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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1864, which state became the 36th state to join the Union? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What historic event do Protestants commemorate with Reformation Day in Slovenia and Germany? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the National Gallery of Art, in what city was Johannes Vermeer born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Katherine Paterson:

1. Whose body was removed from Lenin's tomb on this date in 1961? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Carol Hurst website, where was Katherine Paterson born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Girl Scouts of the USA, in what city was Juliette Low born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by John Keats:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, John Keats was trained to be what before devoting himself to poetry?

2. According to the Smithsonian Institution, why did Joseph Swan fail in his attempts to develop a carbon filament in the 1850s & 60s?

3. According to The New York Times, in what year did Chiang Kai-Shek rise to the leadership of China?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1893 work by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Johannes Vermeer
Born on This Date 1632

[About Vermeer Oil Paintings]


John Keats
Born on This Date 1795

[Dickinson University]


Joseph Wilson Swan
Born on This Date 1828

The Smithsonian Institution

Inventors & Inventions

Chiang Kai-Shek
Born on This Date 1887

[Newton Public Schools, MA]

Chinese Leader

Katherine Paterson
Born on This Date 1932

[Internet Public Library]

Young-adult Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Cambodia: King's Birthday
(Day 2 of 3-day observance of the birthday of King Norodom Sihanouk: 11/31/1922)
Slovenia, Germany (Protestants): Reformation Day
(Commemorates Martin Luther's posting of his 95 theses, 10/31/1517)
Martin Luther Slovenia Religion
Taiwan: Chiang Kai-Shek Day
(Observed to commemorate Chiang Kai-Shek's birth date: 10/31/1887)
United States: Halloween Halloween
United States: National Magic Day The Society of American Magicians
Nevada: Nevada Day
(Observed to commemorate Nevada statehood: 10/31/1864)
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1921 Adrienne Richard (Illinois-born Children's Author) Adrienne Richard Young-adult Authors
1932 Katherine Paterson (American Children's Author) Katherine Paterson Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1795 John Keats (English Poet) John Keats Poetry
1867 David Graham Phillips (Indiana-born Journalist) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Journalism American Collection
1875 Eugene Meyer (Los Angeles-born Publisher of The Washington Post: 1933-46) Los Angeles Authors & Illustrators Journalism The Washington Post
1902 Carlos Drummond de Andrade (Brazilian Poet and Journalist) Carlos Drummond de Andrade Journalism Poetry
1920 Dick Francis (Welsh Mystery Writer) Welsh Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1931 Dan Rather (Texas-born Broadcast Journalist Dan Rather Journalism Television
1950 Jane Pauley (Indiana-born Broadcast Journalist) Jane Pauley Journalism Television
1955 Susan Orlean (Ohio-born Journalist) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Journalism Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1632 Johannes Vermeer (Dutch Painter) Jan Vermeer
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1906 Louise Talma (American Composer) American Composers Composers
1949 Odaline de la Martinez (Cuban-American Composer, Conductor ) Cuban Composers American Composers Latin-American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1888 George Hubert Wilkins (Australian-born British Explorer) Australian Explorers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1802 Benoit Fourneyron (French Engineer) Benoit Fourneyron Turbines
1828 Joseph Wilson Swan (English Physicist and Chemist) Joseph Wilson Swan The Electric Light Thomas Edison Photography
1847 Galileo Ferraris (Italian Physicist) Italian Scientists and Mathematicians Physics
Political & Social Leaders
1705 Clement XIV (Italian Roman Catholic Pope: 1769-74) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion
1740 William Paca (Maryland-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence
1860 Juliette Low (Georgia-born Founder of Girl Scouts of America) Juliette Low Girl Scouts of America
Andrew Volstead (Minnesota-born Congressman (1903-23) Who Introduced the National Prohibition Act) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Drugs
1863 William Gibbs McAdoo (Georgia-born Railroad Industrialist, Founder of the Federal Reserve, U.S. Congressman from California) Georgia Political and Social Leaders California Political and Social Leaders Railroads Federal Reserve U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1887 Chiang Kai-Shek (President of the Chinese Nationalist Government, 1928-49; Leader of Taiwan, 1949-75) Chiang Kai-Shek
1918 Griffin Bell (Georgia-born Attorney General of the United States under President Jimmy Carter) Griffin Bell U.S. Attorney General President Jimmy Carter Law and Legal Resources U.S. Civil Rights Movement
1922 King Norodom Sihanouk (King of Cambodia) Cambodia
Performing Artists
1896 Ethel Waters (Pennsylvania-born African-American Jazz and Blues Singer and Film Actress) Pennsylvania Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1922 Illinois Jacquet (Louisiana-born Jazz Saxophonist) Louisiana Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Native-American Heritage Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1927 Lee Grant (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1936 Michael Landon (New York-born Television Actor: Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie) Michael Landon American Performing Artists Television
1944 Sally Kirkland (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database
1947 Deirdre Hall (Wisconsin-born Actress) Wisconsin City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database Wisconsin Historical Society
1950 John Candy (Canadian Comedian, Actor) John Candy Actors Film
1963 Rob Schneider (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1902 Wilbur Shaw (Indiana-born Race-car Driver, Three-time Winner of the Indianapolis 500) Indiana Sports Figures Auto Racing Indianapolis 500
1947 Frank Shorter (German-born Member of the American Track and Field Hall of Fame) German Sports Figures Track & Field Hall of Fame `1972 Olympic Games
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1819 Alexander Williams Randall (New York-born Governor of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Historical Society
1863 George Fulton (Pennsylvania-born Founder of Fulton, Texas) Pennyslvania Political and Social Leader Texas Political and Social Leader Texas State Historical Association
1882 George Ruby (New York-born African-American Texas Politician During Reconstruction) New York Political and Social Leader Texas Political and Social Leader Reconstruction African-American Political and Social Leader Texas State historical Association
1915 Silas Christofferson (Oregon Daredevil Pilot Killed in an Airplane Crash) Oregon Explorers and Aviators Aviation
1926 Harry Houdini (Hungarian-born American Escape Artist) Harry Houdini Magician
1984 Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister of India: Assassinated) Indira Gandhi History Channel
1988 John Houseman (Romanian-born American Actor, Director) John Houseman Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1991 Joseph Papp (New York City-born Theatrical Producer) New York City Performing Artists Stage and Theater Plays Internet Broadway Database
2000 Ring Lardner, Jr.(Chicago-born Author: M*A*S*H) Ring Lardner, Jr. American Authors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
2006 P.W. Botha (South African Leader of the Apartheid System) P.W. Botha Apartheid
2008 Studs Terkel (New York City-born Pulitzer Prize-Winning Writer, Broadcaster) Studs Terkel Broadcast Journalism 1985 Pulitzer Prize for General non-Fiction
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1517 Martin Luther Nails His 95 Theses to Church Door in Wittenberg Martin Luther Religious Leaders Concordia History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1731 Roman Catholic Archbishop Firmian Issues a Decree That Will Force 23,000 Protestants to Leave Salzburg, Austria Salzburg, Austria Religion Catholicism University of Georgia
1760 James Wight Arrives From England and Will Serve As the Last of Georgia's Royal Governors British Political and Social Leaders Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1764 George Johnstone, the First Governor of British West Florida, Arrives in Pensacola British Political and Social Leaders Pensacola, Florida Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1789 George Washington Concludes a 10-Day Presidential Visit to Massachusetts Massachusetts George Washington Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1799 All Spanish and American Military Officers Are Ordered out of West Florida by William Augustus Bowles, the Caucasian Creek Chief Spain Military Figures Florida Creek Indians Florida Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1803 Congress Gives Jefferson Authority to Take Possession of the Territory of Louisiana U.S. Congress President Jefferson The Louisiana Purchase Yale University
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A Cloudy rainey disagreeable morning

I proceeded down the river to view with more attention the rapids we had to pass on the river below, the two men with
me Jo. Fields & Peter Crusat proceeded down to examine the rapids the Great Shute which commenced at the Island on which we encamped Continud with great rapidity and force thro a narrow chanel much compressd. and interspersed with large rocks for ˝ a mile, at a mile lower is a verry Considerable rapid at which place the waves are remarkably high, and proceeded on in a old Indian parth 2˝ miles by land thro a thick wood & hill Side, to the river where the Indians make a portage, from this place

I dispatched Peter Crusat (our principal waterman) back to follow the river and examine the practibility of the Canoes passing, as the rapids appeared to continue down below as far as I could See,

I with Jo. Fields proceeded on, at ˝ a mile below the end of the portage passed a house where there had been an old town for ages past as this house was old Decayed and a plac of flees I did not enter it,

about ˝ a mile below this house in a verry thick part of the woods is 8 vaults which appeared Closely Covered and highly deckerated with orniments. Those vaults are all nearly the Same Sise and form 8 feet Square, 5 feet high, Slopes a little So as to convey off the rain made of Pine or Cedar boards Closely Connected & Scurely Covered with wide boards, with a Dore left in The East Side which is partially Stoped with wide boards curiously engraved. In
Several of those vaults the dead bodies wre raped up verry Securely in Skins tied around with cords of grass & bark, laid on a mat, all east & west and Some of those vaults had as maney as 4 bodies laying on he Side of each other.

the other Vaults Containing bones only, Some contained bones for the debth of 4 feet. on the tops and on poles attached to those vaults hung Brass kittles & frying pans pearced thro their bottoms, baskets, bowls of wood, Sea Shels, Skins, bits of Cloth, Hair, bags of Trinkets & Small peices of bone &c and independant of the curious ingraveing and Paintings on the boards which formed the vaults

I observed Several wooden Images, cut in the figure of men and Set up on the Sides of the vaults all round. Some of those So old and worn by time, that they were nearly out of Shape, I also observed the remains of Vaults rotted entirely into the ground and covered with moss. This must bee the burrying place for maney ages for the inhabitants
of those rapids, the vaults are of the most lasting timber Pine & Cedar—

I cannot Say certainly that those nativs worship those wooden idols as I have every reason to believe they do not; as they are Set up in the most conspicious parts of their houses, and treated more like orniments than objects of aderation.

at 2 miles lower & 5 below our Camp I passed a village of 4 large houses abandend by the nativs, with their dores
bared up, I looked into those houses and observed as much property as is usial in the houses of those people which induced me to conclude that they wre at no great distance, either hunting or Colecting roots, to add to their winter Subsistance.

from a Short distance below the vaults the mountain which is but low on the Stard. Side leave the river, and a leavel Stoney open bottom Suckceeds on the Said Std. Side for a great Distance down, the mountains high and
rugid on the Lard Side this open bottom is about 2 miles a Short distance below this village is a bad Stoney rapid and appears to
be the last in view

I observed at this lower rapid the remains of a large and antient Village which I could plainly trace by the Sinks in
which they had formed their houses, as also those in which they had buried their fish—

from this rapid to the lower end of the portage the river is Crouded with rocks of various Sizes between which the
water passes with great velociety createing in many places large Waves, an Island which is Situated near the Lard.
Side occupies about half the distance the lower point of which is at this rapid. immediately below this rapid the high water passes through a narrow Chanel through the Stard. Bottom forming an Island of 3 miles Long & one wide,

I walked through this Island which I found to be verry rich land, and had every appearance of haveing been at Some distant period Cultivated. at this time it is Covered with grass intersperced with Strawberry vines. I observed Several places on this Island where the nativs had dug for roots and from its lower point I observed 5 Indians in a Canoe
below the upper point of an Island near the middle of the river Covered with tall timber, which indued me to believe
that a village was at no great distanc below,

I could not See any rapids below in the extent of my view which was for a long distance down the river, which from the last rapids widened and had everry appearance of being effected by the tide,—

I deturmind to return to Camp 10 miles distant,

a remarkable high detached rock Stands in a bottom on the Stard Side near the lower point of this Island on the Stard. Side about 800 feet high and 400 paces around, we call the Beacon rock. a Brook falls into the narrow Chanel which forms the Strawberry Island, which at this time has no running water, but has every appearance of dischargeing
emence torrents &c. &c. Jo. Fields Shot a Sand hill Crane.

I returned by the Same rout on an Indian parth passing up on the N W. Side of the river to our Camp at the Great Shute. found Several Indians from the village, I Smoked with them; Soon after my return two Canoes loaded with fish & Bear grass for the trade below, came down from the village at the mouth of the Catterack River, they unloaded and turned their Canoes up Side down on the beech, & camped under a Shelveing rock below our Camp

one of the men Shot a goose above this Great Shute, which was floating into the Shute when an Indian observed it, plunged into the water & Swam to the Goose and brought in on Shore, at the head of the Suck, as this Indian richly earned the goose I Suffered him to keep it which he about half picked and Spited it up with the guts in it to roste.

This Great Shute or falls is about ˝ a mile with the water of this great river Compressed within the Space of 150
paces in which there is great numbers of both large and Small rocks, water passing with great velocity forming &
boiling in a most horriable manner, with a fall of about 20 feet, below it widens to about 200 paces and current gentle for a Short distance. a Short distance above is three
Small rockey Islands, and at the head of those falls, three Small rockey Islands are Situated Crosswise the river,

Several rocks above in the river & 4 large rocks in the head of the Shute; those obstructions together with the high Stones which are continually brakeing loose from the mountain on the Stard Side and roleing down into the Shute
aded to those which brake loose from those Islands above and lodge in the Shute, must be the Cause of the rivers daming up to Such a distance above, where it Shows Such evidant marks of the Common current of the river being much lower than at the present day

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Skamania County, Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 William Clark Becomes Governor of the Missouri Territory William Clark Missouri Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1861 General Winfield Scott Retires As Union Commander Winfield Scott American Civil War History Channel
1864 U.S. Congress Admits Nevada as the 36th State Nevada United States Congress History Channel
1872 Augsburg College Is Dedicated in Minneapolis, Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Education Augsburg College Minnesota Historical Society
1876 The Central Collegiate Institute (Hendrix College) Is Established in Altus, Arkansas Altus, Arkansas Education Hendrix College Arkansas History Commission
1892 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Is Published Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Adult Fiction History Channel
1895 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Charleston, Missouri Missouri Earthquake USGS
The Jefferson Hotel Opens in Richmond, Virginia Richmond, Virginia Jefferson Hotel Virginia Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 8 Distinctive Earthquake Shocks Break North Florida Windows, Crack Plaster Florida Earthquakes Florida Historical Society
1903 A Brown Water Jug Left Behind by Michigan Football Players Becomes of a Symbol of the School's Rivalry with Minnesota University of Michigan University of Minnesota Football Minnesota Historical Society
1907 California's Governor James Gillette Declares a Bank Holiday to Prevent Runs on the State's Banks California Business Economics Holidays LearnCalifornia
1914 A Monument Is Dedicated to the Delaware Troops Who Spent the Winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania with General Washington Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Delaware Military Figures George Washington Valley Forge State of Delaware
1918 Armistice with Turkey Places Palestine under British Control Turkey Great Britain World War I Jewish Virtual Library
1920 Anoka, Minnesota Begins Earning Its Reputation as the Halloween Capital of the World Anoka, Minnesota Halloween Anoka Halloween Home Minnesota Historical Society
1922 Benito Mussolini Becomes Prime Minister of Italy Benito Mussolini Encyclopedia Britannica
1935 In Alaska, a New Bridge Replaces the Ferry Service That Had Run between Juneau and Douglas Since 1880 Alaska Steamboat Bridges Alaska Historical Society
1941 Mount Rushmore National Monument Completed (last day of carving) South Dakota Mount Rushmore Parks PBS
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Earl Lloyd Is First African-American to Play in the NBA African-American History Historic Firsts NBA Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Registry
1951 In Delaware, Henry F. du Pont's Home, Winterthur, Is Opened as a Public Museum Delaware Museums Museums Official Web Site State of Delaware
1952 A Riot Erupts at the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus Columbus, Ohio Prisons Ohio Historical Society
1954 Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) Revolt Begins Algeria France African-American Registry
Martin Luther King Installed as Minister of Montgomery, AL Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Alabama Political and Social Leaders Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Religion Alabama State Archives
1956 Rear Admiral G. J. Dufek Lands an Airplane at the South Pole Antarctica Aviation Historic Firsts New York Times
British & French Troops Land at the Suez Canal Great Britain France The Suez Canal The Cold War History Channel
1957 Toyota USA Is Founded Automobiles Businesses & Corporations Toyota USA
1959 In Russia, Lee Harvey Oswald Expresses Wish to Renounce His U.S. Citizenship Soviet Union Lee Harvey Oswald National Archives
1961 Stalin's Body Is Removed from Lenin's Tomb Josef  Stalin History Channel
1964 Kelso Becomes the Biggest Money Winner in Thoroughbred Racing History Horse Racing Economics New York Times
1968 President Johnson Announces Vietnam Bombing Halt Five Days Before Presidential Elections Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency The Vietnam War History Channel
The Milwaukee Bucks Claim Their First Victory, a 134-118 Win over the Detroit Pistons Milwaukee, Wisconsin Basketball NBA Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
In West Virginia, the Marshall University Chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) Is Formed West Virginia Education Education Marshall University West Virginia State Archives
1970 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5 in New Guinea New Guinea Earthquake Death USGS
1984 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi Is Assassinated by Her Own Sikh Bodyguards Indira Gandhi Death History Channel New York Times BBC
1991 Minnesota Receives Its Largest Single Snowfall on Record with 24-36" from Duluth to the Twin Cities Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1992 Pope John Paul II Admits Church Made Errors in the Case of Galileo Galilei Pope John Paul II Galileo Roman Catholic Church University of  St. Andrews
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 Crashed off Massachusetts Coast, All 217 People Aboard Die Egypt Massachusetts Death New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2010
2001 Microsoft and Justice Department Settle the Antitrust Case U.S. Government Microsoft Anti-Trust Law New York Times
2003 Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammed, Steps Down after 22 Years Malaysian Political and Social Leaders BBC
2010 Dilma Rousseff Is Elected as Brazil's First Female President Brazilian Political and Social Leaders Elections Women Historic Firsts BBC