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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1948, who did Harry Truman defeat to become President of the United States? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two states joined the Union on this date in 1889? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, in which state legislature did James K. Polk serve? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an American president elected on this date:

1. Who won her fifth consecutive New York City marathon on this date in 1986? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Iowa, who were the colleagues who encouraged Fran Manushkin to make the transition from children's editor to children's author? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, when Martin Luther King Day was made a Federal holiday on this date in 1983, it was the first new Federal holiday since the creation of which holiday in 1948? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Fran Manushkin book (according to the Jewish Woman Magazine):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of St. Andrews, what were the professions of George Boole's parents?

2. According to the New York Times, what three qualities made Warren G. Harding a political success?

3. According to the District of Columbia Public Library, whose woodcuts influenced James Lesesne Wells when he was a student at Columbia University?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1973 work by Odysseus Elytis (according to his Nobel Foundation biography):
James K. Polk
James K. Polk
Born on This Date 1795

[University of Virginia]

The American Presidency

George Boole
George Boole
Born on This Date 1815

[University of St. Andrews]


Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding
Born on This Date 1865

[This Nation]

The American Presidency

James Lesesne Wells
James Lesesne Wells
Born on This Date 1928

[DC Public Library]

American Artists

Fran Manushkin
Fran Manushkin
Born on This Date 1942

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Catholicism: All Souls' Day
(Annual remembrance of dead ancestors- observed November 3 if November 2 is a Sunday)
Catholicism Halloween Catholic Encyclopedia
Israel: Balfour Declaration Day
(Commemorates the Balfour Declaration promising Palestine as a Jewish national home: 11/02/1917)
Balfour Declaration Great Britain World War I Hagshama
North Dakota, South Dakota: Admission Day
(Commemorates admission of North Dakota, South Dakota as Union's 39th & 40th states: 11/02/1889)
North Dakota South Dakota Library of Congress Writer's Almanac
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 Mildred Ames (Connecticut-born Children's Author) Connecticut Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Fran Manushkin (Illinois-born Children's Author) Fran Manushkin Primary Children's Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1890 Moa Martinson (Swedish Author) Moa Martinson
1911 Odysseus Elytis (Greek-born 1979 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Odysseus Elytis 1979 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1928 Paul Johnson (English Journalist, Historian) English Authors Journalism History Writer's Almanac
1951 Thomas Mallon (New York-born Critic, Novelist) New York Authors Wag Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1699 Jean-Baptiste Chardin (French Painter) French Artists
1902 James Lesesne Wells (Georgia-born African-American Artist) James Lesesne Wells African-American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1739 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf (German Composer) German Composers Composers
1929 Harold Farberman (New York City-born Composer, Conductor) New York City Composers Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1734 Daniel Boone (Pennsylvania-born Pioneer) Daniel Boone U.S. Explorers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1815 George Boole (English-born Mathematician, Logician: Father of Boolean Logic) George Boole Logic History of Computer Technology
1885 Harlow Shapley (Missouri-born Solar Astronomer) Missouri Mathematicians and Scientists Astronomy and Space Sun
1929 Richard E. Taylor (Canadian-born 1990 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Richard E. Taylor Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1990 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1932 Melvin Schwartz (New York City-born 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physics) New York City Mathematicians and Scientists Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1734 Maurice Blondel (French Philosopher) French Philosophers Philosophy
Political and Social Leaders
1734 Marie Antoinette (Austrian-born Queen Consort to French King Louis VXI) Austrian Political and Social Leaders Marie Antoinette French Political and Social Leaders French Revolution
1795 James K. Polk (North Carolina-born 29th President of the United States: 1845-49) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders James K. Polk The American Presidency
1815 Isaac Pigeon Walker (West Virginia-born Member of the U.S. Senate from Wisconsin) West Virginia Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Political and Social Leader U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1847 Georges Sorel (French Social Theorist and Socialist Revolutionary) French Political and Social Leaders
1865 Warren G. Harding (Ohio-born 29th President of the United States: 1921-3) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Warren G. Harding The American Presidency
1893 Orland S. Loomis (Elected Governor of Wisconsin, but Died Before Being Inaugurated) Wisconsin Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Historical Society
1897 Richard B. Russell Jr. (Georgia Governor and Congressman) Georgia Political and Social Leader U.S. Congress University of Georgia
Performing Artists
1906 Luchino Visconti (Italian Film Director) Italian Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1913 Burt Lancaster (New York City-born Actor) Burt Lancaster Actors Film
1914 Ray Walston (New Orleans-born Actor) Ray Walston Actors Television
1942 Stefanie Powers (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1947 Dave Pegg (English Popular Musician) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1961 k.d. lang (Canadian Popular Musician) Canadian Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1966 David Schwimmer (New York City-born Actor: Friends) David Schwimmer Actors Television Film
Sports Figures
1928 Leon Hart (Pennsylvania-born 1949 Heisman Trophy Winner) Pennsylvania Sports Figures 1949 Heisman Trophy Winner College Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1483 Henry Stafford (Duke of Buckingham: Beheaded by England's King Richard III) English Political and Social Leaders King Richard III
1919 John B. Heim (Mayor of Madison, Wisconsin) Madison, Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1950 George Bernard Shaw (English Playwright) George Bernard Shaw Authors Plays
1963 Ngo Dinh Diem (President of South Vietnam: Assassination) Ngo Dinh Diem Death The History Channel
1992 Hal Roach (New York-born Filmmaker) Hal Roach Filmmakers
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of from 1100 - 1199  that Occurred on this Date
1164 Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas a Becket, Begins Six-year Exile in France Great Britain France King Henry II Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1483 Duke of Buckingham Beheaded for Rebellion Against King Richard III Great Britain King Richard III Death CNN
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1721 Peter the Great Proclaims Himself Emperor of All Russia Peter the Great CNN
1778 4-year-old Frances Slocum Is Stolen from Her Pennsylvania Home by Delaware Indians Frances Slocum Delaware Indians Rootsweb Indiana Historical Society
1783 Gen. George Washington Issues Farewell Address to the Army in New Jersey New Jersey George Washington U.S. Military Leaders The New York Times
1785 London Coachbuilder Lionel Lukin Patents the First Lifeboat English Scientists & Inventors Naval History Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights CNN
1789 The French State Seizes Property of the Church France French Revolution Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning at Day light I went down the river with 4 men to look for a proper place to winter proceeded down
the river three miles & found a place well Supld. with wood, & returned, Capt. Lewis went to the village to here what they had to Say & I fell down, and formed a camp near where a Small Camp of
Indian were huntig

Cut down the Trees around our Camp, in the evening Capt. Lewis returned with
a present of 11 bushels of Corn, our recaree Chief
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] Set out acccompanied by one Mandans Chief and Several Brave men, he
Called for Some Small article which we had but as I could not understand him
he Could not get it

the wind from the S. E. a fine day— many Indians to day

Lewis: This morning early we fixed on the site for our fortification which we immediately set about. This place we have named Fort Mandan in honour of
our Neighbours.

Ordway: a cloudy morning. Capt. Clark went with Some men down the Bottom
to look for a place to Build our huts. they Returned Shortly had found a Good place a Short distance down where their was an Indian camp in a Grove of large cottonwood Timber. Sevral Indians at Sd. camp Capt. Lewis & Several of the party went in a pearogue up to the 1st village of the Mandans in order to Git

we droped down a Short distance farther to a body & Bottom of large Timber where we commenced falling Timber, and fixing a camp close by the place where we intend for to build. picthed our tents & laid the foundation of one
line of our huts, which consisted of 4 Rooms 14 feet Square. the other line will be the Same Capt. Lewis returned. brought us 10 or 12 bushels of Good corn. we find the cottonwood Timber will Split Tollorable well, and as their is no other building timber in this bottom we expect to Split punchin to cover the huts with. one of our french hands is discharged & gone down the river.

[The site of Fort Mandan, where the Corps of Discovery remained until April 1805, is in McLean County, North Dakota, about fourteen miles west of Washburn. The actual site has been washed away by the Missouri and lies at least partially underwater.]

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
The Mandan Cottonwood Tree Corn

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Examined the rapid below us more pertcelarly the danger appearing too great to Hazzard our Canoes loaded, dispatched all the men who could not Swim with loads to the end of the portage below, I also walked to the end of the portage with the carriers where I delayed untill everry articles was brought over and canoes arrived Safe. here we brackfast and took a Meridn. altitude 59° 45' 45"

about the time we were Setting out 7 Squars came over loaded with Dried fish, and bear grass neetly bundled up, Soon after 4 Indian men came down over the rapid in a large canoe.

passed a rapid at 2 miles & 1 at 4 miles opposite the lower point of a high Island on the Lard Side, and a little below 4 Houses on the Stard. Bank, a Small Creek on the Lard Side opposit Straw berry Island, which heads below the last rapid, opposit the lower point of this Island passed three Islands covered with tall timber opposit the Beacon rock Those Islands are nearest the Starboard Side,

imediately below on the Stard. Side passed a village of nine houses, which is Situated between 2 Small Creeks, and are of the Same construction of those above;

here the river widens to near a mile, and the bottoms are more extensive and thickly timbered, as also the high mountains on each Side, with Pine, Spruce pine, Cotton wood, a Species of ash, and alder.

at 17 miles passed a rock near the middle of the river, about 100 feet high and 80 feet Diamuter, proceed on down a Smoth gentle Stream of about 2 miles wide, in which the tide has its effect as high as the Beacon rock or the Last rapids at Strawberry Island,—

Saw great numbers of waterfowl of Different kinds, Such as Swan, Geese, white & grey brants, ducks of various kinds, Guls, & Pleaver. Labeach killed 14 brant Joseph Fields 3 & Collins one.

we encamped under a high projecting rock on the Lard. Side, here the mountains leave the river on each Side, which from the great Shute to this place is high and rugid; thickly Covered with timber principalley of the Pine Species. The bottoms below appear extensive and thickly Covered with wood. river here about 2½ miles wide.

Seven Indians in a Canoe on their way down to trade with the nativs below, encamp with us, those we left at the portage passed us this evening and proceeded on down The ebb tide rose here about 9 Inches, the flood tide must rise here much higher— we made 29 miles to day from the Great Shute

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Multnomah County, Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1829 In Arkansas, Hot Springs, Jefferson, Monroe, Pope and Union Counties Are Created Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1830 Polish Composer Frédéric Chopin Departs Warsaw for Paris, Never to Return to Poland Frédéric Chopin Paris, France Composers American Public Media
1841 Afghans Revolt Against British Occupying Kabul, Killing 24 Afghanistan Great Britain Death CNN
1846 Mary Ann Smith Is the First Oregon Woman to Obtain a Divorce Oregon Women Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts
1861 President Lincoln Removes John C. Fremont from the Western Command John C. Fremont President Lincoln The American Civil War The History Channel
1869 In Minnesota, Manomin County Is Abolished and Transferred into Anoka County Anoka County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1875 4.3 Magnitude Earthquake Rattles Windows in Georgia, South Carolina Georgia South Carolina Earthquakes USGS
1880 James A. Garfield Narrowly Defeats Winfield Hancock for President James A. Garfield The American Presidency Presidential Elections Harper's Weekly
In Washington, Pierce County Residents Vote to Move Their County's Seat from Steilacoom to New Tacoma Pierce County, Washington Voting HistoryLink
In Washington, Clara McCarty Is Elected Superintendent of Pierce County Schools Pierce County, Washington Educators of Note Female American Political and Social Leaders Elections HistoryLink
1886 In Washington, Douglas County Residents Vote to Move Their County's Seat from Okanogan to Waterville Douglas County, Washington Voting HistoryLink
1889 North Dakota and South Dakota Admitted as 39th & 40th States in the Union North Dakota South Dakota Library of Congress
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 Italian Villas and Their Gardens by Edith Wharton Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1909 In Spokane, Washington, Workers Protest Against the City's Ban on Speaking in the Streets Spokane, Washington Labor Civil Rights First Amerndment HistoryLink
1911 Wisconsin's First Vocational School Opens in Racine Racine, Wisconsin Education Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1915 Massachusetts Referendum Fails in Attempt to Give Women the Right to Vote Massachusetts Women Women's Suffrage Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1917 British Foreign Secretary Balfour Commits Palestine as a Jewish Homeland Balfour Declaration Great Britain World War I The History Channel
1920 Warren G. Harding Handily Defeats James Cox for President Warren G. Harding The American Presidency Presidential Elections Library of Congress
First Presidential Election in Which Women Are Allowed to Vote Warren G. Harding The American Presidency Presidential Elections Women Historic Firsts
KDKA Pittsburgh Reports Election Results: First Radio Broadcast in the U.S. Pennsylvania The American Presidency Presidential Elections Historic Firsts KDKA Post-Gazette
Texas Voters Amend State Constitution to Increase Funding for Schools Texas Voting Education Economics Texas State Historical Association
Georgia Residents Vote to Create Five New Counties (156-160) Georgia Elections University of Georgia
Anchorage, Alaska Residents Vote 328 to 130 to Incorporate as a First Class City Anchorage, Alaska Voting Alaska Historical Society
West Virginia Voters Passed the Good Roads Amendment West Virginia Transportation Voting West Virginia State Archives
1930 Haile Selassie is Crowned Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie Nationmaster
1931 DuPont Begins Production of First Commercial Synthetic Rubber, Du Prene Polymers DuPont LeMoyne College
1936 The BBC Begins the World's First Regular Television Service Great Britain Television Historic Firsts BBC
1938 Germany and Italy Cede to Hungary 1/5th of Slovakia's Territory Slovakia Germany Italy Hungary Slovakian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1942 British Forces Break through Rommel's Defensive Line at El Alamein, Egypt Egypt Great Britain Irwin Rommel World War II The History Channel
1947 Howard Hughes Flies the Spruce Goose on Its First and Only Flight Howard Hughes Aviation History The History Channel
1948 Truman Defeats Thomas Dewey in Greatest Presidential Upset in History Harry Truman The American Presidency Presidential Elections The History Channel
Minnesota's Hubert Humphrey Wins His First of Three Elections to the U.S. Senate Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Hubert Humphrey U.S. Congress Minnesota Historical Society
Pillsbury's Flour Trademark Is Registered Trademarks Business Pillsbury USPTO
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 6,000 British Troops Airlifted to Egypt to Quell Suez Canal Unrest Suez Canal Great Britain BBC
1953 Pakistan's Parliament Declares the Country an Islamic Republic Pakistan Islam CNN
1954 Charles Diggs Is Elected As Michigan's First African American Congressman Michigan Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts State of Michigan
Wisconsin Voters Overwhelmingly (662,044 to 295,329) Reject a Proposed State-Supported Public Educational Television Station Wisconsin Education Education Television Voting Wisconsin Public Television Wisconsin Historical Society
1959 Charles Van Doren Testifies to Congress He Cheated on TV Game Shows U.S. Congress Television Crime The New York Times
1960 Court Rules Lady Chatterley's Lover by D.H. Lawrence Not Obscene D.H. Lawrence Law and Legal Resources The History Channel
1961 6,000 British Troops Land in Egypt to Quell Strikes at the Suez Canal Suez Canal Great Britain BBC
1963 South Vietnamese Soldiers Capture, Kill President Ngo Dinh Diem and Brother Ngo Dinh Diem Death The History Channel
1964 King Saud of Saudi Arabia Abdicates and Replaced by Prince Faisal Saudi Arabia Mideast Web
1974 Hank Aaron Is Traded from the Atlanta Braves to the Milwaukee Brewers Hank Aaron African-American Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
1976 Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter Defeats Republican Incumbent Gerald R. Ford Jimmy Carter Gerald Ford The American Presidency Presidential Elections The New York Times
1978 M. William Howard Elected As Youngest-ever President of the National Council of Churches Georgia Political and Social Leaders Religion African-American Political and Social Leaders National Council of Churches Concordia
1979 Peter Shaffer's Drama "Amadeus" Premieres at the National Theatre in London London, England Wolfgang Amadeus Mozert Stage & Theater Historic Firsts National Theatre in London American Public Media
1982 Ileana Ros Is the First Hispanic Woman Elected to the Florida Legislature Florida Political and Social Leaders Female American Women Political and Social Leaders Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Florida State Historical Society
Georgia Voters Approve Ratification of the State's Current Constitution Georgia Elections University of Georgia
1983 U.S. President Ronald Reagan Signs Bill Setting 3rd Monday of January as Martin Luther King Day Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. President Reagan Holidays African American Registry
1986 Islamic Fundamentalists Release Hostage David Jacobsen after 17 Months Lebanon Islam Terrorism BBC
Norway's Greta Waitz Wins Her Fifth Consecutive New York City Marathon New York City Norwegian Sports Figures Track and Field USA Today The New York Times
1988 Israeli Election Results in a Dead Heat Israel Elections BBC
Cornell University Student Unleashes Worm That Infects 1000s of Computers Computer History Cornell University
1992 Nydia Velázques Elected As First Puerto Rican Woman in U.S. Congress U.S. Congress Puerto Rican Political and Social Leaders Women Hispanic Heritage Historic Firsts
1993 Sharon Sayles Belton Is Elected Mayor of Minneapolis, the First African American and the First Female to Hold the Office Minneapolis, Minnesota American Women Leaders in Politics African-American Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1995 Former South African Defence Minister Charged with Apartheid Murders Apartheid Racism Law and Legal Resources BBC
Argentine Supreme Court Extradites Nazi Captain to Italy for War Crimes Trial Argentina Italy Nazi Germany War Crimes Law and Legal Resources
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 An American and Two Russians Are the First to Occupy the International Space Station The International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA
2001 NYC Police and Firefighters Clash at World Trade Center Cleanup Site New York City World Trade Center Attack The New York Times
2004 President George W. Bush Narrowly Defeats John Kerry for Re-election George W. Bush 2004 Presidential Election Presidential Elections