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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which two countries ended their El Chamizal land dispute on this date in 1967? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which U.S. President dedicated the Statue of Liberty on this date in 1886? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. In which city and state is the Levi Coffin house located? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. On this date in 1949, to which country was the first female U.S. ambassador appointed? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Florida Atlantic University, Jonas Salk was one of two doctors responsible for discovering the vaccine and serum to combat polio. Who was the other? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Hoopedia on what date did Lenny Wilkens become the winningest coach in NBA history? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Carolyn Coman (according to Front Street Books):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the TIME Most Important People of the 20th Century, who was Bill Gate's co-founder of Microsoft?

2. On this date in 1965, construction was completed on the St. Louis Gateway Arch. Who was the architect?

3. When the Volstead Act was passed on this date in 1919, which constitutional amendment was it intended to enforce?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1991 Julia Roberts movie (according to the Internet Movie Database):

Levi Coffin
Born on This Date 1789

[University of North Carolina]

Underground Railroad

Jonas Salk
Born on This Date 1914

[Lucid Library]


Lenny Wilkens
Born on This Date 1937


Basketball Hall of Fame

Carolyn Coman
Born on This Date 1951


Young-adult Authors

Bill Gates
Born on This Date 1955



Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Czech Republic: Founding Day
(Observance commemorating the founding of the Czech Republic: 10/28/1918)
Czech Republic Austria Hungary World War I U.S. Embassy, Prague
Greece: Ochi Day
(Commemorates Greece's refusal "ochi" to support fascist Italy: 10/28/1940)
Greece Italy World War II Ask for Greece
Turkey: Republic Day
(Day 1 of 2)
Turkey U.S. Department of State
Turkmenistan: National Day
(Day 2 of 2 commemorating proclamation of sovereignty from the Soviet Union: 10/271991)
Turkmenistan Soviet Union US Embassy in Turkmenistan
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1921 Leonard Kessler (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1946 Judith Thurman (New York City-born Poet, Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Poetry
1951 Carolyn Coman (Chicago-born Children's Author) Carolyn Coman Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1875 Gilbert H. Grosvenor (American Editor of the National Geographic Magazine) Journalism National Geographic Library of Congress
1895 Samuel Chamberlain (Iowa-born Photographer, Writer) Iowa Authors & Illustrators Photography
1903 Evelyn Waugh (English Author) Evelyn Waugh
1928 Alvin Toffler (new York City-born Author) Alvin Toffler
1929 John Hollander (New York City-born Poet) John Hollander Poetry
1938 Anne Perry (English Author) English Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
1939 Ayi Kwei Armah (Ghanian Poet) Ayi Kwei Armah Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1897 Edith Head (California-born Film Set and Fashion Designer) Edith Head Film
1909 Francis Bacon (Irish Painter) Francis Bacon Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1896 Howard Hanson (Nebraska-born Conductor, Composer) Nebraska Composers American Composrs
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1792 Willard Keyes (Vermont-born Pioneer Who Established the First School in Crawford County, Wisconsin) Vermont Pioneers and Explorers Crawford County, Wisconsin American Pioneers Education Wisconsin Historical Society
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1914 Jonas Salk (New York City-born Medical Research Who Developed a Vaccine for Polio) Jonas Salk Polio
Business Leaders
1789 Eliphalet Remington (Connecticut-born Firearms Manufacturer) Eliphalet Remington Gun Control
1955 Bill Gates (Washington-born Founder of Microsoft) Bill Gates Inventors & Inventions History of Technology Microsoft
Political & Social Leaders
1789 Levi Coffin (North Carolina Minister, Abolitionist, Leader of the Underground Railroad) Levi Coffin The Underground Railroad
Performing Artists
1902 Elsa Manchester (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1921 Arturo "Chico" O'Farrill (Cuban-American Jazz Musician) Cuban Performing Artists Jazz Latin-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1936 Charlie Daniels (North Carolina-born Country Musician) North Carolina Performing Artists Country Musicians Internet Movie Database
1952 Annie Potts (Kentucky-born Actress) Kentucky Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1967 Julia Roberts (Georgia-born Actress) Julia Roberts Actors Film
Sports Figures
1928 Keith Jackson (Georgia-born Sportscaster) Georgia Sports Figures Media University of Georgia
1937 Lenny Wilkens (New York City-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Lenny Wilkens Famous African Americans Basketball Hall of Fame
1949 Bruce Jenner (New York-born Olympic Decathlon Gold Medalist, Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) New York Sports Figures 1976 Summer Olympic Games Track and Field Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1704 John Locke (English Philosopher) John Locke Philosophy
1800 Artemas Ward (Massachusetts-born Revolutionary War General) Massachusetts Military Figures American Revolution Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1838 Cleveland Abbe (New York City-born "Father of the U.S. National Weather Service") Cleveland Abbe Space and Astornomy Meterology
1854 Ottmar Mergenthaler (German Inventor of the Linotype) German Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Journalism
1964 Harold Burton (Massachusetts-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
2006 Arnold "Red" Auerbach (New York City-born Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) New York City Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
2007 Porter Wagoner (Missouri-born Member of the Country Music Hall of Fame) Missouri Performing Artists Country Music Hall of Fame Official Web Site
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events that Occurred on this Date between 0 & 999 A.D.
312 Outnumbered Forces of Roman Emperor Constantine Defeat the Army of Maxentius Roman Empire Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1636 Harvard University Is Founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts Massachusetts Education Harvard State Library of Massachusetts
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1768 French Creole Leaders Petition for Expulsion of Louisiana's Spanish Governor Ulloa Louisiana Hispanic Heritage New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia Louisiana Secretary of State
1793 Eli Whitney Applied for a Patent for the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks The New York Times
Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creeks, and Alibamons Form Alliance with the Spanish to Defend the Louisiana Territory From American Pressure Louisiana Native-American Heritage Westward Expansion Louisiana Secretary of State
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: windey Day, fair and Clear many of the Grosvantres (or Big Bellies) [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] Came
to See us and hear the Council the wind being So violently hard from the S. W. provented our going into Councel, (indeed the Chiefs of the Manodans from the lower Village Could not Cross, we made up the presents and entertained

Several of the Curious Cheifs whome, wished to See the Boat which was verry Curious to them viewing it as great medison, as they also viewed my black Servent [Ben York] The Black Cat* Grand Chief of the Mandans,
Capt Lewis & my Self with an Interpeter walked up the river about 1˝ miles our views were to examine the Situation & Timbers for a fort, we found the Situation good but the Timber Scerce, or at least Small timbr

we Cunsulted the Grand Chief in respect to the other Chiefs of the Defferent Villages he gave the names of 12— George Drewyer [George Drouillard] Cought 2 Beaver above our Camp last night, we had Several presents from the Woman of Corn boild homney, Soft Corn etc. I prosent a jar to the Chiefs wife who recved it with much pleasure our men verry Chearfull this evening— we Sent the Cheifs of the Gross Vantres to Smoke a pipe with the Grand Chef of the Mandins in his Village, & told them we would Speek tomorrow.

[*His Indian name was Posecopsahe, variously spelled. It is from the Mandan term, púskapsi, "black cat." The captains were impressed with this chief's intelligence and friendliness, and thought he would be
useful to American interests. British traders found him equally hospitable and helpful, but he made a
point of displaying the American flag Lewis and Clark had given him when visited by North West Company traders in 1806. He and The Coal were supposed to be rivals, so perhaps Black Cat's authority was not as supreme as the captains imagined.]

Ordway: the form of these Savvages burrying their dead is after they have disceased they fix a Scaffel on & raised 4 forks abt 8 or 10 feet from the Ground. they lye the dead body on the Sd. Scaffel Raped up in a Buffalow Robe a
little distance from their villages— their villages are close compact & picketed in. when any of them loose a partickulor friend or relation they morn and cry for Some time after.

Whitehouse: The officers had the Flag of the United States hoisted, which continued flying the whole of this day & we remain'd still at our encampment on the Beach

North Dakota Map: 10/26/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes Weather Fort Beaver

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A cool windey morning we loaded our Canoes and Set out at 9 oClock, a. m. as we were about to Set out 3 canoes from above and 2 from below came to view us in one of those Canoes I observed an Indian with round hat Jacket & wore his hair cued

we proceeded on river inclosed on each Side in high Clifts of about 90 feet of loose dark coloured rocks at four
miles we landed at a village of 8 houses on the Stard. Side under Some rugid rocks,

Those people call themselves Chil-luckit-te-quaw, live in houses Similar to those described, Speake Somewhat different language with maney words the Same & understand those in their neighbourhood Cap Lewis took a vocabilary of this Language

I entered one of the houses in which I Saw a British musket, a cutlass and Several brass Tea kittles of which they appeared verry fond Saw them boiling fish in baskets with Stones, I also Saw figures of animals & men Cut &
painted on boards in one Side of the house which they appeared to prize, but for what purpose I will not venter to Say,—.

here we purchased five Small Dogs, Some dried buries, & white bread made of roots,

the wind rose and we were obliged to lie by all day at 1 mile below on the Lard. Side. we had not been long on Shore before a Canoe came up with a man woman & 2 children, who had a fiew roots to Sell, Soon after maney others
joined them from above, The wind which is the cause of our delay, does not retard the motions of those people at
all, as their canoes are calculated to ride the highest waves, they are built of white cedar or Pine verry light wide in the middle and tapers at each end, with aperns, and heads of animals carved on the bow, which is generally raised. Those people make great use of Canoes, both for transpotation and fishing, they also use of bowls & baskets
made of Grass & bark Splits to hold water and boil their fish & meat. Maney of the nativs of the last Village Came down Set and Smoke with us,

wind blew hard accompanied with rain all the evening, our Situation not a verry good one for an encampment, but Such as it is we are obliged to put up with, the harbor is a Safe one, we encamped on the Sand wet and disagreeable one Deer killed this evening, and another wounded near our Camp.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Wasco County, Oregon
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1815 The Establishment of a Successful Salt-Mining Operation in Scott County, Indiana Is Announced Scott County, Indiana Business Indiana Historical Society
1819 Alabama Legislature Elects William Rufus King, John W. Walker as State's First U.S. Senators Alabama Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Alabama State Archives
1828 Arkansas' First Sunday School Is Organized At Cane Hill Arkansas Education Religion Education Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1835 Texas Troops Defeat Mexicans at the Battle of Concepción Texas War Hispanic Heritage Death Texas State Historical Association
1853 The Chicago Landverein, or Land Society, Is Formed by German Immigrants - Lawyers and Preachers Are Banned from Membership German Immigrations Chicago Immigration Minnesota Historical Society
1854 Second Edition of Nathaniel Hawthorne's Mosses from an Old Manse Is Published Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors American Collection
1855 Native Americans Kill 9 White Settlers Between Washington's Towns of Auburn and Kent Washington Native American Heritage Death History Link
1862 Federal Ships Capture Two Florida Blockade Runners Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Society
1864 Union Forces Withdraw from the Second Battle of Fair Oaks, VA Virginia Second Battle of Fair Oaks The History Channel
1880 President Rutherford B. Hayes Arrives in Santa Fe as the First Sitting President to Visit New Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico President Rutherford B. Hayes Historic Firsts New Mexcio Magazine
1886 Grover Cleveland Dedicates the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor The Statue of Liberty Grover Cleveland The New York Times The History Channel
1887 The Prison Mirror Newspaper Is First Published in the Minnesota State Penitentiary Minnesota Prison Journalism Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1889 In San Francisco, Leading African Americans Organize the California Executive League to Benefit and Protect African–American Rights San Francisco, California Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage LearnCalifornia
1890 In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, an Exploding Oil Barrel Starts a Fire That Destroys 440 Buildings, Kills 4 People and Leaves 1,900 Homeless Milwaukee, Wisconsin Fire Death Wisconsin Historical Society
1891 8.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 7,000 in Japan Japan Earthquake Death USGS
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession" Closes After Only 5 Nights on Broadway George Bernard Shaw Plays The Internet Broadway Database The History Channel
1912 Fort Wayne, Indiana Couple Elope in a Biplane, Getting Married After Crash Landing at Michigan's Hillsdale College Fort Wayne, Indiana Hillsdale, Michigan Aviation History HIllsdale College State of Michigan
1915 In Delaware, Machinists Strike Wilmington's Shipbuilding Pusey and Jones Company, Demanding an 8-hour Day Wilmington, Delaware Labor Job Actions Naval History World War I Delaware
1918 Czech Independence Declared from Fallen Austria-Hungarian Empire Czech Republic Austria Hungary World War I U.S. Embassy, Prague
In Newark, the University of Delaware Reopens After Being Closed for Three Weeks Due to the Spanish Flu Pandemic Newark, Delaware Spanish Flue Pandemic Education University of Delaware Delaware
1919 The U.S. Congress Passes Volstead Act (Prohibition) over President Wilson's Veto U.S. Congress President Woodrow Wilson The Volstead Act 18th Amendment Library of Congress The History Channel
1922 Fascist Benito Mussolini Takes Control of the Italian Government Benito Mussolini The New York Times League of Nations
1927 Pan Am Initiates Air Mail Service Between Key West and Havana Cuba Florida Aviation History Historic Firsts Florida State Historical Society
1934 Mohandas Gandhi Resigns from India's Congress India Mohandas Gandhi
1936 The Matanuska Valley Cooperative Association Is Organized in Palmer, Alaska Palmer, Alaska Alaska Historical Society
In Janesville, Wisconsin, Republican Vice Presidential Candidate Frank W. Knox Charges the FDR Administration with Corruption and Cronyism Janesville, Wisconsin President Franklin Roosevelt Republican Party Propaganda Wisconsin Historical Society
1940 Italy Invades Greece Greece Italy World War II The History Channel
British Ocean Liner Empress Is Sunk by German U-Boat: 45 of 623 Aboard Die Britain Nazi Germany World War II Naval Military History Death
1945 San Antonio's German-language Freie Presse für Texas Ceases Publication after 80 Years Germany Texas Journalism Texas State Historical Association
1946 President Truman Appoints First Members of the Atomic Energy Commission President Truman Atomic Energy Truman Library
1949 President Truman Swears in Eugenie Moore As First Female U.S. Ambassador (Denmark) Denmark President Truman U.S.  Government Women Historic Firsts Truman Library
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Jack Benny's Television Show Debuts Jack Benny Television Internet Movie Database The History Channel
1954 Ernest Hemingway Is Selected as the Nobel Laureate for Literature Ernest Hemingway American Authors 1954 Nobel Prize in Literature American Collection
1958 Italy's Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Is Elected Pope, Taking the Name John XXIII Catholic Popes The New York Times
14 Die in West Virginia Mine Explosion West Virginia Labor Death West Virginia State Archive
Truman Capote's Breakfast at Tiffany's Is Published by Random House Truman Capote American Authors Random House American Collection
1962 Soviet Leader Nikita Khrushchev Agrees to Remove Russian Missiles from Cuba: Crisis Ends Cuba Nikita Khrushchev Cuban Missile Crisis The Cold War The History Channel BBC
1965 Construction Is Completed on the St. Louis Gateway Arch Missouri The Gateway Arch The History Channel
Pope Paul VI Decree Absolves Jews of Guilt for the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ Catholicism Judaism The New York Times
1967 U.S. & Mexico Formally End 600-Acre El Chamizal Land Dispute Mexico Texas University of Texas
1969 Boeing Is Contracted to Build the NASA Moon Buggy NASA Boeing Business Lunar Exploration History Link
1971 England Is the Sixth Country to Place a Satellite (Prospero) into Orbit Great Brtiain Space Exploration BBC
1973 Secretariat Runs His Final Race, a Win at the Canadian International Horse Racing The New York Times
1976 Former Nixon Aide John Ehrlichman Imprisoned for Watergate Crimes President Richard Nixon The Watergate Scandal The New York Times
1979 Chairman Hua Kuo-Feng Is First Chinese Leader to Visit Britain China Great Britain Historic Firsts BBC
1983 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2 in Idaho Idaho Earthquake Death USGS
1998 President Clinton Signs the Digital Millennium Copyright Act President Clinton Copyright UCLA
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2001 Masked Gunmen Kill 18 in an Eastern Pakistan Church Pakistan Religion Terrorism Death BBC
2002 Laurence Foley, a U.S. Officer for International Development Is Assassinated in Jordan Jordan Terrorism Death U.S. Army
2007 Argentine First Lady, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, Is Elected to Succeed Her Husband as President Argentina Political and Social Leaders Women Elections BBC