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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which declaration did the United Nations issue on this date in 1959? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What convention did the United Nations adopt unanimously on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Teenreads, as a teacher, what does Marion Dane Bauer gain from her students? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Marion Dane Bauer (according to Random House):

1. Which castle suffered extensive fire damage on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the West Virginia University, for what reason was Pauli Murray denied admission to the University of North Carolina law school? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what reason was Selma Lagerlöf awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize for Literature? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1979 work by Nadine Gordimer (according to the Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to PBS, for what two achievements is Edwin Powell Hubble best known?

2. According to Institute for Science, Engineering & Public Policy, what is the title of the 1967 paper Benoit Mandelbrot published in Science Magazine?

3. According to the New York Times, Robert Kennedy was the U.S. Attorney General under how many Presidents?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1904 work by Selma Lagerlöf (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Edwin Powell Hubble
Born on This Date 1889

[European Space Agency]

Space & Astronomy

Pauli Murray
Born on This Date 1910

[Columbia University]


Benoit Mandelbrot
Born on This Date 1924



Robert F. Kennedy
Born on This Date 1925



Marion Dane Bauer
Born on This Date 1938

[Gale Group]

Young-adult Author

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United Nations: Universal Children's Day
(Observed in accordance with the 1954 U.N General Assembly resolution 836(IX))
United Nations United Nations Children's Day
Mexico: Revolution Day
(Commemoration of start of the revolution to overthrow the dictator Porfirio Díaz: 11/20/1910)
Mexico U.S. Department of State Inside Mexico
Vietnam: Teachers' Day
(Remembrance and gratitude for teachers throughout Vietnam)
Vietnam Education Teacher Appreciation
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 William Cole (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Author
1938 Marion Dane Bauer (Illinois-born Children's Author) Marion Dane Bauer Young-adult Author
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1752 Thomas Chatterton (English Poet) English Authors Poetry Chambers Book of Days
1858 Selma Lagerlöf (Swedish Writer) Selma Lagerlöf 1909 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1878 Claude Bowers (Indiana-born Journalist, Historian, Diplomat) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Journalism President Franklin Roosevelt U.S. Government
1889 Donn Byrne (New York City-born Novelist) New York City Authors & Illustrators American Collection
1908 Alistair Cooke (English Journalist, Commentator) Alistair Cooke Journalism Radio
1910 Pauli Murray (Maryland-born African-American Poet, Attorney, Educator, Civil Rights Activist) Pauli Murray Poetry Law & Legal Resources Famous African-Americans
1916 Thomas McGrath (North Dakota-born Author) North Dakota Authors & Illustrators
1923 Nadine Gordimer (South African Novelist: 1991 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Nadine Gordimer 1991 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1936 Don DeLillo (New York City-born Novelist) New York City Authors Writer's Almanac
1945 Deborah Eisenberg (Chicago-born Author) Deborah  Eisenberg
Artists, Architects and Designers
1900 Chester Gould (Oklahoma-born Cartoonist: Creator of Dick Tracy) Chester  Gould Cartoonists & Comics
1911 David Seymour (Polish-American Photographer) David Seymour Photography
1914 Emilio Pucci (Italian Fashion Designer) Emilio  Pucci
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1873 Daniel Gregory Mason (Massachusetts-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
1903 Alexandra Danilova (Russian Ballerina) Russian Performing Artists Ballet
1942 Meredith Monk (New York City (born in Lima, Peru) Singer, Composer) Mereidth Monk Popular Musicians American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1602 Otto von Guericke (German Physicist: Invented the Vacuum Pump) German Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Inventors and Inventions Technology and Society
1889 Edwin Powell Hubble (Missouri-born Astronomer: Namesake of the Hubble Telescope) Edwin  Powell Hubble Space and Astronomy The Hubble Telescope
1924 Benoit Mandelbrot (Polish-born Lithuanian Mathematician Who Conceived and Developed the Field of Fractal Geometry. Benoit Mandelbrot Fractals
Military Leaders
1885 Albert Kesselring (German Field Marshal - World War II) German Military Figures Nazi Germany World War II
1175 St. Edmund of Abington (English Archbishop) English Political and Social Leaders Religion
1855 Josiah Royce (California-born Philosopher) California Poltical and Social Leaders Philosophy
Political & Social Leaders
1726 Oliver Wolcott (Connecticut-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Colonial Connecticut) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence Colonial Connecticut
1841 Wilfrid Laurie (Premier of Canada) Wilfrid Laurie
1874 James M. Curley (Mayor of Boston: 1914-8, 1922-6, 1930-4, 1947-50; Governor of Massachusetts: 1935-7) Massachusetts Poltical and Social Leaders Politics
1880 Fred Zimmerman (25th Governor of Wisconsin: 1926-28) Wisconsin Poltical and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1884 Norman Thomas (Ohio-born Socialist Leader, 6-Time Socialist Candidate for U.S. President) Ohio Poltical and Social Leaders Politics U.S. President
1917 Robert Byrd (North Carolina-born U.S. Senator from West Virginia) Robert Byrd West Virginia Political and Socail Leaders U.S. Congress
1925 Robert Kennedy (Massachusetts-born Congressman, U.S. Attorney General, Candidate for President of the United States) Robert Kennedy U.S. Congress U.S. Government John F. Kennedy
1942 Joe Biden (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Senator from Delaware, Democratic Candidate for Vice President of the United States) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Delaware Political and Social Leaders 2008 Presidential Campaign U.S. Senate
Performing Artists
1878 Charles S. Gilpin (Virginia-born African-American Actor and Singer) Virginia Performing Artists Actors African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1896 Sallie Martin (Georgia-born African-American Gospel Singer) Georgia Performing Artists Gospel Musicians African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1932 Richard Dawson (English American Television Game Show Host) English Performing Artists Television
1942 Meredith Monk (New York City (born in Lima, Peru) Singer, Composer) Mereidth Monk Popular Musicians American Composers
1946 Duanne Allman (Georgia-born Popular Singer and Guitarist) Georgia Performing Artists Popular Musicians University of Georgia
1975 Dierks Bentley (Arizona-born Country Music Performer) Arizona Performing Artists Country Musicians
Sports Figures
1866 Kenesaw Mountain Landis (Ohio-born Judge; Commissioner of Major League Baseball: 1920-44) Ohio Sports Figures Law and Legal Resources Major League Baseball Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1785 James Wright (English Royal Governor of the Georgia Colony) English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1858 William Schley (Maryland-born Governor of Georgia) Maryland Poltical and Social Leaders Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1891 James Johnson (North Carolina-born U.S. Congressman and Governor of Georgia) North Carolina Poltical and Social Leaders Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1921 Mary Latimer McLendon (Georgia-born Women's Suffrage Pioneer) Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders American Women Poltical and Social Leaders Women's Suffrage University of Georgia
1942 John Lejeune (Louisiana-born U.S. Marine Corps General; Namesake of Camp Lejeune North Carolina) Louisiana Military Leaders North Carolina U.S. Military Leaders Camp Lejeune North Carolina
1975 General Francisco Franco (Spanish Dictator) Francisco Franco
2006 Robert Altman (Kansas City-born Filmmaker: "M*A*S*H") Robert Altman Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1620 Aboard the Mayflower in Massachusetts Bay - Peregrine White Is First Baby of European Descent Born in North America Massachusetts Child Advocacy The Mayflower Historic Firsts Concordia New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1700 Sweden's 17-year-old King Charles XII Defeats Russians at Battle of Narva Sweden Russia War University of Washington
1723 J.S. Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 70 Is First Performed At the Second Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1789 New Jersey Is the First State to Ratify the Bill of Rights New Jersey The Bill of Rights Historic Firsts History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Left in the morning and then got well into the stream. I then proceeded to make notes on our course, time and the estimated distances. There is a sandbar that extends from the island about 3/4 of a mile and reaches below the Ohio and Mississippi junction. We rested at the upper point of the island where my men sought refreshment and I observed the Meridian Altitude. We estimated 10 1/2 miles today.
Illinois Missouri Data Collection The Ohio River The Mississippi River
1804 The New York Historical Society Is Organized New York New York Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain last night dispatched Labiech to kill Some fowl for our brackfast he returned in about 2 hours
with 8 large Ducks on which we brackfast

I proceeded on to the enterance of a Creek near a cabin no person being at this cabin and 2 Canoes laying on the opposit Shore from us, I deturmined to have a raft made and Send a man over for a canoe, a Small raft was Soon made, and Reuben Fields Crossed and brought over a Canoe—

This Creek which is the outlet of a number of ponds, is at this time (high tide) 300 yds wide—

I proceeded on up the Beech and was overtaken by three Indians one of them gave me Some dried Sturgeon and
a fiew wappato roots, I employd Those Indians to take up one of our Canoes which had been left by the first party that Came down, for which Service I gave them each a fishing hook of a large Size—

on my way up I met Several parties of Chinnooks which I had not before Seen they were on their return from our Camp. all those people appeard to know my deturmonation of keeping every individual of their nation at a proper distance, as they were guarded and resurved in my presence &c.

found maney of the Chin nooks with Capt. Lewis of whome there was 2 Cheifs Com com mo ly & Chil-lar-la-wi to whome we gave Medals and to one a flag. one of the Indians had on a roab made of 2 Sea Otter Skins the fur of them were more butifull than any fur I had ever Seen

both Capt. Lewis & my Self endeavored to purchase the roab with differant articles at length we precured it for a belt of blue beeds which the Squar—wife of our interpreter Shabono wore around her waste. in my absence the hunters had killed Several Deer and fowl of different kinds—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Chinook Indians Pacific County. Washington
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1805 Beethoven's Opera "Fidelio" Is First Performed in Vienna's Theater an der Wien Vienna, Austria Ludwig van Beethoven Composers Opera Historical Firsts American Public Media
1817 The First Elections for Representatives of "The Republic of the Floridas" Are Held at Fernandina Spain Fernandina, Florida Elections Florida Historical Society
1819 The First Issue of the Arkansas Gazette Reports on the First Elections Held in the Arkansas Territory Arkansas Elections Journalism Historic Firsts Arkansas Encyclopedia Arkansas History Commission
1820 A Sperm Whale Rams and Sinks the Whale Ship Essex in the Pacific Whales Naval History Moby Dick Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities History Channel
1826 Alabama's Legislature Convenes in the New Capital of Tuscaloosa for the First Time Tuscaloosa, Alabama Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1828 The Ohio Mechanics Institute Is Organized in Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio Labor Education Ohio Historical Society
1843 Blacksnake Hills Trading Post Is Renamed St. Joseph, Missouri St. Joseph, Missouri Westward Expansion History Channel
1862 USS Montgomery Captures the Confederate Sloop William E. Chester Near Florida's Pensacola Bay Pensacola Bay, Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 Sherman's Union Army Destroys Property, Routes Militia Units in Central Georgia Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea History Channel
1866 Howard University Is Founded as a Seminary for the Training of African-American Preachers Washington, D.C. Education Education Religion African-American Heritage Howard University Library of Congress African American Registry
First U.S. Rotary Crank Bicycle Patent Is Issued to Pierre Lallemont of France Paris Scientists & Inventors Bicycling Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts USPTO
James L. Haven & Charles Hittrick (Ohio) Receive First U.S. Patent for a Yoyo Ohio Scientists & Inventors Hobbies and Games Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts USPTO
1875 Henry James Publishes His First Novel, Roderick Hudson Henry James American Authors History Channel
1887 Wakefield, Michigan Is Incorporated as a Village Wakefield, Michigan State of Michigan
1889 Gustav Mahler Conducts the Budapest Philharmonic in the Premiere of His Symphony No. 1 Budapest, Hungary Gustav Mahler Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
1899 At Rio Grande City, Texas, U.S. Troops Fire on Local Residents Threatening African-American Soldiers Rio Grande City, Texas U.S. Military Racism African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1906 Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce Form Rolls-Royce English Business Business & Economics Rolls Royce BBC
1907 Fire Destroys Much of the Business Section of Oceana, West Virginia West Virginia Fire Safety Oceana, West Virginia West Virginia State Archives
1909 Igloo No. 4, Pioneers of Alaska Fraternal Organization Holds Its Organizational Meeting at Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska Historical Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1910 The Mexican Revolution Begins Mexico Revolts and Revolutions University of Arizona New York Times
William H. Moody Steps Down as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Massachusetts Poltitical and Socia Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1911 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" Is First Performed in Munich, Germany Munich, Germany Gustav Mahler Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
1914 Mexican General Jose Ynez Salazar Escapes From an Albuquerque, New Mexico Jail. Mexican Military Figures Albuquerque, New Mexico Prison New Mexico Magazine
1917 British First Use Tanks in Battle, and Break through German Lines at Cambrai Great Britain Germany World War I Historic Firsts History Channel
1923 Garrett T. Morgan Patents the Traffic Signal Garrett T.  Morgan Automobiles Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks African-American Scientists and Mathematicians USPTO
1924 The George S. Gandy Bridge Is Opened Between Tampa and St. Petersburg , Florida Florida Bridges Florida Historical Society
1925 Aaron Copland's "Music for the Theatre" Is First Performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra Boston, Massachusetts Aaron Copland Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
1943 Two Texas Marines Earn the Congressional Medal of Honor at the Battle of Tarawa Texas Military Leaders Congressional Medal of Honor World War II U.S. Marines Texas State Historical Association
1945 World War II Nazi War Crimes Trial Begins in Nuremberg, Germany Nuremberg, Germany Nazi Germany World War II War Crime Trials War Crimes Law and legal resources Concordia History Channel New York Times BBC Court TV
1947 England's Princess Elizabeth (Queen Elizabeth II) Marries Her Cousin Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey English Political and Social Leaders Queen Elizabeth II Prince Philip Westminster Abbey Historic UK History Channel
1948 Chinese Communists Place American Consul Under Siege China The Cold War History Channel
1949 Vaughan Williams' "An Oxford Elegy" Is First Performed in Dorking, England Vaughan Williams Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1951 Anti-British Sentiment Forces Evacuation of British Families from Egypt's Suez Canal Zone Suez Canal Great Britain BBC
1959 United Nations Issues It's "Declaration of Rights of the Child" Children's Rights Human Rights The United Nations
In Stockholm, Seven Countries Form the European Free Trade Association Stockholm, Sweden European History Business & Economics Icelandic Foreign Service
1962 Racial & Religious Discrimination Are Eliminated in Federal Housing U.S. Civil Rights Housing African-American History History Channel
1964 Trial of South African Communist Party Members Begins South Africa Law and legal Resources South African History
Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartets Nos. 9 and 10 Are First Performed in Moscow by the Beethoven Quartet Dmitri Shostakovich Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
1967 National Commission on Product Safety Is Established by a Joint Resolution of Congress U.S. Congress U.S. Government Agencies & Offices Consumer Economics National Archives
U.S. Population Reaches 200 Million at 11:04 a.m. as President Lyndon Johnson Celebrates the Event President Lyndon Johnson Population & Demographics U.S. History CNN
The Nicollet Mall, a Pedestrian Walkway Closed to Traffic Except Buses, Opens in Downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Consumer Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1969 Seymour Hersh Reveals More of My Lai Massacre Story Seymour Hersh My Lai Massacre Journalism History Channel
Approximately 90 Native Americans Begin 19-month Occupation of Alcatraz Island San Francisco Native-American Studies National Park Service Minnesota Historical Society
4.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is the Largest in West Virginia's Recorded History West Virginia Earthquakes USGS
U.S. Government Bans Residential Use of DDT U.S. Government Earth & Environmental Science Organic Chemistry New York Times
1970 Communist China Achieves 2/3 Majority for Admission to the United Nations China The United Nations Television News Archive
NASA Applies for Patent for Extracting Water & Oxygen from Moon Soil Patents and Trademarks Moon Water Oxygen NASA
Washington State's Marymoor Prehistoric Indian Site Is Added to the National Register of Historic Places Washington Landmarks Native-American Heritage Marymoor Park History Link
1971 "Theme from 'Shaft,'" by Isaac Hayes, Reaches #1 for the First of Two Weeks. Isaac Hayes Popular Music African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1974 U.S. Government Files Antitrust Suit to Break Up AT&T U.S. Government Anti-Trust Law Business & Economics AT&T Television News Archive
Operatic Soprano Leontyne Price Performs at the Grand Opera House in Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Leontyne Price Opera African-American Performing Artists Grand Opera House State of Delaware
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat Is the First Arab Leader to Address Israel's Parliament Anwar Sadat Israel Historic Firsts New York Times
1979 In Minnesota, Artificial Blood Is Used in the United States for the First Time Minnesota Medical Research Blood Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1984 20-year-old Dwight Gooden Youngest National League Rookie of the Year Florida Sports Figures Baseball Famous African Americans Baseball Library
1988 Egypt & China Recognize Palestinian State Palestine Egypt China World History Television News Archive
The United Nations Condemns South Africa's Armed Incursions into Neighboring States The United Nations South Africa South African History
1989 United Nations Unanimously Adopts Convention on the Rights of the Child Children's Rights Human Rights The United Nations
200,000 Rally in Prague for Democratic Reform The Czech Republic The Fall of Soviet Communism European History Television News Archive
5.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 4, Destroys 1,000 Homes in China's Sichuan Province China Earthquakes Death USGS
4.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 3 in Southern Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1990 England's Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, Fails to Win Vote for Conservative Party Leadership Margaret Thatcher Politics BBC
Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-38) Completes Secret Department of Defense Mission The Space Shuttle NASA
1992 England's Windsor Castle Suffers Extensive Fire Damage British History The British Monarchy Windsor Castle Fire Safety BBC
1993 President Clinton Hosts the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference in Seattle Seattle, Washington President Clinton International Trade Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation History Link
1994 The Angolan Government Reaches Peace Agreement with UNITA Rebels Angola Revolts and Revolutions South African History
1996 Seattle School Board Votes to End Mandatory Busing for Desegregation in Elementary Schools Seattle, Washington Education African-American Heritage Seattle Public Schools History Link
1998 van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard Auctions for $71M+ Vincent van Gogh Economics BBC
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2000 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori Resigns, Ending a 10-year Reign Preuvian Political and Social Leaders CNN Marketplace
2001 Federal Health Officials Approve Sale of the World's First Contraceptive Patch, Ortho-Evra Birth Control Ortho-Evra FDA
2004 NASA Launches SWIFT Satellite to Detect Gamma Ray Bursts Space Exploration The Solar System NASA