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OCTOBER 20

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. For what achievement was Norman Borlaug selected as the 1970 Nobel Laureate for Peace? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1992, in what city was the first World Series game played outside of the United States? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Kent University, what does Nikki Grimes describe as her greatest pleasure? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:
JOKER CHIN SON
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 1983, what new definition was given to the length of a meter? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. For what achievement was James Chadwick selected the 1935 Nobel Laureate for Physics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the State House of Kenya, in what year was Jomo Kenyatta baptized a Christian? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Nikki Grimes (according to Kent University):
MADE IAN DOZE
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, what is Christopher Wren's most famous contribution to architecture?

2. According to the University of Tennessee Martin, while at the University of Vermont, whose teachings first exposed John Dewey to the evolutionary theory?

3. According to the State of Connecticut, with whom did Charles Ives study at Yale University?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Charles Ives (according to Classical Net):
SLAP ENGINE LAND WHERE CENT
 
 

Christopher Wren
Born on This Date 1632

[Spartacus]

Architecture


John Dewey
Born on This Date 1859

[Columbia University]

Education


Charles Ives
Born on This Date 1874

[State of Connecticut]

American Composers


James Chadwick
Born on This Date 1891

[Nobel Foundation]

Subatomic Particles 1935 Nobel Laureate in Physics


Nikki Grimes
Born on This Date 1950

[Kent University]

Young-adult Authors

 
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Kenya: Kenyatta Day
(Observed annually on Oct 20 to commemorate Jomo Kenyatta, first Kenyan President after independence)
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1906 Crockett Johnson (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1908 Wylly Folk St. John (South Carolina-born Children's Author) South Carolina Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1937 Betsy Haynes (Illinois-born Children's Author) Ilinois Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Bob Graham (Australian Children's Author, Illustrator) Australian Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1943 John Erickson (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Dogs
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1950 Nikki Grimes (New York City-born African-American Poet, Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Noted African Americans Poetry
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1854 Arthur Rimbaud (French Poet) French Authors Poetry Writer's Almanac Biography
2007 Art Buchwald (New York-born Humorist, Columnist, Author Awarded the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary) Art Buchwald American Authors Journalism 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary
1940 Robert Pinsky (New Jersey-born Poet) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators Poetry Amercian Academy of Poets Writer's Almanac
1946 Elfriede Jelinek (Austrian-born 2004 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Austria Women's Issues 2004 Nobel Laureate for Literature
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1435 Andrea Della Robbia (Italian Sculptor) Italian Artists and Sculptors
1632 Christopher Wren (English Architect: St. Paul's Cathedral) Christopher Wren Architecture
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1874 Charles Edward Ives (Connecticut-born Composer) Charles Edward Ives American Composers
1944 William Albright (Indiana-born Composer) Indiana Composers American Composers
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1787 Mary Ramsey Lemons Woods (Tennessee-born "Mother Queen of Oregon") Tennessee Explorers and Pioneers Oregon Explorers and Pioneers Female American Pioneers Westward Expansion SalemOregon.com
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1891 James Chadwick (English Physicist: 1935 Nobel Laureate for Physics) James Chadwick Subatomic Particles 1935 Nobel Laureate in Physics
1930 Samuel Kountz (Arkansas-born African-American Physician) Arkansas Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine African-American Scientists & Mathematicians
1942 Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (German-born 1995 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard Genetics 1995 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
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1825 Daniel Sickles (New York City-born Politician, Soldier, Diplomat) New York City Political and Social Leaders U.S. Civil War
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1932 William Christopher (Illinois-born Actor: Father Mulcahy, M*A*S*H) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1935 Jerry Orbach (New York City-born Actor: Law and Order) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1937 Wanda Jackson (Oklahoma-born Rockabilly Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Wanda Jackson Country & Western Musicians Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1952 Tom Petty (Florida-born Popular Musician) Florida Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1958 Viggo Mortensen (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1972 Snoop Dogg (California-born African-American Popular Musician) California Performing Artists Popular Musicians Notable African Americans Internet Movie Database
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1931 Mickey Mantle (Oklahoma-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Oklahoma Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Biography
1937 Juan Marichal (Dominican Republic-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Dominican Republic Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Latin-American Studies
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1880 Lydia Maria Child (Massachusetts-born Author, Journalist, Abolitionist) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders American Authors Abolition Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1964 Herbert Hoover (Iowa-born 31st President of the United States) Herbert Hoover The American Presidency
1983 Maurice Bishop (President of Grenada, Assassination) Grenada Death BBC
1984 Paul A.M. Dirac (English-born 1933 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Paul Dirac Physics 1933 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1994 Burt Lancaster (New York City-born Actor) Burt Lancaster Actors Film
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1518 Martin Luther Flees Augsburg, Germany on Threat of Arrest by Cardinal Cajetan Martin Luther Catholicism Concordia
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1803 The U.S. Senate Ratifies the Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase The United States Senate Library of Congress
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Set out early this morning and proceeded on the wind from the S. E after brackfast I walked out on the L. Side to See those remarkable places pointed out by Evins*, I saw an old remains of a villige on the Side of a hill which the Chief with us Too né tels me that nation Mandans lived in a number villages on each Side of the river and the Troubleson Seaux caused them to move about 40 miles higher up where they remained a fiew years & moved to the place they now live,

The Countrey is fine, the high hills at a Distanc with gradual assents, I Kild 3 Deer The Timber Confined to the bottoms as usial which is much larger than below. Great numbers of Buffalow Elk & Deer, Goats. our hunters killed
10 Deer & a Goat today and wounded a white Bear** I saw Several fresh track of those animals which is 3 times as large as a mans track—, The wind hard all Day from the N. E. & East, great numbers of buffalow Swiming the river I observe near all large gangues of buffalow wolves and when the buffalow move those Anamals follow and feed on those that are killed by accident or those that are too pore or fat to Keep up with the gangue

[*Evins -John Evans, young man from Wales, was an employee of James Mackay. He had made the most formidable effort before Lewis & Clark to explore the Upper Missouri. The expedition was using a copy of his drawn map, which was sent to Lewis by Jefferson]

Lewis: Peter Crusat this day shot at a white bear he wounded him, but being alarmed at the formidable appearance of the bear he left his tomahalk and gun; but shortly after returned and found that the bear had taken the oposite rout.— soon after he shot a buffaloe cow broke her thy, the cow pursued him he concealed himself in a small raviene.—

[**This was their first encounter with the grizzly bear and they did not get a specimen.]

North Dakota Map: 10/18/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes
Bear Elk Pronghorn Buffalo Deer Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A cool morning wind S. W. we concluded to delay untill after brackfast which we were obliged to make on the flesh of dog. after brackfast we gave all the Indian men Smoke, and we Set out leaveing about 200 of the nativs at
our Encampment;

passd. three Indian Lodges on the Lard Side a little below our Camp which lodges I did not discover last evening, passed a rapid at Seven miles one at a Short distance below we passed a verry bad rapid, a chane or rocks makeing from the Stard. Side and nearly Chokeing the river up entirely with hugh black rocks, an Island below close under the Stard. Side on which was four Lodges of Indians drying fish,—

here I Saw a great number of pelicons on the wing, and black Comerants.

at one oClock we landed on the lower point of an Island at Some Indian Lodges, a large Island on the Stard Side
nearly opposit and a Small one a little below on the Lard Side on those three Island I counted Seventeen Indian Lodges, those people are in every respect like those above, prepareing fish for theire winter consumption here we purchased a fiew indifferent Dried fish & a fiew berries on which we dined—

(On the upper part of this Island we discovered an Indian vault our curiosity induced us to examine the methot those nativs practicd in disposeing the dead, the Vaut was made by broad boards and pieces of Canoes leaning on a ridge pole which was Suported by 2 forks Set in the ground Six feet in hight in an easterly and westerly direction and about 60 feet in length, and 12 feet wide, in it I observed great numbers of humane bones of every description perticularly
in a pile near the Center of the vault, on the East End 21 Scul bomes forming a circle on Mats—;

in the Westerly part of the Vault appeared to be appropriated for those of more resent death, as many of the bodies
of the deceased raped up in leather robes lay on board covered with mats, &c [when bones & robes rot, they are gathered in a heap & sculls placed in a circle.]

we observed, independant of the canoes which Served as a Covering, fishing nets of various kinds, Baskets of different Sizes, wooden boles, robes Skins, trenchers, and various Kind of trinkets, in and Suspended on the ends
of the pieces forming the vault; we also Saw the Skeletons of Several Horses at the vault & great number of bones
about it, which Convinced me that those animals were Sacrefised as well as the above articles to the Deceased.)

after diner we proceeded on to a bad rapid at the lower point of a Small Island on which four Lodges of Indians were Situated drying fish; here the high countrey Commences again on the Stard. Side leaveing a vallie of 40 miles in
width, from the mustle Shel rapid. examined and passed this rapid close to the Island at 8 miles lower this evening
the Countrey on the Lard. Side rises to the hight of that on the Starboard Side, and is wavering—

we made 42 miles to day; the current much more uniform than yesterday or the day before. Killed 2 Speckle guls Severl. ducks of a delicious flavour.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Klickitat County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 Aaron Burr Is Acquitted of Treason Aaron Burr Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1812 Northwestern Brigade of Virginia Militia Begins March through Ohio to Reinforce the Army of General William Henry Harrison Virginia Military Figures West Virginia Military Figures Ohio William Henry Harrison War of 1812 West Virginia State Archives
1818 Great Britain and U.S. Sign Treaty of Joint Occupation of Oregon Great Britain Canada Alaska Oregon Washington HistoryLink
The Northern Boundary of the U.S. Is Set At the 49th Parallel of Latitude from Lake of the Woods, Minnesota to the Rocky Mountains The United States Canada Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1820 In Arkansas, Izard and Independence Counties Are Created Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1827 Greek War of Independence: British/French/Russians Destroy Entire Ottoman/Egyptian Fleet Greece Great Britain France Russia Turkey Egypt Naval History Athens Info Guide
1832 Chickasaw Indians Sign Treaty of Pontotoc Ceding All Land East of the Mississippi to the U.S. Chickasaw Indians Historic Documents Alabama
1835 The Mayor of Las Trampas, New Mexico Distributes Land Parcels to 75 Families New Mexico National Historic Landmarks Program New Mexico Magazine
1840 U.S. Senator Daniel Webster Addresses a Whig Rally of 6,000 People in Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Daniel Webster U.S. Congress Propaganda State of Delaware
1849 The Minnesota Historical Society Is Incorporated by an Act of the Territorial Legislature Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society Minnesota Historical Society
1852 The First Indiana State Fair Is Held in Indianapolis Indianapolis, Indiana Historic Firsts Indiana State Fair Indiana Historical Society
1856 Frederick Douglass Arrives in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin Speaking About the Brutality and Immorality of Slavery Beaver Dam, Wisconsin Frederick Douglass Slavery Wisconsin Historical Society
1863 Federal Forces Capture British Blockade Runner Martha & Confederate Schooner Ann of Nassau Great Britain Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Society
1870 Earthquake between Montreal and Quebec, Canada Felt over 1M Square Mile Area Canada Earthquake USGS
1891 The Arkansas State Bankers Association Is Formed Arkansas Buisness Economics Arkansas History Commission
1892 The City of Chicago Dedicates the World's Columbian Exposition Chicago U.S. History Writer's Almanac
1897 In Alaska, the Fort St. Michael Military Reservation Is Established Alaska Forts Alaska Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1903 Joint Commission Ruling Favors U.S. in Alaskan/Canadian Boundary Dispute Canada Alaska Law & Legal Resources New York Times
1904 Song "Yankee Doodle Boy" Is Registered Popular Music Copyrights & Trademarks USPTO
1910 Seattle Issues Building Permit for 34-Story Smith Tower: Tallest Building West of the Mississippi Washington Architecture and Design HistoryLink
1921 Tampa Bay-Tarpon Springs Area Devastated by 100 mph Hurricane Florida Hurricane Florida State Historical Society
1941 Fire Destroys Several Businesses in Laurel, Delaware Laurel, Delaware Fire Business State of Delaware
1944 Yugoslavian Cities of Belgrade and Dubrovnik Are Liberated Yugoslavia World War II New York Times
MacArthur Arrives in the Philippines, 2 1/2 Years After Saying, ''I shall return.'' Philippines General Douglas MasArthur World War II History Channel
1947 U.S. Congress Investigates Communists in the American Film Industry House of Representatives Film McCarthyism The Cold War History Channel
1949 A 69 Pound, 11 Ounce Muskie Is Caught Near Hayward, Wisconsin Hayward, Wisconsin Fish Fishing Wisconsin Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1962 Chinese Launch Offensive Against Indian Posts Along the Himalayan Border China India War Global Security
In Iowa, 9 Amish Fathers Are Charged with Sending Their Children to an Unapproved School Iowa Education Education Amish Crime Historical Society of Iowa
Dedication Ceremonies Are Held for the Vocational Rehabilitation Center for the Deaf in Delavan, Wisconsin Delavan, Wisconsin Education Deafness Special Needs Education Wisconsin School for the Deaf Wisconsin Historical Society
1967 7 Mississippi Men Convicted of Violating Civil Rights of 3 Murdered Activists Mississippi U.S. Civil Rights Movement Law and Legal Resources New York Times
Thousands Protest the Vietnam War in Berkeley, California California Vietnam War BBC
1968 Dick Fosbury Flops 7' 4.25" to Win Olympic High Jump Gold Oregon Sports Figures 1968 Summer Olympics New York Times
Jacqueline Kennedy Marries Greek Shipping Magnate Aristotle Onassis Greece Jacqueline Kennedy New York Times
1969 U.S. Department of Interior Designates Georgia's Wassaw Island a National Wildlife Refuge Georgia Official Website University of Georgia
1970 Norman Borlaug Selected Nobel Laureate for Peace for Increasing 3rd-World Food Yields Iowa Biochemistry Farming & Agriculture 1970 Nobel Peace Prize
1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt Selected as Nobel Laureate for Peace Germany 1971 Nobel Peace Prize
1973 President Nixon Fires Key Watergate Investigators Watergate New York Times
1977 Three Members Lynyrd Skynyrd Rock Band Killed in Mississippi Plane Crash Mississippi Air Disasters Popular Musicians Death New York Times
1982 The St. Louis Cardinals Defeat the Milwaukee Brewers in Game 7 of the World Series St. Louis, Missouri Milwaukee, Wisconsin Baseball Major League Baseball Wisconsin Historical Society
1983 Meter Redefined as Distance Light Travels in a Vacuum in 1/299,792,458s Standards of Measurement Light National Institute of Standards
Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, Is Assassinated Grenada Death BBC
1984 Monterey Bay Aquarium Opens in California Monterey, California Aquariums and Aquatic Parks Aquariums and Aquatic Parks
1986 Yitzhak Shamir Replaces Shimon Peres As Israeli Prime Minister Israel Israeli Knesset
8.3 Magnitude South Pacific Earthquake Rocks New Zealand New Zealand Earthquake USGS
1991 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2,000+ in Northern India India Earthquake Death USGS
Fire in Oakland, California Kills 25 People and Injures Dozens More While Destroying 2,449 Homes and Creating $1.5B Damage Oakland, California Fire Business Death LearnCalifornia
1992 Toronto Blue Jays Beat Atlanta Braves in First World Series Game Outside U.S. Canada Baseball Historic Firsts Major League Baseball
1994 Marie-Therese Guyon-Cadillac Is Inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame Canadian Pioneers and Explorers Michigan Pioneers and Explorers Female American Pioneers North American Explorers State of Michigan
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2007 In Louisiana, Bobby Jindal Is the First Indian-American Elected as Governor of Any U.S. State India Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts CNN
2011 Revolutionary Soliders Kill Libyan Dictator Muammar Gaddafi Muammar Gaddafi Death