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OCTOBER 26

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. The first mule in the United States arrived on this date in 1785. Who sent it? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what North Dakota county did the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery camp on this date in 1804? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to The Scoop, which two illustrators were early favorites of Steven Kellogg? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:
RODE BREADWORK
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which two countries signed a peace treaty on this date in 1994? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Post, Texas, which university did C.W. Post attend? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, what career did Beryl Markham begin at the age of 17? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a tall tale illustrated by Steven Kellogg (according to Children's Literature):
BLOC PILES
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the History Channel, at which presidential inauguration did Mahalia Jackson sing?

2. According to the Gale Group, in what way did Hillary Rodham Clinton follow the tradition of Eleanor Roosevelt?

3. According to Knight Ridder, from whom did John S. Knight inherit the Akron Beacon Journal in 1933?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1923 Jackie Coogan movie (according to the Internet Movie Database):
ICY US CARDS
 
 
C.W. Post
C.W. Post
Born on This Date 1854

[Hart-Dole-Inouye Federal Center]

Post Cereal

Beryl Markham
Beryl Markham
Born on This Date 1902

[Literature Review]

Authors

Mahalia Jackson
Mahalia Jackson
Born on This Date 1911

[Bluesland]

Gospel Musicians

Steven Kellogg
Steven Kellogg
Born on This Date 1941

[Hoover Library]

Primary Children's Authors

Hillary Rodham Clinton
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Born on This Date 1947


U.S. Congress
 
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Albania, Bulgaria, Greece: St. Demetrius Day
(Commemorates St. Demetrius, protector from winter and cold)
Albania Bulgaria Greece St. Demetrius School of the Seasons
Austria: National Day
(Commemorates treaty restoring national sovereignty following WWII: 10/26/1955)
Austria World War II U.S. Department of State Virtual Vienna Community Net
Nauru: Angam Day (Jubilation Day)
(Annual October 26th celebrating of the survival of the Nauru people following flu epidemic.)
Nauru Population Influenza Nauruan Mission to the United Nations
United States: National Mule Day
(Commemorates arrival of first mule to US: Present of Spain's Charles III to George Washington: 10/26/1785)
Spain George Washington Mules National Canal Museum
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1934 Ellen Showell (Tennessee-born Children's Author) Tennesseee Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1941 Steven Kellogg (Connecticut-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Steven Kellogg Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1957 Eric Rohmann (Illinois-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Illinois Authors & Illustrators American Artists University of Wyoming
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1902 Beryl Markham (English-born Writer, Aviator, Horse Trainer and Breeder) Beryl Markham Africa Kenya Aviation
1930 John Arden (English Playwright) English Authors & Illustrators Plays Writer's Almanac
1945 Scott Russell Sanders (Tennessee-born Essayist) Tennessee Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1946 Pat Conroy (Georgia-born Novelist) Pat Conroy
1952 Andrew Motion (English Poet, Novelist) English Authors & Illustrators Poetry British Arts Council Writer's Almanac
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1685 Domenico Scarlatti (Italian Composer) Italian Composers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1786 Henry Deringer (Pennsylvania-born Inventor, Gunsmith) Pennsylania Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Gun Control
1911 Shiing-Shen Chern (Chinese Mathematician) Chinese Scientists & Mathematicians Mathematics Asian-American Heritage
Business Leaders
1854 C.W. Post (Illinois-born Cereal Manufacturer and Developer) C.W. Post Foods & Nutrition Post Foods
1885 Robert Reed Church Jr. (Tennessee-born African-American Banker, Investor, Political Leader) Tennessee Business Leaders African-American Business Leaders African American Registry
1894 John S. Knight (West Virginia-born Journalist and Publisher) West Virginia Business Leaders Journalism Knight-Ridder
Political and Social Leaders
1759 Georges Jacques Danton (French Revolutionary) French Political & Social Leaders French Revolution
1916 François Mitterrand (President of France: 1981-95) France
1919 Mohammed Reza Pahlavi (Shah of Iran: 1941-79) Iran
Edward Brooke (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Senator from Massachusetts) Washington D.C. Political and Social Leaders Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities African American Registry
1947 Hillary Rodham Clinton (Chicago-born U.S. Senator from New York, Wife of U.S. President Bill Clinton) Chicago Political and Social Leaders New York Political and Social Leaders Hillary Rodham Clinton Bill Clinton U.S. Congress
Performing Artists
1911 Mahalia Jackson (New Orleans-born African-American Gospel Singer) Mahalia Jackson Gospel Musicians U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Performing Artists
1913 Charlie Barnet (New York City-born Big Bandleader) Charlie Barnet Jazz
1914 Jackie Coogan (Los Angeles-born Silent Film Child Actor) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1942 Bob Hoskins (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1947 Pat Sajak (Chicago-born Host of "Wheel of Fortune") Chicago Performing Artists Wheel of Fortune Internet Movie Database
Jaclyn Smith (Texas-born Actress: "Charlie's Angels") Jaclyn Smith Actors Television
1951 Bootsy Collins (Ohio-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Ohio Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
1958 Rita Wilson (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1962 Thomas Cavanagh (Canadian Actor: "Ed") Canadian Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
Carey Elwes (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Dylan McDermott (Connecticut-born Actor) Dylan McDermott Actors Television
1963 Natalie Merchant (New York-born Popular Musician) New York Performing Artists Popular Musicians
Ted Demme (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
Sports Figures
1899 Judy Johnson (Maryland-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Maryland Sports Figures African-American Sports Leaders Baseball Hall of Fame African American Registry
1906 Primo Carnera (Italian-born World Heavyweight Boxing Champion) Italian Sports Figures Boxing
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1676 Nathaniel Bacon (English-American Leader of Colonial Virginia and of the 1676 Bacon's Rebellion) English  Political & Social Leaders Virginia Political & Social Leaders Colonial Virginia Virginia Historical Society
1819 Thomas Johnson (Maryland-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Maryland Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1864 "Bloody" Bill Anderson (Kentucky-born Criminal) Bill Anderson Notorious Americans American Civil War
1909 Alfred P. Swineford (Second Governor of the District of Alaska: 1885-1889) Alaska Political and Social Leaders
1923 Charles Proteus Steinmetz (Polish-American Mathematician, Engineer Who Pioneered the Widespread Use of Electricity) Polish Scientists & Mathematicians Electricity
1952 Hattie McDaniel (Kansas-born African-American Actress: Gone with the Wind) Kansas Performing Artists Actors Gone with the Wind African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1962 Louise Beavers (Ohio-born African-American Actress) Louise Beavers Actors Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1972 Igor Sikorsky (Ukraine-born Aviation Inventor, Helicopter Pioneer) Igor Sikorsky Inventors and Inventions Helicopters
1979 Park Chung-hee (President of South Korea, Assassination) South Korea
2006 Theodore Taylor (North Carolina-born Children's Author: The Cay) Theodore Taylor Young Adult Children's Authors
2008 Tony Hillerman (Oklahoma-born Novelist) Tony Hillerman American Authors Native-American Heritage
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1749 Georgia Delegates Recommend the Immediate Introduction of Slavery into the Colony Georgia Colony Slavery African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1765 Georgia Sons of Liberty Protest the Stamp Act by Burning Effigies of British Officials Colonial Georgia The Stamp Act University of Georgia
1774 The First Continental Congress Adjourns in Philadelphia Pennsylvania First Continental Congress New York Times
1785 First Mule in the U.S. Is a Present from Charles III of Spain to George Washington Spain George Washington Mules Historic Firsts The Erie Canal Museum
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: wind from the S. E we Set the Ricara Chief [Recorees - Arikara Indians] on Shore with Some Mandans,
many on each Side veiwing of us, we took in 2 Chiefs (Coal and Big Man*) and halted a feiw minits at their Camps on the L. S. fortified in their way, here we Saw a trader from the Ossinniboin River Called McCracken** this man arrived 9 day ago with goods to trade for horses &
Roabs one other man with him—

we Camped on the L. Side a Short distanc below the 1st mandan village on the L. S. many men women & Children flocked down to See us— Capt Lewis
walked to the Village with the Chief and interpeters, my Rheumitism increasing prevented me from going also, and we had Deturmined that both would not
leave the boat at the Same time untill we Knew the Desposition of the Nativs, Some Chieef visited me & I Smoked with them— they appeared delighted with the Corn Mill which we were obliged to use, also with my black servent, Capt Lewis returned late—

[*The Coal, whose name in the Mandan tongue Clark renders as Sho-ta-har ro-ra (otaharore, "it's a white cloud"), was apparently an Arikara by birth, and had been adopted by the Mandans. He was a rival of Black Cat, considered by the captains to be head chief of the Mandans. Big Man, Oh-he-nar (hir, "to be full"), also called "Le Grand," was according to Clark an adopted Cheyenne prisoner. Such adoption was not uncommon; with males it usually occurred in childhood. Both these men were chiefs of the first Mandan village.]

[**Clark writes that Hugh McCracken worked for the North West Company, then corrects it to "Hudsons's Bay." In fact, he appears to have been a free trader working for neither firm. McCracken had been to the Mandans and had resided there several times before he guided David Thompson of the North West Company there in 1797. Lewis and Clark entrusted him with their message to Charles Chaboillez, North West Company factor on the Assiniboine River. In 1806 he accompanied Chaboillez and Alexander Henry the Younger to the Mandan villages. Henry characterizes him as "an old Irishman formerly belonging to the [Royal?] artillery." David Thompson reports him killed by the Sioux on a journey to the Mandans.]

North Dakota Map: 10/26/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Health Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A fine morning

Sent Six men out to hunt Deer, and Collect rozin to pitch the Canoes which has become verry leakey, by frequently hauling them over rocks &c as well Striking rocks frequently in passing down. all our articles we have exposed to the Sun to Dry; and the Canoes drawn out and turned up— maney of our Stores entirely Spoiled by being repeetedly wet;

A number of Indians came to the Oposit Side of the river in the fore part of the day and Shew that they were anxious
to Cross to us, we did not think proper to cross them in our Canoes and did not Send for them. in the evening two Chiefs and 15 men came over in a Small Canoe, those two Chiefs proved to be the two Principal chiefs of the tribes above at the falls, and above, who was out hunting at the time we passed their bands; one of those Chiefs made Capt Lewis and my Self each a Small present of Deer meat, and Small Cakes of white bread made of roots. we gave to each Chief a Meadel of the Small Size a red Silk handkerchief, arm band, Knife & a piece of Paint, and
acknowledged them as chiefs;

as we thought it necessary at this time to treat those people verry friendly & ingratiate our Selves with them, to insure us a kind & friendly reception on our return, we gave Small presents to Several, and half a Deer to them to eate. we had also a fire made for those people to Sit around in the middle of our Camp, and Peter Crusat played on the violin, which pleased those nativs exceedingly.

the two Chiefs and several men deturmined to delay all night (yorked Danced for the Inds) with us all the others returned, leaving the horses for those who Staied on the opposit Side.

our hunters returned in the evening Killed five Deer, four verry large grey Squirels and a grouse. one of the guard at the river guiged a Salmon Trout, which we had fried in a little Bears Oil which the Chief we passed below the narrows gave us: this I thought one of the most delicious fish I have ever tasted

Great numbers of white Crain flying in different Directions verry high— The river rose 8 Inches to day from what cause
I cannot Say certainly, as the tides cannot effect the river here as there is a falls below, I conjecture that the rise is owing to the winds which has Set up the river for 24 hours past.

our hunters inform that the countrey back is broken, Stoney and thinly timbered with pine and White Oake. They Saw Elk & Bear Sign in the mountains.

Dried all our wet articles and repared our Canoes to day, and the Party amused themselves at night danceing. The Flees which the party got on them at the upper & great falls, are very troublesom and dificuelt to get rid of, perticularly as the me[n] have not a Change of Clothes to put on, they Strip off their Clothes and kill the flees, dureing which time they remained neckid.

The nations in the vicinity of this place is at War with the Snake Indians who they Say are noumerous and live on the river we passed above the falls on the Same Side on which we have encamped, and the nearest town is about four days march they pointed neary S. E. and informed that they had a battle with those Inds. laterly, their loss I could not assertain

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Rok Fort
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1818 Lewis Cass, Governor of the Michigan Territory, Declares the First Counties in Wisconsin Michigan Government Wisconsin Cities and Counties Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1825 New York Governor DeWitt Clinton's Party Formally Opens the Erie Canal Leaving Buffalo on the Canal Boat "Seneca Chief" Erie Canal New York State Canal System (pdf) The Library of Congress
1832 A Wabash Band of Potawatomi Indians Give Up Their Remaining Land in Northwestern Indiana, Receiving 22 Sections of Land in Return Indiana Potawatami Indians University of Kansas Indiana Historical Society
1836 The Town of Arkansas Post Is Incorporated Arkansas Post, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
In Arkansas, the Fayetteville Female Seminary Is Incorporated Fayetteville, Arkansas Women Education Religion Arkansas History Commission
1846 Ansel Briggs Is Elected As the First Governor of the State of Iowa Iowa Elections Historic Firsts Iowa GenWeb
1863 Jean Henri Dunant Convenes First Meeting of the International Red Cross Jean Henri Dunant Health Care International Red Cross
11 London Clubs Form the English Football Association English Sports Figures Soccer FIFA
Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon Receives Authorization to Raise a Regiment of African-American Soldiers Wisconsin Military Figures American Civil War African-American Military Figures Wisconsin Historical Society
1864 Union Soldiers Kill Confederate Outlaw, Bill Anderson, Outside Albany, Missouri Missouri Bill Anderson Nortorious Americans American Civil War
The 28th Michigan Infantry Leaves Its Encampment at Kalamazoo for Nashville, Tennessee Kalamazoo, Michigan Nashville, Tenneesee Battle of Nashville State of Michigan
1865 Constitutional Convention Milledgeville Repeals Georgia's Ordinance of Secession Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1869 Martial Law Is Required to Stem Florida Violence Resulting from Freedmen Legislation Florida Racism African American Heritage Florida State Historical Society
1870 Dodge County, Georgia Is Created Georgia University of Georgia
1881 The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral is Fought in Tombstone, Arizona Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Wayatt Earp
1889 University of Delaware's First Football Team Loses 74-0 to the Delaware Field Club Delaware Education Education Football University of Delaware Football Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1891 Seattle Schools Open Their First Night Classes Washington Education Historic Firsts History Link
1895 The Battleship Oregon Is Launched From San Francisco, California Oregon San Francisco, California Naval Military History Spanish-American War SalemOregon.com
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Henry James Writes the First of His 167 letters to Edith Wharton Henry James Edith Wharton American Authors The Writer's Almanac
1903 Fire Consumes Much of the California Railroad Town of Truckee Truckee, California Railroad Fire LearnCalifornia
1917 Lenin and Trotsky Take Control of the Russian Government Russian Revolution Soviet Union Spartacus
1921 F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda's Daughter, Scottie, Is Born F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1923 Explosion at the Pure Oil Company, Cabin Creek, WV Causes $100,000 Damage West Virginia Business West Virginia Division of Culture and History
1928 "Peter Pan" Is Registered by James Barrie James Barrie Young-adult Authors Copyrights and Trademarks USPTO
1930 SMU Defeats Indiana 27-0 in First Game at the Cotton Bowl Texas Football Dallas Fair Park Texas State Historical Association
1932 Nauru Population Rebounds from Flu Epidemic to Nauru Reach 1,500 Nauru Population Influenza Nauruan Mission to the United Nations
1934 Senators Owner Clark Griffith Sells His Son-in-law, Joe Cronin to the Red Sox San Francisco Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
1936 William Faulkner's Novel Absalom, Absalom Is Published by Random House William Faulkner American Authors Random House American Collection
1942 Japanese Air Attack Damages U.S.S. Hornet, Crew Abandons Ship World War II Aviation History Naval History History Channel
1948 Killer Smog Settles Over Donora, Pennsylvania, Killing 20, Hospitalizing 7,000 Donora Killer Smog Smog Zinc Pennsylvania Department fo Environmental Protection
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Two Researchers from the Mayo Clinic Share the Nobel Prize for Medicine for the Development of Cortisone Rochester, Minnesota Medical Research Biochemistry 1950 Nobel Laureates for Medicine Mayo Clinic Minnesota Historical Society
1951 William Faulkner Receives the French Legion of Honor in New Orleans, Louisiana France New Orleans William Faulkner American Authors American Collection
1952 Winston Churchill Narrowly Elected Prime Minister of England English Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill BBC
Rocky Marciano Knocks Out Joe Louis in the Eighth Round Rocky Marciano Boxing Hall of Fame Joe Louis Boxing Hall of Fame USA Today
1955 Ngo Dinh Diem Declares Himself Premier of Republic of Vietnam Vietnam History Channel
1956 Fighting Spreads in the Hungarian Revolution Hungarian Revolution Soviet Union BBC
1958 Pan American Flies the First Boeing 707 from New York to Paris (8h 41m) New York City Paris Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1960 American League Approves Move of the Washington Senators to Minnesota Washington, D.C. Minnesota Major League Baseball USA Today
1961 Robert Ward's Pulitzer Prize-Winning Opera "The Crucible" (after the play by Arthur Miller) Is First Performed in New York City New York City Ohio Composers Opera 1962 Pulitzer Prize for Music American Public Media
1962 At the U.N., U.S. Publicly Accuses Soviets of Placing Missiles in Cuba United Nations Soviet Union Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis New York Times
1965 Queen Elizabeth Makes The Beatles Members of the Order of the British Empire Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II The Beatles History Channel
1966 41 Die in Fire Aboard U.S.S. Oriskany in the Gulf of Tonkin Vietnam Naval History Fire Death History Channel
1968 The Soviet Union Launches Soyuz III, Manned by Georgi Beregovoy Russian Space Program Space Exploration CNN
1969 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake in Yugoslavia Kills 20, Leaves 65,000 Homeless Yugoslavia Earthquakes USGS
1972 Nixon Security Advisor, Henry Kissinger, Declares Peace Is At Hand in Vietnam Richard Nixon Henry Kissinger Vietnam War New York Times
1975 Anwar Sadat First Egyptian President to Officially Visit the United States Anwar Sadat Historic Firsts New York Times
1977 Experimental Space Shuttle Enterprise Lands Successfully in California California NASA The Space Shuttle New York Times
1979 Head of Intelligence Agency Assassinates Korean President Park Chung-hee Korea Death BBC
Canadian Ken Fraser Catches Largest Bluefin Tuna on Record: 10', 1496 lbs Canada Fish Fine Fishing New York Times
1980 Alberto Salazar Wins the New York City Marathon Cuban Sports Figures New York City Track and Field Hall of Fame Latin-American Sports Figures New York Times
1984 California Doctors Transplant a Baboon's Heart into "Baby Fae", a Newborn with a Severe Heart Defect California Child Health Care The Heart Primates Medical Research Technology and Society Intellihealth
1989 Paul Tagliabue is Elected NFL Commissioner National Football League Football USA Today
1994 Israel and Jordan Sign Peace Treaty Israel Jordan New York Times BBC
1997 Florida Marlins Defeat Cleveland Indians in 11th Inning of World Series Game 7 Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 New York Yankees Win Third Straight World Series Championship Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
2001 U.S. Supreme Court Building Closes for Anthrax Testing U.S. Supreme Court Disease Terrorism New York Times