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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Name five U.S. Presidents who were elected or reelected on this date. (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two past or future Presidents were defeated in Presidential elections on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Puerto Rico Herald, what was the profession of Angel Cordero's father? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1966, who was the first African-American to be elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the BBC, what did Edmond Halley show about the three historic comets of 1531, 1607, and 1682? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to University of Toronto, what event triggered Bram Stoker's passion for the theater? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a writing by Bram Stoker (according to the University of Houston):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Yugoslavia Institute of Physics, Johanes Rydberg is best known for his theoretical studies of what series?

2. According to the History Channel, how long did it take for Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind to sell its first one million copies?

3. According to, what was the first game sold by Milton Bradley?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a horse ridden to victory by Angel Cordero (according to the Horse Racing Hall of Fame):

Edmund Halley
Born on This Date 1656


Space and Astronomy

Bram Stoker
Born on This Date 1847

[University of Houston]


Johannes Rydberg
Born on This Date 1854



Margaret Mitchell
Born on This Date 1900

[University of Georgia]

American Authors

Angel Cordero
Born on This Date 1942

[Puerto Rico Herald]

Horse Racing Hall of Fame

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Montana: Statehood Day
(Commemorates Montana's Admission as the 41st State in the Union in 1889)
Montana Presdident Benjamin Harrison Montana for Kids
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1898 Katharine M. Briggs (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators
1925 Gloria Rand (San Francisco-born Children's Author) San Francisco Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1932 Benjamin Bova (Pennsylvania-born Children's Science Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Science
1847 Abraham "Bram" Stoker (Irish Author of Dracula) Bram Stoker
1900 Margaret Mitchell (Georgia-born Author of Gone with the Wind) Margaret Mitchell
1916 Peter Weiss (German Playwright) Peter Weiss Plays
1948 Rachel Hadas (New York City-born Poet) New York City Authors & Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
1954 Kazuo Ishiguro (Japanese Author) Japanese Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1945 Judith Lang Zaimont (Tennessee-born Composer, Pianist) Tennessee Composers American Composers Classical Musicians
1656 Edmond Halley (English Astronomer: Namesake of Halley's Comet) Edmond Halley Space and Astronomy Comets
1854 Johannes Rydberg (Swedish Physicist, Spectroscopist) Johannes Rydberg Physics Spectroscopy Hydrogren
1900 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling (Swiss Molecular Biologist) Swiss Scientists & Mathematicians Botany Biology
1922 Christian Barnard (South African Surgeon: Pioneer in Heart Transplants) Christian Barnard Medical Research The Heart
1836 Milton Bradley (Maine-born Manufacturer of Games) Milton Bradley Games
1866 Herbert Austin (English Automotives Pioneer) Herbert Austin Automobiles
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1904 Horace Bond (Tennessee-born African-American Educator) Tennessee Poltical and Social Leaders Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1838 Rufus Peckham (New York City-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) New York City Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1865 Henry L. Fuqua (Governor of Louisiana: 1924-1926) Louisiana Poltical and Social Leaders Louisiana Secretary of State
1876 Eartha Mary Magdalene White (Florida-born African-American Social Worker) Florida Poltical and Social Leaders Business Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1901 Charles Heymanns (Luxembourg-born Labor Leader in Wisconsin) Luxembourg Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Labor Wisconsin Historical Society
1904 Jack Flynt (Georgia-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1927 Patti Page (Oklahoma-born Popular Singer) Oklahoma Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1931 Morley Safer (Canadian Broadcast Journalist: 60 Minutes) Canada Television Journalism Internet Movie Database
1933 Esther Rolle (Florida-born African-American Actress) Florida Performing Artists Actors Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1947 Minnie Ripperton (Chicago-born African-American Vocalist) Chicago Performing Artists Popular Musicians Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1949 Bonnie Raitt (California-born Popular Singer) Bonnie Raitt Popular Musicians
1953 Alfre Woodard (Oklahoma-born African-American Actress) Oklahoma Performing Artists Television Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1954 Rickie Lee Jones (Chicago-born Popular Musician) Rickie Lee Jones Popular Musicians
1968 Parker Posey (Maryland-born Actress) Parker Posey Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1942 Angel Cordero, Jr. (Puerto Rican Latin-American Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Angel Cordero, Jr. Horse Racing Hall of Fame Famous Latin Americans
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1226 Louis VIII (King of France) France French Political and Social Leaders Britannica
1674 John Milton (English Poet: Paradise Lost) John Milton Poetry
1887 Doc Holliday (Georgia-born Gunslinger) Doc Holliday Tombstone, AZ Notorious Americans
1901 Mary Ann (Ball) Bickerdyke (Ohio-born Nurse for the Union Army During the American Civil War) Ohio Scientists & Medical Professionals Medical Professionals American Women in Science American Civil War Ohio Historical Society
1969 Vesto Slipher (Indiana-born Astronomer) Indiana Mathematicians and Scientists Space & Astronomy Sonoma State University
1978 Norman Rockwell (New York City-born Artist) Norman Rockwell American Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1519 Hernán Cortés Reaches Tenochtitlán and Meets Montezuma Mexico Hernán Cortés Aztec Empire PBS
1520 Christian II Has 80+ Swedes, Mostly Nobles, Executed at Stockholm for Hostility to the Pope Sweden Catholicism Death Concordia
1793 The Louvre Museum Opens Paris The Louvre History Channel
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cloudy morning Jussome our interpreter went to the Village, on his return he informed us that three English men had arrived from the Hudsons Bay Company, and would be here tomorrow, we Contd. to build our huts, many Indians Come to See us and bring their horses to Grass near us

Ordway: we continued building with as much haste as possable in order to Git in them before winter Sets in.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Cottonwood Tree

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A Cloudy morning Some rain, we did not Set out untill 9 oClock, haveing Changed our Clothing—

proceeded on Close under the Stard. Side, the hills high with Steep assent, Shore boald and rockey Several low Islands in a Deep bend or Bay to the Lard Side, river about 5 or 7 miles wide.

[Cathlamet Bay, in Clatsop County, Oregon, east of Tongue Point.]

three Indians in a Canoe overtook us, with Salmon to Sell, passed 2 old villages on the Stard. Side and at 3 miles entered a nitch of about 6 miles wide and 5 miles deep with Several Creeks makeing into the Stard Hills, this nitch
we found verry Shallow water and Call it the Shallow

[Grays Bay, in Pacific and Wahkiakum counties, WA. Named after Robert Gray, first known Euro-American to enter the Columbia estuary in 1792. A concentration of Wahkiakum villages occurred along the shores of Grays Bay, with other settlements extending up Grays River and Deep River into the interior. Work at an archaeological site on Grays River recovered evidence of occupation dated between 2,000 and 2,700 year ago]

we came too at the remains of an old village at the bottom of this nitch and dined, here we Saw great numbers of
fowl, Sent out 2 men and they killed a Goose and two Canves back Ducks here we found great numbers of flees which we treated with the greatest caution and distance;

after Diner the Indians left us and we took the advantage of a returning tide and proceeded on to the Second point on the Std. here we found the Swells or waves So high that we thought it imprudent to proceed; we landed unloaded and drew up our Canoes. Some rain all day at intervales; we are all wet and disagreeable,

as we have been for Several days past, and our present Situation a verry disagreeable one in as much; as we have
not leavel land Sufficient for an encampment and for our baggage to lie Cleare of the tide, the High hills jutting in So Close and Steep that we cannot retreat back, and the water of the river too Salt to be used, added to this the waves are increasing to Such a hight that we cannot move from this place, in this Situation we are compelled to form our Camp between the hite of the Ebb and flood tides, and rase our baggage on logs—

We are not certain as yet if the whites people who trade with those people or from whome they precure ther goods are Stationary at the mouth, or visit this quarter at Stated times for the purpose of trafick &c I believe the latter to be the most probable conjucture—

[Trading vessels visited the area fairly often after Gray's entry in 1792, but not permanent trading station seems to
have been established until the Astorians arrived in 1811]

The Seas roled and tossed the Canoes in Such a manner this evening that Several of our party were Sea Sick.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Wahkiakum County
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1814 Spain's Florida Governor Formally Surrenders Pensacola to Andrew Jackson's American Forces Spain Florida Andrew Jackson War of 1812 Florida Historical Society
1816 Indiana's General Assembly Elects the State's First U.S. Senators Indiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Elections Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Bureau
1837 Mount Holyoke Female Seminary Founded: First U.S. College for Women Massachusetts Education Women Mount Holyhoke Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
The Namesake of Gilmer County, George Gilmer, Is Sworn In as the Governor of Georgia Gilmer County, Georgia University of Georgia
1843 George Crawford Is Sworn In as the Governor of Georgia Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1844 Massachusetts-born Chester Ashley Is Elected to the U.S. Senate from Arkansas Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Elections Arkansas Historical Commission
1860 Residents of Savannah, Georgia Rally for Secession Two Days Following Lincoln's Election Georgia Abraham Lincoln American Civil War University of Georgia
1861 The Trent Affair Almost Brings Britain into the U.S. Civil War Great Britain The Trent Affair Naval History Library of Congress
1864 Abraham Lincoln Is Re-Elected to Second Term as President of the United States President Lincoln The American Presidency Presidential Elections History Channel University of Georgia
1870 Increase Lapham Records the First Published National Weather Forecast New York Scientists and Mathematicians Wisconsin Scientists and Mathematicians Meteorology Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
African Americans Go to the Polls for the First Time in Michigan Michigan Elections African-American Heritage Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1874 Texas Cavalry Rescue Two Sisters Taken Captive by Cheyenne in September Texas Cheyenne Indians Texas State Historical Association
1880 Sarah Bernhardt Makes First Appearance in New York City New York City Sarah Bernhardt Stage & Theater History Channel
1882 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near Denver, Colorado Colorado Earthquake USGS
1883 An Addition to Wisconsin's Second Capitol Building Collapses, Killing Several Construction Workers Wisconsin State Capitol Death Wisconsin Historical Society
1887 Emile Berliner Is Granted U.S. Patent 372,786 for the Gramophone German Scientists and Inventors Patents & Trademarks University of San Diego
1889 President Harrison Issues Proclamation Admitting Montana as 41st State Montana President Benjamin Harrison Montana for Kids New York Times
1890 The Grand Opera House in Minneapolis, Minnesota Hosts the First American Performance of the English Translation of Donizetti's Opera, Anne Boleyn Donizetti Minneapolis, Minnesota Opera Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1892 Former President Grover Cleveland Defeats Incumbent Benjamin Harrison in Presidential Election Grover Cleveland President Benjamin Harrison The American Presidency Presidential Elections New York Times
1895 Wilhelm Röntgen Observes the First Evidence of X-rays Wilhelm Röntgen Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics Penn State University
1898 The Kensington Rune Stone, Purportedly Relating the Presence of Vikings in Minnesota in 1362, Is Discovered Near Alexandria Alexandria, Minnesota Explorers of North America Archeology Runestone Museum Minnesota Historical Society
1900 Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie Is Published Theodore Dreiser <I>Sister Carrie</I> Random House
1904 Theodore Roosevelt Is Reelected President over Democrat Alton B. Parker Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency Presidential Elections Theodore Roosevelt Association
The City of Umatilla, Florida Is Incorporated Florida Florida Historical Society
1910 Emil Seidel Is the First Socialist Elected Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin Elections Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1913 A 3-Day Storm Hits the Great Lakes, Killing 251 People and Sinking 17 Boats Naval History Storms Death Minnesota Historical Society
1923 Hitler Fails to Seize German Government in Beer Hall Putsch Germany Adolph Hitler History Channel
1926 The Mendota Bridge Is Dedicated as the World's Longest Concrete Bridge with 13 Equal Arches Spanning the Minnesota River Minnesota Bridges Minnesota Historical Society
George & Ira Gershwin's Musical "Oh, Kay!" Opens at the Imperial Theater in New York City George Gershwin American Musicals Historic Firsts Internet Broadway Database American Public Media
1929 Hudson River Bracketed by Edith Wharton Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt Is Elected President in a Landslide over Incumbent Herbert Hoover Franklin Roosevelt Herbert Hoover The American Presidency Elections University of Georgia
Georgia Governor Richard B. Russell Is Elected to the U.S. Senate; Eugene Talmadge Is Elected to Succeed Russell as Governor Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Elections University of Georgia
1933 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt Signs an Executive Order Creating the Civil Works Administration (CWA) Franklin Roosevelt The New Deal Labor Unions University of California Santa Barbara History Channel
1935 John L. Lewis and 7 Other Industrial Union Leaders Found CIO within the AFL Labor Unions Labor Unions Utility Works Union of America
1939 Hitler Survives Assassination Attempt at Beer Hall Anniversary Germany Adolph Hitler History Channel
Life with Father Premiers on Broadway Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database
1942 British & American Troops Invade North Africa Great Britain Africa World War II New York Times
1945 Revenue Act Cuts $6 Billion in Taxes Taxes U.S. Treasury
1950 The First Jet Fighter Dogfight Takes Place over Korea The Korean War Aviation Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1954 The West Virginia Turnpike Is Dedicated West Virginia Transportation West Virginia State Archive
1955 The Alaska Constitutional Convention Convenes on the Campus of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks Alaska State Constitution Historic U.S. Documents University of Alaska at Fairbanks Alaska State Historical Society
1956 Ten Commandments Registered in U.S. Patents & Trademarks Film USPTO
1958 U.S. Air Force Launches Lunar Probe Aboard Pioneer 2 But Fails to Achieve Lunar Orbit Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1960 John Kennedy Defeats Richard Nixon in the U.S. Presidential Election John F. Kennedy Richard Nixon The American Presidency 1960 Presidential Election History Channel New York Times
1961 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Arrives in Seattle, Washington Washington Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. History Link
1962 United States Announces All Soviet Missiles in Cuba Have Been Dismantled Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis Yale University
1965 Days of Our Lives Debuts on NBC-TV Television Internet Movie Database
1966 Lawrence Joel's Actions in Vietnam Will Make Him First Living African-American to Earn the Medal of Honor Vietnam War African-American History US Army Historic Firsts History Channel
Edward W. Brooke First African American Elected to Senate by Popular Vote Edward W. Brooke U.S. Congress African-American History Historic Firsts New York Times
Ronald Reagan Is Elected Governor of California California Ronald Reagan Elections New York Times LearnCalifornia
1968 NASA Launches Pioneer 9 to Make Interplanetary Measurements Space Exploration Solar System NASA
NASA Launches TETR-B, a Very Small Satellite to Provide Training to Apollo Ground Stations Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1970 New Orleans Saints Tom Dempsey's 63-yard Field Goal Sets Professional Football Record Football National Football League Special Needs Education New York Times
1973 The State of Florida Begins Construction on a New Capitol Building (Its Fourth) Florida Florida Historical Society
1980 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in Trinidad, California California Earthquake USGS
1983 5.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One Person in Belgium Belgium Earthquake Death USGS
1984 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-51-A) Space Exploration NASA
Astronaut Anna Fisher Is the First Mother in Space Space Exploration Parents & Families Historic Firsts NASA
1987 Irish Republican Army Bomb Kills 11 At Ceremony Honoring Britain's War Dead Great Britain Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1988 George H.W. Bush Elected President George Bush The American Presidency Presidential Elections New York Times
1990 The Republic of Ireland Elects First Female President Ireland Election Women Historic Firsts BBC
1994 Republicans Take Control of Both Houses of Congress in Mid-term Elections U.S. Congress Presidential Elections Politics History Channel
1997 Engineers Divert Yangtze River for Construction of Three Rivers Dam China Rivers New York Times
2000 Al Gore Retracts Concession to George Bush: Florida Recount Begins Florida George W. Bush The American Presidency 2000 Presidential Election BBC
The 225-Acre Russell W. Peterson Wildlife Refuge Is dedicated on the Banks of the Christina River in Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Earth and Environmental Science Animals Birds Riverfront Wilmington State of Delaware
2002 U.N. Strengthens Authority of Weapons Inspectors in Iraq United Nations Iraq Iraq War New York Times
2005 Liberia's Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf Becomes Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Liberian Political and Social Leaders Africa Elections Women Historic Firsts CNN