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OCTOBER 27

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In what year on this date did Turkmenistan proclaim its sovereignty from the Soviet Union? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two men were chosen as Nobel Laureates for Peace on this date in 1978? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to MIT, what did Isaac Singer patent in 1839? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's authors born on this date:
CONG TRANCE SEEN
INTERMEDIATE

1. Where did the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery Camp on This Date in 1805? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Mariners' Museum, why was Lieutenant James Cook sent to Tahiti? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to National Public Radio, where did Ruby Dee meet Ossie Davis? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Sylvia Plath poem (according to the Academy of American Poets):
RING NON SMOG
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, what were the names of Theodore Roosevelt's five children?

2. According to Spartacus, what was the title of the Enid Bagnold's book about her experiences working as a nurse at the Royal Herbert Hospital?

3. According to the Metropolitan Transit Authority, how much did it cost to ride the New York Subway System when it opened on this date in 1904?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1963 work by Dylan Thomas (according to the Authors' Calendar):
SLIMY CLEAN
 
 

James Cook
Born on This Date 1728

[UNESCO]

Naval History


Isaac Singer
Born on This Date 1811

[Rootsweb]

Inventors and Inventions


Theodore Roosevelt
Born on This Date 1858

[Nobel Foundation]

The American Presidency 1906 Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize


Enid Bagnold
Born on This Date 1889

[Spartacus]

Young-adult Authors


Ruby Dee
Born on This Date 1924

[CPTV]

Actors

 
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St. Vincent and the Grenadines: National Day
(Commemorates establishment as independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth: 10/271979)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines The Commonwealth U.S. Department of State
Turkmenistan: National Day
(Day 1 of 2 commemorating proclamation of sovereignty from the Soviet Union: 10/27/1991)
Turkmenistan Soviet Union U.S. Department of State Turkmenistan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1862 Lawton Evans (Georgia-born Children's Author) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Educators of Note University of Georgia
1889 Enid Bagnold (English Playwright, Children's Author) Enid Bagnold Young-adult Authors Playwright
1917 Lillian Morrison (New Jersey-born Children's Author) New Jersey Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1924 Constance Greene (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
1956 Paul Westman (Minnesota-born Children's Author) Minnesota Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1914 Dylan Thomas (Welsh Poet) Dylan Thomas Poetry
1932 Sylvia Plath (Boston-born Poet) Sylvia Plath Poetry
1940 Maxine Hong Kingston (California-born Asian-American Novelist and Memoirist) California Authors and Illustrators Asian-American Heritage National Women's History Project Writer's Almanac
1975 Zadie Smith (English Novelist) English Authors and Illustrators Random House Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1923 Roy Lichtenstein (New York City-born Artist) New York City Artists Roy Lichtenstein Foundation
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1782 Nicolò Paganini (Italian Composer) Nicolò Paganini The Violin Composers
1912 Conlon Nancarrow (Arkansas-born Mexican Composer) Mexican Composers Arkansas Composers Composers
1927 Dominick Argento (Pennsylvania-born Composer) Pennsylvania Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1811 Isaac Merrit Singer (New York Born Inventor of the Singer Sewing Machine) Isaac Singer Inventors and Inventions
1827 Marcellin Berthelot (French Chemist) French Scientists and Mathematicians Chemistry
1829 Christopher C. Andrews (New Hampshire-born Forestry Preservationist) New Hampshire Scientists and Mathematicians Earth Science Trees
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1728 James Cook (English Naval Captain and Explorer) James Cook Naval History
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1819 Henry Bradley Plant (Connecticut-born Florida Business Leader: Steamboats & Railroads) Connecticut Business Leaders Steamboats Railroads Florida Historical Society
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1466 Desiderius Erasmus (Dutch Scholar) The Netherlands Philosophy Concordia
1906 Alfred Whitney Griswold (New Jersey-born Educator; President of Yale University: 1950-63) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Noted Educators Yale University
Political & Social Leaders
1401 Catherine of Valois (French Princess and Wife of England's King Henry V) French Political and Social Leaders English Political and Social Leaders British Royalty
1858 Theodore Roosevelt (New York City-born 26th President of the United States) New York City Political and Social Leaders Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency 1906 Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize
1917 Oliver Tambo (South African President of the African National Congress: 1969-91) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid African National Congress African American Registry
Anna Langford (Ohio-born African-American Civil Rights Advocate) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights Law & Legal Resources African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
The Notorious
1926 H. R. Halderman (Los-Angeles-born Businessman, Chief of Staff of the Nixon White House; Watergate Conspirator) Notorious Persons of Los Angeles The Watergate Consspiracy
Performing Artists
1924 Ruby Dee (Ohio-born African-American Actress) Ruby Dee Actors Film Television Notable African Americans
1939 John Cleese (English Actor: "Monty Python") English Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1952 Roberto Benigni (Italian Filmmaker) Italian Performing Artists Film Maker Biography.com
1958 Simon Le Bon (English Popular Musician) English Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1939 Ralph Kiner (New Mexico-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) New Mexico Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1937 Livia Nye Simpson Poffenbarger (West Virginia-born Journalist) West Virginia Authors & Journalists Journalism West Virginia State Archives
1955 Clark Griffith (Missouri-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Missouri Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1986 E.O. Goldbeck (Texas-born Photographer) Texas Artists & Photographers Photography Texas State Historical Association
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Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1492 Columbus Sights Cuba Cuba Christopher Columbus Explorers Stanford University
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1553 Spanish Physician Michael Servetus Is Burned at the Stake for Heresy for His Theory of Blood Circulation Spanish Scientists and Mathematicians Medicine Blood Religion Death Intellihealth
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1659 Two Quakers Are Hanged for Violating Massachusetts Law Forbidding Quakers Massachusetts Quakers Concordia History Channel
1682 William Penn Arrives in New Castle, Delaware Aboard the Welcome William Penn New Castle, Delaware Quakers Colonial America State of Delaware
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1778 In Alaska, English Explorer, Captain James Cook, Leaves Unalaska for Hawaii James Cook Unalaska, Alaska Hawaii Explorers and Exploration Naval History Alaska Historical Society
1787 First Federalist Paper Calling for Ratification of U.S. Constitution Is Published U.S. Constitution Library of Congress
1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo Provides for Free Navigation of the Mississippi River Spain Mississippi River Treaty of San Lorenzo New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we Set out early and Came too at the village on the L. S. where we delayed a few minits, this village is Situated on an eminance of about 50 feet above the Water in a handson Plain it Containes houses in a kind of Picket work. the houses are round and Verry large Containing Several families, as also their horses which is tied on one Side of
the enterance, a Discription of those houses will be given hereafter,

I walked up to a Chiefs Lodge & Smoked a pipe with the Cheifs of this Village they were anxious that I would Stay
and eat with them, my indisposition provented my eating which displeased them, untill a full explination took place,
I returned to the boat and Sent 2 Carrots of Tobacco for them to Smoke,

here I met with Mr: Jessomme*, a frenchman who lived in this nation 18 years, This man has a wife & Children in the Village— I got him to interpet & he proceedd on with us to a Centeral point opposit the Knife River, & formed a Camp and raised a flag Staff— on the S. S. above the 2d mandan village—

this Village is Small and Contains but fiew inhabitents. above this village & also above the Knife River on the Same Side of the Missouri the Big bellies [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] Towns are Situated a further Discription will be given here after as also of the Town of Mandans on this Side of the river— Great numbers on both Sides flocked down to the bank to view us as wee passed.

Capt Lewis with the Interpetr. walked down to the village below our Camp After delaying one hour he returned and informed me the Indians had returned to their village, we Sent three Carrots of Tobacco by three young men, to the three Villages above inviting them to come Down & Council with us tomorrow. many Indians Came to view us Some Stayed all night in the Camp of our party— we procured Some information of Mr: Jessomme* of the Chiefs of the Different Nations

.— well to give my ideas as to the impression thais man [Jusseaume] makes on me is a Cunin artfull an insincere— he tels me he was once empld. by my brother [George Rogers Clark] in the Illinois & of his description I conceve as
a Spye upon the British of Michillinicknac
[Fort Michilimackinac] & St Joseph, we think he may be made use full to
us & do employ him as an interpeter— no. of Indians bring their wives &c. to the campes of our party on Shore.

[*René Jusseaume, or Jessaume, was a free trader who in 1804 had lived with the Mandans for about
fifteen years, drawing his goods on credit from the North West Company. He told Clark he had been a spy for George Rogers Clark in the Illinois country during the Revolutionary War. He acted as Mandan interpreter for many persons, but apparently was not considered a good one. He seems to have
participated fully in the social and ceremonial life of the Mandans, which may account for some of the low opinions whites expressed of him. Evans thought that Jusseaume planned his murder in 1796, when Evans tried to exclude him from the Indian trade. David Thompson, whom he accompanied to the Mandans in 1797, was not impressed with his character, and Alexander Henry the Younger called him "that old sneaking cheat." Lewis and Clark also found him "assumeing and discont'd." Nevertheless they hired him to accompany Sheheke (Big White), the Mandan chief, to Washington as interpreter in 1806. During the attempted return of that chief in 1807, which was stopped by the Arikaras, Jusseaume suffered a crippling wound and petitioned Jefferson for a pension. In 1809 he apprenticed his thirteen-year old son to Lewis, to provide for the boy's education. He was still alive at the time of Maximilian's visit to the Mandans in 1833–34, and was still not considered a really good interpreter. ]

Ordway: from the mouth of the Missouri to this place is 1610 miles.

North Dakota Map: 10/26/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes Tobacco Carrot

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Wind hard from the west all the last night and this morning.

Some words with Shabono our interpreter about his duty.

Sent out Several hunters who brought in four Deer, one Grouse & a Squirel.

The two Chiefs & party was joined by Seven others from below in two canoes, we gave them to eate & Smoke
Several of those from below returned down the river in a bad humer, haveing got into this pet by being prevented doeing as they wished with our articles which was then exposed to dry—

we took a Vocabelary of the Languages of those two chiefs which are verry different notwithstanding they are Situated within Six miles of each other, Those at the great falls Call themslves E-nee-shur and are understood on the river above: Those at the Great Narrows Call themseles E-che-lute and is understood below, maney words of those people are the Same, and Common to all the flat head Bands which we have passed on the river, all have the clucking tone anexed which is prodomonate above. all the Bands flatten the heads of the female Children, and maney of the male children also.

Those two Chief leave us this evening and returned to their bands

the wind verry high & from the West, day proved fair and Cool.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Rok Fort
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1811 Governor William Henry Harrison and His Troops Complete Construction of Fort Harrison Near Present Day Terre Haute, Indiana Terre Haute, Indiana William Henry Harrison Forts Indiana Historical Society
1825 The Town of Little Rock, Arkansas Is Incorporated Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1828 Gold Is Discovered in Georgia Georgia Gold University of Georgia
Washington County, Arkansas Is Created Washington County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1834 Founder of the American Society of the Settlement of the Oregon Territory, Hall Jackson Kelly, Arrives at Fort Vancouver Oregon North American Explorers and Exploration Westward Expansion Fort Vancouver SalemOregon.com
1849 The Territorial Legislature Creates the Original Nine Counties of Minnesota Minnesota Cities and Counties Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1854 The First Iowa State Fair Concludes in Fairfield Iowa Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1864 Union Troops Are Turned Back at the Battle of Hatcher's Run (Burgess Mill) Virginia Battle of Hatcher's Run History Channel
Union Saboteurs Sink the Confederate Ironclad Albermarle Near Plymouth, North Carolina Plymouth, North Carolina Naval Military History American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1873 Joseph F. Glidden Applies for a Patent on Barbed Wire Inventors and Inventions Patents and Copyrights History Channel
1880 Theodore Roosevelt Marries Alice Lee Theodore Roosevelt New York Times
1891 African-American Philip B Downing Awarded Patent for Public Mailbox U.S. Postal Service Inventors and Inventions Patents and Copyrights Notable African Americans St. Louis Public Library
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1904 New York City Subway System Opens New York City Subway System Metropolitan Transit Authority History Channel New York Times
1917 The Wife of Delaware's Governor Is Killed When Their Car Strikes a Horse-Drawn Wagon Delaware Political and Social Leaders Automotives Death State of Delaware
1933 Ernest Hemingway's Book Winner Take Nothing Is Published by Scribner's Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1937 The Sinclair Lewis Play It Can't Happen Here Opens in 21 Theater, 18 Cities, 14 States Sinclair Lewis Plays American Collection
The Morris Fruit Company Building Collapses in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Killing Two Employees Minneapolis, Minnesota Business Labor Death Minnesota Historical Society
1938 Du Pont Announces the Name for Its New Synthetic Yarn: Nylon Polymers New York Times
1941 F. Scott Fitzgerald Publishes The Last Tycoon F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1946 Travel Show "Geographically Speaking" Is First TV Program with a Commercial Sponsor Television Business Propaganda Historic Firsts History Channel
1947 ''You Bet Your Life,'' Starring Groucho Marx, Premieres on ABC Radio Groucho Marx Radio New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 Construction Begins on the James W. Shocknessey Ohio Turnpike Ohio Transportation Ohio Historical Society
1954 Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Is the First African-American Promoted to Air Force General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Aviation African-American Military Figures Historic Firsts African American Registry
30.8 M Americans Watch the Premiere of "Disneyland" TV Series on ABC Walt Disney Family Television TV Tome History Channel
1960 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Is Released from Georgia State Prison Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1962 Negotiations Produce Plan to End the Cuban Missile Crisis Cuba Soviet Union Cuban Missile Crisis The Cold War History Channel
1966 U.N. Strips South Africa of its Mandate to Govern South-West Africa (Namibia) South Africa Namibia United Nations
1967 Expo '67 Closes in Montreal Canada New York Times
1968 6,000 Demonstrate Against Vietnam War Outside the US Embassy in London London Vietnam War Human Rights BBC
1971 In Accordance with President's Africanization Plan, Republic of Congo Changes Name to Zaire Democratic Republic of Congo Mt. Holyoke University
1978 Anwar Sadat & Menachem Begin Chosen Nobel Laureates for Peace Anwar Sadat Israeli Leaders 1978 Nobel Peace Prize New York Times
1979 St. Vincent and the Grenadines Gain Independence within Commonwealth St. Vincent and the Grenadines The Commonwealth U.S. Department of State
1981 First Woman Sworn in as Chief U.S. Sculptor-Engraver at the Philadelphia Mint Currencies American Artists Women Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
Andrew Young Is Elected Mayor Atlanta Georgia Andrew Young Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1985 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Six in Algeria Algeria Earthquake Death USGS
1991 Turkmenistan Proclaims Its Sovereignty from the Soviet Union Turkmenistan Soviet Union Turkmenistan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
The Minnesota Twins Beat the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in the 7th Game of the World Series Minnesota Sports Figures Atlanta, Georgia Baseball Major League Baseball Minnesota Historical Society
1992 Keweenaw National Historic Park Is Established in Calumet, Michigan Michigan Keweenaw National Historic Park State of Michigan
Nintendo of America Registers Configuration of Its Hand-held Game Machine Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights Nintendo Game-Boy USPTO
1997 Dow Industrials Fall 323.42 Points. Trading Is Halted Markets and Investments History Channel
1998 Luxury Sailing Vessel Fantome Sinks Off Honduras in Hurricane Mitch, All Crew Perish Honduras Naval History Hurricanes Death History Link
1999 Armenian Prime Minister Sarkisyan Assassinated While Speaking to Parliament Armenia Human Right Watch
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2002 Emmitt Smith Breaks Walter Payton's 15-year-old N.F.L. Career Rushing Record National Football League New York Times
2004 The Boston Red Sox Sweep the St. Louis Cardinals to Win the World Series Boston, Massachusetts St. Louis, Missouri Baseball Major League Baseball Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities