Panamá Panamá


Panamá Panamá

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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1961, who was the first African American to be selected for the Heisman Trophy? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Gerald Ford on this date in 1975? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Scholastic, in what three cities did Ed Young live before he came to the United States? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Why is this date observed as Proclamation Day in Chad? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the State of Michigan, in what year did Berry Gordy, Jr. start his first record company? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to NASA, which space shuttle was used for Mission STS-9, launched on this date in 1983? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Nancy Mitford novel (according to Literary Encyclopedia):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Academy of American Poets, at what age did William Blake first express a desire to become a painter?

2. According to the Center for the Study of Technology in Society, what was the name of the substance that John Wesley Hyatt improved to develop celluloid?

3. According to the BBC, why did Nancy Mitford spy on her sisters?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an artist who recorded for Berry Gordy's Motown Records (according to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame):
William Blake
William Blake
Born on This Date 1757



John Wesley Hyatt
John Wesley Hyatt
Born on This Date 1837

[University of Akron]


Nancy Mitford
Nancy Mitford
Born on This Date 1904



Berry Gordy
Berry Gordy
Born on This Date 1929


Popular Music

Ed Young
Ed Young
Born on This Date 1931

[Library of Congress]

Primary Literature 1990 Caldecott Medal for Lon Po Po: A Red Riding Hood Story from China

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Bahá'í Faith: Ascension of Abdu'l-Bahá
(Commemorates the death of Abdu'l-Bahá, eldest son of Bahá'u'lláh and successor to him as leader of the Bahá'í Faith): 11/28/1921)
Iranian Political and Social Leaders Bahá'í Faith Multicultural Calendar
Albania: Independence Day
(Commemorates Albania's Vlorë Proclamation of independence: 11/28/1912)
Albania U.S. Department of State
Chad: Proclamation of the Republic
(Commemorates Chad becoming an autonomous republic within the French community : 11/28/1958)
Chad France Canadian Immigration
Mauritania: National Day
(Commemorates Mauritania's independence from France: 11/28/1960)
Mauritania France CIA U.S. Department of State
Panamá: Independence Day from Spain
(Commemorates Panamá's independence from Spain: 11/28/1821 [observed on Monday if 28th falls on a weekend])
Panamá Spain U.S. Department of State Panamá Tours
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1901 Walter Havighurst (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconin Authors & Illustrators Young Adult Literature
1909 Sonia Bleeker (Russian Children's Author) Russia Authors & Illustrators Young Adult Literature
1931 Ed Young (Chinese-born Children's Author, Illustrator Awarded 1990 Caldecott Medal for Lon Po Po: A Red Riding Hood Story from China) Ed Young Primary Literature Asian-American Authors & Illustrators Artists 1990 Caldecott Medal for Lon Po Po: A Red Riding Hood Story from China
Tomi Ungerer (French Children's Author, Illustrator) French Authors & Illustrators Primary Literature Artists James Madison University
1947 Mary E. Lyons (Georgia-born Children's Author) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Young Adult Literature
1952 Stephanie Calmenson (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Literature
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1757 William Blake (English Poet) William Blake Poetry
1805 John Lloyd Stephens (New Jersey-born Traveler, writer, and Promoter) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators Biography
1880 Aleksandr Blok (Russian Poet, Playwright) Aleksandr Blok Poetry Plays
1881 Stefan Zweig (Austrian Author) Stefan Zweig
1894 Brooks Atkinson (Massachusetts-born Theater Critic) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Journalism Stage and Theater American Collection Writer's Almanac
1904 Nancy Mitford (English Author) Nancy Mitford
1907 Alberto Moravia (Italian Journalist, Short-Story Writer, Novelist) Alberto Moravia
1944 Rita Mae Brown (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1866 Henry Bacon (Illinois-born Architect of the Lincoln Memorial) Illinois Artists, Architects and Designers The Lincoln Memorial
1907 Charles Alston (North Carolina-born African-American Artist and Teacher) North Carolina Artists, Architects and Designers American Artists African-American Artists African American Registry
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1829 Anton G. Rubenstein (Russian Composer, Pianist) Russian Composers Classical Musicians Composers Concordia
1943 Randy Newman (Los Angeles-born Songwriter, Film Composer) Los Angeles Composers & Songwriters Official Website Writer's Almanac Biography
1949 Alexander Godunov (Russian Ballet Dancer) Russian Performing Atists Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1700 Nathaniel Bliss (English Astronomer, Mathematician) English Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Mathematics
1837 John Wesley Hyatt (New York Born Inventor of Celluloid, Pioneer of the Plastics Industry) John Wesley Hyatt Inventors & Inventions Polymers Film
Business Leaders
1929 Berry Gordy, Jr. (Detroit-born African-American Founder of Mo-town Record: Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Berry Gordy, Jr. African-American Business Leaders Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Political and Social Leaders
1820 Friedrich Engels (German Revolutionist and Social Theorist; Cofounder with Karl Marx of Modern Socialism) Friedrich Engels Philosophy Revolts and Revolutionaries
1853 Helen Magill White (Rhode Island-born First American Woman to Earn a Ph.D. Degree) Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders Education Women Historic Firsts
1936 Gary Hart (Kansas-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Kansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Politics Biography
Performing Artists
1910 Kinuyo Tanaka (Japanese Actress; Japan's First Woman Director) Japanese Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1931 Hope Lange (Connecticut-born Actress) Connecticut Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television Internet Movie Database
1949 Paul Shaffer (Canadian Popular Musician; Bandleader for David Letterman) Canadian Performing Artists American Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1950 Ed Harris (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Biography
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1784 Gideon Lincecum (Georgia-born Frontier Physician, Naturalist) Georgia Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine Botany Texas State Historical Association
1882 Alexander Faribault (Wisconsin-born Indian Trader; Namesake of Faribault, Minnesota) Wisconsin Business Leaders Faribault, Minnesota Business and Economics Faribault, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1921 Abdu'l-Bahá (Iranian-born Eldest Son of Bahá'u'lláh and Successor to Him as Leader of the Bahá'í Faith) Iranian Political and Social Leaders Bahá'í Faith Bahá'í Library Online
1954 Enrico Fermi (Italian Physicist; 1938 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Enrico Fermi Atomic Bomb World War II 1938 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1960 Richard Wright (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Richard Wright American Authors African-American Authors
1976 Rosalind Russell (Connecticut-born Actress) Connecticut Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1520 Ferdinand Magellan Reaches the Pacific Ocean on His Circumnavigation of the Earth Ferdinand Magellan Explorers Naval History Library of Congress History Channel
1582 The Bishop of Worcester Issues a Marriage Bond for William Shakespeare and Ann Hathaway of Stratford England William Shakespeare History Channel Theater History
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1659 Christian Huygens Is First to Record Markings on the Face of Mars Christian Huygens Space and Astronomy Mars Historic Firsts NASA
1684 New Mexico Loses Any Claim to the El Paso Area in Boundary Dispute Settlement with Nueva Vizcaya (northern Mexico) Mexico New Mexico El Paso, Texas New Mexico Magazine
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1723 Johann Sebastian Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 61 Is First Performed in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1729 Natchez Indians Attack the French Outpost of Fort Rosalie, Killing 200+ Mississippi Natchez Indians Death Adams County, MS Genealogical Society
1785 John Rice Jones Is Appointed as the First Mail Carrier in Indiana for Deliveries Between Louisville and Vincennes Louisville, Kentucky Vincennes, Indiana U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts State of Indiana
1797 New York's New State Prison Opens in Greenwich Village New York City Prisons New York Historical Society
1799 The "Treaty of Hopewell" Is Signed Reaffirming the Boundary Between the Cherokee and Georgia Georgia Cherokee Nation Treaty of Hopewell Georgia University
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Wind Shifted about to the S. W. and blew hard accompanied with hard rain. rained all the last night we are all wet our bedding and stores are also wet, we haveing nothing which is Sufficient to keep ourselves bedding or Stores dry

Several men in the point hunting deer without Suckcess, the Swan and brant which are abundant Cannot be approached Sufficently near to be killed, and the wind and waves too high to proceed on to the place we expect to find Elk, & we have nothing to eate except pounded fish which we brought from the Great falls,

this is our present Situation; truly disagreeable. about 12 oClock the wind Shifted around to the N W. and blew with Such violence that I expected every moment to See trees taken up by the roots, maney were blown down. This wind and rain Continued with Short intervales all the latter part of the night. O! how disagreeable is our Situation dureing
this dreadful weather.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Native Americans Clatsop County, Oregon
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1811 Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 Is First Performed by the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra Leipzig, Germany Ludwig van Beethoven Composers Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
1821 Panamá's Gains Its Independence from Spain Panamá Spain U.S. Department of State Panamá Tours
1826 King William IV Grants the Charter of the University of London British History Education University of London University of London Senate
1827 The Southern Portion of the Miami and Erie Canal Opens Miami and Erie Canal Erie Canal Canals Ohio Historical Society Senate
1843 In Delaware, Edgar Allen Poe Reads Poetry at Wilmington's Lyceum Theater Wilmington, Delaware Edgar Allen Poe Poetry State of Delaware
John Martin HenniI Is Appointed Bishop of the Newly Created Diocese of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism Wisconsin Historical Society
1849 The First Issue of the "Santa Fe New Mexican" Rolls Off the Press New Mexico Media Journalism Historic Firsts Santa Fe New Mexican New Mexico Magazine
1853 Olympia Is Selected As Capital of the Washington Territory Washington History Link
1862 At Cane Hill, Union Troops Drive the Confederates Back into Arkansas' Boston Mountains Arkansas Battle of Cane Hill Arkansas Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture History Channel Arkansas History Comission
1863 Thanksgiving Is First Observed as an Official U.S. Holiday Thanksgiving Historic Firsts Concordia
1864 Sherman's Troops Advance 15 Miles through Georgia (Tennille for Louisville) Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea Georgia University
1872 In Northeastern California, War Breaks Out Between the Modocs and the US Army, Continuing to June 1, 1873. California Modocs War LearnCalifronia
Associate Justice Samuel Nelson Retires From the U.S. Supreme Court New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1882 Screwmen's Benevolent Association Protests the Hiring of African Americans in Texas Texas Labor African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1884 Northern Pacific Railroad Establishes the Town of Pasco, Washington Washington Railroad History Link
Texas Charters Home for Confederate Veterans Texas American Civil War Veterans Day Texas State Historical Association
1895 J. Frank Duryea Wins the First Auto Race in America: Chicago to Evanston and Back Fank Duryea Automobile Racing Historic Firsts Library of Congress
Rimsky-Korsakov's Opera "Christmas Eve" Is First Performed in St. Petersburg Rimsky-Korsakov Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1896 Mussorgsky's Opera "Boris Godunov" Is First Performed in St. Petersburg Modest Mussorgsky Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 The University of Wisconsin Defeats the University of Chicago, 35-0, to Finish a 9-0 Undefeated Football Season University of Wisconsin University of  Chicago Football Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1905 Irish Nationalist Arthur Griffith Founds the Sinn Féin Political Party for Irish Independence Ireland Terrorism History Channel
The Freighter Mataafa Wrecks in the Duluth, Minnesota Harbor During a Storm; 9 Crew Members Freeze to Death Duluth, Minnesota Naval History Storms Death Minnesota Historical Society
The ARM & HAMMER Baking Soda Trademark Is Registered Trademarks & Patents Arm & Hammer USPTO
1909 Rachmaninov's Piano Concerto No. 3 Is First Performed in Carnegie Hall by the New York Symphony Society Orchestra Carnegie Hall Rachmaninov Classical Musicians Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1912 Albania's Vlorë Proclamation Declares the Country's Independence Albania U.S. Department of State
1916 German Seaplane Conducts First Air Raid of Britain by a Fixed-winged Aircraft World War I Aviation History Historic Firsts British RAF
1919 American-born Nancy Astor Is Elected as Britain's First Female Member of Parliament Virginia Political and Social Leaders British Political and Social Leaders Women Elections Historic Firsts History Channel
1922 Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota Is Established Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1924 West Virginia Academy of Science Is Organized in Morgantown West Virginia Science Official Website West Virginia State Archives
1925 The Grand Ole Opry Debuts in Nashville, Tennessee as "The WSM Barn Dance" Tennessee Country & Western Music Historic Firsts Grand Ole Opry History Channel
The City of Hollywood, Florida Is Chartered Florida Official Website Florida Histrocial Society
1931 The Passenger Steamer Alameda of the Alaska Steamship Company Is Gutted by Fire at Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Alaska Steamboats Fire Alaska Historical Society
1942 Fire Destroys the Cocoanut Grove Nightclub in Boston, Killing Nearly 500 People Boston Fire Safety Death New York Times
1943 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin Meet in Tehran Winston Churchill Josef  Stalin Franklin Roosevelt World War II New York Times
Ernie Nevers Is the First Professional Football Player to Score 6 TDs in One Game Minnesota Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame Historic Firsts ESPN
1948 The Metropolitan Opera Is Televised for the First Time As the Season Opens with "Othello" New York City Opera Metropolitan Opera Television Historic Firsts Theater History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 14 Athletes Are the First Inductees into the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame Wisconsin Sports Figures Sports Historic Firsts Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame Wisconsin Historical Society
1957 A Theatre Adaptation of Thomas Wolfe's Look Homeward Angel Opens on Broadway Thomas Wolfe Internet Broadway Database American Collection
1960 Mauritania Gains Its Independence from France Mauritania France CIA
A "Nor'easter" Produces 20-40' Waves Flooding the Streets in Grand Marais, Minnesota; Washing Thousands of Cords of Pulpwood into Lake Superior. Grand Marais, Minnesota Storms Floods Minnesota Historical Society
1961 Ernie Davis Is the First African American Selected for the Heisman Trophy Ernie Davis Heisman Trophy African American Sports Figures Historic Firsts African American Registry
1964 NASA Launches Mariner 4 the First Successful Mars Flyby Mission Space Exploration Mars NASA
1965 NASA Launches Explorer 31 to Collect Ionosphere Measurements Space Exploration Earth & Environmental Science NASA
Arlo Guthrie Is Arrested for Littering in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, Inspiring His Song "Alice's Restaurant" Stockbridge, Masschusetts New York City Performing Artists American Composers and Songwriters Folk Music Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1975 President Gerald Ford Nominates Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the U.S. Supreme Court President Ford U.S. Supreme Court New York Times
1983 Space Shuttle (STS-9) Carries the First Spacelab Module into Orbit Space Shuttle NASA
1989 Czechoslovakia's Communist Party Gives Up Its Political Monopoly Czech Republic Slovak Republic Cold War History Channel
1990 Margaret Thatcher Formally Tenders Her Resignation to the Queen and Leaves Downing Street Margaret Thatcher Queen Elizabeth II BBC
1991 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1 in Western Iran Iran Earthquake Death USGS
1994 Norway Rejects Membership in the European Union for a Second Time Norway European Union Voting BBC
1995 President Clinton Signs Bill Ending the Federal 55 mph Speed Limit. President Clinton Automobiles Law and Legal Resources New York Times