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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
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5-Minute Quests

1. Who did Grover Cleveland defeat to win the U.S. Presidential Election on this date in 1884? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1924, who became the first woman to serve as governor in the United States by being elected to complete her deceased husband's term? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Muppet Central, what was the title of the book that Laura Bush read for Sesame Street? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Gail E. Haley (according to the University of Southern Mississippi):

1. Who were the five Presidents who attended the opening of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library on this date in 1991? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Writer's Almanac, what was Will Rogers' nickname? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Southern Mississippi University, what is the name of the rural village in which Gail E. Haley grew up? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Ciro Alegría (according to the Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Republic of the Philippines, during what years was Carlos Garcia their President?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Joseph Rotblat selected as a 1995 Nobel Laureate for Peace?

3. According to Queens University, which state has a town named for James Douglas?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1984 production in which Art Carney had a role (according to the Internet Movie Database):

Will Rogers
Born on This Date 1879

[New York Times]

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Carlos Garcia
Born on This Date 1886

[Republic of the Philippines]

Political/Social Leader

Joseph Rotblat
Born on This Date 1908

[The Nobel Foundation]

2995 Nobel Laureate for Peace

Gale Haley
Born on This Date 1939

[Official Website]

1971 Caldecott Medal Winner: A Story, A Story

Laura Bush
Born on This Date 1946

[The White House]

First Lady

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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning we Continued to Cut Down trees and raise our houses,

a Mr. Chaubonée*, interpeter for the Gross Vintre nation Came to See us, and informed that he came Down with Several Indians from a Hunting expedition up the river, to here what we had told the Indians in Councl He Speaks the Big Belley [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] language he wished to hire & informed us his 2 Squars** were Snake Indians [Shoshonean tribes] , we engau him to go on with us and take one of his wives to interpet the Snake language [Shoshonean tribes]

Great numbers of Indians pass hunting and Some on the return—

Ordway: cold last night & white frost this morning. clear and pleasant. we continued raiseing our huts. Several more of our french hands is discharged and one makeing a pearogue in order to descend the Missourie & Several of the
natives come to our Camp to See us build our huts, and to See our boats &.C— we got one line of our huts raised So that we got the Eve Beames on & all of large Timber So that it took all the men hard lifting to put the 16 foot eve Beames.

[*Toussaint Charbonneau is, of course, one of the best-known members of the Corps of Discovery, thanks to his association with Sacajawea. He was a French Canadian, born about 1758, who had worked for the North West Company and had apparently lived among the Hidatsas as an independent trader for several years by 1804. He appears, of course, in all accounts of the expedition and in the various biographies of Sacajawea, but relatively little has been written on the man himself. Estimates of his character have generally been unfavorable, many historians portraying him as a coward, a bungler, and a wife-beater. Lewis described him as "A man of no peculiar merit" who "was useful as an interpreter only"; nonethless, his services in that capacity, together with his wife's, were virtually indispensable, to say nothing of his considerable ability as a cook. Clark evidently had a higher opinion of Charbonneau, for he saw to the education of the couple's son, offered to set Charbonneau up as a farmer or trader, and saw to it that his old associate had employment in the fur trade and government service until his own (Clark's) death. After the expedition Charbonneau worked for Manuel Lisa in the Missouri Fur Company, then carried out diplomatic errands among the Missouri River tribes for the United States during the War of 1812. He joined an expedition to Santa Fe in 1815, where the Spanish briefly imprisoned him, and worked as an interpreter for Major Stephen H. Long, Prince Paul of Wurttemburg, and Prince Maximilian, in addition to serving various fur-trading firms. During Clark's long tenure as superintendent of Indian affairs in the trans-Mississippi West, Charbonneau was on the government payroll much of the time as Mandan and Hidatsa interpreter. He was discharged in 1839, about a year after Clark's death, and thereafter disappears from the record; evidently he was dead by 1843. A probable likeness of him is found in Karl Bodmer painting "The Travelers Meeting with Minataree Indians near Fort Clark," which shows someone, perhaps Charbonneau, interpreting for Maximilian in 1833–34, when he was probably in his seventies.]

[**One of them was, of course, Sacajawea, destined to be the most famous member of the Corps of Discovery after the captains themselves. In spite of the multitude of words written about her, most of what we know about her life and personality is to be found in the expedition journals and a few other papers of Clark. A Lemhi Shoshone from the region of the Continental Divide in Idaho and Montana, probably born around 1788, she was taken prisoner by a Hidatsa raiding party near the Three Forks of the Missouri about 1800 and was apparently living at Metaharta, the middle Hidatsa village (now called the Sakakawea site), when purchased by Charbonneau, probably in 1804. Many writers have referred to her as the guide of the expedition, but Lewis and Clark hired her and Charbonneau as interpreters. Her services in that capacity among the Shoshonean-speaking people in the Rockies were indispensable, while her presence with a baby calmed the fears of many tribes that the party was a war expedition. She did provide valuable assistance as a guide in the region of southwestern Montana in which she had spent her childhood. Clark seems to have had a high opinion of her, as he did of Charbonneau and the couple's son, but romantic fantasies concerning the two have no foundation in the record. There is some controversy about whether the name by which we know her was Shoshone or Hidatsa, and the appropriate spelling and pronunciation remain in doubt. All of the captains' attempts to render the name indicate a hard "g" sound in the third syllable. Lewis understood the name to mean "Bird Woman." On her subsequent life there is also little information. The best evidence is that she died at Manuel Lisa's trading post, Fort Manuel, on the Missouri River in Corson County, South Dakota, in 1812. Certainly Clark recorded her as having died by 1825–28. Assertions that she lived to be nearly one hundred, dying in 1884 on the Wind River Shoshone Reservation in Wyoming, rest on shaky evidence.]

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A cloudy cool morning wind from the West we Set out at ½ past 8 oClock,

one man Shannon Set out early to walk on the Island to kill Something, he joined us at the lower point with a Buck.

This island is 6 miles long and near 3 miles wide thinly timbered (Tide rose last night 18 inches perpndicular at Camp) near the lower point of this diamond Island is The head of a large Island Seperated from a Small one by a narrow chanel, and both Situated nearest the Lard Side, those Islands as also the bottoms are thickly Covered with Pine &c. river wide, Country low on both Sides;

on the Main Lard Shore a Short distance below the last Island we landed at a village of 25 Houses: 24 of those houses were thached with Straw, and covered with bark, the other house is built of boards in the form of those above, except that it is above ground and about 50 feet in length and covered with broad Split boards This village contains about 200 men of the Skil-loot nation I counted 52 canoes on the bank in front of this village maney of them verry large and raised in bow.

[The village was within present Portland, Oregon, and was probably destroyed by the construction of the city's airport.]

we recognised the man who over took us last night, he invited us to a lodge in which he had Some part and gave us a roundish roots about the Size of a Small Irish potato which they roasted in the embers until they became Soft, This root they call Wap-pa-to which the Bulb of the Chinese cultivate in great quantities called the Sa-git ti folia or common arrow head—.it has an agreeable taste and answers verry well in place of bread. we purchased about 4 bushels of this root and divided it to our party,

at 7 miles below this village passed the upper point of a large Island nearest the Lard Side, a Small Prarie in which there is a pond opposit on the Stard.

[Present-day Vancouver Lake, Clark County, Washington.]

here I landed and walked on Shore, about 3 miles a fine open Prarie for about 1 mile, back of which the countrey rises gradually and wood land comencies Such as white oake, pine of different kinds, wild crabs with the taste and flavour of the common crab and Several Species of undergroth of which I am not acquainted, a few Cottonwood trees & the Ash of this countrey grow Scattered on the river bank, Saw Some Elk and Deer Sign and joined Capt. Lewis at a place he had landed with the party for Diner.

Soon after Several Canoes of Indians from the village above came down dressed for the purpose as I Supposed of Paying us a friendly visit, they had Scarlet & blue blankets Salors jackets, overalls, Shirts and Hats independant of their Usial dress; the most of them had either war axes Spears or Bows Sprung with quivers of arrows, Muskets or pistols, and tin flasks to hold their powder; Those fellows we found assumeing and disagreeable, however we Smoked with them and treated them with every attention & friendship.

dureing the time we were at dinner those fellows Stold my pipe Tomahawk which They were Smoking with, I imediately Serched every man and the canoes, but Could find nothing of my Tomahawk, while Serching for the Tomahawk one of those Scoundals Stole a Cappoe [coat] of one of our interpreters, which was found Stufed under the root of a treer, near the place they Sat, we became much displeased with those fellows, which they discovered and moved off on their return home to their village, except 2 canoes which had passed on down—

we proceeded on met a large & a Small Canoe from below, with 12 men the large Canoe was ornimented with Images carved in wood the figures of man & a Bear in front & a man in Stern, Painted & fixed verry netely on the bow & Stern of the Canoe, rising to near the hight of a man two Indians verry finely Dressed & with hats on was in this canoe

passed the lower point of the Island which is nine miles in length haveing passed 2 Islands on the Stard Side of this large Island, three Small Islands at its lower point. the Indians make Signs that a village is Situated back of those Islands on the Lard. Side

passed a village of four large houseson The Lard. Side, near which we had a full view of Mt. Helien which is perhaps
the highest pinical in America from their base it bears N. 25° E about 90 miles— Covered with Snow, it rises Something in the form of a Sugar lofe—

about a mile lower passed a Single house on the Lard. Side, and one on the Stard. Side, passed a village on each
Side and Camped near a house on the Stard. Side we proceeded on untill one hour after dark with a view to get clear
of the nativs who was constantly about us, and troublesom, finding that we could not get Shut of those people for one night, we landed and Encamped on the Stard. Side Soon after 2 canoes Came to us loaded with Indians, we
purchased a fiew roots of them.

This evening we Saw vines much resembling the raspberry which is verry thick in the bottoms. A range of high hills at about 5 miles on the Lard Side which runs S. E. & N W. Covered with tall timber the bottoms below in this range of hills and the river is rich and leavel, Saw White geese with a part of their wings black. The river here is 1½ miles wide, and current jentle. opposite to our camp on a Small Sandy Island the brant & geese make Such a noise that it will be impossible for me to Sleap. we made 29 miles to day

Killed a Deer and Several brant and ducks. I Saw a Brarow tamed at the 1st village to day The Indians which we have passd to day of the Scil-loot nation in their language from those near & about the long narrows of the Che-luc-it-te-quar or E-chee-lute, their dress differ but little, except they have more of the articles precured from the white traders, they
all have flatened heads both men and women, live principally on fish and Wap pa toe roots, they also kill Some fiew Elk and Deer, dureing the Short time I remained in their village they brought in three Deer which they had killed with their Bow & arrows. They are thievishly inclinded as we have experienced.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans Lewis & Clark Map: 10/16/05 Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge
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