire
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1893 Lillian Gish (Ohio-born Actress) Ohio Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1899 Clarence Muse (Maryland-born African-American Actor) Maryland Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African Americans Registry
1926 James "Son" Thomas (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz Musician) James Jazz & Blues American Artists African American Performing Artists
1927 Roger Moore (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1940 Cliff Richard (English Popular Musician with the Rolling Stones) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1948 Harry Anderson (Rhode Island -born Actor) Rhode Island Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
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1896 Oscar Charleston (Indiana-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Indiana Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame African American Registry
1910 John Wooden (Indiana-born Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame as Both a Player and Coach) John Wooden Basketball Hall of Fame
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1944 Erwin Rommel (Nazi German General: Suicide) Erwin Rommel World War II History Channel
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1991 Harold Robbins (New York City-born Author) Harold Robbins American Authors
2010 Benoit Mandelbrot (Polish-born Lithuanian Mathematician Who Conceived and Developed the Field of Fractal Geometry. Benoit Mandelbrot Fractals
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1656 Massachusetts Levies a 40-Shilling Fine Against Anyone Illegally Harboring Quakers Massachusetts Colony Quakers Concordia
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1735 James Oglethorpe, John and Charles Wesley, Among 136 Georgia Colonists Setting Sail from England Great Britain Georgia Colony University of Georgia
John Wesley Makes First Entry into His Journal That Will Continue Until Oct 24, 1790 Writing University of Georgia
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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Since the last time Lewis' has written they have traveled through Clarksville, Indiana and Louisville, Kentucky. For
the very first time William Clark has finally joined the expedition along with Clark's slave "York" and the "young men from Kentucky", including Joseph Field, Reubin Field, Charles Floyd, and George Gibson
Indiana Kentucky The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain last night all wet & Cold, we Set early the rain contind all Day

we passed a Creek in the L. S. 15 yards wide this Creek we Call after the 3rd Chief Piaheto at 1 oClock we
halted on a Sand bar & after Dinner executed the Sentence of the Court Martial So far as giveing the Corporal punishment, & proceeded on a fiew miles, the wind a head from N. E. Camped in a Cove of the bank on the S. S. imediately opposit our Camp on the L. Side I observe an antient fortification the walls of which appear to be 8 or 10 feet high,

the evening wet and disagreeable, the river Something wider more timber on the banks

The punishment of this day allarmd. the Indian Chief verry much, he Cried aloud I explained the Cause of the punishment and the necessity He thought examples were also necessary, & he himself had made them by Death,
his nation never whiped even their Children, from their burth.

North Dakota Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Arikara Indians Weather Law and Legal Resources

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Verry Cold morning wind from the West and Cool untill about 12 oClock When it Shifted to the S. W.

at 2 ˝ miles passed a remarkable rock verry large and resembling the hill [hull] of a Ship Situated on a Lard point at Some distance from the assending Countrey

passed rapids at 6 and 9 miles. at 12 miles we Came too at the head of a rapid which the Indians told me was verry bad, we viewed the rapid found it bad in decending three Stern Canoes Stuk fast for Some time on the head of the rapid and one Struk a rock in the worst part, fortunately all landed Safe below the rapid which was nearly 3 miles in length.

here we dined, and for the first time for three weeks past I had a good dinner of Blue wing Teel,

after dinner we Set out and had not proceded on two miles before our Stern Canoe in passing thro a Short rapid opposit the head of an Island, run on a Smoth rock and turned broad Side, the men got out on the rock all except
one of our Indian Chiefs who Swam on Shore, The Canoe filed and Sunk a number of articles floated out, Such as the mens bedding clothes & Skins, the Lodge &c. &c. the greater part of which were cought by 2 of the Canoes, whilst a 3rd was unloading & Steming the Swift Current to the relief of the men on the rock who could with much dificuelty hold the Canoe. however in about an hour we got the men an Canoe to Shore with the Loss of Some bedding Tomahaws Shot pouches Skins Clothes &c. &c.

all wet we had every articles exposed to the Sun to dry on the Island, our loss in provisions is verry Considerable all our roots was in the Canoe that Sunk, and Cannot be dried Sufficint to Save, our loose powder was also in the
Canoe and is all wett —

In this Island we found some Split timber the parts of a house which the Indians had verry Securely covered with Stone, we also observed a place where the Indians had buried there fish, we have made it a point at all times not to take any thing belonging to the Indians even their wood. but at this time we are Compelled to violate that rule and
take a part of the Split timber we find here bured for fire wood, as no other is to be found in any direction. our Small canoe which was a head returned at night with 2 ores which they found floating below.

The wind this after noon from the S. W. as usial and hard

Ordway: a clear cold morning. the wind high N W.

we Set out as usal and proceeded on the current rapid. about noon we came to a bad rockey rapid where 2 canoes ran fast on a rock but we got off without Injury. a Small Island on the Lard. Side of the rapids we halted jist below to dine. then proceeded on about 8 miles then came to another bad rapid at the head of an Island.

the canoe I had charge of ran fast on a rock in the middle of the river and turned across the rock. we attempeted to git hir off but the waves dashed over hir So that She filled with water. we held hir untill one of the other canoes was unloaded and came to our assistance considerable of the baggage washed overboard, but the most of it was taken up below when the canoe got lightned

She went off of a sudden & left myself and three more Standing on the rock half leg deep in the rapid water untill a canoe came to our assistance. we got the most of the baggage to Shore two mens bedding lost one tommahawk, and some other Small articles a Small copper kittle &C.

we Camped on an Island Stard. Side at an old fishery where the natives had dryed Sammon burryed their wood
covred over it. we took Some for our use &C. one of the men killed 8 ducks the country continues barron and
broken in places &C—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/10/05 Franklin County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1822 Victor Hugo Marries Adele Foucher Victor Hugo Authors History Channel
1835 Henry Blair of Maryland is the First African-American to Receive a Patent (Corn Planter) Maryland Patents & Trademarks Famous African Americans African American Registry USPTO
1843 The First Boat Arrives in Laurel, Indiana for Use on the Whitewater Canal Laurel, Indiana Canals Naval History Indiana Historical Society
1853 St. Paul, Minnesota Begins the Process of Assigning Number Addresses to Buildings, Starting with 20 Robert Street St. Paul, Minnesota Housing U.S. Postal Service Minnestoa Historical Society
1861 Confederate General Braxton E. Bragg Assumes Command of the Department of Alabama and West Florida Alabama Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Privately Built in Wilmington, the USS Delaware Is Purchased by the Federal Government to Help Blockade Confederate States Wilmington, Delaware Steamboats American Civil War State of Delaware
1863 Union Repels Lee's Attack at Bristoe Station, Virginia Virginia Robert E. Lee Battle of Bristol Station History Channel Florida Historical Society
Alfred Nobel Receives Patent for the Preparation of Nitroglycerine Alfred Nobel Organic Chemistry Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions The Nobel Foundation
1894 The Jewish Congregation Schaarai Zedek Is Founded in Tampa, Florida Tampa, Florida Judaism  Schaarai Zedek Florida Historical Society
1884 George Eastman (NY) Patents Transparent Paper-strip Photographic Film George Eastman Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Photography U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
1890 Seattle, Washington City Council Approves Franchise for New Westlake Streetcar Line Seattle, Washington Transportation Business HistoryLink
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1902 The Town of Sarasota Is Incorporated Sarasota, Florida Florida Historical Society
1905 The House of Mirth by Edith Wharton Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
Christy Mathewson Shuts Out the A's for Third Time in the World Series Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1912 Theodore Roosevelt Is Shot in the Chest in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, but Completes His Speech Milwaukee, Wisconsin Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency New York Times
1914 The First Town Meeting Is Held in Pinellas Park, Florida Pinellas Park, Florida Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1916 Washington & Lee Refuses to Allow Rutgers' Paul Robeson to Play FB Game Paul Robeson Football Rutgers University Washington and Lee African American Registry
1922 New York's Pennsylvania Exchange First for Automated Telephone Dialing New York City The Telephone History of Technology Historic Firsts
1927 Ernest Hemingway's Men Without Women Is Published Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1930 George Gershwin's Musical "Girl Crazy" Opens at the Alvin Theater in New York City George Gershwin Stage and Theater American Musical Historic Firsts American Public Media American Public Media
In Janesville, Wisconsin, 76-year-old Silas Bliven Is Fined $250 and Sentenced to 30 Days "Hard Labor" for Illegal Possession of Alcohol Janesville, Wisconsin Crime Law and Legal Resources 18th Amendment Wisconsin Historical Society
1933 Nazi Germany Announces It Is Withdrawing from the League of Nations Germany The League of Nations New York Times
1938 The Fifth Column and First Forty-Nine Stories by Ernest Hemingway Are Published Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1946 Fort Snelling, Minnesota Is Closed As a Military Post Minnesota Forts Minnestoa Historical Society
1947 Flying over the California Desert, U.S. Air Force Pilot Chuck Yeager Is First Person to Break Sound Barrier California Chuck Yeager Aviation Historic Firsts History Channel West Virginia State Archive
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1950 The Second Tacoma Narrows Bridge Opens in Washington Washington Bridges HistoryLink
1954 Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie Arrives in the UK Haile Selassie Great Britain BBC
1955 Norman Mailer's The Deer Park Is Published Norman Mailer American Authors American Collection
William Faulkner's Big Woods Is Published William Faulkner American Authors American Collection
1960 JFK Makes First Mention of a Peace Corps in Michigan Campaign Speech John F. Kennedy 1960 Presidential Election The Peace Corps State of Michigan
Meter Defined in Wavelengths of Orange-Red Radiation from Krypton-86 Standards of Measurementr Light Krypton National Institutes of Standards
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Begins: Photos Are Taken of Russian Missiles in Cuba Cuba Soviet Union John F. Kennedy Photography The Cuban Missile Crisis History Channel
1963 Armed Revolution Breaks Out to Liberate South Yemen from British Rule Yemen Great Britain Carnegie Endowment (pdf)
1964 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Youngest Person Selected for Nobel Peace Prize Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1964 Nobel Prize for Peace New York Times African American Registry
Nikita Khrushchev Ousted as Soviet Leader after 10 Years in Power Nikita Khrushchev The Cold War History Channel
American Billy Mills Wins the 10,000 M Run at the Tokyo Olympics Japan Tokyo Olympic Games Native-American Studies New York Times
Eudora Welty The Shoe Bird Is Published Eudora Welty American Authors American Collection
1966 A 16-inch Hailstone Hits a Truck Near Claremont, Minnesota Claremont, Minnesota Transportation Storms Minnestoa Historical Society
1968 Apollo 7 Transmits First Live Telecast from a Staffed U.S. Spacecraft Apollo 7 Television History of Technology Historic Firsts New York Times
7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Western Australia Australia Earthquake USGS
Jim Hines Sets 100-M Dash World-record 9.95 S at Mexico City Olympics Mexico Mexico City Olympic Games African American Sports Figures
1971 The U.S. Places the First Eisenhower Silver Dollars into Circulation Dwight Eisenhower Currencies U.S. Treasury
1973 Thai Army Kills Dozens of Protesters Thailand Death BBC
1978 Daniel Arap Moi Is Formally Elected President of Kenya Succeeding Jomo Kenyatta Kenya Election U.S. Department of State
1986 Holocaust Survivor Elie Wiesel Selected as the Nobel Laureate for Peace Elie Wiesel The Holocaust 1986 Nobel Prize for Peace New York Times
1990 Jerry Rice Ties NFL Record with Five Touchdown Catches against Atlanta Football African American Sports Figures
1991 Burmese Opposition Leader Aung San Suu Kyi Nobel Laureate for Peace Burma 1991 Nobel Laureate for  Peace New York Times
1993 Researchers Announce Cystic Fibrosis Correctable by Gene Therapy Gene Therapy Cystic Fibrosis
1994 Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres Selected to Share Nobel Peace Prize Yasser Arafat Israeli Political and Social Leaders 1994 Nobel Laureate for  Peace BBC
1998 150 mph Winds from Typhoon Zeb Kill 74 People in the Philippines The Philippines Hurricanes & Typhoons Death USA Today
1999 Margaret Marshall Is First Woman Appointed Chief Justice of Massachusetts Supreme Court Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Issues Women Historic Firsts BBC