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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What city in Montana was founded on this date in 1864? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which people united on this date in 1918 to form the country of Czechoslovakia? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Children's Literature, Eric Kimmel's grandmother was from which country? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:

1. Which Jane Austen novel was published on this date in 1811? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to his White House biography, what quote is attributed to John Adams describing the office of the Vice-President of the United States? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to his Library of Congress biography, José Manuel Gallegos served as the first delegate from New Mexico to what organization? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author or poet born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Gerhard Domagk awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

2. According to the St. Louis Walk of Fame, whose funds did Irma Rombauer use to publish The Joy of Cooking?

3. On this date in 1972 Richard Nixon increased social security benefits. On what date in 1972 did Richard Nixon meets Japan's Emperor Hirohito in Alaska?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1928 work by Ezra Pound (according to the Authors' Calendar):

John Adams
Born on This Date 1735

[The White House]

Second President of the United States

José Manuel Gallegos
Born on This Date 1815

[Library of Congress]

U.S. Congress

Irma Rombauer
Born on This Date 1877

[St. Louis Walk of Fame]

Foods and Nutrition

Gerhard Domagk
Born on This Date 1895

Nobel Foundation]

Medical Research 1939 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine

Eric Kimmel
Born on This Date 1946

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Author

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United States: National Candy Corn Day
(Observed each year on October 30th, the day before Halloween)
Food and Nutrition Halloweeen National Confectioners Association
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1946 Eric Kimmel (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Author
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1751 Richard Brinsley Sheridan (Irish Playwright) Richard Brinsley Sheridan Plays
1857 Gertrude Franklin Atherton (San Francisco-born Author) Gertrude Franklin Atherton
1871 Paul Valéry (French Poet) Paul Valéry Poetry
1877 Irma Rombauer (Missouri-born Author of the "Joy of Cooking") Irma Rombauer Foods and Nutrition
1885 Ezra Pound (Idaho-born Poet) Ezra Pound Poetry
1906 Archibald Campbell Mzoliza Jordan (South African Xhosa Writer and Linguist) ) South African Authors South African History
1910 Miguel Hernandez (Spanish Poet) Miguel Hernandez Poetry
1936 Robert Caro (New York City-born Journalist, Biographer) Robert Caro Journalism 1975 Putlitzer Prize for Biography 2003 Putlitzer Prize for Biography: Master of the Senate Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1839 Alfred Sisley (Paris-born French Impressionist Painter) Alfred Sisley Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1580 Willebrord van Roijen Snell (Dutch Physicist, Mathematician) Willebrord van Roijen Snell Mathematics Light
1867 Louis Winslow Austin (Vermont-born Pioneer in Long-Range Radio Transmissions) Vermont Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Radio Britannica
1895 Gerhard Domagk (German-born 1939 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Gerhard Domagk 1939 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
Dickinson Woodruff Richards (New Jersey-born 1956 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology) New Jersey  Scientists and Mathematicians The Heart 1956 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1906 Max Tishler (Massachusetts-born Pharmaceuticals Research Chemist) Massachusetts  Scientists and Mathematicians Drugs and Vitamins Technology and Society
1928 Daniel Nathans (Delaware-born 1978 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology) Delaware  Scientists and Mathematicians Enzymes and Catalysts 1978 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1882 William F. "Bull" Halsey, Jr (New Jersey-born U.S. World War II Naval Commander) Admiral Bill Halsey World War II Naval Military History
1945 John F. Baker (Iowa-born American Soldier Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor) Iowa Military Figures Vietnam War Congressional Medal of Honor
Political & Social Leaders
1735 John Adams (Massachusetts-born Second President of the United States) John Adams The American Presidency
1815 José Manuel Gallegos (New Mexico's First Delegate to the U.S. Congress) José Manuel Gallegos U.S. Congress Latin-American Studies
1877 George John Schneider (Wisconsin-born Labor Leader and Member of the U.S. Congress) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1925 Gus Savage (Detroit-born African-American Congressman) Gus Savage U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1896 Ruth Gordon (Massachusetts-born Actress) Massachusetts Performing Artists American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1915 Fred Friendly (Rhode Island-born Pioneer in Television Broadcast Journalism) Rhode Island Performing Artists Journalism Television Internet Movie Database New York Times
1932 Louis Malle (French Filmmaker) Louis Malle Filmmakers
1945 Henry Winkler (New York City-born Actor: Fonzie on "Happy Days") Henry Winkler Actors Television
1970 Nia Long (New York City-born African-American Actress) Nia Long Actors Film Television Famous African-Americans
Sports Figures
1893 Charles Atlas (Italian-born American Body-builder and Trainer) Charles Atlas Health & Fitness
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1823 Edmund Cartwright (English Inventor of a Mechanical Loom) English Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions
1862 Ormsby MacKnight Mitchell (Kentucky-born Union General: Died of Yellow Fever) Ormsby MacKnight Mitchell American Civil War Yellow Fever History Channel
1908 Caroline Schermerhorn Astor (New York City-born Wife of American Publisher, William Waldorf Astor) New York City Social and Political Leaders University of Virginia History Channel
1946 Mamie Smith (Ohio-born African-American Singer; First African-American to Record the Blues) Mamie Smith Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists
2000 Steve Allen (New York City-born Television Personality: Original Host of the Tonight Show) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1485 Henry VII Crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey English History British Monarchy Westminster Abbey
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1629 England's King Charles I Grants a Charter to His Attorney General to Create a New Colony on Land South of Virginia King Charles I North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Colonial America University of Georgia
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1768 The Wesley Chapel in New York City Is Dedicated as the First Methodist Church Building in America New York City Religion Historic Firsts Concordia
1775 U.S. Congress Appoints a Committee to Create the Country's First Naval Fleet U.S. Congress Naval Military History History Channel
1792 Point Vancouver, Washington Is Named for British Royal Navy Captain George Vancouver Washington State History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1800 Virginia Governor, James Monroe, Orders the Execution of a Slave Involved in Planning a Revolt in Richmond and the Surrounding Area Richmond, Virginia James Madison Slavery Crime Capital Punishment African-American Heritage Virginia Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A cool morning, a moderate rain all the last night, after eating a partial brackfast of venison we Set out passed Several places where the rocks projected into the river & have the appearance of haveing Seperated from the mountains and fallen promiscuisly into the river, Small nitches are formed in the banks below those projecting rocks which is comon in this part of the river,

Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side, a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with, the Current of the river is also verry jentle not exceeding 1½ mile pr. hour and about ¾ of a mile in width.

Some rain, we landed above the mouth of a Small river on the Stard. Side and Dined J. Shields Killed a Buck & Labiech 3 Ducks,

here the river widens to about one mile large Sand bar in the middle, a Great [rock] both in and out of the water, large Stones, or rocks are also permiscuisly Scattered about in the river, this day we Saw Some fiew of the large Buzzard Capt. Lewis Shot at one, those Buzzards are much larger than any other of ther Spece or the largest Eagle white under part of their wings &c.

The bottoms above the mouth of this little river is rich covered with grass & firn & is about ¾ of a mile wide rich and rises gradually, below the river (which is 60 yards wide above its mouth) the Countery rises with Steep assent. we call this little river New Timbered river from a Speces of Ash which grows on its banks of a verry large and different from any we had before Seen, and a timber resembling the beech in bark but different in its leaf which is Smaller and the tree smaller. passed maney large rocks in the river and a large creek on the Stard. Side in the mouth of which is an Island,

passed on the right of 3 Islands near the Stard. Side, and landed on an Island close under the Stard. Side at the head of the great Shute, and a little below a village of 8 large houses on a Deep bend on the Stard. Side, and opposit 2 Small Islands imediately in the head of the Shute, which Islands are covered with Pine, maney large rocks also, in the head of the Shute. Ponds back of the houses, and Countrey low for a Short distance.

The day proved Cloudy dark and disagreeable with Some rain all day which kept us wet. The Countary a high mountain on each Side thickly Covered with timber, Such as Spruc, Pine, Cedar, Oake Cotton &c. &c.

I took two men and walked down three miles to examine the Shute and river below proceeded along an old Indian path, passd. an old village at 1 mile on an ellevated Situation of this village contained verry large houses built in a different form from any I had Seen, and laterly abandoned, and the most of the boads put into a pond of water near the village, as I conceived to drown the flees, which was emencely noumerous about the houses—.

I found by examonation that we must make a portage of the greater perpotion of our Stores 2½ miles, and the Canoes we Could haul over the rocks,

I returned at Dark Capt Lewis and 5 men had just returned from the village, Cap L. informed me that he found the nativs kind, they gave him berries, nuts & fish to eate; but he could get nothing from them in the way of information. The greater part of the inhabitants of this village being absent down the river Some distance Colecting roots Capt. L. Saw one gun and Several articles which must have been precured from the white people. a wet

disagreeable evening, the only wood we could get to burn on this little Island on which we have encamped is the newly discovered Ash, which makes a tolerable fire. we made fifteen miles to daye.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Skamania County, Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1811 Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility Is Published Jane Austen <I>Sense and Sensibility</I> History Channel
1835 In Indiana, Winners at the Marion County Agricultural Fair Receive $5 Gold Half Eagle Coins Marion County, Indiana Farming & Agriculture Currency Gold Indiana Historical Society
1841 A Portion of the Tower of London Burns to the Ground London, England Fire Safety Roya Armouries Chambers Book of Days
1847 Residents of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Meet to Form a Benevolent Society for the Benefit of the Poor and Destitute Milwaukee, Wisconsin Community and Human Services Wisconsin Historical Society
1848 Henry H. Sibley Is Chosen to Represent the As-Yet Unrecognized Minnesota Territory in the U.S. Congress Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Minnesota Historical Society
1852 The Name "Seattle" First Appears in Print Seattle, Washington Journalism Historic Firsts History Link
1862 Florida's Free Blacks and Unsupervised Slaves Are Ordered to Central Florida Away from Union Troops Florida Slavery African-American Heritage American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 USS Annie Seizes Blockade-running British Schooner, Meteor, Off Coast of Bayport, Florida Florida Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 Helena, Montana Is Founded After a Gold Discovery <Helena, Montana Westward Expansion Gold History Channel
1871 Benjamin F. Conley Is Sworn In as the Governor of Georgia, Replacing Rufus Bullock Who Had Resigned Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1890 Oakland, California Enacts Anti-Drug Law California Illegal Drugs Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1888 John J. Loud of Weymouth, Massachusetts, Receives a Patent for the First Ballpoint Pen Massachusetts Scientists and Mathematicians Patents & Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Writing Technology and Society USPTO
1893 John Philip Sousa Conducts a Concert at the Wilmington, Delaware Grand Opera House Wilmington, Delaware John Philip Sousa American Composers State of Delaware
1894 Daniel M. Cooper of Rochester, New York, Patents the Time Clock New York Scientists and Mathematicians Time Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1899 Two British Battalions Surrender to Boers at Nicholson's Nek South Africa Great Britain The Boer Wars South African History
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1905 Czar Nicholas II Signs the "October Manifesto" Granting Civil Liberties to Avoid Revolution Czar Nicholas II Historic World Documents Britannica
1908 Eugene V. Debs, Union Leader and Socialist Candidate for President, Addresses a Crowd of 800 in Janesville, Wisconsin Janesville, Wisconsin Eugene V. Debs Labor Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1918 Revolution Breaks Out in Vienna as German National Council Emerges as New Government Germany Austria World War I League of Nations
The Ottoman Empire Signs Treaty with Allies Turkey World War I History Channel League of Nations
Slovaks and Czechs Agree to Unite to Form Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia European History League of Nations
1930 West Virginia's First Mountain State Forest Festival Is Held West Virginia Historic Firsts Official Website West Virginia State Archives
1933 Florida's Palm Beach Junior College Opens Florida Education Education Historic Firsts Palm Beach Community College Florida Historical Society
1938 Orson Welles' Radio Broadcast of War of the Worlds Sends Listeners into Panic Orson Welles <I>War of the Worlds</I> Radio Broadcast History Channel
The Cornerstone Is Laid at the Shrine of St. Terese on Shrine Island, Near Juneau, Alaska Juneau, Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1940 First Abbott & Costello Film One Night in the Tropics Premieres Bud Abbott Lou costello Film Internet Movie Database
1941 German U-boat Sinks U.S. Destroyer Reuben James Germany United States Naval History World War II
President Roosevelt Approves Lend-Lease Aid for USSR Soviet Union Franklin Roosevelt World War II Business & Economics History Channel
1944 Units Composed Primarily of Japanese-Americans Relieve a U.S. Regiment Surrounded by German Forces for a Week in France France Nazi Germany Asian-American Military Figures World War II LearnCalifornia
Martha Graham Premieres Aaron Copland's Ballet ''Appalachian Spring'' at the Library of Congress Martha Graham Aaron Copland American Composers Ballet Library of Congress Historic Firsts New York Times American Public Media
1945 U.S. Government Ends Shoe Rationing Business & Economics World War II New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1953 George C. Marshall Selected for the Nobel Peace Prize The Marshall Plan 1953 Nobel Prize for Peace New York Times
President Eisenhower Approves Development of a U.S. Nuclear Arsenal President Eisenhower Nuclear Weapons The Cold War History Channel
1954 The NBA Plays Its First Game with the 24-second Clock Basketball NBA Time Historic Firsts New York Times
1961 The Soviet Union Tests 58-megaton Hydrogen Bomb Russia Nuclear Weapons The Cold War BBC
Soviet Congress Agrees Unanimously Agrees to Remove Josef Stalin's Body from Lenin's Tomb Josef Stalin New York Times
1963 The First Lamborghini 350GTV Debuts at Italy's Turin Auto Show Ferruccio Lamborghini Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
1967 The Alabama Supreme Court Upholds Contempt-of-Court Convictions of Martin Luther King Jr. and Other Leaders of the 1963 Marches in Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama Alabama Supreme Court Martin Luther King Jr. Crime Civil Rights/Human Rights University of Georgia
1968 The Movie Lion in the Winter Premieres Katherine Hepburn Film IMDB History Channel
1969 University of Washington Coach Jim Owens Suspends Four African American Football Players Washington State Football African-American Heritage University of Washington Football History Link
1972 President Nixon Increases U.S. Social Security Benefits Richard Nixon Business & Economics History Channel
1974 Muhammad Ali Knocks Out George Foreman to Regain World Heavyweight Boxing Title Muhammad Ali George Foreman Boxing African-American Sports Figures New York Times New York Times
1975 Prince Juan Carlos Assumes Power in Spain Juan Carlos History Channel
1979 Richard Arrington Is Elected as the First Black Mayor of Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham, Alabama Elections African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1981 Soviet Union Launches Venera 13 Spacecraft to Probe the Atmosphere of Venus Russian Space Program Space Exploration Venus NASA
1983 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Destroys 50 Villages in Turkey, Killing 1,342 Turkey Earthquake Death USGS
1984 Body of Pro-Solidarity Polish Father Jerzy Popieluszko Is Found Polish Political and Social Leaders Solidarity Death BBC
President Reagan Signs Bill Establishing 35,000 Acres in East Texas as Five Wilderness Areas Texas Parks and Landmarks President Reagan Parks Texas State Historical Society
1985 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Challenger (STS-61A) with German Spacelab Aboard German Scientists and Mathematicians Space Shuttle Science NASA
Bell Confirms Recovery of Lost Pirate Ship Whydah Off Cape Cod Massachusetts Naval History Archaeology Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1988 Phillip Morris Buys Kraft Foods Foods & Nutrition Business & Economics Television News Archive
The Sears Tower Is Put Up for Sale Chicago Business & Economics Sears Tower History Channel
1991 President George Bush Opens Historic Middle East Peace Conference in Spain Spain President George Bush World History BBC
BET Is First African American-owned Company to be Listed on the NYSE BET Markets & Investments African-American Heritage Historic Firsts African American Registry
The Perfect Storm Hits the New England and Canadian North Atlantic Coasts Storms IMDB History Channel
1992 South Africa's President's Council Grants Immunity for All Political Crimes before October 8, 1990 South African Government Crime Law South African History
1995 Citizens of the Province of Quebec Narrowly Vote to Remain within the Federation of Canada Canada Elections History Channel
1998 Hurricane Mitch Triggers Mudslide Killing 2,000+ on Slopes of Nicaragua's Casita Volcano Nicaragua Hurricane Volcano Death NOAA