Periodic Table


Periodic Table
Mole Day
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Chulalongkorn was the king of what country? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which theme park opened on this date in 1971? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Selman Abraham Waksman selected to receive the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine on this date in 1952? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a book for children by Phyllis J. Perry (according to the Exploratorium):

1. What two major events in Hungarian history occurred on this date, although 33 years apart? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, how old was Mel Martinez when he left Cuba? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to, which three colleges and universities did Ang Lee attend? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a sports figure born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with whom did Gilbert Newton Lewis work in the invention of the cyclotron and in early atom-smashing experiments?

2. According to Comiclopedia, what art institute did Bob Montana attend?

3. In what city did the first commercial radio station begin operation the same year Sinclair Lewis published Main Street?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Michael Crichton (according to his official website):

Gilbert Newton Lewis
Born on This Date 1875

[University of Pennsylvania]


Bob Montana
Born on This Date 1820

[Archie Page]

Cartoons and Comics

Phyllis J. Perry
Born on This Date 1933

[The Exploratorium]

Young-adult Science

Mel Martinez
Born on This Date 1946


Public Official/Stateaman

Ang Lee
Born on This Date 1954



Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Hungary: Republic Day
(Remembrance of 1956 Hungarian Revolution)
Hungary The Soviet Union U.S. Department of State
Thailand: Chulalongkorn Day
(Commemoration of 1910 death of King Chulalongkorn)
Thailand Thailand Life
United States: National Mole Day
(Celebration of the mole: Avogadro's Number 6.02 × 10 23 on 10/23 - Get it?)
The Mole Concept
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1897 Marjorie Flack (New York-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors & Illustrators American Artists
1933 Phyllis J. Perry (California-born Children's Science Author) Phyllis J. Perry Primary Authors & Illustrators Science Insects
1950 Bruce Brooks (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors & Illustrators
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1805 John Bartlett (Rhode Island-born Antiquarian and Bibliographer) Rhode Island. Authors & Illustrators Reference Resources
1817 Pierre Larousse (French Encyclopaedist) French Authors Encyclopedia
1715 Peter II, Emperor of Russia (1727-30) Russian Political and Social Leaders
1899 Emily Kimbrough (Indiana-born Author) Emily Kimbrough
1906 Jonathan Wyatt Latimer (Chicago-born Author) Jonathan Wyatt Latimer
1910 Emily Van Sickle (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors World War II
1929 Jere Hoar (Tennessee-born Author) Tennessee Authors Mississippi Writers Page
1942 Michael Crichton (Chicago-born Author) Michael Crichton
1944 Alice Rose George (Mississippi-born Photography Editor) Mississippi Authors Photography
1949 Nick Tosches (New Jersey-born Author) Nick Tosches
Artists, Architects and Designers
1920 Bob Montana (California-born Cartoonist: Creator of Archie Comics) Bob Montana Cartoons and Comics
1906 Miriam Gideon (Colorado-born Composer) Colorado Composers American Composers
1923 Ned Rorem (Indiana-born Composer: Awarded the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Music) Ned Rorem American Composers 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Music
1961 Brett Dean (Australian Composer) Brett Dean Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1750 Nicolas Appert (French Chef: Pioneered Canning for Food Preservation) Nicolas Appert Food Safety
1868 Frederick Lanchester (English Engineer; Builder of the First Car in England) English Scientists and Mathematicians Automotives
1873 William Coolidge (Massachusetts-born Engineer; Inventor of Flexible Filament for Mass-produced Light Bulbs Massachusetts Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions
1875 Gilbert Newton Lewis (Massachusetts-born Chemist: Pioneer in Acids & Bases, Bonding, Electron Dot Diagrams) Gilbert Newton Lewis Chemistry Electrons
1905 Felix Bloch (Swiss-born American Physicist; 1952 Nobel Laureate in Physics) Swiss Scientists and Mathematicians Physics 1952 Nobel Laureate in Physics
Political & Social Leaders
1715 Peter II (Emperor of Russia: 1727-30) Russian Political and Social Leaders
1794 Richard Banks (Georgia Physician, Namesake of Banks County, Georgia) Banks County, Georgia Medicine University of Georgia
1835 Adlai Ewing Stevenson (Kentucky-born Congressman, U.S. Vice-President for President Grover Cleveland) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Congress President Grover Cleveland
1920 Frank Rizzo (Mayor of Philadelphia: 1972 - 1980) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Politics
1946 Mel Martinez (Cuban-born Member of George W. Bush's Presidential Cabinet) Mel Martinez George W. Bush Latin-American Studies U.S. Government
Performing Artists
1925 Johnny Carson (Iowa-born Talk Show Host: The Tonight Show) Johnny Carson Television
1954 Ang Lee (Taiwan-born Academy Award Winning Director: "Brokeback Mountain") Ang Lee Film Asian-American Performing Artists
Sports Figures
1869 John Heisman (Ohio-born Hall of Fame Football Coach: Namesake of the Heisman Trophy) John Heisman College Football Hall of Fame The Heisman Trophy
1906 Gertrude Ederle (New York City-born Member of the International Swimming Hall of Fame) Gertrude Ederle Swimming The Olympic Games
1935 Chi Chi Rodriguez (Puerto Rican-born Member of the Professional Golf Hall of Fame) Puerto Rican Sports Figures Latin-American Sports Figures Golf Hall of Fame
1940 Pelé (Brazilian Soccer Player) Pelé Soccer
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
42 B.C. Marcus Brutus (Roman Statesman, Conspirator Who Assassinated Julius Caesar; Suicide) Roman Empire Political and Social Leaders Shakespeare's <I>Julius Caesar</I> History Channel
1874 Harris Flanagin (New Jersey-born 7th Governor of Arkansas: 1862-1865) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture National Governor's Association Arkansas History Commission
1896 Charles Frederick Crisp (English-born Georgia Congressman, Namesake of Crisp County, Georgia) English Political and Social Leaders Crisp County, Georgia Congress University of Georgia
1910 King Chulalongkorn of Thailand Thailand Asian History
1939 Zane Grey (Ohio-born Popular Author of the American West) Zane Grey American Authors Westward Expansion American Collection
1950 Al Jolson (Lithuanian-born American Entertainer/Performing Artist) Al Jolson Popular Musicians Film
1984 Millard Fillmore Caldwell (Tennessee-born Congressman and 29th Governor for the State of Florida) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Florida Historical Society
1997 Luther George Simjian (Turkish-born American Inventor) Turkish Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Technology & Society
2002 Adolph Green (New York City-born Songwriter: American Musical Librettist) New York City Composers and Songwriters American Musicals Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
42 B.C. Marcus Brutus Commits Suicide Roman Empire Shakespeare's <I>Julius Caesar</I> History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1641 Irish Catholics Massacre Tens of Thousands of Protestants Ireland Religion Chamber's Book of Days
1642 At Edgehill, the King's Troops Hold Their Ground in the First Major Battle of the English Civil War English Civil War War UK Battlefields Trust Chamber's Book of Days Historic UK
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1764 The British Defeat Indian Forces at Buxar, India India British History War Asian History
1777 Patriots at Fort Mifflin Bombard a British Fleet Severely Damaging 6 Ships and Killing 60 Pennsylvania American Revolution Naval Military History Death Ft. Mifflin Official Website History Channel
1784 Virginia Emancipates Slaves Who Fought in the Revolutionary War Virginia American Revolution Slavery African-American History University of Houston
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning, I with the greater part of the men Crossed in the Canoes to opposit Side above the falls and hauled them across the portage of 457 yards which is on the Lard. Side and certainly the best side to pass the canoes I then decended through a narrow chanel of about 150 yards wide forming a kind of half circle in it course of a mile to a pitch of 8 feet in which the chanel is divided by 2 large rocks at this place we were obliged to let the Canoes down by Strong ropes of Elk Skin which we had for the purpose,

one Canoe in passing this place got loose by the Cords breaking, and was cought by the Indians below. I accomplished this necessary business and landed Safe with all the Canoes at our Camp below the falls by 3 oClock P. M. nearly covered with flees which were So thick amongst the Straw and fish Skins at the upper part of the portage at which place the nativs had been Camped not long Since; that every man of the party was obliged to Strip naked dureing the time of takeing over the canoes, that they might have an oppertunity of brushing the flees of their legs and bodies—

Great numbers of Sea Otters in the river below the falls, I Shot one in the narrow chanel to day which I could not get. Great numbers of Indians visit us both from above and below—.

one of the old Chiefs who had accompanied us from the head of the river, informed us that he herd the Indians Say that the nation below intended to kill us, we examined all the arms &c. complete the amunition to 100 rounds. The nativs leave us earlyer this evening than usial, which gives a Shadow of Confirmation to the information of our Old Chief, as we are at all times & places on our guard, are under no greater apprehention than is common.

we purchased 8 Small fat dogs for the party to eate the nativs not being fond of Selling their good fish, compells us to make use of Dog meat for food, the flesh of which the most of the party have become fond of from the habits of useing it for Some time past. The Altitude of this day 66° 27' 30" gave for Latd. 45° 42' 57 3/10" N.

I observed on the beach near the Indian Lodges two Canoes butifull of different Shape & Size to what we had Seen above wide in the midde and tapering to each end, on the bow curious figures were Cut on the wood &c. Capt. Lewis went up to the Lodges to See those Canoes and exchanged our Smallest Canoe for one of them by giveing a Hatchet & few trinkets to the owner who informed that he purchased it of a white man below for a horse, these Canoes are neeter made than any I have ever Seen and Calculated to ride the waves, and carry emence burthens, they are dug thin and are supported by cross pieces of about 1 inch diamuter tied with Strong bark thro' holes in the Sides.

our two old Chiefs appeared verry uneasy this evening.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Klickitat County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 American Fur Traders Turn Over Astoria, Oregon, to the British British Business Astoria, Oregon Economics and Business History Channel
1819 First Protestant Missionaries to Hawaii Sail from Boston Hawaii Boston Religion Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1826 Miami Indians Agree to Mississinewa Treaty Ceding Land for Indiana's Michigan Road Indiana Miami Indians Historic Documents Kokomo-Howard County Public Library Indiana Historical Society
1835 White County, Arkansas Is Created White County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1847 Abraham Lincoln Rents His Springfield, Illinois Home for $90/Year While in Congress Springfiled, Illinois U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1864 Union Troops Soundly Defeat Confederates at Battle of Wesport, Missouri Missouri American Civil War History Channel
1876 The New Orleans Mint Reopens as an Assay Office New Orleans Money U.S. Treasury Louisiana Secretary of State
Atkins, Arkansas Is Incorporated Atkins, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1877 Patent for a Gas-motor Engine Is Issued to Nicolaus Otto and Francis and William Crossley Automobiles Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1878 The First New York City Telephone Directory Is Published on a Single Page New York City Telephone Historic Firsts New York City Historical Society
1883 Abilene Replaces Buffalo Gap as the Seat of Taylor County, Texas Taylor County, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1890 President Benjamin Harrison Terminates All Land Claims by the Ponca Indians within the Nebraska Territory Nebraska President Benjamin Harrison Ponca Indians History Channel
Railroad Accident Near Hinton, West Virginia Kills the Engineer Hinton, West Virgina Railroad Death West Virginia State Archives
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Walter Reed Presents Results Confirming Mosquito Theory of Yellow Fever Walter Reed Yellow Fever Medical Research Mosquito University of Virginia
1905 Actress Ethel Barrymore Appears in the Play Sunday in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota Plays Internet Movie Database Minnesota Historical Society
1907 The German Balloon Dusseldorfland Lands in a Delaware Cornfield After a 40-hour 800-mile Flight From St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis, Missouri Delaware Hot Air Balloons State of Delaware
1911 Italy Makes First Military Use of an Airplane with Reconnaissance Flight in Libya Libya Italy Aviation Military History Historic Firsts Technology & Society
1913 The Seattle Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Is Founded Seattle, Washington African-American Heritage NAACP History Link
1915 25,000 Women Demand Right to Vote with March in New York City New York City Women Women's Suffrage New York Times
1920 Sinclair Lewis' Main Street Is First Published Sinclair Lewis Adult Fiction Writer's Almanac Minnesota Historical Society
1921 Green Bay Packers Played Their First NFL Game, Defeating the Minneapolis Marines 7-6 in Front of 6,000 Fans Green Bay, Wisconsin Minneapolis, Minnesota Football NFL Wisconsin Historical Society
1926 Twelve Poems by Edith Wharton is Published by the Medici Society, London Edith Wharton Poetry Medici Society American Collection
In Its First-Ever Football Game, University of Miami Beats the Rollins College Freshmen Squad 7-0 Florida Sports Figures University of Miami Football Rollins College Florida Historical Society
1929 The First All-Air Coast-to-Coast Air Service Begins from Seattle to New York Seattle, Washington New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts History Link
1934 Minnesota Residents Jeannette and Jean Piccard Ascend in a Hydrogen Balloon to a Record 57,579 feet Minnesota Explorers and Pioneers Balloons Hydrogen Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1935 The Green Hills of Africa by Ernest Hemingway Is Published by Scribner's Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1941 Chief of Staff Georgi K. Zhukov Takes Command of the Soviet Army The Soviet Union World War II History Channel
U.S. Senate Passes $5.98B Lend-Lease Bill U.S. Senate Franklin Roosevelt Library of Congress
1942 British Begin Major Offensive at El Alamein, Egypt Egypt Great Britain World War II New York Times
Eudora Welty's The Robber Bridegroom Is Published by Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. Eudora Welty American Authors American Collection
1945 Brooklyn Dodgers Announce the Signing of Jackie Robinson to Play for Their Montreal Farm Team Jackie Robinson African American Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
1946 The First Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly Is Held in New York City New York City United Nations Historic Firsts New York Times
1947 NAACP Issues to the United Nations a Formal Petition on Racism "An Appeal to the World" United Nations Racism People's Movement for Human Rights Education African American Registry
Argentine Physiologist and Czech-American Husband & Wife Researchers Chosen for Nobel Prize in Medicine Argentine Scientists and Mathematicians Czech Scientists and Mathematicians Medical Research 1947 Nobel Laureates for Medicine and Physiology Intellihealth
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 Selman A. Waksman Selected for Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Selman A. Waksman Tuberculosis 1952 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1956 Hungarians Protesting Soviet Occupation Are Met with Armed Resistance 1956 Hungarian Revolution Soviet Union War History Channel BBC
1958 74 Die in Springhill, Nova Scotia Mine Explosion Canada Death Canadian Broadcast Corporation
Boris Pasternak Selected for the Nobel Prize for Literature Boris Pasternak Adult Authors 1958 Nobel Prize for Literature
1960 William R. Wood Is Inaugurated as the Fourth President of the University of Alaska Alaska Education Education University of Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1968 Bob Beamon Long Jumps World Record 29' 2.5" at Mexico City Olympics Mexico The Olympic Games Bob Beamon Famous African Americans International Track & Field Hall of Fame Historic Firsts
1970 Gary Gabelich Sets Land Speed Record of 631.367 mph in The Blue Flame Rocket-Powered Vehicle Automobile Historic Firsts History Channel
Suicidal Pilot Crashes a Rented Single-Engine Plane into the San Juan, Texas Religious Shrine Texas Air Disasters Death Basilica de Virgen de San Juan Texas State Historical Association
1971 Disney World Opens in Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida Walt Disney Disney World History Channel
1972 Cumberland Island National Seashore Is Established on Georgia's Southernmost Barrier Island Georgia Landmarks & Parks Cumberland Island National Seashore University of Georgia
Pippin Opens on Broadway Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1973 President Nixon Agrees to Turn over Watergate Tapes to Judge Sirica President Richard Nixon The Watergate Affair Law & Legal Resources New York Times
1978 In Tokyo, China and Japan Ratify Treaty Ending Four Decades of Hostility China Japan Historic World Documents New York Times
1980 Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin Resigns Soviet Union The Cold War Television News Archive
1983 Islamic Jihad Blow Responsible for Bombing American Barracks in Beirut Killing 241 U.S. Marines & 58 French Paratroopers Lebanon War on Terrorism Death History Channel New York Times BBC
1987 U.S. Senate Rejects the Supreme Court Nomination of Robert H. Bork on a Vote of 58 to 42. U.S. Senate U.S. Supreme Court Writer's Almanac Court TV
1989 Hungary Becomes a Republic Independent of Soviet Rule Hungary Soviet Union Fall of Soviet Communism Television News Archive
Explosions Caused by an Ethylene Gas Leak Kills 23 at a Pasadena, Texas Plastics Factory Texas Polymers and Plastics Death History Channel
1991 International Paris Peace Agreements End 12 Years of Conflict in Cambodia Cambodia Television News Archive
Clarence Thomas Is Sworn In as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Cornell Law School African-American Political and Social Leaders Oyez
1992 5.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Two in Morocco Morocco Earthquake Death USGS
1993 Toronto Blue Jays' Joe Carter Is Second Player in History to End a World Series with a Home Run Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 -2009
2001 Irish Republican Army Begins Decommissioning Weapons Great Britain Terrorism BBC
Apple Introduces the First iPod History of Technology Historic Firsts Apple
2007 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-120) on 2-week Mission to Install the Harmony Module to the International Space Station Space Shuttle International Space Station NASA
2011 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Hundreds in Turkey 2011 Turkey Earthquake Earthquake Death
90% of Tunsians Vote in the Country's First-ever Democratic Election Tunsia 2011 Election Voting Historic Firsts