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Liberia National Youth Day
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. How old was John Glenn when he flew into space on this date in 1998? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the name of the Republic that changed its name to Tanzania on this date in 1964? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress what did Harriet Powers record on her quilts? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Rhonda Gowler Greene (according to Kids Bookshelf):

1. What was the price of the first ball point pen when it was placed on sale on this date in 1945? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Pulitzer Foundation, what was the title of the cartoon for which Bill Mauldin was awarded the 1959 Pulitzer for editorial cartooning? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. Muhammad Ali won his first professional fight on this date in 1960. On what date in the same year did he win his Olympic gold medal? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a play by Jean Giraudoux (according to the Writer's Almanac):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Writer's Almanac, how old was James Boswell when he first met Samuel Johnson?

2. According to the Library of Congress, from what university did Jaime Benítez earn an M.A. degree?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Baruj Benacerraf awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1953 book by Fredric Brown (according to the Authors' Calendar):

James Boswell
Born on This Date 1740

[Electric Scotland]


Harriet Powers
Born on This Date 1837

[University of Virginia]

Quilt Maker

Jaime Benítez
Born on This Date 1908

[Library of Congress]


Baruj Benacerraf
Born on This Date 1920

[Nobel Foundation]

Medical Research 1980 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology

Rhonda Gowler Greene
Born on This Date 1955

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Author

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Liberia: National Youth Day
(Observed annually on October 29 by 1973 presidential proclamation)
Liberia Teacher Appreciation
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1909 Rose Wyler (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors
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1955 Rhonda Gowler Greene (Illinois-born Children's Author) Rhonda Gowler Greene Primary Children's Authors
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1740 James Boswell (Scottish-born Biographer of Samuel Johnson) James Boswell
1745 William Hayley (English Poet, Biographer) English Authors Poetry
1882 Jean Giraudoux (French Playwright) Jean Giraudoux Plays
1906 Fredric Brown (Ohio-born Writer) Fredric Brown
1923 Desmond Bagley (English Novelist) Desmond Bagley
1925 Dominick Dunne (Connecticut-born Actor) Dominick Dunne Journalism
1958 David Remnick (New Jersey-born Journalist; Editor of The New Yorker Magazine) New Jersey Authors Journalism New Yorker Magazine Washington Post Writer's Almanac
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1837 Harriet Powers (Georgia-born African-American Quiltmaker) Harriet Powers Quilting African-American Artists
1921 Bill Mauldin (New Mexico-born War Cartoonist) Bill Mauldin Comics & Cartoons World War II
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1920 Baruj Benacerraf (Venezuelan Geneticist; 1980 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Baruj Benacerraf Autoimmune Diseases Genetic Diseases Latin-American Studies 1980 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1939 Carl Djerassi (Austrian-American Organic Chemist) Austrian Scientists & Mathematicians Organic Chemistry
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1908 Jaime Benítez (Puerto Rican Educator, Author, Member of the U.S. Congress) Jaime Benítez Educators of Note American Authors U.S. Congress Latin-American Political and Social Leaders
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1948 Kate Jackson (Alabama-born Actress) Kate Jackson Actors Television
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1885 George McClellan (Pennsylvania-born Union General; 1864 Candidate for President of the United States) George McClellan Abraham Lincoln American Military Leaders American Civil War
1901 Leon Czolgosz (Polish-American Electrocuted for the Assassination of President William McKinley) Notorious Poles Assassination of President McKinley The American Presidency Capital Punishment University of Buffalo History Channel
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1919 Julia Carlisle Withers (First Person Born in Atlanta, Georgia: 1842) Atlanat, Georgia University of Georgia
1987 Woody Herman (Wisconsin-born Jazz Clarinetist, Composer, Conductor) Wisconsin Performing Artists Jazz Internet Movie Database
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1618 Sir Walter Raleigh Is Executed on Rumors He Opposed King James English History King James Death Chambers Book of Days Greenwich Guide
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1754 British Naval Captain John Reynolds Arrives in Savannah as Georgia's First Royal Governor British Military Figures Savannah, Georgia Colonial Georgia Historic Firsts University of Georgia
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1777 John Hancock Resigns His Position as President of the Continental Congress, Due to Prolonged Illness John Hancock Continental Congress History Channel
1781 In Yorktown, Virginia, British Officers Surrender to American and French Forces, Effectively Ending the Revolutionary War Great Britain France Yorktown, Virginia Revolutionary War Virginia Historical Society
1787 Mozart Conducts the First Performance of His Opera Don Giovanni Don Giovanni Opera Historic Firsts State Opera Prague American Public Media
1792 A Detail of the British Royal Navy Are the First Europeans to Explore the Columbia River from the Pacific Coast British Military Leaders Oregon Washington Columbia River North American Explorers Naval History
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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fair fine morning after Brackfast we were visited by the old Cheaf of the Big bellies [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] this man was old and had transfered his power to his Sun, who was then out at war against the Snake Indians [Shoshonean tribes] who inhabit the rockey mountains—

at 10 oClock the S W. wind rose verry high, we Collected the Chiefs and Commened a Council ounder a Orning and our Sales Stretched around to Keep out as much wind as possible, we delivered a long Speech the Substance of which Similer to what we had Delivered to the nations below. the old Chief of the Grossanters [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] was verry restless before the Speech was half ended observed that he Could not wait long that his Camp was exposed to the hostile Indians, etc. he was rebuked by one of the Chiefs for his uneasiness at Such a time as the present,

we at the end of the Speech mentioned the Ricare [Recorees - Arikara Indians] who Accompanied us to make a firm peace, they all Smoked with him (I gave this Cheaf a Dollar of the American Coin as a Meadel with which he was much pleased) In Councel we prosented him with a Certificate of his Sincrrity and
good Conduct etc. we also Spoke about the fur which was taken from 2 french men by a Mandan, and informd of our intentions of Sending back the french hands— after the Council we gave the presents with much ceremony, and put the Meadels on the Cheifs we intended to make viz. one for each Town to whome we gave Coats hats & flags, one Grand Cheif to each nation to whome we gave meadels with President Jeffersons likeness in Councel we requested them to give us an answer tomorrow or as Soon as possible to Some points which required their Deliberation— after the Council was over we Shot the Air gun which appeared to assonish the nativs much, the greater part them retired Soon after—

The Ricare Cheaf Ar-ke-tar-na-shar [Recorees - Arikara Indians] Came to me this evening and tells me that he wishes to return to his Village & nation, I put him off Saying tomorrow we would have an answer, to our talk to the
Satisfaction & Send by him a String of wompom informing what had passed here. a Iron or Steel Corn Mill which we gave to the Mandins, was verry Thankfully recived—

The Prarie was Set on fire (or Cought by accident) by a young man of the Mandin, the fire went with Such velocity that it burnt to death a man and woman, who Could not Get to any place of Safty, one man a woman & Child much burnt and Several narrowly escaped the flame— a boy half white was Saved un hurt in the midst of the flaim, Those people Say this boy was Saved by the great Spirit medisin because he was white— The Cause of his being Saved was a Green buffalow Skin was thrown over him by his mother who perhaps had more fore Sight for the pertection of her Son, and less for herself than those who escaped the flame, the Fire did not burn under the Skin leaving the grass round the boy This fire passed our Camp last about 8 oClock P. M. it went with great rapitidity and looked Tremendious

Lewis: Point of Observation No. 50, Monday October 29th 1804

On the stard. shore at council camp, about half a mile above the upper Mandan Village. Observed meridian Altd. of 's U. L. with Sextant by the fore observation 58° 55' 15" Latitude deduced from this observation N. 47° 22' 56.7" The Chronometer ran down today. I was so much engaged with the Indians, that I omited winding her up.—

North Dakota Map: 10/26/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes Prairie Fires Global Positioning

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light, and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows

we entered his lodge and he gave us to eate Pounded fish, bread made of roots, Filberts nuts, & the berries of Sackecomme . we gave to each woman of the lodge a brace of Ribon of which they were much pleased.

each of those houses may be calculated to contain 8 men and 30 Soles, they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village.

I observed in the lodge of the Chief Sundery articles which must have been precured from the white people, Such a Scarlet & blue Cloth Sword Jacket & hat. I also observed two wide Split boards with images on them Cut and painted in emitation of a man; I pointed to this image and asked a man to what use he put them to, he Said Something the only word I understood was "good," and then Steped to the image and took out his Bow & quiver to Show me, and Some other of his war emplemints, from behind it.

The Chief then directed his wife to hand him his medison bag which he opened and Showed us 14 fingers which he Said was the fingers of his enemies which he had taken in war, and pointed to S. E. from which direction I concluded they were Snake Indians; his is the first Instance I ever knew of the Indians takeing any other trofea of their exploits off the dead bodies of their Enimies except the Scalp.—

The Chief painted those fingers with Several other articles which was in his bag red and Securely put them back, haveing first mad a Short harrang which I Suppose was bragging of what he had done in war.

we purchased 12 Dogs and 4 Sacks of fish, & Some fiew ascid berries,

after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side, containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side below which is a village of 11 houses, here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep,

The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows we purchased 4 dogs and Set out— (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on

The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar— The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it—

passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians,

passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank— from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River,

Mount Hood is South and the top is covered with Snow.

one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side, opposit to a large Sand bar, in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet,

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and I went into the houses of those people who appeared Somewhat Surprised at first Their houses are built on the Same Construction of those above, Speak the Same language and Dress in the Same way, robes of the Skins of wolves Deer, Elk, wild cat, or Loucirvia & fox, also Saw a mountain Sheap Skin the wool of which is long, thick, & corse with long corse hare on the top of the neck and back Something resembling bristles of a goat, the skin was of white hare, those animals these people inform me by Signs live in the mountains among the rocks, their horns are Small and Streight, Orter Skins are highly prised among those people as well as those on the river above,

They Cue their hare which is divided on each Sholder, and also ware Small Strips about their necks with the tale hanging down in front.— Those people gave us, High bush cram berries, bread made of roots, and roots; we purchased three dogs for the party to eate; we Smoked with the men, all muche pleased with the violin—.

Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Skamania County, Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 President James Madison Appoints New Hampshire's Lewis Cass Governor of the Michigan Territory Michigan Political and Social Leaders New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders President James Madison State of Michigan
1814 The Fulton (aka Demologos), the First Steam-Powered Warship, Is Launched in New York City New York City Steamships Naval Military History War of 1812 Historic Firsts U.S. Navy
1827 Arkansas' Acting Territorial Governor, Robert Crittenden, Mortally Wounds Arkansas Congressman, Henry Conway, in a Duel Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Gun Control Death Encyclopedia of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1835 Randolph County, Arkansas Is Created Randolph County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1849 Rowe's Olympic Circus Opens in San Francisco as California's First Circus San Francisco, California Cricus Historic Firsts LearnCalifornia
1854 The Texas State Legislature Receives a Petition for a Permanent Reservation for the Alabama Indians in Polk County Polk County, Texas Nastive-American Heritage Westward Expansion Texas State Historical Association
1856 Harriet Tubman Delivers 4 Men and 1 Woman to an Underground Railroad House in Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Harriet Tubman Slavery Underground Railroad African American Heritage State of Delaware
1858 The First Store Opens in the Frontier Town of Denver, Colorado Denver, Colorado Westward Expansion Business Historic Firsts History Channel
1862 President Lincoln Announces the Allotment of Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court to Their Respective Circuits Supreme Court of the United States President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1863 First Meeting of International Red Cross Issues Resolutions for Humanitarian Law Jean Henri Dunant Health Care International Red Cross
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1864 President Lincoln Receives Sojourner Truth and Signs an Autograph for the African-American Evangelist and Rights Activist Sojourner Truth President Abraham Lincoln Women Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Lincoln Logs
1866 In Watsonville, California, Robert Johnson, an African-American Farmer, Provides the Property for Construction of a "Colored School" Watsonville, California Education African-American Heritage National Park Service African American Registry
The Uppertown Olympics Beat the Lowertown Saxons to Become St. Paul, Minnesota's First City Baseball Champions" St. Paul, Minnesota Baseball Historic Firsts Minnesota State Historical Society
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1901 Leon Czolgosz Is Electrocuted for the Assassination of President William McKinley Assassination of President McKinley The American Presidency Capital Punishment Death University of Buffalo History Channel
1904 In Alaska, the Knik Post Office Is Established at the Head of the Knik Arm of Cook Inlet Knik, Alaska USPS Alaska Historical Society
1907 Colorado City-Snyder Route Inaugurates Intercity Bus Service in Texas Texas Transportation Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1915 Jane Addams Writes to President Woodrow Wilson About the Dangers of Preparing for War Jane Addams President Woodrow Wilson World War I History Channel
1923 Turkey Becomes a Republic under Its First President, Kemal Ataturk Turkey New York Times
1929 Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash Signals the Beginning of the Great Depression 1929 Stock Market Crash Great Depression Writer's Almanac History Channel New York Times Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1940 The First U.S. Peace-time Draft Begins World War II Historic Firsts New York Times
1945 Anna Rosenberg Is First Women Awarded the U.S. Medal of Freedom Austrian Political and Social Leaders American Women in Politics Historic Firsts Jewish Women's Archive
1947 B-17 Bombers Release 1,000 Pounds of Dry Ice Pellets to Seed Clouds in an Effort to Dampen Forest Fires in New Hampshire and Maine New Hampshire Maine Forest Fires Fire Aviation History Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1948 U.S. Postal Service Issues a 3-cent Stamp in Honor of Juliette Gordon Low, Founder of the Girl Scouts of America Juliette Gordon Low U.S. Postal Service Girl Scouts of America University of Georgia
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1955 Warner Brothers Register the Film, "A Rebel Without a Cause" Film Trademarks and Copyrights Warner Brothers Internet Movie Database USPTO
1956 Israeli Troops Invade the Sinai after Egypt Nationalizes the Suez Canal Israel The Suez Canal The Cold War World History History Channel
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1960 Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) Begins His Professional Boxing Career in Louisville, Kentucky with a Six-Round Decision over Tunney Hunsacker Muhammad Ali Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures Louisville Courier Journal
1962 Actor Sidney Poitier Testifies Before Congress About the Lack of Opportunities for African-American Actors in Hollywood Sidney Poitier Los Angeles U.S. Congress American Performing Artists Film Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Performing Artists History Channel
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1963 An Atlas Missile Launched From Cape Canaveral, Florida Goes Out of Control Crashing into the Atlantic Ocean Cape Canaveral, Florida Space Exploration Florida Historical Society
1964 Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar Changes Name to Republic of Tanzania Tanzania University of Missouri-St. Louis
The Star of India and Other Gems Stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City New York City Museums Museums of Natural History Gems Crime American Museum of Natural History New York Times
1966 The National Organization for Women's Statement of Purpose Is Adopted Women National Organization of Women New York Times
1967 The Musical ''Hair'' Opens off-Broadway New York City American Musicals Plays New York Times
1969 Bobby Seale Gagged and Chained at Chicago 8 Trial Chicago 8 Trial History Channel
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1971 University of Pennsylvania Researchers Report the Successful Use of Electrical Stimulation to Aid the Healing of Broken Bones Pennsylvania Medical Research Electricity University of Pennsylvania Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1975 It Is Announced That Prince Juan Carlos Will Succeed Gravely Ill Dictator General Francisco Franco as Spain's Head of State Spanish Political and Social Leaders BBC
1976 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake in Papua, Indonesia Kills 133 People Indonesia Earthquake Death USGS
1980 The Collected Stories of Eudora Welty Is Published by Harcourt, Brace, and Jovanovich, New York Eudora Welty American Authors Mississippi Writers' Project
1984 President Ronald Reagan Makes a Campaign Stop in Parkersburg, West Virginia Parkersburg, West Virginia President Ronald Reagan American Presidency Republican Party West Virginia State Archives
1989 In Johannesburg, South Africa, Thousands Attend Rally for Released ANC Leaders Walter Sisulu and Raymond Mhlaba South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid South African History
Two Earthquakes, 12 Minutes Apart (5.9 & 5.2 Magnitude), Kill 30 and Injure 245 in Algeria Algeria Earthquake Death USGS
1992 First European Community Observers Arrive in South Africa to Reduce Tensions Between the African National Congress and the Inkatha Freedom Party South Africa Elections South African History
1998 South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission Condemns Both Apartheid and the Violence Committed by the African National Congress South African Government Apartheid BBC South African History
Space Shuttle Discovery Launches with 77-year-old John Glenn Aboard The Space Shuttle John Glenn History Channel NASA
1999 A Super-Cyclone Creates High Winds and Tidal Surge That Kill 10,000 People, Leaving 1.5 Million Homeless in East India India Hurricane/Cyclone Tsunami Death BBC
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2003 Iain Duncan Smith Resigns as the Leader of England's Conservative Party England's Political and Social Leaders BBC