Niue Niue


Niue Niue

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1789, who was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who won the decathlon at the Mexico City Olympics on this date in 1968? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to NASA Kids, what nickname did Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar's friends and fellow scientists use for him? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Philip Pullman (according to KidsReads):

1. In what year did Niue gain self-governance on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Teen Reads, what comics did Philip Pullman particularly like as a child in Australia? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to USA Today, which team were the Montreal Canadians playing when Maurice Richard scored his 500th career goal on this date in 1957? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1998 movie in which John Lithgow had a role (according to the Internet Movie Database):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, what was the title of the thesis that Miguel Angel Asturias completed for his law degree from the University of San Carlos?

2. According to Bookrags, what was John Le Carré's full given name at birth?

3. According to Oberlin College, how old was Johnetta Cole when she first attended Fisk College.

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a member of the ensemble cast when Othello opened on Broadway on this date in 1943 (according to the Internet Broadway Database):
Miguel Angel Asturias
Miguel Angel Asturias
Born on This Date 1899

[Nobel Foundation]

Adult Authors 1967 Nobel Laureate for Literature

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Born on This Date 1910

[Nobel Foundation]

Astronomy 1983 Nobel Laureate for Physics

John le Carré
John le Carré
Born on This Date 1931

[Random House]

Adult Authors

Johnetta Cole
Johnetta Cole
Born on This Date 1936

[Emory University]


Philip Pullman
Philip Pullman
Born on This Date 1946


Young-adult Authors

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Niue: National Day
(Commemorates the Niue Constitution Act of 1974 Granting Self-Governance: Effective 10/19/1974)
Niue New Zealand New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1931 Ed Emberley (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Authors University of Southern Mississippi
1939 Edith Tarbescu (New York City-born Playwright, Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Plays Official Website
1946 Philip Pullman (English Children's Author) Philip Pullman Young-adult Authors
1950 Donna Diamond (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Authors
1955 Dan Gutman (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Sports Official Website
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1605 Thomas Browne (English Physician and Author) English Authors
1784 Leigh Hunt (English Essayist, Poet and Critic) English Authors Poetry Bluepete Writer's Almanac
1829 J.R. Pettigrew (Arkansas Publisher) Arkansas Authors Journalism Arkansas History Commission
1899 Miguel Angel Asturias (Guatemalan-born 1967 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Miguel Angel Asturias 1967 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1913 Valev Uibopuu (Estonian Author) Valev Uibopuu
1931 John le Carré (English Spy Novelist: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold) John le Carré
1960 Susan Straight (California-born Novelist) California Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1903 Vittorio Giannini (Pennsylvania-born Composer) Pennsylvania Composers American Composers
1948 Chester Biscardi (Wisconsin-born Composer) Wisconsin Composers American Composers Official Web Site Wisconsin Historical Society
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1856 Edmund Beecher Wilson (Illinois-born Biologist) Illinois Scientists & Mathematicians Cells
1862 Auguste Lumiere (French Inventor) French Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Photography Light
1910 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (Indian Astronomer, 1983 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Physics Astronomy 1983 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1916 Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset (French-born 1980 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) French Scientists & Inventors Blood 1980 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1885 Charles E. Merrill (Florida-born Investment Banker) Charles E. Merrill Merrill Lynch
1858 Alice M. Birney (Georgia-born Founder of the PTA) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Education National PTA University of Georgia
1859 Byrd Prillerman (West Virginia-born African-American Educator) West Viriginia Political and Social Leaders Education African American Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Division of Culture and History
1936 Johnetta Betsch Cole (Florida-born African-American Educator) Johnetta Cole Education African American Political and Social Leaders
Political and Social Leaders
1748 Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson (Virginia-born Wife of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson The American Presidency
Performing Artists
1920 Lawanda Page (Ohio-born African-American Actress) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Television African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1932 Robert Reed (Illinois-born Actor: Brady Bunch) Robert Reed Actors Television
1945 John Lithgow (New York-born Actor) John Lithgow Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1962 Evander Holyfield (Alabama-born African-American Professional Boxer) Alabama Sports Figures Boxing Official Website
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1790 Lyman Hall (Connecticut-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Connecticut Political & Social Leaders Declaration of Independence University of Georgia
1875 Charles Wheatstone (English Physicist) English Mathematicians and Scientists Physics Electricity
1937 Ernest Rutherford (New Zealand-born 1908 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Ernest Rutherford Chemistry 1908 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1945 N.C. Wyeth (Massachusetts-born Illustrator) N.C. Wyeth American Artists
1950 Edna St. Vincent Millay (Maine-born Author) Edna St. Vincent Millay American Authors
1983 Maurice Bishop (Prime Minister of Grenada: Assassination) Grenada Death BBC
1986 Samora Machel (President of Mozambique: Plane Crash) Samora Machel Air Disasters BBC
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1765 Stamp Act Congress Adjourns Having Drafted Declaration of Rights & Liberties Stamp Act Congress The New York Times
1781 Revolutionary War Ends: Cornwallis Surrenders to Washington in Yorktown, VA Charles Cornwallis George Washington Cornwallis' Surrender Library of Congress
1789 John Jay Sworn In As the First Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Jay U.S. Supreme Court Historic Firsts Oyez
1790 60 U.S. Soldiers and Militiamen Are Killed When Ambushed by Miami Warriors Near Present-Day Fort Wayne, Indiana Indiana Miami Indians Indian Wars Death Indiana Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning wind from the S. E. we Set out early under a gentle
Breeze and proceeded on verry well, more timber than Common on the banks
on this part of the river— passed a large Pond on the S. S.— I walked out on the Hills & observed Great numbers of Buffalow feedeing on both Sides of the river I counted 52 Gangues of Buffalow & 3 of Elk at one view, all the runs which come from the high hills which is Generally about one or 2 miles from the water is brackish and near the Hills (the Salts** are) and the Sides of the Hills & edges of the Streems, the mineral salts** appear.

I walked out to view those places pointed out by Evins* I saw Som remarkable round hills forming a Cone at top one about 90 foot one 60 & Several others Smaller, the Indian Chief Say that the Callemet bird The Golden Eagle live in the holes of those hills, the holes form by the water washing thro Some parts in its passage Down from the top— near one of those noles, on a point of a hill 90 feet above the lower plane I observed the remains of an old village, which had been fortified, the Indian Chief with us tels me, a party of Mandins lived there, Here first saw ruins of Mandans nation we proceeded on & Camped on the L. S. opposit the upper of those Conocal hills—our hunters killed 4 Elk 6 Deer & a pelican, I saw Swans in a Pond & Killed a fat Deer in my walk, Saw above 10 wolves. This day is pleasent

[*Evins -John Evans, young man from Wales, was an employee of James Mackay. He had made the most formidable effort before Lewis & Clark to explore the Upper Missouri. The expedition was using a copy of his drawn map, which was sent to Lewis by Jefferson]

[**Glauber's Salts, the decahydrate form of sodium sulfate, used as a laxative]

North Dakota Map: 10/18/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes Trees
Elk Buffalo Deer Wolves
Pelican Trumpeter Swan

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The great chief Yel-lep-pet two other chiefs, and a Chief of Band below presented themselves to us verry early this morning. we Smoked with them, enformed them as we had all others above as well as we Could by Signs of our friendly intentions towards our red children Perticular those who opened their ears to our Councils. we gave a Medal, a Handkercheif & a string of Wompom to Yelleppit and a String of wompom to each of the others.

Yelleppit is a bold handsom Indian, with a dignified countenance about 35 years of age, about 5 feet 8 inches high
and well perpotiond. he requested us to delay untill the Middle of the day, that his people might Come down and See us, we excused our Selves and promised to Stay with him one or 2 days on our return which appeared to Satisfy him; great numbers of Indians Came down in Canoes to view us before we Set out which was not untill 9 oClock A M.

we proceeded on passed a Island, close under the Lard Side about Six miles in length opposit to the lower point of which two Isds. are situated on one of which five Lodges vacent & Saffolds drying fish at the upper point of this Island Swift water. a Short distance below passed two Islands; one near the middle of the river on which is Seven lodges of Indians drying fish, at our approach they hid themselves in their Lodges and not one was to be seen untill we passed, they then Came out in greater numbers than is common in Lodges of their Size, it is probable that, the inhabitants of the 5 Lodges above had in a fright left their lodges and decended to this place to defend them Selves if attackted there being a bad rapid opposit the Island thro which we had to pass prevented our landing on this Island and passifying those people,

about four miles below this fritened Island we arrived at the head of a verry bad rapid, we came too on the Lard Side
to view the rapid before we would venter to run it, as the Chanel appeared to be close under the oppd. Shore, and it
would be necessary to liten our canoe, I deturmined to walk down on the Lard Side, with the 2 Chiefs the interpreter & his woman, and derected the Small canoe to prcede down on the Lard Side to the foot of the rapid which was about 2 miles in length I Sent on the Indian Chiefs &c. down and I assended a high clift about 200 feet above the water from the top of which is a leavel plain extending up the river and off for a great extent, at this place

the Countrey becoms low on each Side of the river, and affords a prospect of the river and countrey below for great extent both to the right and left; from this place I descovered a high mountain of emence hight covered with Snow,
this must be one of the mountains laid down by Vancouver, as Seen from the mouth of the Columbia River, from the Course which it bears which is West I take it to be Mt. St. Helens, destant 156 miles a range of mountains in the Derection crossing, a conacal mountain S. W. toped with Snow

[Probably not Mt. St. Helens, which would not be visible from their location, but Mt. Adams, east of the main cascade Range in Yakima County, Washington]

This rapid I observed as I passed opposit to it to be verry bad interseped with high rock and Small rockey Islands, here I observed banks of Muscle Shells banked up in the river in Several places, I Delayed at the foot of the rapid about 2 hours for the Canoes which I could See met with much dificuelty in passing down the rapid on the oposit Side maney places the men were obliged to get into the water and haul the canoes over Sholes— while Setting on a rock wateing for Capt Lewis

I Shot a Crain which was flying over of the common kind.

I observed a great number of Lodges on the opposit Side at Some distance below and Several Indians on the opposit bank passing up to where Capt Lewis was with the Canoes, others I Saw on a knob nearly opposit to me at which place they delayed but a Short time before they returned to their Lodges as fast as they could run, I was fearfull that those people might not be informed of us, I deturmined to take the little Canoe which was with me and proceed with the three men in it to the Lodges, on my aproach not one person was to be Seen except three men off in the plains, and they Sheared off as I aproached near the Shore,

I landed in front of five Lodges which was at no great distance from each other, Saw no person the enteranc or Dores of the Lodges wer Shut with the Same materials of which they were built a mat, I approached one with a pipe in my hand entered a lodge which was the nearest to me found 32 persons men, women and a few children Setting permiscuesly in the Lodg, in the greatest agutation, Some crying and ringing there hands, others hanging their heads.
Igave my hand to them all and made Signs of my friendly dispotion and offered the men my pipe to Smok and distributed a fiew Small articles which I had in my pockets,—

this measure passified those distressed people verry much, I then Sent one man into each lodge and entered a Second myself the inhabitants of which I found more fritened than those of the first lodge I destributed Sundrey Small articles amongst them, and Smoked with the men, I then entered the third 4h & fifth Lodge which I found Somewhat passified, the three men Drewer Jo. & R. Fields, haveing useed everey means in their power to convince them of our friendly disposition to them, I then Set my Self on a rock and made Signs to the men to come and Smoke with me
not one Come out untill the Canoes arrived

Some five Came out of each Lodge and Set by me and Smoked Capt Lewis at the 2 Chiefs, one of whom spoke aloud, and as was their Custom to all we had passed the Indians came out & Set by me and Smoked They said we came from the clouds &c &c and were not men &c. &c. this time Capt Lewis came down with the Canoes rear in
which the Indians, as Soon as they Saw the Squar wife of the interperters they pointed to her and informed those who continued yet in the Same position I first found them, they imediately all came out and appeared to assume new life, the sight of This Indian woman, wife to one of our interprs. confirmed those people of our friendly intentions, as no woman ever accompanies a war party of Indians in this quarter—

Capt Lewis joined us and we Smoked with those people in the greatest friendship, dureing which time one of our Old Chiefs informed them who we were from whence we Came and where we were going giveing them a friendly account of us, those people do not Speak prosisely the Same language of those above but understand them,

I Saw Several Horses and persons on hors back in the plains many of the men womin and children Came up from the Lodges below; all of them appeared pleased to See us, we traded some fiew articles for fish and berries, Dined, and proceeded on passed a Small rapid and 15 Lodges below the five, and Encamped below an Island Close under the Lard Side, nearly opposit to 24 Lodges on an Island near the middle of the river, and the Main Stard Shor Soon after
we landed which was at a fiew willow trees about 100 Indians Came from the different Lodges, and a number of them brought wood which they gave us, we Smoked with all of them, and two of our Party Peter Crusat & Gibson played on the violin which delighted them greatly,

we gave to the principal man a String of wompon treated them kindly for which they appeared greatfull, This Tribe can raise about 350 men their Dress are Similar to those at the fork except their robes are Smaller and do not reach lower than the waste and ¾ of them have Scercely any robes at all, the women have only a Small pece of a robe which Covers their Sholders neck and reaching down behind to their wastes, with a tite piece of leather about the waste, the brests are large and hang down verry low illy Shaped, high Creeks flattened heads, & have but fiew orniments, they
are all employed in fishing and drying fish of which they have great quantites on their Scaffolds, their habits customs &c. I could not lern.

I killed a Duck that with the Crain afforded us a good Supper. the Indians continued all night at our fires

This day we made 36 miles

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Morrow County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1810 Mexico's Father Miguel Hidalgo Issues His Edict Against Slavery Miguel Hidalgo Slavery Texas A&M University
1812 French Troops under Napoleon Bonaparte Begin Their Retreat from Moscow Russia France Napoleon Bonaparte War The New York Times
1813 Napoleon Is Decisively Defeated at Leipzig Germany France Napoleon Bonaparte War Britannica
1833 The Baltimore Saturday Visitor Publishes "Ms. Found in a Bottle" by Edgar Allen Poe Maryland Edgar Allen Poe Journalism American Collection
1842 Erroneously Believing the U.S. to be at War with Mexico, U.S. Commodore Thomas Catesby Jones Forces the Surrender of Alta California Mexico California Mexican-American War LearnCalifornia
1845 Richard Wagner's Opera "Tannhäuser" Is Premiered in Dresden, Germany at the Hoftheater Richard Wagner Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell Graduates As First Woman to Receive Medical Degree in U.S. Elizabeth Blackwell Medicine Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1864 Jubal Early's Confederates Decisively Defeated at Cedar Creek, Virginia Virginia Battle at Cedar Creek The History Channel
Future U.S. Senator from Delaware, Henry A. du Pont, Earns a Congressional Medal of Honor at Ceder Creek, Virginia Delaware Military Figures Virginia U.S. Congress Battle at Cedar Creek Congressional Medal of Honor State of Delaware
Confederates Raid St. Albans, Vermont from Canada Canada Vermont Battle at St. Albans The History Channel
1869 Construction Begins on the Sutro Tunnel in Virginia City, Nevada Nevada The History Channel
1872 82.11 kg. Mass of Gold (largest ever) Found in Australian Mine Australia Gold History Hill
1873 Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Rutgers Establish First Rules for Intercollegiate Football Football Historic Firsts Yale University
In Washington, an Eruption on Mount Rainier Releases Clouds of Smoke Washington Mount Rainier Volcanos HistoryLink
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 The Grand Lodge of Masons Lay the Cornerstone for Janesville, Wisconsin's First Freestanding City Hall Janesville, Wisconsin Masons Wisconsin Historical Society
Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance" March No. 1 in D, Is Performed in Liverpool, England by the Liverpool Orchestral Society English Composers Composers American Public Media
1907 The Fruit of the Tree by Edith Wharton Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1912 The Statue of Minnesota Governor John A. Johnson Is Unveiled on the Capitol Grounds Minnesota State Capitol Art Minnesota Historical Association
1915 Italy and Russia Declare War on Bulgaria Italy Russia Bulgaria War Brigham Young University
1916 A Blizzard Drops 15" of Snow on Western Minnesota Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Association
1920 Largest Gathering of the Ku Klux Klan in New England History Takes Place in Worcester, Massachusetts Worcester, Massachusetts Ku Klux Klan Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1922 Modest Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" Is Performed in Paris with Serge Koussevitzky Conducting Paris, France Modest Mussorgsky Composers American Public Media
1927 Wisconsin Congressman Victor Berger of Milwaukee Is Chosen to be National Chairman of the Socialist Party Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Socialist party of America Wisconsin Historical Society
1928 The First Edition of the Jewish Floridian Is Published Florida Media Judaism Journalism Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1930 4.2 Magnitude Earthquake Near Napoleonville Largest in Louisiana's Recorded History Louisiana Earthquake USGS
1933 German Conductor and Composer Otto Klemperer Leads His First Concert with the Los Angeles Philharmonic German Composers Los Angeles Philharmonic Classical Music American Public Media
1935 Epicenter of 6.25 Magnitude Earthquake Near Helena, Montana Montana Earthquake USGS
1939 The Film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Opens in Theaters Starring Jimmy Stewart Jimmy Stewart Film The Internet Movie Database
1943 Chinese and Suluks Revolt Against Japanese Occupiers in North Borneo Japan China Malaysia World War II The History Channel
Paul Robeson Opens in Othello at the Shubert Theater on Broadway Paul Robeson Othello African American Performing Artists Internet Broadway Database
1944 Navy Announces African-American Women to Be Included in the WAVES Naval History African American History World War II African American Registry
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 United Nations Forces Enter North Korean Capital of Pyongyang The United Nations North Korea The Korean War The New York Times
1951 President Truman Signs Act Formally Ending State of War with Germany Germany President Harry Truman World War II The New York Times
The Seward Highway, Connecting Anchorage and Seward, Opens in Alaska Alaska Automotives Alaska Historical Society
1953 President Eisenhower, Mexican President Cortines Dedicate International Falcon Reservoir Mexico President Dwight Eisenhower Official Website Texas State Historical Association
Ray Bradbury's Novel, "Fahrenheit 451" Is Registered Ray Bradbury American Authors Copyrights and Trademarks USPTO
1957 Montreal's Maurice Richard First NHL Player to Score 500 Career Goals Canadian Sports Figures National Hockey League Hockey Hall of Fame Historic Firsts USA Today
1958 The World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium Closes Belgium The Cold War The History Channel
1960 The United States Imposes a Partial Embargo on Goods Exported to Cuba Cuba International Economics and Business The Cold War The History Channel
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and 280 Students Are Arrested at Atlanta Sit-in Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr U.S. Civil Right Movement Crime African American History The King Center Germantown Friends School, PA
1968 Bill Toomey Wins the Olympic Decathlon at Mexico City Mexico Pennsylvania Sports Figures 1968 Summer Olympic Games USA Track and Field Hall of Fame The New York Times
1969 VP Agnew States War Protesters Are ''an effete corps of impudent snobs'' President Richard Nixon Vietnam War The New York Times
1973 Federal Court Rules First Digital Computer Developed by John Atanasoff 1937-42 Iowa Law and Legal Resources History of Technology Ames Laboratory
1974 Niue Begins Self-governance in Accordance with the Niue Constitution Act Niue New Zealand New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1977 The Supersonic Concorde Makes Its First Landing in New York City New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts The New York Times
1983 Senate Approves (78–22) Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, Birthday As Public Holiday United States Senate Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Calendars and Holidays The King Center
Prime Minister of Grenada, Maurice Bishop, Assassinated by the Armed Forces Grenada Death BBC
1985 Nebraska's Dale Klein Kicks I-A record 7 FGs in 7 Attempts Against Missouri University of Nebraska Football Football Historic Firsts USA Today
1986 Mozambique President, Samora Machel Dies When His Jet Crashes Samora Machel Air Disasters Death BBC
1987 Dow Jones Industrial Average Suffers Largest Drop Ever: 508.32 pts (22.6%) Black Monday The New York Times BBC
1994 Suicide Bomber Blows Up Israeli Bus: 22 die, 40+ wounded Israel War on Terrorism BBC
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2001 U.S. Suffers First Casualties in Afghanistan Invasion Afghanistan War on Terrorism Death The New York Times
NJ Postal Worker, New York Post Employee Test Positive for Skin Anthrax U.S. Postal Service Disease War on Terrorism The New York Times
2004 Senior Aid Worker for Care International Is Kidnapped in Iraq Iraq Iraq War CARE BBC