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OCTOBER 24

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What two states are connected by the George Washington bridge? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Two significant events occurred four years apart on this date in history involving the United Nations. What were these events? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the New York Times, how old was Bob Kane when he developed the idea for Batman? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's authors born on this date:
U BRAIN MOURN
INTERMEDIATE

1. What historic event involving Cuba, took place on this date in 1962? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Florida State University, what were the dimensions of most of the microscopes built by Antoine Leeuwenhoek? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Drury University, what is the name of the town in which Barbara Robinson grew up? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a collection of poems by Denise Levertov (according to the Beat Page):
TRIP ON SOFT
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the West Virginia Division of Culture and History, why have the results of the vote held on this date in 1861 been questioned?

2. According to the University of California Santa Cruz, which district did Kweisi Mfume represent in Congress before becoming president and chief executive officer of the NAACP?

3. According to the Yugoslavia Institute of Physics, Tyco Brahe's observations included how many different fixed stars?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Moss Hart (according to Biography.com):
THAD READY LINK
 
 

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Born on This Date 1632

[University of California]

Microscopy


Bob Kane
Born on This Date 1916



Comics and Cartoons

Barbara Robinson
Born on This Date 1927

[Drury University]

Young-adult Readers


Rafael Hernández Colón
Born on This Date 1936

[Fundación Biblioteca
Rafael Hernández Colón]

Government Official


Kweisi Mfume
Born on This Date 1948

[Horizon]

Civil Rights/Human Rights Advocate

 
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United Nations Day
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1788 Sarah Josepha Hale (New Hampshire-born Poet, Magazine Publisher, Children's Author) Sarah Josepha Hale Poetry Journalism
1907 Bruno Munari (Italian Children's Author, Illustrator) Bruno Munari Italian Artists & Designers
1927 Barbara Robinson (Ohio-born Children's Author) Barbara Robinson Young-adult Readers
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1904 Moss Hart (New York City-born Playwright) Moss Hart Plays
1923 Denise Levertov (English Poet) Denise Levertov Poetry
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1915 Bob Kane (New York City-born Cartoonist: Creator of Batman) Bob Kane Comics & Cartoons
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1929 George Crumb (West Virginia-born Composer) West Virginia Composers American Composers
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1632 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (Dutch Microbiologist: Discovered Bacteria, Sperm Cells and Blood Cells) Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Microscopy
1908 J. Tuzo Wilson (Canadian Geophysicist) Canadian Scientists and Mathematicians Earth Science Earthquakes USGS
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1896 Marjorie Stewart Joyner (Virginia-born African-American Business Leader, Philanthropist) Virginia Business Leaders Philantropy African-American Business Leaders African American Registry
1710 Alban Butler (English Roman Catholic Priest and Educator) English Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Catholicism Religious Leaders and Theologians
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1723 Alexander O' Reilly (Irish-born Spanish Army Officer and Louisiana Colonial Governor: 1769-1770) Irish Political and Social Leaders Spain Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1830 Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood (New York-born Attorney: First Woman to Run for President of the United States) Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood Law and Legal Resources Female American Political and Social Leaders The American Presidency
1852 George Washington Clarke (Indiana-born 21st Governor of Iowa) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Iowa Political and Social Leaders National Association of Governors
1855 James Schoolcraft Sherman (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress, 27th Vice President of the United States: 1909-12) New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress President Theodore Roosevelt
1866 Charles Herman Weisse (Wisconsin-born Member of the U.S. Congress: 1903-11) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1891 Rafael Trujillo (President of Dominican Republic: 1930-61) New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress President Theodore Roosevelt
1903 Melvin Purvis (South Carolina-born FBI agent) Melvin Purvis The FBI
1936 Rafael Hernández Colón (Puerto Rican Political Leader) Rafael Hernández Colón Statesman Latin-American Studies
1948 Kweisi Mfume (Maryland-born African-American President of the NAACP) Kweisi Mfume African-American Political and Social Leaders The NAACP
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1882 Sybil Thorndike (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1911 Sonny Terry (Georgia-born Jazz Musician) Sonny Terry Jazz & Blues
1939 F. Murray Abraham *Pennsylvania-born Academy Award-winning Actor) Pensylvania Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Received Academy Award for Anadeus in 1984 Internet Movie Database
1941 Bill Wyman (English Popular Musician: The Rolling Stones) The Rolling Stones Popular Musicians
1947 Kevin Kline (Missouri-born Actor) Kevin Kline American Performing Artists Film
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1926 Tittle, Y.A. (Texas-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
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1537 Jane Seymour (Queen of England: Died Giving Birth to England's King Edward VI) Great Britain British Monarchy
1601 Tycho Brahe (Danish Astronomer) Tycho Brahe The Solar System
1819 William Rabun ( Statesman: Namesake of Rabun County, Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1827 Henry S. Thibodaux (New York-born Governor of Louisiana: 1824) New York Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1852 Daniel Webster (New Hampshire Congressman) Daniel Webster U.S. Congress
1909 Rufus Peckham (New York-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1945 Vidkun Quisling (WWII Fascist Norwegian President: Executed as Nazi Collaborator) Norway NAZI Gemany War Crimes World War II Indiana University
1972 Jackie Robinson (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame U.S. Civil Rights Famous African Americans
1981 Ariel Durant (Russian-born American Historian) Ariel Durant Authors & Historians
1993 Vincent Price (Missouri-born Actor) Vincent Price Actors Film
1999 John Chafee (U.S. Senator from Rhode Island) Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
2006 Enolia Pettigen McMillan (Pennsylvania-born African-American Civil Rights Leader: First Woman to Head the NAACP) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Civil Rights African Americans Political and Social Leaders SFGate
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1648 Treaty of Westphalia Ends Germany's Thirty Years' War Germany War Concordia
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1790 John Wesley Makes the Last Entry in His 55-Year Journal English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders Writing University of Georgia
1795 Poland Divided between Austria, Prussia, and Russia Poland Austria Germany Russia Historical Text Archive
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1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The morning fare after a beautifull night,

the nativs approached us this morning with great caution. our two old chiefs expressed a desire to return to their band from this place, Saying "that they Could be of no further Service to us, as their nation extended no further down the
river than those falls, and as the nation below had expressed hostile intentions against us, would Certainly kill them; perticularly as They had been at war with each other;"

[The Short, or Little, Narrows, with the Long Narrows, constitute The Dalles of the Columbia, located above the present town of The Dalles, Wasco County, Oregon. Once major obstacles to navigation, they are now inundated by The Dalles Dam. Clark drew a detailed skech map of the area.

The Dalles area was a dividing point between Chinookan-language speakers downstream and Shahaptian-language speakers upstream. The two Nez Perce chiefs could no longer serve as interpreteres.]

we requested them to Stay with us two nights longer, and we would See the nation below and make a peace between them, they replied they "were anxious to return and See our horses" we insisted on their Staying with us two nights longer to which they agreed; our views were to detain those Chiefs with us untill we Should pass the next falls, which
we were told was verry bad, and at no great distance below, that they might inform us of any designs of the nativs, and if possible to bring about a peace between them and the tribes below.

The first pitch of this falls is 20 feet perpendicular, then passing thro' a narrow Chanel for 1 mile to a rapid of about 18 feet fall below which the water had no perceptable fall but verry rapid It may be proper here to remark that from Some obstruction below, the cause of which we have not yet learned, the water in high fluds (which are in the Spring) rise below these falls nearly to a leavel with the water above the falls; the marks of which can be plainly trac'd around the falls. at that Stage of the water the Salmon must pass up which abounds in Such great numbers above—

below thos falls are Salmon trout and great numbers of the heads of a Species of trout Smaller than the Salmon. those fish they catch out of the Salmon Season, and are at this time in the act of burrying those which they had
drid for winter food. the mode of buring those fish is in holes of various Sizes, lined with Straw on which they lay fish Skins in which they inclose the fish which is laid verry close, and then Covered with earth of about 12 or 15 inches thick.

Capt Lewis and three men crossed the river and on the opposit Side to view the falls which he had not yet taken a full view of—

At 9 oClock a. m. I Set out with the party and proceeded on down a rapid Stream of about 400 yards wide at 2˝ miles the river widened ito a large bason to the Stard. Side on which there is five Lodges of Indians. here a tremendious
black rock Presented itself high and Steep appearing to choke up the river nor could I See where the water passed further than the Current was drawn with great velocity to the Lard Side of this rock at which place I heard a great
roreing. I landed at the Lodges and the natives went with me to the top of this rock which makes from the Stard. Side; from the top of which I could See the dificuelties we had to pass for Several miles below; at this place the water of this great river is compressed into a Chanel between two rocks not exceeding forty five yards wide and continues for a Ľ of a mile when it again widens to 200 yards and continues this width for about 2 miles when it is again intersepted by rocks. This obstruction in the river accounts for the water in high floods riseing to Such a hite at the last falls. The whole of the Current of this great river must at all Stages pass thro' this narrow chanel of 45 yards wide.

as the portage of our canoes over this high rock would be impossible with our Strength, and the only danger in passing thro those narrows was the whorls and Swills arriseing from the Compression of the water, and which I thought (as also our principal watermen Peter Crusat) by good Stearing we could pass down Safe, accordingly I deturmined to pass through this place notwithstanding the horrid appearance of this agitated gut Swelling, boiling & whorling in every direction (which from the top of the rock did not appear as bad as when I was in it;[)] however we passed Safe to the astonishment of all the Inds: of the last Lodges who viewed us from the top of the rock.

passed one Lodge below this rock and halted on the Stard. Side to view a verry bad place, the Current divided by 2 Islands of rocks the lower of them large and in the middle of the river, this place being verry bad I Sent by land all the men who could not Swim and Such articles as was most valuable to us Such as papers Guns & amunition, and proceeded down with the Canoes two at a time to a village of 20 wood housies in a Deep bend to the Stard. Side below which a rugid black rock about 20 feet hiter than the Common high fluds of the river with Several dry Chanels which appeared to Choke the river up quite across; this I took to be the 2d falls or the place the nativs above call timm,

The nativs of this village reived me verry kindly, one of whome envited me into his house, which I found to be
large and comodious, and the first wooden houses in which Indians have lived Since we left those in the vicinity of the Illinois, they are scattered permiscuisly on a elivated Situation near a mound of about 30 feet above the Common leavel, which mound has Some remains of houses and has every appearance of being artificial— those houses are about the Same Shape Size and form 20 feet wide and 30 feet long with one Dore raised 18 Inches above ground, they are 29˝ inches high & 14 wide, forming in a half Circle above those houses were Sunk into the earth Six feet, the roofs of them was Supported by a ridge pole resting on three Strong pieces of Split timber thro' one of which the dore was
cut that and the walls the top of which was just above ground Suported a certain number of Spars which are Covered with the Bark of the white Ceadar, or Arber Vitea; and the whole attached and Secured by the fibers of the Cedar. the eaves at or near the earth, the gable ends and Side walls are Secured with Split boards which is Seported on iner Side with Strong pieces of timber under the eves &c. to keep those pieces errect & the earth from without pressing in the boards, Suported by Strong posts at the Corners to which those poles were attached to give aditional Strength, Small openings were left above the ground, for the purpose, as I conjectured, of deschargeing Their arrows at a besieging enimey; Light is admited Thro an opening at top which also Serves for the Smoke to pass through. one half of those houses is apropriated for the Storeing away Dried & pounded fish which is the principal food The other part next the
dore is the part occupied by the nativs who have beds raised on either Side, with a fire place in the center of this
Space each house appeared to be occupied by about three families; that part which is apropriated for fish was crouded with that article, and a fiew baskets of burries—

I dispatched a Sufficent number of the good Swimers back for the 2 canoes above the last rapid and with 2 men walked down three miles to examine the river Over a bed of rocks, which the water at verry high fluds passes over, on those rocks

I Saw Several large Scaffols on which the Indians dry fish; as this is out of Season the poles on which they dry those fish are tied up verry Securely in large bundles and put upon the Scaffolds, I counted 107 Stacks of dried pounded fish in different places on those rocks which must have contained 10,000 w. of neet fish,

The evening being late I could not examine the river to my Satisfaction, the Chanel is narrow and compressed for
about 2 miles, when it widens into a deep bason to the Stard. Side, & again contracts into a narrow chanel divided by a rock I returned through a rockey open countrey infested with pole-cats to the village where I met with Capt Lewis the
two old Chiefs who accompanied us & the party & canoes who had all arrived Safe; the Canoes haveing taken in Some water at the last rapids. here we formed a Camp near the Village,

The principal Chief from the nation below with Several of his men visited us, and afforded a favourable oppertunity of bringing about a Piece and good understanding between this chief and his people and the two Chiefs who
accompanied us which we have the Satisfaction to Say we have accomplished, as we have every reason to believe and that those two bands or nations are and will be on the most friendly terms with each other. gave this Great Chief a Medal and Some other articles, of which he was much pleased, Peter Crusat played on the violin and the men danced which delighted the nativs, who Shew every civility towards us. we Smoked with those people untill late at night, when every one retired to rest.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Klickitat County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1818 Felix Mendelssohn, Age 9, Plays His First Public Concert, in Berlin, Germany Felix Mendelssohn Classical Musicians Historic Firsts American Public Media
1820 King of Spain Signs the Adams-Onis Treaty Transferring Florida to the United States Spain Florida Florida State Historical Association
1836 Alonzo D. Phillips Patents Phosphorous Friction Safety Match Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1839 In Indiana, Vincennes University Sells Its Main Building to Pay Off Debt Vincennes, Indiana Education Economics Vincennes University Indiana Historical Society
1845 Indians Kill and Scalp Two German Authors/Pioneers in Texas German Authors Texas Native-American Heritage Death Texas State Historical Association
Edgar Allan Poe Becomes Sole Owner of The Broadway Journal Edgar Allan Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1850 First National Convention for Woman's Rights Concludes in Worcester, Massachusetts Massachusetts Women Human Rights/Civil Rights Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1857 England's Sheffield Football Club Is Formed As the World's First Soccer Team Great Britain Soccer Historic Firsts New York Times
1858 The First Steamship on the Upper Columbia River, the Colonel Wright, Is Launched at the Mouth of the Deschutes River Oregon Washington Columbia River Steamboats Historic Firsts SalemOregon.com
1861 First Transcontinental Telegram Is Sent to President Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Telegraph Historic Firsts Library of Congress History Channel
39 Virginia Counties Approve Formation of a New Unionist State: West Virginia West Virginia Virginia Voting U.S. Civil War West Virginia Division of Culture and History
U.S.S. Rhode Island Captures the Schooner Aristides off Charlotte Harbor, FL Florida U.S. Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Association
1862 Union General Don Buell Is Relieved of His Command for Failure to Pursue the Confederates Following thje Battle of Perryville, Kentucky Perrysville, Kentucky Battle of Perrysville Ohio Historical Society
1864 U.S.S. Nita Captures the Schooner Unknown off Clearwater Harbor , Florida Florida U.S. Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Association
Confederate Troops Kill 55 Union Soldiers, Take 23 Prisoners Near Magnolia, Florida Florida U.S. Civil War Florida State Historical Association
1870 Alaska Times Begins Publication As Seattle's Second Newspaper Washington Journalism HistoryLink
1871 19 Chinese Die as Anglos Loot Chinatown in Los Angeles Los Angeles Asian-American Heritage Death National Park Service LearnCalifornia
The Railroad Reaches Breckenridge in Minnesota's Red River Valley Breckenridge, Minnesota Railroad Minnesota Historical Society
1872 Lyon College Is Chartered as Arkansas College in Batesville Batesvillek, Arkansas Education Lyon College Arkansas History Collection
Schwabacher Bros & Co. Is Seattle's First Brick Building Washington Architecture and Design Business Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1878 In Delaware, Theodore Townsend Begins Publication of the Milford Chronicle Milford, Delaware Journalism Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1887 The Alaska Society of History and Ethnology Is Founded at Sitka Sitka, Alaska U.S. History Alaska History and Cultural Studies Alaska Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 Woman Is First to Survive Going Over Niagara Falls in a Barrel Niagara Falls Woman Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1903 Sanctuary by Edith Wharton is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1909 President William Howard Taft Visits Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas William Howard Taft Arkansas History Collection
1915 Fighting France from Dunkerque to Belfort by Edith Wharton is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1916 Henry Ford Grants Equal Pay to Women Henry Ford Women Business & Economics HistoryNet
1917 The Austro-German Army Routs the Italians at Caporetto, Italy Italy Germany Austria World War I LearningSite
Bolsheviks Begin Occupying Key Locations Held by Russia's Provisional Government Russian Revolution Soviet Union Spartacus
1919 The Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra First Performs Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra Classical Musicians Historic Firsts American Public Media
1921 The First American Soldier Is Selected for the Tomb of the Unknowns World War I Death Tomb of the Unknown History Channel
1924 The First Patient Is Admitted to St. Francis Hospital in Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Health Care Historic Firsts St. Francis Hospital, Wilmington State of Delaware
1927 7.1. Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Chichagof Island, Alaska Alaska Earthquake USGS
1929 U.S. Stock Market Crashes: "Black Thursday" Markets and Investments Great Depression Writer's Almanac History Channel
1931 George Washington Bridge Opens between New York City & New Jersey George Washington Bridge Bridges New York Times
1933 Amelia Earhart Speaks to the Janesville Women's History Club Janesville, Wisconsin Amelia Earhart Women Wisconsin Historical Society
1935 Langston Hughes' Mulatto Opens on Broadway Langston Hughes Plays African-American History Internet Broadway Database
1939 The First Nylon Stockings Are Sold in Wilmington, Delaware Delaware Polymers & Plastics Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1940 The 40-Hour Work Week Goes into Effect Under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 Labor Law and legal Resources History Channel
1944 U.S. Submarine Sinks Japanese Prisoner of War Ship: 1,700 American POWs Die World War II Naval History Prisoner of War West Virginia Division of Culture and History
Aircraft Carrier USS Princeton Sunk in the Leyte Gulf World War II Naval History U.S. Navy
1945 Vidkun Quisling, Norway's Wartime President, Executed as Nazi Collaborator Norway NAZI Gemany War Crimes World War II Indiana University
United Nations Charter Goes Into Effect United Nations Charter Library of Congress New York Times History Channel
1949 Cornerstone for U.N. Headquarters Laid in New York City New York City The United Nations History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 Two Texas Schools Merge to Form Huston-Tillotson University Texas Education African-American Heritage Huston-Tillotson University Texas State Historical Association
1954 U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower Pledges Support to South Vietnam Vietnam President Eisenhower Vietnam War History Channel
1956 In Syracuse, NY, Margaret Ellen Towner Is First Woman Ordained in Presbyterian Church New York Religion Women Historic Firsts Concordia
1958 Raymond Chandler Starts His Last Novel, The Poodle Springs Story Raymond Chandler American Authors History Channel
1959 Wilt Chamberlain Scores 43 Points in His NBA Debut Wilt Chamberlain National Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures New York Times
1962 U.S. Naval Blockade of Cuba Officially Begins Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis New York Times
1964 Zambia Gains Independence from the U.K. Zambia Great Britain African American Registry
1969 Jack Kerouac's Funeral Is Held in Lowell, Massachusetts Jack Kerouac American Collection
1970 Salvador Allende Is Elected President of Chile Salvador Allende Elections History Channel
1975 Armenian Liberation Terrorists Assassinate Turkish Ambassador in Paris Paris Turkey Armenia War on Terrorism Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs
A Chorus Line Opens on Broadway New York City <I>A Chorus Line</I> Musical Theater History Channel
1980 7.0. Magnitude Earthquake Kills 300, Leaves 150,000 Homeless in Central Mexico Mexico Earthquake Death USGS
1981 National Coalition of 100 Black Women Adopts Its Founding Resolution National Coalition of 100 Black Women African-American Heritage Women University of Texas
1986 U.K. Breaks Off Diplomatic Relations with Syria Due to Terrorist Links Great Britain Syria Terrorism BBC
1992 Toronto Blue Jays Are First Team Outside the United States to Win the World Series Canada Major League Baseball Historic Firsts New York Times
Historic Events That Have Occurred  between 2000 - and present
2001 10 Die in Fire That Fills Switzerland's Gotthard Tunnel Switzerland Fire Safety Death BBC
2003 The Concorde Flies for the Last Time Aircraft BBC