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OCTOBER 25

Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
 
 
 
 
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What country ratified a new constitution on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who did John Adams marry on this date in 1764? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. On this date in 1804, the Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery camped for the night in Oliver County, North Dakota. What is the size of Oliver County in square miles? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of work about boys and girls by Carolyn Sherwin Bailey (according to Loganberry Books):
GOSSIPY ROSY BANDLEADER INFO
INTERMEDIATE

1. What two theatrical productions opened on this date, 56 years apart? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Baseball Almanac, what college did Pedro Martinez attend? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Kansas State University, how old was Midori when she began playing the violin? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a work of prose by John Berryman (according to the American Academy of Poets):
VERY CORE
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Princeton University, who appointed Henry Norris Russell as instructor in astronomy in 1905?

2. According to Lucid Library, in the early 1900's Pablo Picasso's painting style went through two periods identified by colors or tones. What were these two colors?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was John Steinbeck selected to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature on this date in 1962?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Geoffrey Chaucer:
RUSTY SIRLOIN DECADE
 
 

Carolyn Sherwin Bailey
Born on This Date 1875

Young-adult Authors 1947 Newbery Medal for Miss Hickory


Henry Norris Russell
Born on This Date 1877

[Sonoma State University]

Astronomy


Pablo Picasso
Born on This Date 1881

[E-FineArt.com]

Artists


Midori
Born on This Date 1971

[The Kennedy Center]

Classical Music


Pedro Martinez
Born on This Date 1971

[Major League Baseball]

Baseball

 
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Grenada: Thanksgiving Day
(Commemorates the intervention to restoration of peace by U.S. forces: 10/251983)
Grenada Grenada Board of Tourism
Kazakhstan: Day of the Republic
(Commemoration of sovereignty from the Soviet Union: 10/25/1990)
Kazakhstan Soviet Union World Travel Guide State">
Taiwan: Restoration Day
(Commemoration of the end of 50 years of Japanese occupation: 10/25/1945)
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Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1875 Carolyn Sherwin Bailey (New York-born Children's Author Awarded the 1947 Newbery Medal for Miss Hickory) Carolyn Sherwin Bailey Young-adult Authors 1947 Newbery Medal for Miss Hickory
1929 Paula Winter (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors Primary Authors American Artists
1939 Fred Marcellino (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Fred Marcellino Primary Authors American Artists
1942 Stephanie S. Tolan (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors Young-adult Authors
1946 Julia Noonan (Connecticut-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Connecticut Authors Primary Authors American Artists
1914 John Berryman (Oklahoma-born Writer Awarded the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry) John Berryman Poetry 1965 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
1930 Harold Brodkey (Illinois-born Author) Harold Brodkey
1941 Anne Tyler (Minnesota-born Novelist Awarded the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) Anne Tyler 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
1975 Zadie Smith (English Novelist) Zadie Smith
1881 Pablo Ruiz Picasso (Spanish-born Painter and Sculptor) Pablo Ruiz Picasso
1825 Johann Strauss II (Austrian Composer) Johann Strauss II Composers
1838 Georges Bizet (French Composer) Georges Bizet Composers
1945 Peter Lieberson (New York City-born Composer) Peter Lieberson American Composers
1971 Midori (Japanese Classical Violinist) Midori Classical Musicians
1693 Antoine Ferrein (French Surgeon and Anatomist) French Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Anatomy Intellihealth
1811 Evariste Galois (French Mathematician) French Scientists & Mathematicians Mathematics
1877 Henry Norris Russell (New York-born Astronomer) Henry Norris Russell Space, Astronomy, Cosmology
1888 Richard Byrd (Virginia-born Naval Officer: Explorer of the Arctic and Antarctica) Richard Byrd The Arctic Antarctica
1890 Floyd Bennett (New York-born Aviator) New York Explorers and Aviators Aviation
1891 Charles Coughlin (Canadian-born American Roman Catholic Priest and Radio Commentator) Canadian Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Religious Leaders and Theologians Radio
1902 Henry Steele Commager (Pennsylvania-born Historian, Writer and Educator) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders American Authors Educators of Note
Political and Social Leaders
1892 Irene McCoy Gaines (Florida-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Florida Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage African American Registry
1944 James Carville (Louisiana-born Political Consultant) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Politics
1902 Eddie Lang (Pennsylvania-born Jazz Guitarist) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Jazz Guitarist and Singer Internet Movie Database
1912 Minnie Pearl (Tennessee-born Country Musician, Comedian) Tennessee Performing Artists Actors Country Musicians Internet Movie Database
1924 Billy Barty (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1928 Marion Ross (Minnesota-born Actress: Mrs. Cunningham on Happy Days) Marion Ross Actors Television The Internet Movie Database
1942 Helen Reddy (Australian Popular Singer) Australian Performing Artists Popular Music The Internet Movie Database
1912 Jack Kent Cooke (Canadian-born American Business Leader; Owner of the Washington Redskins: 1960-97) Canadian Business Leaders Washington, D.C. American Business Leaders Football
1971 Pedro Martinez (Dominican Republic-born Major League Baseball Player) Pedro Martinez Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
287 St. Crispin (French-born Catholic Saint) St. Crispin Catholicism Roman Empire
1400 Geoffrey Chaucer (English Author: Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer
1647 Evangelista Torricelli (Italian-born Physicist) Evangelista Torricelli Physics
1760 King George II of England (Namesake of the State of Georgia) British Royalty
1892 Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison (Ohio-born Wife of U.S. President Benjamin Harrison) Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison Benjamin Harrison American Presidents
1902 Frank Norris (Chicago-born Author) Frank Norris American Authors
1920 King Alexander of Greece (Blood Poisoning) Greece
1938 Alfonsina Storni (Argentinian Poet) Alfonsina Storni Poetry
1991 Gene Roddenberry (Texas-born Author of Star Trek) Gene Roddenberry American Authors
1992 Roger Miller (Texas-born Country and Popular Singer. Songwriter) Texas Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians 1985 Tony Award as Best Score for Big River Internet Movie Database
1993 Vincent Price (Missouri-born Actor) Vincent Price Actors Film
1999 Payne Stewart (South Dakota-born Professional Golfer: Plane Crash) South Dakota Missouri Sports Figures Professional Golfer Air Disasters CNN
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1415 English Use Longbows to Defeat French at Agincourt England France War History of Technology The History Channel
1512 Martin Luther Begins His Lectures on Genesis at the University of Wittenberg Martin Luther The Bible Concordia
1701 William Penn Is Granted the City Charter to Philadelphia William Penn Philadelphia Concordia
1748 Henry Fielding Becomes Justice of the Peace Henry Fielding Authors The History Channel
1760 Britain's King George III Succeeds His Late Grandfather, George II Great Britain George III New York Times
1764 Abigail Smith Marries John Adams John Adams Library of Congress
1769 Leaders of 1763 Revolution Against Spanish Governor Ulloa Are Executed in New Orleans Spain New Orleans Capital Punishment Hispanic Heritage Historical Text ArchiveUniversity of Chicago Louisiana Secretary of State
1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo Establishes 31st Parallel as West Florida's Northern Boundary with Georgia Spain Florida Georgia Historic Documents University of Georgia
John Blair Resigns As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Cold morning Set out early under a gentle Breeze from the S. E. by E proceeded on, passed the 3rd old
Village where the Mandins once lived but which has been Deserted. for many years, This village was Situated on an eminance of about 40 foot above the water on the L. S. back for Several miles is a butifull plain

at a Short distance above this old village on a Continuation of the Same eminance was Situated the Ricares Village [Recorees - Arikara Indians] which have been avacuated only Six years. above this village a large and extensive bottom for Several miles in which the Squaws raised ther Corn, but little timber near the villages, on the S.S. below
is a point of excellent timber, and in the point Several miles above is fine timber,

Several parties of Mandins rode to the river on the Starboard. Shore to view us indeed they are continuelly in Sight Satisying their Curiossities as to our apperance etc.

we are told that the Seaux has latterly Stole the horses of the "Big belley" [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] , on their way home they fell in with
the Ossinboin who killed them and took the horses

— a frenchman* has latterly been killed by the Indians on the Track to the tradeing establishment on the Ossinebine R. in the North of this place (or British fort) This frenchman has lived <20> many years with the Mandins

we were frequently called on to land & talk to parties of the Mandins on the Shore,

wind Shifted to the S. W at about 11 oClock and blew hard untill 3 OCk. clouded up river full of Sand bars & we are at a great loss to find the Channel of the river, frequently run on the Sand bars which Detain us much passed a verry bad riffle of rocks in the evining by takeing the L. S. of a Sand bar and
Camped on a Sand point on the S. S. opposit a high hill on the L. S.

Several Indians Come to See us this evening, amongst others the Son of the late great Cheif of the Mandins this
man has his two little fingers off—; on inqureing the Cause, was told it was Customary for this nation to Show their greaf by Some testimony of pain, and that it was not uncommon for them to take off 2 Smaller fingers of the hand and Some times more with ther marks of Savage effection. Those Indians appear to have Similar Customs with the Ricaras
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] , their Dress the Same more mild in their language & justures etc

R Fields with a Rhumitisum in his Neck one man R. in his hips my Self much better,

[*Ménard, a French Canadian possibly bearing the Christian name Pierre and otherwise known as "Manoah" and "old Menard," had lived with the Mandans and Hidatsas since the 1770s. He told Jean Baptiste Truteau that he had been on the Yellowstone River some time before 1795, making him possibly the first white man to have seen that stream. Different sources attribute his death to the Assiniboines, the Hidatsa and the Mandans.]

North Dakota Map: 10/22/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Health Weather Weather Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a cool morning

Capt Lewis and my Self walked down to See the place the Indians pointed out as the worst place in passing through the gut, which we found difficuelt of passing without great danger, but as the portage was impractiable with our large Canoes, we Concluded to Make a portage of our most valuable articles and run the canoes thro accordingly

on our return divided the party Some to take over the Canoes, and others to take our Stores across a portage of a mile to a place on the Chanel below this bad whorl & Suck, with Some others I had fixed on the Chanel with roapes
to throw out to any who Should unfortunately meet with difficuelty in passing through; great number of Indians viewing us from the high rocks under which we had to pass,

the 3 first Canoes passed thro very well, the 4th nearly filled with water, the last passed through by takeing in a little water, thus Safely below what I conceved to be the worst part of this Chanel, felt my Self extreamly gratified and pleased. we loaded the Canoes & Set out, and had not proceeded, more than two mile before the unfortunate Canoe which filled crossing the bad place above, run against a rock and was in great danger of being lost,

This Chanel is through a hard rough black rock, from 50–100 yards wide. Swelling and boiling in a most tremendious maner Several places on which the Indians inform me they take the Salmon as fast as they wish;

we passed through a deep bason to the stard Side of 1 mile below which the River narrows and divided by a rock
The Curent we found quit jentle, here we met with our two old Chiefs who had been to a village below to Smoke a friendly pipe, and at this place they met the Cheif & party from the village above on his return from hunting all of whome were then crossing over their horses,

we landed to Smoke a pipe with this Chief whome we found to be a bold pleasing looking man of about 50 years of age dressd. in a war jacket a cap Legins & mockersons. he gave us Some meat of which he had but little and informed us he in his rout met with a war party of Snake Indians from the great river of the S. E. which falls in a few miles above and had a fight. we gave this Chief a Medal, &c. a parting Smoke with our two faithful friends the Chiefs who accompanied us from the head of the river, (who had purchased a horse each with 2 robes and intended to return on horse back)

we proceeded on down the water fine, rocks in every derection for a fiew miles when the river widens and becoms a butifull jentle Stream of about half a mile wide, Great numbers of the Sea Orter about those narrows and both below and above.

we Came too, under a high point of rocks on the Lard. Side below a creek of 20 yards wide and much water, as it
was necessary to make Some Selestial observations we formed our Camp on the top of a high point of rocks, which forms a kind of fortification in the Point between the river & Creek, with a boat guard, this Situation we Concieve well Calculated for defence, and Conveniant to hunt under the foots of the mountain to the West & S. W. where timber of different kinds grows, and appears to be handsom Coverts for the Deer, in oke woods,

ent out hunters to examine for game G. D. Killed a Small Deer & other Saw much Sign, I killed a goose in the creek which was verry fat— one of the guard saw a Drum fish to day as he Conceved our Situation well Calculated to
defend our Selves from any designs of the natives, Should They be enclined to attack us.

This litle Creek heads in the range of mountains which run S S W & N W for a long distance on which is Scattering pine white Oake &c. The Pinical of the round toped mountain which we Saw a Short distance below the forks of this river is S. 43° W. of us and abt 37 miles, it is at this time toped with Snow The face of the Countrey, on both Side of the river above and about the falls, is Steep ruged and rockey open and contain but a Small preportion of erbage, no timber a fiew bushes excepted,

The nativs at the upper falls raft their timber down Towarnehooks River & those at the narrows take theirs up the
river to the lower part of the narrows from this Creek, and Carry it over land 3 miles to their houses &c. at the mouth of this creek Saw Some beaver Sign, and a Small wolf in a Snare Set in the willows

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Rok Fort
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 U.S. Frigate United States Captures British Vessel Macedonian War 1812 Naval History New York Times
1819 Alabama's First State Legislature Assembles at Huntsville, the Temporary Capital Alabama Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1823 Chicot County, Arkansas Is Created Chicot, Arkansas Arkansas History Comission
1834 Seminole Council in Florida Expresses Hostility to Their Forced Move West of the Mississippi Florida Seminole Indians Westward Expansion Florida State Historical Society
1836 The First Legislative Session of the Wisconsin Territory Convenes in Belmont Belmont, Wisconsin Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1848 Completion of Boston's First Municipal Water System Is Celebrated Boston Water Health and Fitness Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1853 Paiutes Attack Transcontinental Railroad Survey Crew Railroad Paiute Indians Westward Expansion The History Channel
1854 247 of 637 British Soldiers Die in Charge of the Light Brigade British History War Alfred Lord Tennyson New York Times
The First Iowa State Fair Opens in Fairfield Fairfield, Iowa Historic Firsts Iowa State Fair
1861 Construction Begins on the Warship Monitor American Civil War Naval History The History Channel
Reinforcements Are Requested for Confederate Troops in New Mexico to Control the Pro-Union Mexican Population Mexico New Mexico American Civil War Hispanic Heritage New Mexcio Magazine
1863 Federal Troops and Liberated Slaves Repel Attacks by 2,000 Confederate Troops at Pine Bluff, Arkansas Pine Bluff, Arkansas Pine Bluff, Arkansas National Park Service Arkansas History Comission
1864 600 Union Troops Attack Milton, Florida Take Confederates Prisoners, Destroy Ferry Crossing Florida American Civil War Florida State Historical Society
The First Western Union Telegraph Line Reaches Seattle, Washington Washington Telegraph Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1865 Florida & Georgia Hold Special Conventions to Annul Their Ordinances of Secession Florida Georgia American Civil War Florida State Historical Society University of Georgia
1866 West Virginia's First Governor, Arthur I. Boreman, Is Re-Elected to Office West Virginia Politics Elections West Virginia Division of Culture and History
1886 The First Texas State Fair Opens North of Dallas Texas Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1889 Underwater Telephone Cable Joins Michigan's Upper and Lower Peninsulas Michigan Telephone State of Michigan
1892 In Minnesota, James H. Burrell Becomes the First African American Member of the St. Paul Police Force St. Paul, Minnesota Law Enforcement Agencies African-American Heritage Historic Firsts St. Paul, Minnesota Police Department Minnesota State Historical Society
1902 Barney Oldfield Wins His First Auto Race Driving Henry Ford's 999 Barney Oldfield Auto Racing Henry Fod Hot Rod
1905 President Theodore Roosevelt Visits Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Theordore Roosevelt Arkansas History Comission
1916 The Old Kasaan National Monument Is Established at a Deserted Indian Village on Alaska's Prince of Wales Island Prince of Wales Island Alaska Native-American Heritage National Park Service Alaska Historical Society
1917 Bolshevik Red Guards Force Surrender of Russia's Cabinet Members Russian Revolution Soviet Union Spartacus
1921 Hurricane Kills Seven in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Destroys 500+ Homes in Ybor City, Florida Florida Hurricane Death Florida State Historical Society
1923 U.S. Secretary of the Interior Albert F. Fall Is Accused of Improperly Leasing the Oil Reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming Wyoming Albert B. Fall U.S. Government Teapot Dome Scandal Crime The History Channel
1924 Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes Speaks to a Crowd of 10,000 in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota Charles Evans Hughes U.S. Secretary of State Minnesota State Historical Society
1930 William Faulkner Publishes "Red Leaves," in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism American Collection
1939 William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life Opens in New York Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database
1940 Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. Becomes First African-American General in U.S. Army Benjamin O. Davis U.S. Military Leaders Noted African Americans Historic Firsts U.S. Army
1941 Groundbreaking Ceremonies Are Held at the Huntsville, Alabama Redstone Arsenal Alabama Space Exploration Redstone Arsenal Alabama State Archives
1944 Japan's First Kamikaze Suicide Bombers Are Used in Leyte Gulf Japan Aviation World War II The History Channel
1945 Japan Surrenders Taiwan to the Allied Powers Taiwan Japan Chinese Government
1949 Iowa's Effigy Mounds National Monument Is Created by Presidential Proclamation Iowa President Harry Truman Native American Heritage Effigy Mounds National Monument State Historical Society of Iowa
1951 Peace Talks Resume in Korea after 63 Days Korean War New York Times
1955 Tappan Introduces the Microwave Oven for $1,295 Electromagnetic Radiation Physics History of Technology Historic Firsts Kids Newsroom
1960 Martin Luther King, Jr. Jailed for Parole Violation (driving without a license) Georgia Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Our Georgia History
Trademark Registered for Lerner and Loewe's Camelot Musical Theater Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1962 U.S. Presents Photos of Soviet Missiles in Cuba to the U.N. United Nations Cuba Soviet Union Cuban Missile Crisis Photography Cold War New York Times
John Steinbeck Selected as Nobel Laureate for Literature John Steinbeck 1962 Nobel Prize for Literature American Collection
1964 Zambia, Formerly Northern Rhodesia, Gains Independence from Great Britain Zambia Great Britain BBC
President Johnson Is Awarded an Honorary Doctorate At Dedication of Florida Atlantic University Florida President Lyndon Johnson Florida Atlantic University Florida State Historical Society
"The Rolling Stones" First Appear on Ed Sullivan The Rolling Stones Television The History Channel
1970 Pope Paul VI Canonizes 40 English and Welsh Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries England Wales Catholicism Concordia
1971 U.N. Expels Taiwan and Seats Communist China United Nations Taiwan China New York Times The History Channel
1972 President Nixon Suspends Bombing of North Vietnam Richard Nixon Vietnam War The History Channel
1976 Queen Elizabeth II Opens England's National Theatre Great Britain Stage and Theater BBC
1981 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Three in Southern Mexico Mexico Earthquake Death USGS
1983 U.S. Invades Grenada to Restore Order and Evacuate American Citizens Grenada Ronald Reagan U.S. History The History Channel BBC Grenada Board of Tourism
1984 European Union Grants £1.8 Million Emergency Aid to Relieve Famine in Ethiopia Ethiopia European Union International Trade BBC
1986 Routine Groundball through the Legs of Bill Buckner Leads to Red Sox World Series Defeat Boston, Massachusetts Major League Baseball New York Times
1987 The Minnesota Twins Defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the 7th Game of the World Series Minnesota Sports Figures Missouri Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Minnesota State Historical Society
1990 Kazakhstan's Supreme Council Adopts Sovereignty Resolution Kazakhstan U.S. Department of State
6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Eleven in Central Pakistan Pakistan Earthquake Death USGS
1992 Lithuania's Supreme Council Ratifies a New Constitution Lithuania U.S. Department of State
Walt Disney World Is Officially Dedicated Florida Disney World Florida State Historical Society
1995 Victor/Victoria Opens Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1997 Million Woman March Fills Philadelphia Streets Philadelphia Women African-American Heritage African American Registry CNN
1999 Golfer Payne Stewart Is Killed When His Crashes in South Dakota South Dakota Missouri Sports Figures Professional Golfer Air Disasters CNN
2000 AT&T Announces It Will Break into Four Separate Companies Businesses & Corporations CNN
2001 Britain's Crime Rate Reaches 20-Year Low Great Britain Crime BBC
2006 NASA STEREO Mission Launches Twin Observatories for 3-D Imaging of the Sun Space Exploration The Sun NASA
2010 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake and Resulting Tsunami Kill Nearly 700 People in Indonesia 2010 Indonesia Tsunami Earthquake Tsunami BBC
Sony Announces the End of the Walkman Sony History of Technology National Public Radio