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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who did Abraham Lincoln remove as his Union Commander on this date in 1862? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1895, who received the first U.S. Patent for an automobile? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the University of Wisconsin, Margaret Willey is a winner of the Zolotow Award. What achievement is recognized by the Zolotow Award? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. Which four different American Presidents won Presidential elections on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Grolier, Eugene V. Debs was a five-time candidate for what public office? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the British National Archives, how many confessions did Guy Fawkes sign? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1949 movie starring Roy Rogers (according to the Internet Movie Database):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to VivaBrazil, Rui Barbosa was gifted with a privileged intelligence and also with a prodigious capacity for what?

2. According to the New York Times, Ida M. Tarbell won fame with her expose of what?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Paul Sabatier awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a production directed and scripted by Sam Shepherd (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Rui Barbosa
Born on This Date 1849

[Tribunal de Contas
do Estado de Rondônia]

Law & Legal Resources

Ida M. Tarbell
Born on This Date 1857



Paul Sabatier
Born on This Date 1854

[The Nobel Foundation]

1912 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Eugene V. Debs
Born on This Date 1855

[Kansas University]

Labor Activist

Margaret Willey
Born on This Date 1950

[University of Wisconsin]

Young-adult Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
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El Salvador: First Call for Independence Day
(In commemoration of first battle for independence from Spain led by Padre Jose Matias Delgado: 11/05/1811)
El Salvador Spain Bank Holidays of the World
Great Britain: Guy Fawkes Day
(Commemoration of Guy Fawkes' failed attempt to blow up the British Parliament: 11/05/1605)
Guy Fawkes History Channel Greenwich Guide
Panamá: Colon's Day
(Commemorates evacuation of Colombian troops and abandoning efforts to control Colon, Panamá: 11/05/1903)
Panamá Colombia CZBrats
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1927 Thomas Aylesworth (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors Young-adult Authors Science University of Southern Mississippi
1935 Marcia Sewall (Rhode Island-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Rhode Island Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists Kidspoint
1948 Raymond Bial (Illinois-born Photographer, Children's Author) Illinois Authors Young-adult Authors Photography Houghton-Mifflin Official Web Site
1949 Larry Dane Brimner (Florida-born Children's Author) Florida Authors Primary Children's Authors Official Web Site
1950 Margaret Willey (Chicago-born Children's Author) Margaret Willey Young-adult Authors
1951 Marisa Montes (Puerto Rican Children's Author) Marisa Montes Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Latin-American Authors
1958 Megan Lloyd (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists Penn State University
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1834 Anna Leonowens (Welsh Writer, Governess to the Children of King Mongkut of Siam) Welsh Authors Thai Political and Social Leaders The King and I Anna and the King
1850 Ella Wheeler (Wisconsin-born Poet, Columnist) Wisconsin Authors Poetry Journalism Wisconsin Historical Association
1857 Ida M. Tarbell (Pennsylvania-born Muckraker Journalist) Ida M. Tarbell Journalism
1885 Will Durant (Massachusetts-born Writer, Historian) Will Durant World History
1889 Willis Richardson (North Carolina-born African-American Playwright; the First to Have a Nonmusical Play Produced on Broadway) North Carolina Authors Plays African-American Authors African American Registry
1938 Robert Hamblin (Mississippi-born Poet, Educator) Mississippi Authors Poetrys Educators of Note Mississippi Writers Project
1943 Sam Shepard (Illinois-born Actor, Playwright Awarded the 1979 Pulitzer for Drama) Sam Shepard Actors Plays 1979 Pulitzer for Drama
Linda Peavy (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors Mississippi Writers Project
Artists, Architects and Designers
1893 Raymond Loewy (French-American Industrial Designer Who Championed Design Beauty and Simplicity for Commercial Products) Raymond Loewy
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1854 Paul Sabatier (French Chemist; 1912 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Paul Sabatier Enzymes & Catalysts 1912 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1863 James Ward Packard (Ohio-born Automotive Engineer, Inventor, Manufacturer) James Ward Packard Inventors & Inventions Automobiles
Military Leaders
1833 Edward D. Tracy (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
Political & Social Leaders
1799 James Duane Doty (New York-born Second Territorial Governor of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Association
1831 William Meade Fishback (Virginia-born Governor of Arkansas) Vriginia Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
1849 Rui Barbosa (Brazilian Journalist, Lawyer, Politician) Rui Barbosa Law & Legal Resources
1855 Eugene V. Debs (Indiana-born Socialist, Labor Leader) Eugene V. Debs Labor
1879 Will Hays (Indiana-born Chairman of the Republican National Party; President of Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Republican National Party Filmmakers Motion Picture Association of America
1900 Martin Dies (Colorado-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Texas Who First Chaired the House Committee on Un-American Activities) Colorado Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress McCarthyism
1905 Vernon Wallace Thomson (Governor of Wisconsin, 1957-1959; Member of the U.S. Congress) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Association
1948 Bob Barr (Iowa-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Georgia) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of Georgia
Performing Artists
1901 Etta Moten Barnett (Texas-born African-American Singer) Texas Performing Artists Popular Singers African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry Internet Movie Database
1911 Roy Rogers (Ohio-born Singing Cowboy Actor) Roy Rogers American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Television Film
1913 Vivian Leigh (English Actress) Vivian Leigh Actors Film
1942 Art Garfunkel (New York City-born Singer, Actor; Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) New York City Performing Aritsts Popular Musicians American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1963 Tatum O'Neal (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1935 Lester Piggott (English Jockey) English Jockey Horse Racing Historic UK
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1879 James Clerk Maxwell (Scottish Physicist) James Clerk Maxwell Physics
1942 George M. Cohan (Rhode Island-born Songwriter, Vaudevillian) Rhode Island Performing Aritsts American Composers American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1956 Art Tatum (Ohio-born African-American Jazz Pianist, Improviser) Art Tatum Jazzs African-American Performing Artists
1960 Johnny Horton (California-born Country Musician Killed in a Texas Auto Accident) Los Angeles Performing Artists Texas Automobile Country Music War 1812 Death Internet Movie Database Texas State Historical Society
1977 Roswell Garst (Iowa-born Agribusiness Leader) Iowa Scientists & Mathematcians Farming & Agriculture Business
1989 Vladimir Horowitz (Ukrainian-American Classical Pianist) Vladimir Horowitz Classical Musicians
1990 Rabbi Meir Kahane (New York-born Conservative Rabbi Assassinated by Egyptian Militant) Egypt New York City Political and Social Leader Judaism Middle East History Death History Channel
1994 Johan Heyns (A Leader of South Africa's Dutch Reformed Church - Shot and Killed by Right-Wing White Activists South Africa Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders Gun Controls South African History
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1556 Hindu General, Hemu, Fails in Attempt to Usurp Akbar, India's 14-year-old Mughal Emperor Indian Political and Social Leaders Hinduism History Channel Asian History
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1600 The King of Spain Orders the Governor of Cuba to Investigate the Worthiness of St. Augustine as a Permanent Fortress and City in Florida Spain Cuba St. Augustine, Florida Forts Latin-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
1605 Guy Fawkes Is Jailed in Tower of London for Attempting to Blow Up Parliament Guy Fawkes James I, King of England Writer's Almanac History Channel Historic UK
1659 An Earthquake Kills 2,000 in Italy Italy Earthquake Death USGS
1688 The English Revolution Begins as the Army of William of Orange Invades England from Holland English Political and Social Leaders The Netherlands William and Mary University of Georgia Chambers' Book of Days Greenwich Guide
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1734 Massachusetts Missionary John Sergeant Opens a School for Mohican Indian Children Massachusetts Native Americans Education Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1775 General George Washington Condemns His Troops' "Childish" Practice of Celebrating Guy Fawkes' Day Guy Fawkes George Washington Holidays and Celebreations American Revolution History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I rose verry early and commenced raising the 2 range of Huts the timber large and heavy all to Carry on Hand Sticks, Cotton wood & Elm Som ash Small, our Situation Sandy,

great numbers of Indians pass to and from hunting

a Camp of Mandans, A fiew miles below us Cought within two days 100 Goat, by Driveing them in a Strong pen, detected by a Bush fence widening from the pen &c. &.

the Greater part of this day Cloudy, wind moderate from the N. W. I have the Rhumitisum verry bad, Cap Lewis writeing all Day—

we are told by our interpeter that 4 Ossinboin Indians, have arrived at the Camps of the Gross Venters & 50 Lodges are Comeing

Ordway: a clear & pleasant morning. all hands to work eairly raiseing the other line of our huts & Splitting out punchiens [split logs with one side roughly flattened] for to lay the loft which we intend covering over with earth in order to make the huts more warm and comfortable. we dug a vault [latrine] 100 yds abo. the huts to make or keep the place healthy.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes

Cottonwood Tree Pronghorn Health

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Rained all the after part of last night, rain continues this morning, I slept but verry little last night for the noise Kept dureing the whole of the night by the Swans, Geese, white & Grey Brant Ducks &c. on a Small Sand Island close under the Lard. Side; they were emensely noumerous, and their noise horid—

we Set out at about Sun rise early

here the river is not more than ¾ of a mile in width, passed a Small Prarie on the Stard. Side passed 2 houses about ½ a mile from each other on the Lard. Side a Canoe came from the upper house, with 3 men in its mearly to view us, passed an Isld. Covered with tall trees & green briers Seperated from the Stard. Shore by a narrow Chanel at 9 miles

I observed on the Chanel which passes on the Stard Side of this Island a Short distance above its lower point is Situated a large village, the front of which occupies nearly ¼ of a mile fronting the Chanel, and closely Connected, I counted 14 houses in front here the river widens to about 1½ miles.

Seven canoes of Indians came out from this large village to view and trade with us, they appeared orderly and well disposed, they accompanied us a fiew miles and returned back. about 1½ miles below this village on the Lard Side behind a rockey Sharp point, we passed a Chanel ¼ of a mile wide, which I take to be the one the Indian Canoe entered yesterday from the lower point of Immage Canoe Island

Some low clifts of rocks below this Chanel, a large Island Close under the Stard Side opposit, and 2 Small Islands, below, here we met 2 canoes from below,—

below those Islands a range of high hills form the Stard. Bank of the river, the Shore bold and rockey, Covered with a thick groth of Pine an extensive low Island, Seperated from the Lard side by a narrow Chanel, on this Island we Stoped to Dine I walked out found it open & covered with Small grass interspersed with Small ponds, in which was great numbr. of foul, the remains of an old village on the lower part of this Island, I saw Several deer

our hunters killed on this Island a Swan, 4 white 6 Grey brant & 2 Ducks

below the lower point of this Island a range of high hills which runs S. E. forms the Lard. bank of the river the Shores bold and rockey & hills Covered with pine, The high hills leave the river on the Stard. Side a high bottom between the hill & river.

We met 4 Canoes of Indians from below, in which there is 26 Indians, one of those Canoes is large, and ornimented with Images on the bow & Stern. That in the Bow the likeness of a Bear, and in Stern the picture of a man—

we landed on the Lard. Side & camped a little below the mouth of a creek on the Stard. Side a little below the mouth of which is an Old Village which is now abandaned—;

here the river is about one and a half miles wide. and deep, The high Hills which run in a N W. & S E. derection form both banks of the river the Shore boald and rockey, the hills rise gradually & are Covered with a thick groth of pine &c. The valley which is from above the mouth of Quick Sand River to this place may be computed at 60 miles wide on a Derect line, & extends a great Distanc to the right & left rich thickly Covered with tall timber, with a fiew Small Praries bordering on the river and on the Islands; Some fiew Standing Ponds & Several Small Streams of running water on either Side of the river; This is certainly a fertill and a handsom valley, at this time Crouded with Indians.

The day proved Cloudy with rain the greater part of it, we are all wet cold and disagreeable— I saw but little appearance of frost in this valley which we call Wap-pa-too Columbia from the root or plants growing Spontaniously in this valley only

In my walk of to Day I saw 17 Striped Snakes I killed a grouse which was verry fat, and larger than Common.

This is the first night which we have been entirely clear of Indians Since our arrival on the waters of the Columbia River. We made 32 miles to day by estimation—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 U.S. & Spain Declare Disputed Property between Texas and Louisiana to be "Neutral Territory" Spain Louisiana Texas Texas State Historical Society
1811 José Matias Delgado Leads Call for Central American Independence from Spain El Salvador Spain Embassy of El Salvador, Washington, D.C.
1813 Virginia-born Peter Early Is Sworn in as the Governor of Georgia Georgia Political and Social Leaders Virginia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1814 Americans Blow Up Fort Erie Before Abandoning Canada's Niagara Frontier Canada War of 1812 Forts Niagara Parks
1819 North Carolina-born John Clark Is Sworn in as the Governor of Georgia Georgia Political and Social Leaders North Carolina Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1823 In Florida, the U.S. War Department Orders Establishment of a Military Outpost (Fort Brooke) at Tampa Bay Florida Forts Florida Historical Society
1828 Marianna, Florida Is Incorporated under the Provisions of the Territorial Legislature Marianna, Florida Florida Historical Society
1829 Jackson County, Arkansas Is Created Jackson County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1833 Ralph Waldo Emerson Gives His First Lecture, "The Uses of Natural History," at the Masonic Temple in Boston, Massachusetts Boston, Massachusetts Ralph Waldo Emerson The Masons Amrican Collection
Greene and Scott Counties, Arkansas Are Created Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1840 Afghanistan Surrenders to the British Army Afghanistan Great Britain Asian History
1844 James K. Polk Defeats Henry Clay to be the 11th President of the United States Henry Clay James K. Polk The American Presidency Presidential Elections Library of Congress
Polk County, Arkansas Is Created Polk County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1850 Voters Approve Michigan's Second State Constitution Michigan Constitution Historic U.S. Documents Voting State of Michigan
1852 The American Society of Civil Engineers Is Founded in New York City New York City American Society of Civil Engineers Center of the Study of Technology and Society
Howell Cobb Is Sworn in as the Governor of Georgia Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1862 307 Santee Sioux Sentenced to Die for Participation in the U.S.-Dakota War Minnesota Sioux Indians Native-American Heritage Law & Legal Resources History Channel Minnesota Historical Society
Lincoln Removes George B. McClellan As Union Commander George McClellan Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Logs
1863 The U.S.S. Beauregard Seizes the British Schooner Volante off Cape Canaveral, Florida Cape Canaveral, Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1867 Delegates Convene in Montgomery to Begin Writing a New Alabama State Constitution Montgomery, Alabama Alabama State Constitution Alabama State Archive
1872 Suffragist Susan B. Anthony Is Fined $100 for Attempting to Vote in a Presidential Election Susan B. Anthony Women's Suffrage Voting Rights Crime New York Times
1875 Minnesota Extends Suffrage to Women for School Elections Minnesota Government Education Women's Suffrage Voting Rights Minnesota Historical Society
1878 In Washington, Voters in Klickitat County Choose Goldendale to be Their County Seat Goldendale, Washington Voting HistoryLink
1893 Columns by 20-year-old Willa Cather Begin Appearing in the Nebraska State Journal Willa Cather Nebraska Media Journalism History Channel
1894 The City of West Palm Beach, Florida Is Incorporated West Palm Beach, Florida Florida Historical Society
1895 George Selden Receives First the First U.S. Patent for an Automobile George B. Selden Automobiles Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 Henry Ford Receives Patent for Motor Carriage Henry Ford Automobiles Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1903 The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Conducted by Emil Oberhoffer, Presents Its First Concert Minneapolis, Minnesota Classical Music Historic Firsts The Minneasota  Orchestra Minnesota Historical Society American Public Media
1904 In Sussex County, Delaware, Lawrence M. Durham Is Pilloried for Pretending to Exercise the Art of Witchcraft Sussex County, Delaware Crime State of Delaware
1908 The Cullinan Diamond Is Cut into "The Star of Africa" and "Cullinan 2", 7 Big Stones and 96 Small Stones Diamonds South African History
1911 Calbraith Perry Rodgers Lands in Pasadena, California, Completing the First Transcontinental Flight: From New York in 49 Days New York California Aviation Historic Firsts Ohio Historical Society
1912 In a Landslide, Woodrow Wilson Is Elected 28th President of the United States Virginia Political and Social Leaders Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency Presidential Elections History Channel
8 Senators and 16 Representatives Are Elected to Serve in Alaska's First Territorial Legislature Alaskan Government Elections Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
Georgia Voters Ratify Constitutional Amendments Creating Bleckley and Wheeler Counties - the State's 147th and 148th Counties Georgia Cities and Counties Georgia State Constitution University of Georgia
Oregon Voters Ratify an Amendment to the State Constitution Extending Suffrage to Women Oregon State Constitution Women's Suffrage Voting Rights
In Washington, Benton County Voters Choose to Keep Prosser as Their County Seat Prosser, Washington Voting HistoryLink
Wisconsin's Men Vote 63% to 37% to Reject a Referendum Extending Suffrage to Women Wisconsin Women's Suffrage Voting Rights Wisconsin Historical Association
1913 The Los Angeles Aqueduct Is Dedicated Los Angeles Water Los Angeles Water and Power LearnCalifornia
1914 A British-Supported Invasion of German East Africa by Members of the Indian Expeditionary Force B Fails Africa Nazi Germany India England World War I History Channel
Great Britain Annexes Cyprus and Announces a State of War with Turkey Cyprus Great Britain Turkey World War I Brigham Young University
1915 The First Successful Catapult Launch of a Piloted Aircraft from A Ship Is Made Off the Deck of the U.S.S. North Carolina in Florida's Pensacola Bay Florida Naval Military History Aviation Military History Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1917 In Buchanan v. Warley, the U.S. Supreme Court Rules States May Not Segregate Neighborhoods by Race U.S. Supreme Court Racism Housing Law and Legal Resources African American Registry Cornell University
1918 Georgia Voters Ratify Constitutional Amendments Creating Atkinson, Truetlen, and Cook Counties - the State's 153rd, 154th, and 155th Counties Georgia Cities and Counties Georgia State Constitution University of Georgia
In Georgia, Fulton County Public Schools Re-Open, Having Been Closed to Prevent the Spread of Spanish Influenza Fulton County, Georgia Education Spanish Influenza Epidemic Fulton County Public Schools University of Georgia
1924 18 year-old Pu Yi, the Last Emperor of China's Qing dynasty, Is Expelled from the Forbidden City in Beijing China's Political and Social Leader Asian History
1927 Playing in Dallas, Texas, Walter Hagen Wins His Fourth Consecutive PGA Championship New York Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame PGA New York Times
1930 Sinclair Lewis Is the First American Selected for the Nobel Prize for Literature Sinclair Lewis 1930 Nobel Laureate for Literature Writer's Almanac History Channel
Norma Shearer Wins Best Actress Oscar Norma Shearer 1930 Best Actress Oscar History Channel
1932 Atlanta Mayor, James L. Key, Announces the Last $250,000 in the City's Payroll Account Will Be Disbursed to the City's 4000 Employees Atlanta Georgia Economics Labor The Great Depression University of Georgia
1935 Monopoly Goes On Sale Monopoly Great Depression History Channel
1940 Franklin Roosevelt Wins a Third Term as U.S. President by Defeating Wendell Wilkie Franklin Roosevelt Wendell Wilkie The American Presidency Presidential Elections History Channel
1946 29-yr-old John F. Kennedy Elected to U.S. House of Representatives John F. Kennedy U.S. Congress Elections
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1953 How to Marry a Millionaire Debuts: Marilyn Monroe, Betty Grable, Lauren Bacall Marilyn Monroe Film Internet Movie Database
1954 Japan Signs a Peace Treaty, Agreeing to Pay Reparations to Burma Japan Burma Economics Asian History
1955 Vienna State Opera House Re-opens to the Public Vienna, Austria Opera Vienna State Opera House
1956 Britain and France Land Troops in Egypt During Fighting between Egyptian and Israeli Forces Around the Suez Canal Suez Canal Israel Great Britain France War Middle East History New York Times
1960 The U.S. Postal Service Issues a 4-Cent Stamp Honoring Georgia Senator Walter F. George Georgia Political and Social Leaders Walter F. George U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
Country Singer Johnny Horton Killed in Texas Auto Accident Los Angeles Performing Artists Texas Automobile Country Music War 1812 Death Internet Movie Database Texas State Historical Society
1964 NASA Launches the Mariner 3 Satellite for Mars Exploration Space Exploration Mars Exploration NASA
1967 Train Derailment Kills 49 People in Southeast London London, England Railroad Death BBC
NASA Launches Its ATS 3 Satellite to Demonstrate the Technical Capabilities of a Satellite Space Exploration NASA
1968 Richard Nixon Defeats Hubert Humphrey & George Wallace for President of the United States Richard Nixon Hubert Humphrey George Wallace Presidential Elections Presidential Elections History Channel New York Times
Shirley Chisholm Is the First African-American Woman Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives Shirley Chisholm Elections U.S. House of Representatives Women African-American Political and Social Leader Historic Firsts PBS
Leon P. Miller Is the First African-American Judge Elected to Office in West Virginia West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Elections Law and Legal Resources African-American Political and Social Leader Historic Firsts West Virginia State Archives
1974 Connecticut's Ella T. Grasso Is the First Women to be Elected Governor Without First Succeeding Her Husband Connecticut Women Politics & Elections Historic Firsts New York Times
1977 George W. Bush Marries Laura Welch in Texas Texas Political and Social Leaders George W. Bush History Channel
1978 Iran's Prime Minister Steps Down After Two Days of Mob Rule Iran Political and Social Leaders Elections Middle East History BBC
1980 Delaware Governor, Pierre S. du Pont, IV, Is Re-Elected with 71% of the Vote Delaware Political and Social Leaders Elections State of Delaware
1984 Nicaragua's Ruling Sandinista Party Claims a Decisive Election Victory Nicaragua Elections BBC
South Africa's Black Labor Unions Strike South Africa Apartheid Strikes South African History
1987 After 23 Years, South African Civil Rights Leader, Govan Mbeki, Is Released from the Robben Island Prison South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Prison South African History
1989 Civil Rights Memorial Is Dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama Alabama U.S. Civil Rights African-American History Southern Poverty Law Center
1990 Conservative Rabbi Meir Kahane Is Assassinated in New York City by Egyptian Militant Egypt New York City Political and Social Leader Judaism Middle East History Death History Channel
1991 Tropical Storm Thelma Causes Severe Floods in the Philippines, Killing Nearly 3,000 People Republic of the Philippines Storms Flooding Death History Channel
The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) Calls a 2-day Strike to Protest New Taxes on Foods and Essential Services South Africa Tax Strikes South African History
Choua Lee Is Elected to the St. Paul City School Board, the First Hmong Person Elected to a Public Position in the United States St. Paul, Minnesota Education Elections Asian-American Heritage Historic Firsts St. Paul Schools Board of Education Minnesota Historical Society
1994 Former President Reagan Announces He Has Alzheimer's Disease Ronald Reagan Alzheimers Disease New York Times
Johan Heyns, a Leader of South Africa's Dutch Reformed Church, Is Shot and Killed by Right-Wing White Activists South Africa Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders Gun Controls Death South African History
45-year-old George Foreman Regains Boxing's Heavyweight Championship George Foreman Boxing Hall of Boxing History Channel New York Times
1995 Aleksander Kwasniewski & Lech Walesa Lead After the First Round of Polish Presidential Elections Polish Political & Social Leaders Voting International Foundation for Election Systems
1996 President Bill Clinton Is Re-Elected to a Second Term, Defeating Republican Bob Dole President Bill Clinton Presidential Elections New York Times
1998 President Clinton Is Given 81 Questions for House Impeachment Inquiry U.S. House of Representatives The Impeachment of President Clinton CNN
A Genetic Study Shows Strong Evidence That Thomas Jefferson Fathered at Least One Child By His Slave, Sally Hemings. President Thomas Jefferson Slavery Child Advocacy DNA African-American Heritage New York Times
1999 U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson Declares Microsoft Corporation to be a Monopoly Microsoft Antitrust Law Monopolies New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2002 Georgia Elects Sonny Perdue As Its First Republican Governor in 130 Years Georgia Political and Social Leaders Elections Republican National Party University of Georgia
2005 Governor George Pataki Signs Law Designating February 15th as Susan B. Anthony Day in the State of New York New York Government Susan B. Anthony Women Women's Suffrage Susan B. Anthony House
2011 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in Oklahoma History Oklahoma Earthquakes USGS