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 International Day of Tolerance

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What international day is observed by the United Nations on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the name of the Indian trader who arrived in Santa Fe, New Mexico on this date in 1821? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, what is the meaning of "Oklahoma" in the Choctaw Native American language? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by Robin McKinley (according to York University):

1. In what year was José Saramago awarded the Nobel Prize for literature? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the National Park Service, at the age of 20, where did W.C. Handy and his quartet play? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to her Salisbury University author study, what book does Robin McKinley remember reading in Japan? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a song written by W.C. Handy (according to the African American Registry):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, along with his younger brother Drusus, into what areas did the young Tiberius expand the Roman Empire?

2. According to PBS, in what cities did George S. Kaufman have a career as a newspaper columnist?

3. According to Howard University, what are the specific research interests of James W. Mitchell?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1977 work by Chinua Achebe (according to the Authors' Calendar):
Born on This Date 42 B.C.


Roman Empire

W.C. Handy
W.C. Handy
Born on This Date 1873


American Composers/Songwriters

George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
Born on This Date 1889

[Willows Theater]

The American Musical

James W. Mitchell
James W. Mitchell
Born on This Date 1943

[UNC Asheville]


Robin McKinley
Robin McKinley
Born on This Date 1952

[Gale Group]

Young-adult Authors 1985 Newbery Medal for The Hero and the Crown

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
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United Nations: International Day of Tolerance
(Observed annually on November 16)
United Nations
Estonia: Day of Declaration of Sovereignty
(Commemorates Estonia's declaration of sovereignty from the Soviet Union: 11/16/1988)
Estonia Soviet Union Estonia Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Oklahoma: Admission Day
(Commemorates Oklahoma's admission as the 46th state: 11/16/1907)
Oklahoma Library of Congress State of Oklahoma
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1912 Joan Phipson (Australian Children's Author) Australian Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1915 Jean Fritz (China-born American Children's Author) American Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1920 Colin Thiele (Australian Poet, Playwright and Children's Author) Australian Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Poetry Plays
1937 Ronald Himler (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Ohio Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists & Illustrators
1939 Victoria Chess (Chicago-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Chicago Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists & Illustrators
1943 Stephanie Spinner (Iowa-born Children's Author) Iowa Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1947 Ann Blades (Canadian Children's Author, Illustrator) Canadian Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists & Illustrators
1952 Robin McKinley (Ohio-born Children's Author Awarded the 1985 Newbery Medal for "The Hero and the Crown") Robin McKinley Young-adult Authors 1985 Newbery Medal for The Hero and the Crown
1953 Gibbs Davis (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconsin Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1957 Barbara Reid (Canadian Children's Author, Illustrator) Barbara Reid Primary Children's Authors Artists & Illustrators
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1886 Arthur Krock (Kentucky-born Journalist and Recipient of Four Pulitzer Prizes) Kentucky Authors and Illustrators Journalism Recipient of Four Pulitzer Prizes
1889 George S. Kaufman (Pennsylvania-born Playwright) George S. Kaufman Plays Internet Broadway Database
1922 José Saramago (Portuguese Author: 1998 Nobel Laureate for Literature) José Saramago 1998 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1930 Chinua Achebe (Nigerian Author) Chinua Achebe
1943 Phillip Lopate (New York City-born Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1951 Paula Vogel (Washington, D.C.-born Playwright Awarded the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for "How I Learned to Drive") Washington, D.C. Authors & Illustrators Playbill 1998 Pulitzer Prize for How I Learned to Drive Writer's Almanac
1954 Andrea Barrett (Massachusetts-born Author of Earth and Environmental Sciences) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Earth and Environmental Science Writer's Almanac
Classical Composers and Performing Artists - Songwriters
1766 Rodolphe Kreutzer (French Composer) French Composers Classical Musicians
1873 W.C. Handy (Alabama-born African-American Ragtime Composer) W.C. Handy African American Composers and Songwriters
1896 Lawrence Tibbett (California-born Operatic Baritone) California Performing Artists Opera
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1943 James W. Mitchell (North Carolina-born African-American Chemist) North Carolina Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry African American Scientists & Mathematicians
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1884 Charles Leo O'Donnell (Indiana-born President of the University of Notre Dame) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Education University of Notre Dame
Political and Social Leaders
42 B.C. Tiberius (Roman Emperor) Italy Tiberius
1867 William Fosgate Kirby (Arkansas-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
Performing Artists
1905 Eddie Condon (Indiana-born Jazz Musician) Indiana Performing Artists Jazz Internet Movie Database
1907 Burgess Meredith (Ohio-born Actor) Burgess Meredith Actors Film Television
1958 Marg Helgenberger (Nebraska-born Actress) Nebraska Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1967 Lisa Bonet (San Francisco-born African-American Actress: Cosby) San Francisco Performing Artists Actors Television African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1970 Martha Plimpton (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1963 Zina Garrison (Texas-born African-American Professional Tennis Player) Zina Garrison Tennis African American Sports Figures
1964 Dwight Gooden (Florida-born African-American Baseball Player) Florida Sports Figures Baseball African American Sports Figures
1977 Oksana Baiul (Ukrainian Olympic Figure Skater) Ukranian Sports Figures Figure Skating The Olympic Games
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1272 King Henry III of England English Political and Social Leaders English Monarchy
1797 Frederick William II (King of Prussia) Germany Britannica
1724 Jack Sheppard (Notorious English Thief) Notorious English Crime
1939 Pierce Butler (Minnesota-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Minnesota Poitical and Social Leaders United States Supreme Court Oyez Minnesota Historical Society
1960 Clark Gable (Ohio-born Actor) Clark Gable Actors Film History Channel
1961 Sam Rayburn (Texas-born Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives) Sam Rayburn Texas Poitical and Social Leaders United States Congress
1999 Daniel Nathans (Delaware-born 1978 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Delaware Scientists & Mathematicians DNA 1978 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
2000 Hosea Williams (Georgia-born African-American Religious Leader, Civil Rights Activist) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Religion Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
2004 Margaret Hassan (Irish-born CARE Aide Worker Assassinated in Iraq by Islamic Militants) Margaret Hassan Iraq War War on Terrorism
2006 Milton Friedman (New York City-born 1976 Nobel Laureate for Economics) Milton Friedman Economists 1976 Nobel Laureate for Economics
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1200s that Occurred on this Date
1272 England's King Henry III Dies and Is Succeeded by His Son Edward I Great Britain Edward I Death British Monarchy
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1620 Pilgrim Landing Party Returns to The Mayflower After Spending Night Ashore Plymouth Colony American History (pdf)
1632 Gustav Adolf, King of Sweden Is Killed in the Battle of Luetzen Swedish Political and Social Leaders War Death Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1724 British Highwayman, Jack Sheppard, Hanged in Front of Est. Crowd of 200,000 Notorious Britains Crime Capital Punishment Death Rutgers University
1776 3,000 Hessian Mercenary Soldiers Capture Long Island's Fort Washington New York Revolutionary War Forts History Channel
1797 Frederick William II, King of Prussia, Dies - Succeeded by Frederick William III German Political & Social Leaders Death Britannica
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 Alexander Hamilton's New York Evening Post Is First Published Alexander Hamilton Journalism Historic Firsts New York Post New York Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a verry white frost all the trees all Covered with ice, Cloudy, all the men move into the huts which is not finishd

Several Indians Come to Camp to day, The Ossinboins is at the Big bellie [Shoshone] Camp, Some trouble like to take place between them from the loss of horses &c. as is Said by an old Indian who visited us with 4 buffalow
robes & Corn to trade for a pistol which we did not let him have,

men imployed untill late in dobing [coating the walls with clay to close the chinks between the logs] their huts,

Some horses Sent down to Stay in the woods near the fort, to prevent the Ossinboins Steeling them

Ordway: a cold frosty night. the Trees were covered with frost which was verry course white & thick even on the Bows of the trees all this day. Such a frost I never Saw in the States. we continued building. raised a provision & Smoak house 24 feet by 14 f. the air verry thick with fogg from the R.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Weather Native American Tribes Horses

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Cool the latter part of the last night this morning Clear and butifull;

I had all our articles of every discription examined and put out to Dry.

The 5 Chin nooks left us

I took a meridenal altitude with the Sextn. 50° 36' 15 which gave for Lattitude 46° 19' 11 1/10" North.

I Sent out Several hunters and fowlers in pursute Elk, Deer, or fowls of any kind.

wind hard from the S W The Waves high & look dismal indeed breaking with great fury on our beech

an Indian canoe pass down to day loaded with Wap-pa-toe roots; Several Indians came up to day from below, I gave them Smoke but allowed them no kind of privilage whatever in the camp, they with the 4 which came down yesterday encamped a Short distance from us.

The evening proved Cloudy and I could not take any Luner observations— One man Sick with a violent cold, Caught by laying in his wet leather Clothes for maney nights past.

The Countrey on the Stard Side above Haley Bay is high broken and thickley timbered on the Lard Side from Point Adams the Contrey appears low for 15 or 20 miles back to the mountains, a pinical of which now is Covered with Snow or hail, as the opposit is too far distant to be distinguished well, I Shall not attempt to describe any thing on that Side at present.

Our hunters and fowlers killed 2 Deer 1 Crain & 2 Ducks, and my man York killed 2 geese and 8 Brant, 3 of them white with a part of their wings black and much larger than the Grey brant which is a Sise larger than a Duck. Ocian 4142 Miles from the Mouth of Missouri R.

Gass: This was a clear morning and the wind pretty high. We could see the waves, like small mountains, rolling out
in the ocean, and pretty bad in the bay.

We are now at the end of our voyage, which has been completely accomplished according to the intention of the expedition, the object of which was to discover a passage by the way of the Missouri and Columbia rivers to the
Pacific ocean; notwithstanding the difficulties, privations and dangers, which we had to encounter, endure and surmount.

The day being clear we got all our baggage dried, and in good order; and quietly rested until Capt Lewis and his party should return.

Whitehouse: A clear cool morning. several Indians staid near our Camp last night. several of our party went out a hunting; We put out our baggage to dry.—

The hunters all returned but one, to our Camp. they had killed 4 deer, & a number of Ducks, Geese & brants.

A Number of Indians staid with us all day.

We are now in plain view of the Pacific Ocean. the waves rolling, & the surf roaring very loud. on the opposite shore
to us we discovered, the Tops of trees which we supposed to be on an Island laying a very great distance in the Ocean.

We are now of opinion that we cannot go any further with our Canoes, & think that we are at an end of our Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, and as soon as discoveries necessary are made, that we shall return a short distance up the
River & provide our Selves with Winter Quarters, & We suppose that we shall find a considerable Quantity of Game
low down on the River.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Chinook Indians Pacific County. Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1821 Indian Trader, William Becknell, Arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico from Independence, Missouri Santa Fe, New Mexico Independence, Missouri William Becknell Westward Expansion Business & Economics History Channel New Mexico Magazine
1825 The Granite Industry Is Started in Quincy, Massachusetts Massachusetts Geology Architecture and Design Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1833 Johnson County, Arkansas Is Created Johnson County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1841 New York City's Napoleon Guerin Granted First U.S. Patent for a Life Preserver New York City Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts Center for Technology and Society
1845 The Republic of Texas and Indian Tribes Conclude Tehuacana Creek Peace Treaty Councils Republic of Texas Native-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1849 Russian Fyodor Dostoevsky Sentenced to Death for Antigovernment Activities Fyodor Dostoevsky Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1854 Minnesota's Oldest College, Hamline University, Opens for Business in Red Wing Red Wing, Minnesota Education Hamline University Minnesota Historical Society
1855 British Explorer/Missionary, David Livingstone, Discovers Victoria Falls British Explorers Africa Waterfalls Visit Zambia
1861 The United States Christian Commission Is Founded to Provide Spiritual Support for Soldiers of the American Civil War Religion American Civil War Ohio Historical Society
1863 General Burnside's Union Troops Fend Off Longstreet at Campbell Station, TN Tennessee Ambrose Burnside James Longstreet Battle of Campbell Station History Channel
1875 Ethiopian Forces Surround and Annihilate Egyptian Army of 2,000+ at Gundet Battle Gundet Egypt War Death
Alabama Adopts a New State Constitution That Empower White Planters Alabama Historic Documents Alabama State Archive
Six Hours of Gale-force Winds Destroy Buildings, Topple Trees in Western Washington Washington Wind History Link
1881 The First Street Signs Are Hung in Faribault, Minnesota Faribault, Minnesota Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1883 Having Sailed from Minnesota, the Steamer Manistee Sinks in Lake Superior; 23 Sailors Perish Minnesota Steamboats Death Minnesota Historical Society
1887 The Wisconsin Veterans Home Is Established in Waupaca Waupaca, Wisconsin Veterans Wisconsin Historical Society
1889 In Hawaii, Oahu Railway and Land Company Begins Moving Inland Food Products to Port Hawaii Railroads Library of Congress
1896 The First Rural Free Delivery Route in Wisconsin Is Established at Sun Prairie Sun Prairie, Wisconsin U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1897 Iowa's First RFD Postal Service Begins at Morning Sun Iowa U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Iowa
In Florida, the First Edition of the Kissimmee Valley Gazette Is Published Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1898 West Virginia Court Rules Schools May Not Discriminate with Regard to Length of School Term West Virginia Education Racism Law and Legal Resources West Virginia Archives
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1907 Oklahoma Is Admitted to the Union As the 46th State Oklahoma Library of Congress History Channel
1912 Knee Injury Ends College Football Career of Future President Dwight Eisenhower President Eisenhower Football USA Today
1914 Twelve Federal Reserve Banks Are Opened Across the Country Federal Reserve Banks Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago History Channel U.S. Treasury
1915 Ravensdale Coal Mine Explosion Kills 31 Men in Washington Washington Death History Link
1918 Hungary Is Proclaimed a "People's Republic" Hungary European History Corvinus Library
1926 The South Texas Chamber of Commerce Is Established Texas Business Texas State Historical Association
1930 Construction Begins on Louisiana's New State Capitol Louisiana State Capitol Louisiana Secretary of State
1931 The Chicago Bears' Joe Lintzenich Gets Off a 94-yard Punt Against the New York Giants Football NFL USA Today
1933 United States and the Soviet Union Establish Diplomatic Relations United States Soviet Union New York Times
Under Secretary of Treasury, Dean Acheson, Resigns Protesting FDR's Gold/Currency Policies Franklin Roosevelt Gold Economics U.S. Treasury
1941 Joseph Goebbels Blames Jews for World War II in NAZI Propaganda Magazine  Joseph Goebbels Propaganda The Holocaust History Channel
The Wustum Museum of Fine Arts Opens in Racine, Wisconsin Racine, Wisconsin Museums Fine Arts Wustum Museum of Fine Arts Wisconsin Historical Society
1943 Britain's Lord Mountbatten Is Appointed Supreme Allied Commander in Southeast Asia Great Britain British Monarchy World War II Australian War Memorial
1945 The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Is Founded United Nations UNESCO
88 German Scientists Arrive in the U.S. to Start Rocket Program Nazi Germany Space Exploration NASA History Channel
At the Annual Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Glenn T. Seaborg, Announces the Discovery of Elements 95 & 96 Glenn T. Seaborg Americium Curium American Chemical Society Chemical & Engineering News
California Governor Earl Warren Convenes a Water Conference to Develop a State Water Policy Earl Warren Water LearnCalifornia
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Wallace Stevens Reads "A Collect of Philosophy" at the University of Chicago Wallace Stevens Poetry American Collection
1955 His Majesty Mohammed V and the Royal Family of Morocco Return from Exile Morocco France Morocco Ministry of Communication
1957 Notre Dame Ends Oklahoma's 47-game Winning Streak with 7-0 Victory Football USA Today New York Times
Boston Celtic's Bill Russell Pulls Down in 111-89 Win Against the Warriors Basketball Hall of Fame NBA USA Today
1959 Rodgers and Hammerstein Musical ''The Sound of Music'' Opens on Broadway The Sound of Music The Internet Broadway Database
1961 President Kennedy Delivers Policy Speech at University of Washington's Centennial Convocation Washington President John Kennedy University of Washington History Link
President Kennedy Increases Military Aid to South Vietnam President John Kennedy Vietnam War History Channel
1962 Unmanned Saturn Rocket Launched with 23,000 Gallons of Water Aboard for Atmospheric Test Space Exploration Earth Science Water NASA
1963 President Kennedy Observes Submarine Launch of a Polaris Missile Off Coast of Cape Canaveral Florida President John Kennedy Naval History Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Florida Historical Society
1965 Soviet Union Launches Venera 3, First Spacecraft to Impact Another Planet Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Venus NASA
1966 Dr. Sam Sheppard Acquitted of Charges of Murdering His Pregnant Wife in 1954 Ohio Law and Legal Resource Court TV
1972 Police Shoot and Kill Two Student Protesters at Louisiana's Southern University Louisiana Education African-American Heritage Death Southern University
1973 Skylab 4 Launched with Crew of Three for 84-day Mission Space Exploration NASA
President Nixon Signs Bill Authorizing Construction of Trans-Alaska Pipeline Trans-Alaska Pipeline President Richard Nixon The American Presidency Energy Alaska Historical Society
1977 Stephen Spielberg's "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" Is Registered Stephen Spielberg Patents & Trademarks Film USPTO
1982 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One in Albania Albania Earthquake Death USGS
NFL and Players Union Reach Agreement Ending 57-day Strike Football NFL Labor and Labor Day New York Times
1983 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Injures Six in Hawaii Hawaii Earthquake USGS
English Football Fans Riot in Luxembourg Luxembourg Great Britain Soccer BBC
1988 Estonia Declares Its Sovereignty from the Soviet Union Estonia Soviet Union Estonia Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Benazir Bhutto Is Elected Leader of Pakistan Pakistan Elections History Channel
1990 U.S. Congress Passes Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act U.S. Congress Native American Heritage Historic Documents History Link
1995 U.N. Tribunal Charges Bosnian Serb Leaders with Genocide United Nations Bosnia-Herzegovina Law and Legal Resources Death
Britain's 95-year-old Queen Mother Has Right Hip Replaced Great Britain Queen Mother Health Care BBC
1997 Chinese Dissident, Wei Jingsheng, Arrives in U.S. After 17+ Years in a Labor Camp China Asian-American Heritage CNN
1998 The Albany Civil Rights Mission Museum Opens in Albany, Georgia Georgia Civil Rights/Human Rights Official Website University of Georgia
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2001 Congress Passes Aviation Security Bill Mandating Federal Security in Airports U.S. Congress Aviation War on Terrorism CNN
Investigators Quarantine Letter with Anthrax Addressed to Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Vermont Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress War on Terrorism CNN
2004 C.A.R.E. Worker, Margaret Hassan, Is Assassinated by Islamic Terrorists in Iraq Margaret Hassan Middle East War War on Terrorism Death CARE
2010 President Obama Presents Medal of Honor to Salvatore Giunta, First Living Recipient of the Iraq/Afghanistan War President Barack Obama U.S. Military Middle East War CNN