The Puerto Rican Flag The Puerto Rican Flag


The Puerto Rican Flag The Puerto Rican Flag

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which two Olympic athletes were born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What cartoon show debuted on this date in 1959? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, James A. Garfield was the last of what type of President? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a country in which this date is a holiday:

1. Which academy award-winning actor/actress was born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the "Gettysburg Address" on this date in 1863. According to Gettysburg National Military Park, how many soldiers died at the Battle of Gettysburg? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, how many times was Roy Campanella selected as the Most Valuable Player of the National League? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1953 work by Jack Schaefer (according to the Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Geographic Society, Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu while looking for what lost Inca capital?

2. What other famous trombonist was born the same year as Tommy Dorsey?

3. According to the Writer's Almanac, when Julia Ward Howe wrote the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic on this date in 1861, what song did she use for the music?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Elizabeth Cleaver (according to Writing in Canada):

George Rogers Clark
Born on This Date 1752

[Kentucky Historical Society]

The American Revolution

James A. Garfield
Born on This Date 1831

[The White House]

President of the United States

Hiram Bingham
Born on This Date 1875

[U.S. Congress]


Roy Campanella
Born on This Date 1921

[National Baseball HOF]

Elizabeth Cleaver
Elizabeth Cleaver
Born on This Date 1939

[Library and Archives Canada]

Primary Children's Authors Artists

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Belize: Garifuna Day/Settlement Day
(Annual November 19 celebration of the first Garinagu people to arrive in Belize)
Belize U.S. Department of State San Pedro Sun
Monaco: Prince Rainier Day/National Day
(Celebration of Prince Rainier's coronation 11/19/1949)
Monaco World Bank Holidays
Puerto Rico: Discovery Day
(Celebration of discovery by Columbus 11/19/1493)
Puerto Rico Christopher Columbus Expedia
United States: National Adoption Day
(Observed annually to celebrate and promote adoptions)
Child Adoption National Adoption Day
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1926 Ann Herbert Scott (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Nevada Writers Hall of Fame
1935 Marianna Dengler (Oklahoma-born Children's Author) Oklahoma Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1939 Elizabeth Cleaver (Canadian Children's Author, Illustrator) Elizabeth Cleaver Primary Children's Authors Artists Online Guide to Writing in Canada National Library of Canada
1943 Margaret Musgrove (Connecticut-born Children's Author) Connecticut Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Africa
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1899 Allen Tate (Kentucky-born Poet) Allen Tate Poetry
1900 Anna Seghers (German Novelist, Essayist, and Short Story Writer) Anna Seghers
1907 Jack Schaefer (Ohio-born Journalist, Author of Shane) Jack Schaefer Journalism
1911 William Attaway (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Mississippi Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
1937 Penelope Leach (English Child Psychologist, Author) English Authors Child Mental Health Psychology Writer's Alamanc
1942 Sharon Olds (San Francisco-born Poet) Sharon Olds Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1942 Calvin Klein (New York City-born Fashion Designer) New York City Artists, Architects & Designers Calvin Klein
Explorers, Pioneers & Astronauts
1752 George Rogers Clark (Virginia-born Frontiersman, Pioneer) George Rogers Clark American Explorers and Pioneers
1875 Hiram Bingham (Hawaiian-born Explorer Who Discovered the Ruins of Machu Picchu; U.S. Senator from Connecticut) Peru Hiram Bingham Connecticut Political Leaders U.S. Congress Archaeology
1956 Eileen Marie Collins (New York-born Astronaut) New York Explorers Astronauts NASA Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Business Leaders
1938 Ted Turner (Ohio-born Media Mogul) Ted Turner Television
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1843 Richard Avenarius (German Philosopher) German Political and Social Leaders Philosophy
1909 Moses Josiah Madiba (First Black Chancellor of South Africa's University of the North) South African Political and Social Leaders Education South African History
Military Leaders
1827 Isaac M. St. John (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
Political & Social Leaders
1600 Charles I (King of England) British Political and Social Leaders Charles I
1805 Ferdinand Lesseps (French Diplomat) French Political and Social Leaders
1831 James A. Garfield (Ohio-born 20th President of the United States) Ohio Political and Social Leaders James A. Garfield American Presidents
1917 Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister of India) Indira Gandhi
1941 Tommy Thompson (Governor of Wisconsin) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
Performing Artists
1905 Tommy Dorsey (Pennsylvania-born Jazz Trombonist) Tommy Dorsey Jazz
1920 Gene Tierney (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film
1933 Larry King (New York City-born Television Talkshow Host) Larry King Radio Television CNN
1936 Dick Cavett (Nebraska-born Comedy Writer; Television Talkshow Host) Dick Cavett Television
1956 Ann Curry (Guam-born Broadcast Journalist) Guam Performing Artists Television Journalism Asian-Amrican Performing Artists
1961 Meg Ryan (Connecticut-born Actress) Meg Ryan Actors Film
1962 Jodie Foster (Los Angeles-born Actress) Jodie Foster Actors Film 1988 Leading Actress: Accused, 1991 Leading Actress: Silence of the Lambs
1973 Savion Glover (New Jersey-born African-American Dancer, Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Dance African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
Sports Figures
1921 Roy Campanella (Pennsylvania-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Roy Campanella Baseball Hall of Fame Special Education African American Sports Figures
1966 Gail Devers (Seattle, Washington African-American 2-time 100m Olympic Track Champion: 1992, 1996) Washington Sports Figures Track & Field The 1992 Summer Olympic Games African American Sports Figures USA Track and Field
1977 Kerri Strug (Arizona-born Olympic Champion Gymnast: 1996) Arizona Sports Figures Gymnastics The 1996 Summer Olympic Games Official Web Site
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1825 Alexander I, Emperor of Russia Russian Political and Social Leaders
1828 Franz Schubert (Austrian Composer) Franz Schubert Composers
1887 Emma Lazarus (New York City-born Poet) Emma Lazarus Poetry Statue of Liberty
1979 Samuel M. Sampler (Texas-born Winner of the Congressional Medal of Honor) Texas Military Figures Congressional Medal of Honor World War I Texas State Historical Association
1981 Griffiths Mxenge (South African Attorney, anti-Apartheid Activist; Murdered) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Crime South African History
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1493 Christopher Columbus Is the First European to Discover Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Christopher Columbus Britannica
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1724 J.S. Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 26 Is First Performed At the Second Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1776 Congress Pleads for the States to Send More Soldiers to Serve in the Continental Army Continental Congress American Revolution History Channel
1794 U.S. and Great Britain Sign Jay Treaty, Resolving Issues Left Over From the Revolutionary War Britain Historic U.S. Documents American Revolution New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Today I took altitudes in the morning and the afternoon.
Illinois Missouri Global Positioning The Ohio River The Mississippi River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold day the ice Continue to run our Perogue of Hunters arrive with 32 Deer, 12 Elk & a Buffalow, all of this meat we had hung up in a Smoke house, a timeley supply— Several Indians here all day— the wind bley hard from the N. W. by W. our men move into their huts, Several little Indian anecdotes told me to day

Ordway: the River Riseing the wind from S. W. the weather moderates as the day is pleasant. we dobbed the Store & Smoak house. all hands employed at different Sort of work. abt. 3 o.C. P. M. our hunters arived with the pearogue loaded with meat consisting of 5 buffalow 11 Elk & 30 Deer also Several kinds of Small Game of which they brought the Skins, all the meat we put up on poles in the Roofs of our meat & Smoak houses.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Weather Native American Tribes Elk Buffalo Deer

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I arose early this morning from under a wet blanket caused by a Shower of rain which fell in the latter part of the last night

Sent two men on a head with directions to proceed on near the Sea Coast and Kill Something for brackfast and that I Should follow my Self in about half an hour. after drying our blankets a little I Set out with a view to proceed near the Coast the direction of which induced me to conclude that at the distance of 8 or 10 miles, the Bay was at no great distance across.

I overtook the hunters at about 3 miles, they had killed a Small Deer on which we brackfast it comened raining and Continued moderately untill 11 oClock A M.

after takeing a Sumptious brackfast of venison which was rosted on Stiks exposed to the fire, I proceeded on through ruged Country of high hills and Steep hollers to the Commencement of a Sandy Coast— at the commencement of this Sand beech the high lands leave the Sea coast in a Direction to Chinnook river, and does not touch the Sea Coast again untill below point leaveing a low pondey countrey, maney places open with small ponds in which there is great numbr. of fowl

I am informed that the Chinnook Nation inhabit this low countrey and live in large wood houses on a river which passes through this bottom Parrilal to the Sea coast and falls into the Bay

I proceeded on the Sandy Coast 4 miles, and marked my name on a Small pine, the Day of the month & year, &c. and returned to the foot of the hill, from which place I intended to Strike across to The Bay, I saw a Sturgeon which had been thrown on Shore and left by the tide 10 feet in length, and Several joints of the back bone of a whale which must have foundered on this part of the Coast. after Dineing on the remains of our Small Deer I proceeded through over a land S E with Some Ponds to the bay distance about 2 miles, thence up to the mouth of Chinnook river 2 miles, crossed this little river in the Canoe we left at its mouth and Encamped on the upper Side in an open Sandy bottom— The hills next to the bay Cape disapointment to a Short distance up the Chinnook river is not verry high thickly Coverd. with different Species of pine &c. maney of which are large, I observed in maney places pine of 3 or 4 feet through growing on the bodies of large trees which had fallen down, and covered with moss and yet part Sound. The Deer of this Coast differ materially from our Common deer in a much as they are much darker deeper bodied Shorter ledged horns equally branched from the beem the top of the tail black from the rute to the end Eyes larger and do not lope but jump.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Chinook Indians Pacific County. Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1810 The First Session of the Senate of the Republic of West Florida Convenes in Francisville, Louisiana Louisiana Florida Florida Historical Society
1823 500 Honduras Garifunas Escape British Oppression by Canoeing to Belize Honduras Belize
1824 10,000 Perish as the Neva River Floods St. Petersburg, Russia Russia Rivers Floods Death History Channel
Tallahassee Is Established As the Capital of Florida Tallahassee, Florida Florida Historical Society
1845 Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven and Other Poems and Tales Is Published in New York by Wiley and Putnam Edgar Allan Poe American Authors American Collection
The First Mormon Settlers in Texas Arrive in Grayson County Grayson County, Texas Mormon Church Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1828 Surveying Is Completed on the Cherokee Line in the Northwest Portion of the Arkansas Territory Arkansas Cherokee Indians Arkansas Encyclopedia Arkansas History Commission
1854 In Texas, Sam Houston Is Baptized in the Baptist Church Texas Political and Social Leaders Sam Houston Religion Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1855 Minnesota's First German-Language Newspaper, the Minnesota Deutsche Zeitung, Is Published in St. Paul Germany St. Paul, Minnesota Journalism Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
The Singing Hutchinson Family of New Hampshire Founds the Town of Hutchinson, Minnesota Hutchinson Family Singers Hutchinson, Minnesota Popular Musicians Minnesota Historical Society
1857 The Atlantic Monthly Publishes the Poem, "Brahma," by Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson American Authors Poetry American Collection
1861 Julia Ward Howe Writes The Battle Hymn of the Republic Julia Ward Howe The Battle Hymn of the Republic American Civil War Writer's Alamanc University of Georgia
Florida Governor John Milton Requests 1,000 Enfield Rifles and Two Rifled Cannon for the Defense of St. Marks and Apalachicola Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 President Abraham Lincoln Delivers the Gettysburg Address in Front of 15,000 People Gathered to Consecrate a New National Cemetery Abraham Lincoln The Gettysburg Address American Civil War The Lincoln Log Writer's Alamanc Library of Congress History Channel New York Times
At Gettysburg, a 2-hour Oration by Boston Statesman, Edward Everett, Precedes Abraham Lincoln's 3-minute Address Edward Everett Gettysburg, Pennyslvania American Civil War Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
The U.S. Marine Corps Band Accompanies President Lincoln to Gettysburg for the Dedication of the National Cemetery Gettysburg, Pennyslvania Abraham Lincoln Music Historic Firsts U.S. Marine Corps Band American Public Media
1864 The Confederate Congress Urges Residents of Georgia to Disrupt Sherman's March to the Sea by Burning Bridges and Blocking Roads Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea University of Georgia
President Abraham Lincoln Lifts the Blockades of the Fernandina and Pensacola Ports in Florida, As Well As the Port in Norfolk, Virginia Florida Norfolk, Virginia Abraham Lincoln Naval Military History American Civil War The Lincoln Log
President Abraham Lincoln Issues Second Order for the Release of Indian "Big Eagle" from Confinement at Davenport, Iowa Davenport, Iowa Abraham Lincoln Native-American Heritage The Lincoln Log
1874 The Atlantic Monthly Publishes "A True Story Repeated Word for Word as I Heard It," by Mark Twain Mark Twain American Authors American Collection
1875 Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 3 Is Performed in Moscow Tchaikovsky Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1883 Tater Hill Bluff, Florida Is Renamed Arcadia and Receives Its First U.S. Post Office Arcadia, Florida U.S. Postal Service Florida Historical Society
1899 New Orleans Surgeon, Rudolph Matas, Is First to Administer Spinal Anesthetic in U.S. New Orleans Medical Research Historic Firsts American Society of Anesthesiologists
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 Granville Woods Is Granted a Patent for a Third Rail Electrified Railway Granville Woods Railroad Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks African American Scientists & Inventors USPTO
1911 New York City Receives First Wireless Message from Italy New York City Italy History of Technology Historic Firsts
A Flood in the Cedar River Valley Washes Away Part of the Pipeline Supplying Most of the Water for Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Rivers Floods HistoryLink
1915 British Pilot Earns the Victoria Cross for His Daring Rescue of a Fellow Airman Great Britain Aviation War History World War I History Channel
1916 The Goldwyn Company Forms Film Business & Economics History Channel
1917 U.S. Government Accepts a Bid to Build an Aviation Training Field Near Lonoke, Arkansas Lonoke, Arkansas Education Aviation History World War I Arkansas History Commission Arkansas Encyclopedia
An Arkansas State Constitutional Convention Is Convened in Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas State Constitution (pdf) Arkansas History Commission
1919 The U.S. Senate Rejects the Treaty of Versailles U.S. Senate Treaty of Versailles World War I New York Times
1923 The Oklahoma State Senate Ousts Governor John C. Walton In Part for His Opposition to the Ku Klux Klan Oklahoma Ku Klux Klan Oklahoma Department of Libraries (pdf)
F. Scott Fitzgerald's Play "The Vegetable, or from President to Postman" Opens at the Apollo Theatre in Atlantic City, New Jersey F. Scott Fitzgerald Atlantic City, New Jersey American Authors Plays American Collection
1925 In Townsend, Delaware, the Dickinson Hotel Is Destroyed by Fire Townsend, Delaware Fire State of Delaware
1926 The 1926 Imperial Conference in London Accepts the Balfour Declaration, Granting Autonomy to the Communities within the British Empire Great Britain British Commonwealth South African History
1927 The First Sears, Roebuck and Company Store Opens in Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville, Florida Business Sears Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1928 Presbyterian Mission Worker Mary Behner Arrives in Scotts Run, West Virginia West VirginiaPolitical and Social Leaders Religion West Virginia State Atchive
1937 The RKO Film "Damsel in Distress" Is Released, with Music by George Gershwin George Gershwin Composers Film Internet Movie Database American Public Media
1940 Adolf Hitler Urges Spain to Attack British-Controlled Gibraltar and Trap British Troops in North Africa Africa Spain Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1942 Soviet Forces Take the Offensive at Stalingrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
In Alaska, Construction Begins on the Portage-Whittier Tunnel Alaska Transportation Alaska Historical Society
1944 President Franklin Roosevelt Announces a 6th War Loan Drive to Immediately Raise $14 Billion for the War President Franklin Roosevelt Economics World War II History Channel
1945 Super Value Groceries Receives Minnesota's First Shipment of Air-Freighted Vegetables Minnesota Food Aviation History Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1954 The First Automatic Toll Collection Machine Is Placed in Service at the Union Toll Plaza on New Jersey's Garden State Parkway New Jersey Transportation Economics Historic Firsts Garden State Parkway History Channel
Sammy Davis, Jr. Is Injured in a San Bernardino, California Car Accident and Will Lose His Left Eye San Bernadino, California Sammy Davis, Jr. Automotives Health Care Eyesight African-American Performing Artists LearnCalifornia
1957 Leonard Bernstein Is Named Music Director of the New York Philharmonic New York Philharmonic Leonard Bernstein Classical Musicians American Public Media
Winona, Minnesota Receives One Foot of Snow Winona, Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1959 Ford Motor Company Ceases Production of the Edsel Ford Motor Company Automobiles New York Times
Rocky and His Friends Cartoon Show Debuts Cartoons & Comics Television Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database
1966 In East Lansing. Michigan, #1 Notre Dame Ties #2 Michigan State 10-10 in the "College Football Game of the Century" East Lansing, Michigan Football Michigan State Notre Dame New York Times State of Michigan
1968 Mali Military Officers Depose Modibo Keita from Power with Bloodless Coup Mali Britannica
1969 Apollo 12: The Second Manned Lunar Expedition Lands Safely on the Moon Alan Bean Pete Conrad Space Exploration The Moon NASA BBC Florida Historical Society
Brazilian Soccer Great, Pele, Scores His 1,000th Professional Goal Against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro's Maracana Stadium Pele Soccer History Channel New York Times
1970 In Syria, Regional Command of the Baath Party Announces Designation of Ahmad al Khatib as Acting Chief of State Syrian Political and Social Leaders Middle East History Countty Studies
1971 Radioactive Cooling Water from Minnesota's Monticello Nuclear Power Plant Overflows and Reaches the Mississippi River Minnesota Nuclear Energy Radiation Mississippi River Minnesota Historical Society
1973 Georgia Drops the Speed Limit on Its Highways to 55 mph in Response to the Arab Oil Embargo Georgia Transportation International Trade Middle East History University of Georgia
1977 Anwar Sadat Is First Arab Leader to Visit Israel Anwar Sadat Israel Middle East History Historic Firsts History Channel BBC
Ku Klux Klan Member Convicted of 1963 Birmingham, AL Church Bombing Alabama U.S. Civil Rights Movement Religion Law & Legal Resources Court TV
1981 Griffiths Mxenge, South African Attorney and anti-Apartheid Activist, Is Murdered South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Crime Death South African History
Heavy Snow in Minneapolis Causes the Fabric of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome to Collapse and Rip Minneapolis, Minnesota Snow Metrodome Minnesota Historical Society
1984 Almost 500 Die in Mexico City Petroleum Explosions Mexico Death TIME
1985 President Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev Hold First Summit in Geneva, Switzerland Switzerland Mikhail Gorbachev Ronald Reagan History Channel BBC
1991 In Colombia, a 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2 People and Damages 28 Homes Colombia Earthquake Death USGS
1994 Seven Jackpot Winners Share the £7M Prize from Britain's First Lottery Great Britain Economics Historic Firsts BBC
1995 Aleksander Kwasniewski Defeats Lech Walesa in Polish Presidential Election Poland Elections International Foundation for Election Systems
Toy Story Premieres in Hollywood Toy Story Internet Movie Database
1996 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-80) for a 17-Day Mission to Release, Operate and Retrieve Two Research Spacecraft Space Shuttle Space Exploration NASA
1997 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-87) for a 15-Day Mission Space Shuttle NASA
An Iowa Seamstress, Bobbi McCaughey, Gives Birth to the Second Set of Septuplets Known to be Born Alive Iowa Child Health Care Child Care New York Times
1998 President Clinton's Impeachment Inquiry Begins The Impeachment of William Jefferson Clinton The American Presidency Law and Legal Resources New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2001 Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants Is the First Baseball Player to Win Four Most Valuable Player Awards San Francisco Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts African American Sports Figures New York Times
2003 Suffering from the Flu, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak Collapses While Delivering a Speech to Parliament Egyptian Political and Social Leaders Flu South African History