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The Latvia Flag The Latvia Flag

NOVEMBER 18

The Latvia Flag The Latvia Flag
 
 

Latvia
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What product trademark was registered on this date in 1952? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the purpose of the Ranger 2 spacecraft launched on this date in 1961? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to its official website, how many guests attended the dedication ceremony of the Clinton Presidential Center on this date 2004? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a title of a Nancy Van Laan work (according to her official website)
TINKLY TOM SOT EYELASHES
INTERMEDIATE

1. What U.S. Cabinet-level position was created on this date in 1988? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, with who did Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre partner in 1829? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Johnson Space Center, from what university did Alan Shepard receive a Bachelor of Science degree in 1944? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1988 work by Margaret Atwood (according to the League of Canadian Poets):
THEIR CLEG CAME
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Park Service, why was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. interested in Howard Thurman's book Jesus and the Disinherited?

2. According to the USGS, how many chimneys were damaged by the earthquake that occurred in Massachusetts on this date in 1755?

3. Issued on this date in 1987, who did the final Congressional Report judge as ultimately responsible for the Iran-Contra Scandal (according to the History Channel)?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Howard Thurman (according to Quaker Hill Books):
I PINE SPRITE LIDS FISH COT
 
 

Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre
Born on This Date 1787

[University of Southern California]

Photography


Howard Thurman
Born on This Date 1900

[Friends United Press]

Religious Leaders


Alan Shepard
Born on This Date 1923

[HistoryCentral.com]

Astronauts


Margaret Eleanor Atwood
Born on This Date 1939

[League of Canadian Poets]

Young-adult Authors


Nancy Van Laan
Born on This Date 1939

[Official Web Site]

Primary Children's Authors

 
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Mickey Mouse Day
(Commemoration of Mickey Mouse's cartoon debut in "Steamboat Willie": 11/18/1928)
Walt Disney Walt Disney Corporation
Haiti: Vertières Day
(Commemoration of victory for independence at Battle of Vertières: 11/18/1803)
Haiti U.S. Department of State
Latvia: Proclamation Day
(Commemoration of declaration of independence: 11/18/1918)
Latvia Germany Russia U.S. Department of State
Morocco: Feast of Independence
(Commemoration of declaration of independence from France: 11/18/1955)
Morocco France U.S. Department of State
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1916 Miroslav Sasek (Czech Artist, Children's Author, Illustrator) The Czech Republic Artists Places
1932 Jill Duvall (Delaware-born Children's Author) Delaware Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Native Americans
1939 Margaret Eleanor Atwood (Canadian Poet Children's Author) Margaret Eleanor Atwood Young-adult Authors Poetry
Nancy Van Laan (Louisiana-born Children's Author) Nancy Van Laan Primary Children's Authors
1949 J. J. Strong (English Poet, Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Poetry
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1836 Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (aka Dorothy Dix: Tennessee-born Journalist, Advice Columnist) Tennessee Authors & Illustrators Journalism
1861 Sir William Schwenk Gilbert (English Lyricist of Gilbert and Sullivan) English Authors Writer's Almanac
1906 Klaus Mann (German Author, Playwright) German Authors Plays Writer's Almanac
1940 James Welch (Montana-born Native-American Novelist) James Welch Native American Heritage
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1899 Eugene Ormandy (Hungarian-American Conductor) Hungary Classical Musicians
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1787 Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (French Inventor of the Daguerreotype) Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre Inventors & Inventions Photography Artists
1810 Asa Gray (New York-born Botanist) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Botany
1901 George Gallup (Iowa-born Statistician; Founder of the Gallup Public Opinion Polls) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians Statistics Gallup Writer's Almanac
1906 George Wald (Massachusetts-born Biochemist; 1967 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Biochemistry Medical Research 1967 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
Explorers, Pioneers & Astronauts
1923 Alan Shepard (New Hampshire-born Astronaut; First American in Space) Alan Shepard Astronauts The Moon
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1832 Noah Gates (Kentucky-born Educator; School Superintdent, First President of the University of Arkansas) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note University of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1900 Howard Thurman (Florida-born African-American Religious Leader) Howard Thurman Religious Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political & Social Leaders
1804 Alexandre Mouton (Governor of Louisiana: 1843-1846) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1912 Clement John Zablocki (Wisconsin-born Member of the U.S. Senate) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Wisconsin Historical Society
1940 Sultan Qaboos bin Said-Al Said of Oman Oman
1945 Wilma Mankiller (Oklahoma-born First Female Chief of Cherokee Nation) Wilma Mankiller Cherokee Nation American Women Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1908 Imogene Coca (Pennsylvania-born Comedic Actress) Pennsylvania Performing Artists American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1909 Johnny Mercer (Georgia-born 4-time Academy Award-Winner Singer. Songwriter) Johnny Mercer American Performing Artists American Composers & Songwriters Academy Awards
1936 Don Cherry (Oklahoma-born African-American Jazz Musician) Oklahoma Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1942 Linda Evans (Connecticut-born Actress) Connecticut Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database
1960 Elizabeth Perkins (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
Kim Wilde (English Popular Singer) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1968 Owen Wilson (Texas-born Actor) Texas Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1974 Chloë Sevigny (Massachusetts-born Actress) Massachusetts Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database Biography
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1843 Arnaud Beauvais (Governor of Louisiana: 1829-1830) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1886 Chester A. Arthur (Vermont-born 21st President of the United States) Vermont Political and Social Leaders Chester A. Arthur The American Presdiency
1949 Frank Jewett (California Engineer, Pioneer in Communications Technology) Frank Jewett Inventor & Inventions The Telelphone
1962 Niels Bohr (Danish Physicist; 1922 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Niels Bohr Quantum Theory 1922 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1969 Joseph Kennedy (Massachusetts-born Business Leader, Diplomat, Father of President John F. Kennedy) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government John F. Kennedy Business & Economics EconEdLink
1994 Cab Calloway (New York-born African-American Singer, Dancer) New York Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1000 - 1199
1095 Pope Urban II Opens the Council of Clermont Religion Catholicism Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1477 William Claxton's Translation of The Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres First Book Printed in England Great Britain Books Historic Firsts State Library of Victoria
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1626 St. Peters Basilica Is Consecrated by Pope Urban VIII Italy Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1727 Earthquake Centered on Tabriz, Iraq Kills 77,000 Iraq Earthquake Death USGS
1755 Largest Earthquake in Massachusetts Recorded History Damages Many Buildings Massachusetts Earthquake USGS
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1803 Haitian Revolutionaries Decisively Defeat the French at the Battle of Vertières Haiti France Embassy of the Republic of Haiti in Washington, D.C.
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We set out early this morning to visit and view where old Fort Jefferson stood. Our group included Clark and eight men. On and near an island were six Shawnee hunting camps, the island is formed by a bayou. At the junction of this bayou and a creed is the fort, which is on rising ground. On our return, we reached the huts of people who made their living by trading with the Indians. It was there we found some of our men who had left camp (against our instructions) and got drunk. We had much difficulty getting them.
Illinois Missouri Shawnee Indians Forts The Ohio River The Mississippi River
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold morning Some wind

the Black Cat, Chief of the Mandans Came to See us, he made Great inquiries respecting our fashions. he also Stated the Situation of their nation, he mentioned that a Council had been held the day before and it was thought advisable to put up with the resent insults of the Ossinboins & Christonoes untill they were Convinced that what
had been told thim by us, Mr. Evins had deceived them & we might also. Evins promised to return & furnish them with guns & amunitiion,

we advised them to remain at peace. The Ossinboins &c have the trade of those nations in their power and treat them badly as the Soux does the Ricarees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] and they cannot resent for fear of
loseing their trade &.

Ordway: clear & cold. we raised the roof of the meat & Smoak house bringing
it up with Timber cross drawing in, So as to answer with chinking & dobbing & covering with earth & ashes for the covering without plank, as it is Troublesom to Git any more than to cover our huts. abt. noon a chief came down from the villages. his Squaw brought a back load of corn in ears for us.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Weather Native American Tribes Food

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A little cloudy this morning I Set out with 10 men and my man York to the Ocian by land. i. e. Serjt. Ordway & Pryor, Jos. & Ru. Fields, Go. Shannon, W. Brattin, J. Colter, P. Wiser, W. Labieche & P. Shabono one of our interpreters & York. I Set out at Day light and proceeded on a Sandy beech

N. 80° W. 1 Mile to a point of rocks about 40 feet high, from the top of which the hill Side is open and assend with a Steep assent to the tops of the Mountains, a Deep nitch and two Small Streams above this point,

then my course was N. W. 7 Mile to the enterance of a creek at a lodge or cabin of Chinnooks passing on a wide Sand bar the bay to my left and Sev- eral Small ponds Containing great numbers of water fowls to my right; with a narrow bottom of alder & Small balsam between the Ponds and the Mountn.

at the Cabin I saw 4 womin and Some Children one of the women in a desper- ate Situation, covered with Sores Scabs & ulsers no doubt the effects of veneral disorder which Several of this nation which I have Seen appears to have.

This Creek appears to be nothing more than the conveyance of Several Small dreans from the high hills and the ponds on each Side near its mouth. here we were Set across all in one Canoe by 2 Squars to each I gav a Small hook

S. 79° W. 5 Miles to the mouth of Chin nook river, passed a low bluff of a small hite at 2 miles below which is the remains of huts near which place is also the remains of a whale on the Sand, the countrey low open and Slashey, with elivated lands inter- spersed covered with pine & thick under groth This river is 40 yards wide at low tide—

here we made a fire and dined on 4 brant and 48 Pliver which was killed by Labiech on the coast as we came on.

Rubin Fields Killed a Buzzard of the large Kind near the meat of the whale we Saw: W. 25 lb. measured from the tips of the wings across 9½ feet, from the point of the Bill to the end of the tail 3 feet 10¼ inches, middle toe 5½ inches, toe nale 1 inch & 3½ lines, wing feather 2½ feet long & 1 inch 5 lines diami- ter tale feathers 14½ inches, and the head is 6½ inches in- cluding the beak.

after dineing we crossed the river in an old canoe which I found on the Sand near Som old houses & proceeded on—

S. 20° W. 4 Miles to a Small rock island in a deep nitch passed a nitch at 2 miles in which there is a dreen from Some ponds back, the land low opposite this nitch a bluff of yellow Clay and Soft Stone from the river to the Comencement of this nitch be- low the Country rises to high hills of about 80 or 90 feet above the water—

at 3 miles passed a nitch— this rock Island is Small and at the South of a deep bend in which the nativs in- form us the Ships anchor, and from whence they receive their goods in return for their peltries and Elk Skins &c. this
appears to be a very good harber for large Ships.

here I found Capt Lewis name on a tree. I also engraved my name & by land the day of the month and year, as
also Several of the men.

S. 46° E. 2 Miles to the inner extremity of Cape Disappointment this Cape is an ellivated Circlier point Covered with thick timber on the iner Side and open grassey exposur next to the Sea and rises with a Steep assent to the hight of about 150 or 160 feet above the leavel of the water—>

this cape as also the Shore both on the Bay & Sea coast is a dark brown rock. I crossed the neck of Land low
and ½ of a mile wide to the main Ocian, at the foot of a high open hill project- ing into the ocian, and about one mile in Sicumfrance. I as- sended this hill which is covered with high corse grass. de- cended to the N. of it and camped. I picked up a flounder on the beech this evening.— Miles 19

I suped on brant this evening with a little pounded fish.

Some rain in the after part of the night.

men appear much Satisfied with their trip beholding with estonishment the high waves dashing against the rocks & this emence ocian.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Chinook Indians Pacific County. Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1820 Connecticut Whaler, Nathaniel Palmer, Discovers the Continent of Antarctica. Connecticut Explorers Antarctica World History Historic Firsts New York Times
1837 The First Steamship Line in Texas Completes Its First Voyage Texas Steamships Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1846 Virginia's Governor Orders the Formation of a State Regiment for the Mexican-American War Virginia Mexican-American War West Virginia Archives
1847 In Jacksonville, Episcopal Bishop Henry I. Louttit Is Elected the First President of the Florida Council of Churches Jacksonville, Florida Religion Historic Firsts Florida Council of Churches Florida Historical Society
1853 Putnam's Magazine Publishes Part I of Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street" Herman Melville American Authors Journalism American Collection
1861 Florida's Legislature Receives a Request to Convert the Chattahoochee Arsenal into a Military Academy for Training Floridians in the "Art of War" Florida Legistlature American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 Abraham Lincoln Boards a Train for Gettysburg, PA Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg Address History Channel
1865 New York Saturday Press Publishes Twain's "Celebrated Frog of Calaveras County" Mark Twain American Authors Journalism American Collection
1874 Delegates Meet in Cleveland, OH, to form Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Ohio Women Concordia
1880 Hans N. Amble Is the First Postmaster in Cable, Wisconsin Cable, Wisconsin U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Railroads Force Creation of Four North American Time Zones Canada U.S. History Time Zones Historic Firsts Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1903 U.S. and Panamá Sign a Treaty on a Proposed Canal Panamá Panamá Canal Yale University
1905 Five Lepers Arrive on Penikese Island in Buzzard's Bay, Site of the First and Only Leprosarium in Massachusetts Massachusetts Leprosy Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1916 British Forces Withdraw from the Stalemate at the Battle of Somme Great Britain Battle of Somme History Channel
1918 Nationalists Gather at the National Theater to Declare Latvia's Independence Latvia Germany Russia U.S. Department of State
Belgian Army Reoccupies Brussels after Four Years of German Occupation Belgium Germany World War I CNN
1926 Seattle, Washington's Venetian Theater Opens in the Capitol Hill Neighborhood Seattle Washington Stage and Theater Film HistoryLink
1928 Mickey Mouse Stars in 1st Sound-synchronized Cartoon, Steamboat Willy Walt Disney Cartoons & Comics Sound History of Technology Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1929 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 27 in Newfoundland Canada Earthquake Tsuanmi Death USGS
1931 The Whitney Opens in New York City as the First Museum Dedicated to 20th Century American Art New York City Museums American Artists Art Museums The Whitney New York Historical Society
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt Speaks in Savannah Commemorating Georgia's Bicentennial Georgia President Franklin Roosevelt University of Georgia
1936 Germany and Italy Recognize the Spanish Government of Francisco Franco Francisco Franco Germany italy New York Times
1938 The University of Minnesota's Green Hall, Named in Honor of Forester Samuel B. Green, Is Dedicated Minnesota Education Education University of Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1940 Hitler Meets Italy's Foreign Minister About Mussolini's Disastrous Invasion of Greece Greece Italy Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
1942 Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth Opens in New York Thornton Wilder Plays Internet Broadway Database American Collection
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Closes on Broadway After 742 Performances Arthur Miller Plays Internet Broadway Database American Collection
1952 Trademark is Registered for Elmer's Glue Trademarks & Patents Elmer's Glue USPTO
1955 Mohammed V Announces Morocco's Independence from France Morocco France Arabic News
Roy Wilkins Becomes Executive Secretary of the NAACP Roy Wilkins African-American History NAACP
1958 The Carl D. Bradley Sinks Near Charlevoix, MI: Only Two of the 35-man Crew Survive Michigan Naval History Death State of Michigan
1959 The First Pulp Is Produced by the Alaska Lumber & Pulp Company at Sitka Sitka, Alaska Trees Business Alaska Historical Society
1960 Louisiana's Governor and Legislators Face Contempt Charges For Not Appearing at a Court-Ordered Desegregation Hearing Louisiana Government Racism Education Civil Rights/Human Rights Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage Louisiana Secretary of State
1961 NASA Launches Ranger 2 Spacecraft As Test for Lunar and Interplanetary Missions Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1966 The Last Required Meatless Friday for American Roman Catholics Religion Catholicism Foods & Nutrition Concordia
Sandy Koufax Retires from Baseball New York City Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1967 British Place Ban on Movement of Farm Animals to Curb Foot and Mouth Disease Great Britain Animals Foot and Mouth Disease bbc
1973 NASA Launches NATO 3-C Communications Satellite for NATO Space Exploration Telecommunications NATO NASA
1976 Spain's Parliament Establishes a Democracy after 37 Years of Dictatorship Spain New York Times
1977 4-day National Women's Conference Begins in Houston, TX Texas Women Texas State Historical Association
1978 The NAACP Presents Its Spingarn Medal to United Nations Ambassador Andrew J. Young Andrew Young NAACP African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1985 University of Washington Surgeons Perform the First Successful Heart Transplant in the Pacific Northwest Washington Health Care Heart Transplants Historic Firsts University of Washington HistoryLink
Joe Theismann Suffers Career-ending Leg Fracture on Monday Night Football Football Health & Fitness New York Times
1987 Congress Issues Final Report on Iran-Contra Scandal U.S. Congress Iran-Contra Scandal The History Channel
27 Die in Fire at London's King's Cross Station Great Britain London Fire Death bbc
1988 President Reagan Signs Legislation Creating Cabinet-level Drug Czar Ronald Reagan Illegal Drugs New York Times
1989 50,000 Protesters Demand Reform in Bulgaria Bulgaria Cold War Human Rights/Civil Rights bbc
1991 Islamic Extremists Release British Religious Envoy After Four Years of Captivity in Lebanon Islam Lebanon Terrorism History Channel bbc
NASA Launches Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) to Seek Evidence of the Big Bang Space Exploration NASA
1993 South Africa's Multiparty Negotiating Forum (MPNF) Ratifies Interim Constitution South Africa Human Rights Constitutional Court of South Africa
The Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, Designed by Frank O. Gehry, Opens at the University of Minnesota Minnesota Education Education Museums Art University of Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1998 Alice McDermott Wins the National Book Award for Charming Billy New York Authors & Illustrators Charming Billy National Book Award History Channel
1999 Twelve Killed When Bonfire Construction Collapses at Texas A&M University Texas Fire Safety Death Texas A&M
Historic Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2002 U.N. Arms Inspectors Return to Iraq After Four-year Hiatus United Nations Iraq Iraq War CNN
2003 President Bush Visits Prime Minister Tony Blair in London Tony Blair President George W. Bush BBC
2004 Clinton Presidential Center Is Opened in Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas President Bill Clinton Official Website
2009 West Virginia's Byrd Becomes the Longest-Serving Member of Congress Robert Byrd West Virginia Political and Socail Leaders U.S. Congress CNN