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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1800, who became the first president to live in the White House? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What brand of cereal was trademarked on this date in 1966? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to her Scholastic biography, as a young girl what would Nicholasa Mohr create when she would make pictures and write letters? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Which two plays written by William Shakespeare were first performed on this date, although 7 years apart? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Baseball Hall of Fame, who sent Grantland Rice three telegrams about Ty Cobb? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Robert B. Laughlin awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by A. R. Gurney, Jr. (according to the Writer's Almanac):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the New York Times, how much was Stephen Crane paid by a newspaper syndicate for The Red Badge of Courage?

2. According to the Web Gallery of Art, in what year was Michelangelo commissioned to repaint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?

3. According to the Internet Broadway Database, who played the role of Elwood P. Dowd when Harvey opened on Broadway on this date in 1944?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1896 work by Stephen Crane (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Stephen Crane
Born on This Date 1871


American Authors

Grantland Rice
Born on This Date 1880

[Baseball Hall of Fame]


Nicholasa Mohr
Born on This Date 1938

[Hispanic Heritage Awards]

Primary Children's Authors

Robert B. Laughlin
Born on This Date 1950

[Nobel Foundation]

Physics 1998 Nobel Laureate for Physics

Fernando Valenzuela
Born on This Date 1960

[Los Angeles Dodgers]


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Christians: All Saints Day
(Observed annually the day after Halloween)
All Saints Day Religion Halloween Catholic Encyclopedia
Algeria: Revolution Day
(Commemorates 11/01/1954 revolt against French rule)
Algeria France Algerian Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Antigua & Barbuda: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain 11/1/1981)
Great Britain Antigua & Barbuda AntiguaNice
Virgin Islands: David Hamilton Jackson Day/Liberty Day
(Honors David Hamilton Jackson who published the first newspaper in the Virgin Islands)
Virgin Islands VINow
United States: National Author's Day
(Observed annually on November 1 since 1929)
American Authors
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1892 Mabel Leigh Hunt (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors Young-adult Authors
1896 Sulamith Ish-Kishor (English Children's Author) English Authors Young-adult Authors
1902 Symeon Shimin (Russian Children's Author, Illustrator) Russian Authors Primary Children's Authors Artists
1917 Margaret Taylor Burroughs (Louisiana-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Louisiana Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Literature Poetry American Artists African American Registry
1926 Hilary Knight (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1938 Nicholasa Mohr (New York City-born Hispanic Children's Author, Illustrator) Nicholasa Mohr Primary Children's Authors American Artists Latin-American Studies
1946 Brian Heinz (New York City-born Children's Science Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors Science
1960 Annette Cascone (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New Jersey Authors Young-adult Authors
1871 Stephen Crane (New Jersey-born Author: The Red Badge of Courage) Stephen Crane The American Civil War
1880 Grantland Rice (Tennessee-born Sports Columnist) Grantland Rice Journalism Sports
Sholem Asch (Polish-born American Novelist and Playwright) Sholem Asch Plays
1886 Hermann Broch (Austrian Author) Hermann Broch
Sakutaro Hagiwara (Japanese Poet) Japanese Authors & Illustrators Poetry
1902 Nordahl Brun Grieg (Norwegian Lyric Poet) Norwegian Authors Poetry
1930 A.R. Gurney, Jr (New York-born Playwright) A.R. Gurney, Jr Plays Internet Broadway Database
1944 Lee Smith (Virginian-born Author) Lee Smith
Artists, Architects and Designers
1849 William Merritt Chase (Indiana-born Painter) Indiana Artists American Artists
1923 Victoria de Los Angeles (Spanish Operatic Soprano) Victoria de Los Angeles Opera
1815 Crawford W. Long (Georgia-born Physician/Pioneer of Anesthesia: Namesake of Crawford County, Georgia) Georgia Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research University of Georgia
1828 Balfour Stewart (Scottish Physicist) Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Meteorology Physics
1848 Israel Charles White (West Virginia-born Geologist) West Virginia Scientists & Mathematicians Geology West Virginia State Archives
1880 Alfred Wegener (German Meteorologist and Geophysicist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Meteorology Physics
1885 Anton Flettner (German Inventor) German Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Invention
1899 Gavin de Beer (English Zoologist, Author) English Scientists & Mathematicians Biology English Authors
1950 Robert B. Laughlin (California-born 1951 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Robert B. Laughlin Physics 1951 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1863 George Safford Parker (Wisconsin-born Founder of Parker Pens) Wisconsin Business Leaders Parker Pens Wisconsin Historical Society
Political and Social Leaders
1609 Matthew Hale (English Legal Scholar) English Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources
1889 Philip Noel-Baker (English Statesman) English Political and Social Leaders
1898 Sippie Wallace (Texas-born African-American Jazz Vocalist) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry Texas State Historical Association
1937 Bill Anderson (South Carolina-born Country & Western Musician) South Carolina Performing Artists Country Musicians American Composers and Songewriters Internet Movie Database
1944 Kinky Friedman (Chicago-born Singer, Songwriter, Novelist) Chicago Performing Artists Country Musicians American Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1957 Lyle Lovett< (Texas-born County & Western Musician)/td> Texas Performing Artists Country Musicians 1989 Grammy for Best Male Country Vocal Performance Internet Movie Database
1972 Toni Collette (Australian Actress) Toni Collette Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1935 Gary Player (South African Member of the World Golf Hall of Fame) Gary Player World Golf Hall of Fame
1960 Fernando Valenzuela (Mexican-born Professional Baseball Player) Fernando Valenzuela Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1788 Samuel Elbert (Namesake of Elbert County, Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1865 Alexander Beaufort Meek (Alabama Lawyer, Poet, Newspaper Editor and State Legislator Responsible for Passage of the Public School Act of 1854) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Poetry Journalism Law and Legal Resources Alabama State Archives
1894 Alexander III (Russian Emperor) Russian Political and Social Leaders
1947 Man o' War (Race Horse) Horse Racing
1979 Mamie Eisenhower (Iowa-born First Lady, Wife of President Dwight Eisenhower) Mamie Eisenhower President Eisenhower The American Presidency
1986 Sippie Wallace (Texas-born African-American Jazz Vocalist) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry Texas State Historical Association
1999 Walter Payton (Mississippi-born African-American Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Walter Payton African-American Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
2006 William Styron (Virginia-born Author: 1968 Pulitzer Prize for The Confessions of Nat Turner William Styron 1968 Pulitzer Prize for The Confessions of Nat Turner
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1512 Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel Ceiling First Opens to Public Michelangleo The Sistine Chapel Concordia History Channel
1582 Maurice of Nassau Becomes Governor of Holland The Netherlands
1604 Shakespeare's Othello First Presented in London Great Britain William Shakespeare Othello New York Times
1611 Shakespeare's The Tempest Is First Performed Publicly Great Britain William Shakespeare The Tempest Brandeis University
1679 Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Founds Ft. Miami, the First European Settlement in Michigan's Lower Peninsula. Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle Michigan Forts Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1732 British Trustees Decide to Locate the Georgia Colony's First Settlement on the Savannah River Great Britain Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1755 8.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 50,000+ in Lisbon, Portugal Portugal Earthquake Death USGS
1765 The British Parliament Enacts the Stamp Act to Support Military Operations in America The Stamp Act of 1765 Taxes History Channel
1768 Expelled Spanish Governor Don Antonio de Ulloa Departs New Orleans Louisiana Hispanic Heritage New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia
1776 California's Mission San Juan Capistrano Is Founded by Father Junipero Serra Father Junipero Serra California Missions Hispanic Heritage Mission San Juan Capistrano
1783 Creek Chiefs Sign Treaty of Augusta Ceding Land between Ogeechee and Oconee Rivers Colonial Georgia Creek Indians Historic Documents University of Georgia
1800 John Adams Is the First President to Move Into the White House John Adams The American Presidency The White House Library of Congress
1802 The Ohio Constitutional Convention Is Convened in Chillicothe Chillicothe, Ohio Historic U.S. Documents Ohio Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: at about 10 OClock the Cheifs of the Lower Village Cam and after a Short time informed us they wished they would us to call at their village & take Some Corn, that they would make peace with the Ricares [Recorees - Arikara Indians] they never made war against them but after the rees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] Killed their Chiefs they
killed them like the birds, and were tired and would Send a Chief and Some brave men to the Ricares
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] to Smoke with that people

in the evening we Set out and fell down to the lower Village where Capt. Lewis got out and continud at the Village untill after night I proceeded on & landed on the S. S. at the upper point of the 1st Timber on the Starboard Side after landing & Continuinge— all night droped down to a proper place to build Capt. Lewis Came down after night, and informed me he intended to return the next morning by the perticular Request of the Chiefs. We passed the Villages
on our Decent in veiw of Great numbers of the inhabitents

Lewis: The wind blew so violently during the greater part of this day that we were unable to quit our encampment; in
the evening it abated;— we droped down about seven miles and land on N. E. side of the river at a large point of

Ordway: at 3 oClock P. M. we Set off to return a Short distance down the River in order to find a Good place for
winters quarters. the wind abated. But the River So Shallow the we Struck the Sand bars. Capt. Lewis myself and Several more of the party halted at the 1st village of the Mandens in order to git Some corn. the head chief told us that they had not Got the corn ready. But if we would come tomorrow they [w]ould have it ready. they Gave us 3 kinds of victuls to eat which was verry Good. they were verry friendly Gave the pipe round everry fiew minutes &.C. they live
verry well. have pleanty of corn Beans Squashes meat etc. Capt. Lewis told the chief that he would come again tomorrow. then we went on abt. 2 miles down to a Bottom covered with Timber, where we Camped on the N. Side of
the Missouris River.

North Dakota Map: 10/26/04 Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Mandan

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A verry Cool morning wind hard from the N. E. The Indians who arrived last evining took their Canoes on ther Sholders and Carried them below the Great Shute,

we Set about takeing our Small Canoe and all the baggage by land 940 yards of bad Slippery and rockey way The Indians we discoverd took ther loading the whole length of the portage 2˝ miles, to avoid a Second Shute which appears verry bad to pass, and thro' which they passed with their empty canoes.

Great numbers of Sea Otters, they are So cautious that I with dificuelty got a Shot at one to day, which I must have killed, but could not get him as he Sunk

we got all our baggage over the Portage of 940 yards, after which we got the 4 large Canoes over by Slipping them
over the rocks on poles placed across from one rock to another, and at Some places along partial Streams of the river. in passing those canoes over the rocks &c. three of them recived injuries which obliged us to delay to have
them repared.

Several Indian Canoes arrived at the head of the portage, Some of the men accompanied by those from the village came down to Smoke with us, they appear to Speak the Same language with a little different axcent

I visited the Indian Village found that the Construction of the houses Similar to those abov described, with this difference only that they are larger Say from 35 to 50 feet by 30 feet, raised about 5 feet above the earth, and nearly
as much below The Dores in the Same form and Size cut in the wide post which Supports one end of the ridge pole and which is carved and painted with different figures & Hieroglyphics Those people gave me to eate nuts berries & a little dried fish, and Sold me a hat of ther own taste without a brim, and baskets in which they hold their water—

Their beads are raised about 4 ˝ feet, under which they Store away their dried fish, between the part on which they lie and the back wall they Store away their roots burries nuts and valuable articles on mats, which are Spread
also around the fire place which is Sunk about one foot lower than the bottom flore of the house, this fire place is about 8 feet long and Six feet wide Secured with a fraim those houses are calculated for 4, 5 & 6 families, each familey haveing a nice painted ladder to assend up to their beads.

I Saw in those houses Several wooden Images all cut in imitation of men, but differently fasioned and placed in the most conspicious parts of the houses, probably as an orniment

I cannot lern certainly as to the traffick those Inds. carry on below, if white people or the indians who trade with the Whites who are either Settled or visit the mouth of this river. I believe mostly with the latter as their knowledge of the white people appears to be verry imperfect, and the articles which they appear to trade mostly i e' Pounded fish, Beargrass, and roots; cannot be an object of comerce with furin merchants— however they git in return for those articles Blue and white beeds copper Tea Kittles, brass arm bands, some Scarlet and blue robes and a fiew articles
of old clothes,

they prefer beeds to any thing and will part with the last mouthfull or articles of clothing they have for a fiew of those beeds, those beeds the trafick with Indians Still higher up this river for roabs, Skins, cha-pel-el bread, beargrass &c. who in their turn trafick with those under the rockey mountains for Beargrass, Pashico roots & robes &c.

The nativs of the waters of the Columbia appear helthy, Some have tumers on different parts of their bodies, and Sore and weak Eyes are common, maney have lost their Sight entirely great numbers with one eye out and frequently the other verry weak; This misfortune I must again asscribe to the water &c. They have bad teeth, which is not common with indians, maney have worn their teeth down and Some quite into their gums,

this I cannot Satisfactorily account for it, do ascribe it in some measure to their method of eateing, their food, roots pertiularly, which they make use of as they are taken out of the earth frequently nearly covered with Sand, I have not Seen any of their long roots offered for Sale clear of Sand.

They are rether below the Common Size high cheeks womin Small and homely, and have Swelled legs and thighs,
and their knees remarkably large which I ascribe to the method in which they Sit on their hams—go nearly necked wareing only a piece of leather tied about their breast which falls down nearly as low as the waste, a Small roabe
about 3 feet Square, and a piece of leather tied about their breach, They have all flat heads in this quarter They are tirty in the extream, both in their person and cooking, ware their hare loose hanging in every direction. They asc high prices for what they Sell and Say that the white people below give great prices for every thing &c.

The noses are all pierced and when they are dressed they have a long tapered piece of white shell or wampum put through the nose. Those Shells are about 2 inches in length. I observed in maney of the villeages which I have passed, the heads of the female children in the press for the purpose of compressing their heads in their infancy into
a certain form, between two boards

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Skamania County, Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 Russian Ship Saint Nicolas Wrecks Near the Mouth of Washington's Quillayute River Russia Washington Naval History HistoryLink
1832 6,000 Choctaw Indians Pass through Little Rock, Arkansas, Traveling West for Resettlement Little Rock, Arkansas Choctaw Arkansas History Commission
1833 Arkansas Counties of Carroll, Mississippi and Pike Are Created Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1834 James Mills of Baltimore Flies a Hot Air Balloon from Lancaster, Pennsylvania to Near Cooch's Mill in Newark, Delaware Maryland Explorers and Aviators Lancaster, Pennsylvania Newark, Delaware Hot Air Balloons State of Delaware
1841 St. Paul, Minnesota is Incorporated St. Paul, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1849 Minnesota's Territorial Legislature Establishes Funding for Public Schools Minnesota Education Education Economics Law and Legal Resources Minnesota Historical Society
1851 Indiana's Second Constitution Goes into Effect Indiana Indiana Historical Bureau
1854 President Pierce Formally Appoints George Law Curry as Governor of the Oregon Territory Oregon Political and Social Leaders President Franklin Pierce
1857 The Atlantic Monthly Is First Published Journalism Atlantic Monthly Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1861 President Lincoln Names George McClellan Commander of Union Army Abraham Lincoln George McClellan The American Civil War History Channel
1862 Union Positions 18 Ships Off the Florida Gulf Coast to Disrupt Confederate Blockade-runners Florida The American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1866 Outlaw Belle Starr Marries Horse Thief Jim Reed Belle Starr Notorious Americans Texas State Historical Association
1870 U.S. Army Division of Telegrams Begins Operations as U.S. Weather Service Weather & Meteorology The Telegraph National Weather Service Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Thomas Edison Applies for a Patent for the Art of Generating Electricity Thomas Edison Electricity Patents & Trademarks Rutgers University (pdf)
Lincoln County, Washington Is Created When Territorial Legislators Partition It Out of Spokane County Lincoln County, Washington HistoryLink
1884 International Meridian Conference Adopts Greenwich, England as Prime Meridian Greenwich, England Geography The Prime Meridian Standards of Measurement Lick Observatory (pdf)
1890 The Mississippi Plan Is Approved to Use Literacy Tests to Disenfranchise African-Americans Mississippi Voting Rights African-American Registry Library of Congress
1892 Seattle, Washington Fire Commission Removes Chief Gardner Kellogg Seattle, Washignton HistoryLink
1896 The First Rural Free Delivery in Louisiana Begins in Thibodaux Thibodaux, Louisiana US Postal Service Historic Firsts Louisana Secretary of State
1897 The First Library of Congress Building Opens Its Doors to the Public Library of Congress Historic Firsts Library of Congress
Socialists Organize "Equality Colony" in Skagit County, Washington Washington History Link
1901 Louisiana's Grambling State University Is Founded Louisiana Education African-American Heritage Grambling State University African American Registry
1902 Playing in Chicago, Michigan's Football Team Breaks Wisconsin's 17-game Winning Streak Chicago University of Wisconsin Football Wisconsin Historical Society
1918 Nearly 100 People Die in a New York City Subway Accident During a Train Operators Strike New York City Labor Strikes New York City Subway Death New York Historical Society
1920 Delaware Businessman, Alfred I. du Pont, Sends $16 Checks to 800 Needy Delawareans over 65 Years of Age Delaware Business Leaders Philanthropy Economics State of Delaware
1935 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Timiskaming, Canada Canada Earthquake USGS
1937 Terry and the Pirates Debuts on NBC Radio Radio Old-time Radio
1944 University of Texas' President Is Fired for Protesting Board of Regents' Censorship Texas Education First Amendment University of Texas Texas State Historical Association
Harvey Opens on Broadway Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database
1945 First Issue of Ebony Is Published Journalism African-American History Ebony African American Registry
1946 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
Karol Wojtyla, Future Pope John Paul II, Is Ordained as a Priest Polish Political and Social Leaders Pope John Paul II Catholicism New York Times
1947 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 233 in Central Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
Alaska's First Retail Sales Tax Takes Effect at Sitka Sitka, Alaska Consumer Economics Taxes Historic First Alaska Historical Association
1950 An Attempted Assassination of U.S. President Harry Truman Fails President Harry S. Truman U.S. History History Channel
1952 U.S. Explodes First Hydrogen Bomb at Elugelab Atoll in Pacific Nuclear Weapons Cold War World  History Historic First History Channel New York Times
1954 Indigenous Algerians Revolt for Rights Denied by French Colonial Rule Algeria France New York Times
1957 The Mackinac Bridge Opens Connecting Michigan's Two Peninsulas Michigan Bridges Mackinac Bridge Authority
1959 Jacques Plante Is First NHL Goalie to Routinely Wear a Mask Ice Hockey Historic First Sports Illustrated Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1964 Jim Brown of the Cleveland Browns Is First Football Player to Rush for 10,000 Yards Jim Brown NFL Professional Football Hall of Fame University of Georgia
1966 Eight Die As Viet Cong Bomb Saigon Vietnam War Death BBC
The City of New Orleans Receives Its NFL Franchise, the Saints New Orleans NFL
Apple Jacks Trademark Registered Foods and Nutrition Patents & Trademarks Apple Jacks U.S. Patents & Trademarks Office
1968 San Francisco State University Suspends Professor Member of Black Panthers San Francisco Education African-American History U.S. Civil Rights Movement San Francisco State University
First Movie Rating System Goes into Effect Film Motion Picture Association of America
1969 "Suspicious Minds" Is Elvis Presley's Last #1 Song Elvis Presley Popular Music History Channel
1970 French Nightclub Fire Kills 142: Most Teenagers France Fire Safety Death BBC
1973 Leon Jaworski Is Appointed Special Prosecutor for Watergate The Watergate Affair Law & Legal Resources New York Times
1976 The First Issue of The Circle Newsletter Is Published by the Minneapolis American Indian Center Minneapolis, Minnesota Native-American Heritage The Circle Historic Firsts Minneapolis American Indian Center Minnesota Historical Society
1981 Antigua and Barbuda Gain Independence from Britain Great Britain Antigua & Barbuda AntiguaNice
1984 Rioting Breaks in India Following Assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi BBC
1986 Catastrophic Toxic Chemical Fire Near Basle, Switzerland Turns the Rhine River Red Switzerland Fire Safety Chemistry Earth and Environmental Science BBC
1987 Deng Xiaoping Steps Down from China's Central Committee History of China UCLA
1993 European Union Is Established in Compliance with the Treaty of Maastricht European Union European Union History Channel
1995 Bosnian Peace Talks Open in Dayton, Ohio Ohio Yugoslavia Bosnia War CNN