The Panamanian Flag The Panamanian Flag


The Panamanian Flag The Panamanian Flag

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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. From which country did Panamá declare its independence on this date in 1903? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1992, who was the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Senate? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Harcourt, where does Janell Cannon live? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1970, who became the first Puerto Rican to be elected to the U.S. Congress? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Edinburgh, what element did Daniel Rutherford describe as Vital Air? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, how old was Walker Evans when he took up photography? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by William Cullen Bryant (according to Virginia Commonwealth University):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Bryant Library, William Cullen Bryant was the long-time editor of what newspaper?

2. According to the University of Maryland, in the late 1930s, who reinforced Loïs Mailou Jones' interest in the illustration of African culture?

3. According to Jack in the Box, who is credited with creating the first sandwich?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Walker Evans photograph (according to the Getty Museum Collections):
Han Tan Tam

Daniel Rutherford
Born on This Date 1749

[University of Pennsylvania]


William Cullen Bryant
Born on This Date 1794

[Bryant Library]


Walker Evans
Born on This Date 1903

[Gale Group]


Loïs Mailou Jones
Born on This Date 1905

[Howard University]

American Artists

Janell Cannon
Born on This Date 1946


Primary Children's Author

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Sandwich Day
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Panamá Colombia U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1908 Gyo Fujikawa (California-born Asian-American Children's Author, Illustrator) California Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author American Artists Asian-American Studies
1921 Brent Ashabranner(Oklahoma-born Children's Author) Oklahoma Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1925 Monica Hughes (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1938 Bette Bao Lord (Chinese-American Children's Author) Bette Bao Lord Young-adult Authors Human Rights/Civil Rights Asian-American Authors
1957 Janell Cannon (Minnesota-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Janell Cannon Primary Children's Author American Artists
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1794 William Cullen Bryant (Massachusetts-born Poet) William Cullen Bryant Poetry
1801 Karl Baedeker (German Publisher of Travel Guides) German Authors Baedeker
1831 Ignatius Donnelly (Philadelphia-born Author; Member of the U.S. Congress from Minnesota) Pennyslvania Authors Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1901 André Malraux (French Novelist) Parisian Authors and Illustrators Authors' Calendar
1909 James "Scotty" Reston (Scottish-born Journalist, Columnist for the New York Times) Scottish Authors and Illustrators Journalism PBS Writer's Almanac
1920 Oodgeroo Noonuccal (Kath Walker: Australian Poet, Civil Rights Activist) Australian Authors and Illustrators Poetry Human/Civil Rights Activist Writer's Almanac
1939 Terrence McNally (Florida-born Playwright) Florida Authors and Illustrators Plays Moonstruck Writer's Almanac
1942 Martin Cruz Smith (Pennsylvania-born Novelist) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Literati Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1560 Annibale Carracci (Italian Artist) Italian Artists Artists
1903 Walker Evans (Missouri-born Photographer) Walker Evans Photography
1905 Loïs Mailou Jones (Massachusetts-born African-American Artist) Loïs Mailou Jones American Artists Noted African Americans
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1801 Vincenzo Bellini (Italian Composer) Italian Composers
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1749 Daniel Rutherford (Scottish Chemist) Daniel Rutherford Chemistry Nitrogren
1897 Frederick S. Russell (English Marine Biologist) Frederick S. Russell Marine Biologist
1816 Jubal Early (Virginia-born Confederate General) Jubal Early American Civil War
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1718 John Montagu, English Earl of Sandwich English Political & Social Leaders
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1920 Charles Bronson (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
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1954 Kathy Kinney (Wisconsin-born Actress Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
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1908 Bronislav "Bronko" Nagurski (Canadian-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Canadian Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
1918 Bob Feller (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Football Hall of Fame) Bob Feller Baseball Hall of Fame
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1926 Annie Oakley (Phoebe Ann Moses: Ohio-born Markswoman, Star of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show) Annie Oakley American Performing Artists Westward Expansion
1954 Henri Matisse (French Artist) Henri Matisse Artists
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1534 Parliament's Act of Supremacy Makes Henry VIII Head of Church of England English History Henry VIII Concordia
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1706 Earthquake Kills 15,000 in Italy Italy Earthquakes Death USGS
1757 The Treaty of Savannah Is Signed Ceding Creek Land Rights to Colonial Georgia Georgia Colony Creek Indians Treaty of Savannah University of Georgia
1762 France's Louis XV Secretly Gives Louisiana and New Orleans to His Cousin, Charles III of Spain France Spain Louisiana Historic U.S. Documents Oklahoma State University
1786 Georgia Authorities and Creek Chiefs Sign Treaty Reaffirming Previous Land Concessions Georgia Colony Creek Indians Historic Documents University of Georgia
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1804 Fox and Sauk Indians Trade 50 Million Acres of Land in Southern Wisconsin and Northern Illinois for an Annuity of $1,000 Wisconsin Illinois Native-American Heritage Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning wind hard from the West we commence building our Cabins, Send Down in Perogue 6 men to
hunt Engaged one man* Set the french who intend to return to build a Perogue, many Indians pass to hunt, Mr. Jessomme with his Squar & Children. come Down to live, as Interpter we hired for our Sirvice,

in the evening the Ka goh ha mi or little ravin Came & brought us on his Squar who carried on her back about 60 Wt.
of Dried Buffalow meat a roabe, & Pot of Meal &. they Delayed all night— we gave his Squar an ax & a fiew Small articles & himself a piece of Tobacco, the Men were indulged with a dram, this evening

two Beaver Cought This morning— and one Trap Lost. The Frenchmen 9 engaged thus far now returning. but 2 or 3 volunteered to remain with us the winter.

[*Jean Baptiste LePage took the place of the discharged John Newman and
went with the permanent party to the Pacific and back. Most of what is known
of him is in this entry and elsewhere in the journals. The information in Biddle's interlineation indicates that he had been to the Black Hills and on the Little Missouri River, in country that few, if any, other whites had seen. He probably contributed some information to the Western map Clark prepared during this winter

Gass: A clear day; we continued building, and six men went down the river in a periogue to hunt. They will perhaps have to go 30 or 40 miles before they come to good hunting ground.— The following is the manner in which our huts and fort were built; the huts were in two rows, containing four rooms each, and joined at one end forming an angle. When rasied about 7 feet high a floor of puncheons
[split logs with one side roughly flattened] or split plank were laid, and covered with grass and clay; which made a warm loft. The upper part projected a foot over and the roofs were made shed-fashion, rising from the inner side, and making the outer wall about 18 feet high. The part not inclosed by the huts we intended to picket. In the angle formed by the two rows of huts we built two rooms, for holding our provisions and stores.

[Gass gives the most detailed information available about the construction of Fort Mandan. The fort was roughly triangular in outline. Ordway indicates that each row of huts consisted of four rooms each fourteen feet square, making each row approximately 56 feet in length.]

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
The Mandan Food Beaver Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The Fog So thick this morning that we could not See a man 50 Steps off, this fog detained us untill 10 oClock
at which time we Set out, accompanied by our Indian friends who are from a village near the great falls,

previous to our Setting out Collins killed a large Buck, and Labiech killed 3 Geese flying.

I walked on the Sand beech Lard. Side, opposit the canoes as they passed allong. The under groth rushes, vines &c.
in the bottoms too thick to pass through, at 3 miles I arrived at the enterance of a river which appeared to Scatter over a Sand bar, the bottom of which I could See quite across and did not appear to be 4 Inches deep in any part; I attempted to wade this Stream and to my astonishment found the bottom a quick Sand, and impassable— I called to the Canoes to put to Shore, I got into the Canoe and landed below the mouth,

Capt Lewis and my Self walked up this river about 1½ miles to examine this river The Quick Sand river appears to
pass through the low countrey at the foot of those high range of mountains in a Southerly direction,— The large Creeks which fall into the Columbia on the Stard. Side rise in the Same range of mountains to the N. N. E. and pass through Some ridgey land—

A Mountain which we Suppose to be Mt. Hood is S. 85° E about 47 miles distant from the mouth of quick sand river This mtn. is Covered with Snow and in the range of mountains which we have passed through and is of a Conical form but rugid—

after takeing dinner at the mouth of this river we proceeded on Some rugid rocks in the middle of the Stream Center of a large Island in the middle of the river which we call Dimond Isld. from its appearance, here we met 15 Indn men in 2 canoes from below, they informed us they Saw 3 vestles below &c. &c. we landed on the North Side of this Dimond Island and Encamped,

Capt. L walked out with his gun on the Island, Sent out hunters & fowlers— below quick Sand River the Countrey is low rich and thickly timbered on each Side of the river, the Islands open & Some ponds river wide and emence numbers of fowls flying in every direction Such as Swan, geese, Brants, Cranes, Storks] white guls, comerants & plevers &c. also great numbers of Sea Otter in the river—

a Canoe arrived from the village below the last rapid with a man his wife and 3 children, and a woman whome had been taken prisoner from the Snake Inds. I Sent the Interpreters wife who is a So So ne or Snake Indian of the Missouri, to Speake to this Squar, they Could not understand each other Sufficiently to Converse.

This familey and the Inds. we met from below continued with us Capt Lewis borrowed a Small Canoe of those Indians & 4 men took her across to a Small lake in the Isld. Capt. L.. and 3 men Set out after night in this Canoe in Serch of the Swans, Brants Ducks &c. &c. which appeared in great numbers in the Lake, he Killed a Swan and Several Ducks which made our number of fowls this evening 3 Swan, 8 brant and 5 Ducks, on which we made a Sumptious Supper.

We gave the Indian—who lent the Canoe a brant, and Some meat to the others. one of those Indians, the man from
the village near the lower Rapids has a gun with a brass barrel & Cock of which he prises highly—

note the mountain we Saw from near the forks proves to be Mt. Hood

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Government Island
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1814 Forces of Andrew Jackson Kill 180 Warriors at the Creek Village of Tallushatchee in Alabama Alabama Andrew Jackson Creek Indians War of 1812 Death Wikipedia
1835 Marion County, Arkansas Is Created Marion County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1836 Fayetteville, Arkansas Is Created Fayetteville, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1839 British Frigates Blow Up Chinese Junk Near Canton to Start the First Opium War China Great Britain Naval History War New York Times
1844 William Makepeace Thackeray Completes The Luck of Barry Lyndon William Makepeace Thackeray Authors The History Channel
1862 Federal African-American Regiment Replaces White Troops Stationed on Florida's Amelia Island Florida American Civil War African-American Military Figures Florida State Historical Society
1868 Republican Ulysses S. Grant Elected President over Democrat Horatio Seymour Ulysses S. Grant American Presidency Politics and Elections New York Times
Louisiana's John Willis Menard Is First African-American Elected to Congress John Willis Menard Louisiana U.S. Congress Historic Firsts Rootsweb African American Registry
1883 Black Bart Makes His Last Stagecoach Robbery Notorious Americans Westward Expansion History Channel
The Bank of Tampa Opens Florida Banking Bank of Tampa Florida State Historical Society
1885 White Mob Forces Tacoma, Washington's Chinese Community to Leave Town Washington Racism Asian-American Heritage History Link
1891 Construction Begins on the Pecos High Bridge in Texas Texas Bridges Texas State Historical Association
1895 Fire Destroys the Town of Walcott in Rice County, Minnesota Rice County, Minnesota Fire Minnesota Historical Society
1896 Republican William McKinley Defeats William Jennings Bryan for President William Jennings Bryan William McKinley American Presidency Politics and Elections
1899 James J. Jeffries Defeats Tom Sharkey for World Heavyweight Championship California Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 The First National Automobile Show Opens in New York City's Madison Square Garden New York City Automotives Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1903 Panamá Proclaims Its Independence from Colombia Panamá Colombia History Channel
Listerine Is Trademarked Trademarks and Patents Listerine USPTO
1908 Republican William Howard Taft Defeats William Jennings Bryan for President William Jennings Bryan William Howard Taft American Presidency Politics and Elections New York Times
1914 Georgia Voters Ratify Constitutional Amendments Creating Four New Counties Georgia Elections University of Georgia
1916 Bound East for Cardiff Is Eugene O'Neill's Debut Work in New York City New York City Plays Library of Congress
1926 Fifty-one Miners Die in Cave-In At Barnes-Hecker Mine Near Ishpeming, Michigan Michigan Death State of Michigan
1934 William Faulkner Publishes "Raid," in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism American Collection
1936 Democrat Franklin Roosevelt Defeats Republican Alf Landon for President Franklin Roosevelt American Presidency Politics and Elections New York Times Wisconsin Historical Society
1941 Japanese Give the Order to Bomb Pearl Harbor Japan Hawaii Bombing of Pearl Harbor History Channel
1942 The Construction Crew Building the Alaska Highway from the North Meets the Crew Building From the South Alaska Transportation Alaska Historical Society
1943 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Skwentna, Alaska Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1947 Kanawha Airport (Yeager Airport) Is Dedicated in Charleston, West Virginia Charleston, West Virginia Aviation Yeager Airport West Virginia State Archives
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1955 Movie Musical Guys and Dolls Opens in Theaters Film The History Channel Internet Movie Database
1956 45 Million Watch First Broadcast of Wizard of Oz on Television Wizard of Oz Television The History Channel
1957 Soviet Union Launches Sputnik 2 into Orbit with Dog Aboard Soviet Union Soviet Space Program Dogs History Channel BBC
1959 The 109-day Wilson & Company Packinghouse Strike Begins in Albert Lea, Minnesota Albert Lea, Minnesota Labor Strike Business Minnesota Historical Society
1964 President Lyndon Johnson Re-elected over Republican Barry Goldwater Barry Goldwater Lyndon Johnson American Presidency Presidential Elections The History Channel BBC
1966 President Johnson Signs Bill Mandating "Truth in Packaging" Supermarket Goods Lyndon Johnson Foods and Nutrition Propaganda Business History Channel
1970 Hermán Badillo First Puerto Rican to Serve as U.S. Congressman Hermán Badillo U.S. Congress Elections Latin-American Studies Historic Firsts
Jimmy Carter Is Elected Governor of Georgia Georgia Jimmy Carter Elections University of Georgia
Alabama Elects First Two African-American Congressmen Since Reconstruction Alabama Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders Alabama State Archives
The 6th Virginia Constitution Is Ratified to Bring the State into Compliance with the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Virginia Constitution Historic U.S. Documents Human Rights Voting Virginia Historical Society
Salvador Allende Is Inaugurated as President of Chile Salvador Allende New York Times
1974 Tennessee Williams' Play Battle of Angels Opens in NYC, 34 Yrs After Its Boston Premiere Tennessee Williams American Authors Plays American Collection
1975 Britain's Queen Elizabeth II Opens the North Sea Pipeline Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II Business & Economics BBC
Good Morning America Debuts on ABC Television Journalism Historic Firsts Good Morning America Internet Movie Database
1979 Klansmen Kill Five Members of the Communist Workers Party in Greensboro, NC North Carolina Crime Death History Channel
1985 2 French Secret Agents Plead Guilty to Bombing Greenpeace Rainbow Warrior France Greenpeace BBC
1986 Lebanese Magazine Breaks First Story Leading to the Iran-Contra Affair President Ronald Reagan Iran-Contra Affair Lebanon Journalism History Channel
1989 The Minnesota Timberwolves Basketball Team Plays Its First Game, Losing to the Seattle Supersonics, 106-94 Minnesota Sports Figures Seattle, Washington Basketball NBA Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1992 Democrat Bill Clinton Defeats President George Bush President Bill Clinton President George Bush American Presidency Presidential Elections New York Times
Hall of Fame Football Player Alan Page Is the First African-American Elected to the State Supreme Court of Minnesota Minnesota Supreme Court Ohio Sports Figures Law and Legal Reources Politics and Elections Professional Football Hall of Fame African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
Illinois Democrat Carol Moseley Braun First Africa-American Woman Elected to U.S. Senate Illinois Political Leaders U.S. Senate Politics and Elections Women African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts New York Times
Cynthia McKinney Is First African American Women Elected to U.S. Congress from Georgia Georgia Politics and Elections Women African-American History Historic Firsts University of Georgia
Georgia Voters Approve a State Lottery with Proceeds Earmarked for Education Georgia Politics and Elections Education Economics University of Georgia
1995 Typhoon Angela Kills 880 People in the Philippines The Philippines Typhoons & Hurricanes Death New York Times
1997 Supreme Court Lets Stand California's Ban on Race and Gender Preferences California U.S. Supreme Court Human Rights/Civil Rights New York Times
Angry Truckers Blockade French Ports France Labor BBC
1998 Former Pro Wrestler Jesse ''The Body'' Ventura Elected Governor of Minnesota Minnesota Wrestling Politics and Elections CNN
Georgia Elects First Two African Americans to Statewide Office (Attorney General & Labor) Georgia Politics and Elections African-American History Historic Firsts University of Georgia
Wisconsin Governor Tommy Thompson Is Elected to a Fourth Term Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Politics and Elections Wisconsin Historical Society
CIA Missile Kills Top al-Qaeda Operative in Yemen Yemen The CIA War on Terrorism Death New York Times
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 - present
2000 Black Entertainment Television (BET) Sold to Viacom for $3 Billion Television Business & Economics African American History African American Registry
2002 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Causes $20M Damage to trans-Alaska Pipeline Alaska Earthquakes Economics USGS