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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. For what invention did John Landis Mason receive a patent on this day in 1858? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who recorded his first observations of the face of the Moon on this date in 1609? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to USA Today, who scored four touchdowns in Southern California's 55-24 victory over Notre Dame on this date in 1974? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Who was elected Secretary General of the United Nations on this date in 1962? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, how many brothers and sisters did Mark Twain have? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Gale Group, what is the title of the ballet written by Gordon Parks. (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a production written by David Mamet (according to the Internet Broadway Database):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Winston Churchill awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Henry Taube awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

3. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, what district did Shirley Chisholm serve when elected to Congress in 1968?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work written by Jonathan Swift (according to Authors' Calendar):
Mark Twain
Mark Twain
Born on This Date 1835

American Authors
Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
Born on This Date 1874

[Churchill Center Inc.]

British Political and Social Leaders

Gordon Parks
Gordon Parks
Born on This Date 1912


Henry Taube
Henry Taube
Born on This Date 1915

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemistry 1983 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Shirley Chisholm
Shirley Chisholm
Born on This Date 1924

U.S. Congress
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Computer Security Day
(Observed on November 30 since 1988)
Computer Technology Internet Technology Source
Barbados: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 11/30/1966)
Barbados Great Britain U.S. Department of State
Republic of the Philippines: Bonifacio Day
(Commemorates the birth of Philippine revolutionary leader, Andres Bonifacio: 11/30/1863)
The Philippines U.S. Department of State
Scotland: St. Andrew's Day
(Commemorates the feast day of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland)
Scotland St. Andrew
Turkmenistan: Harvest Holiday/Bread Day
Turkmenistan Farming & Agriculture Foods & Nutrition Turkmenistan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1874 Lucy Maud Montgomery (Canadian Children's Author) Lucy Maud Montgomery Young-adult Authors
1900 Geoffrey Household (English Children's Author) Geoffrey Household Young-adult Authors
1924 Louise Moeri (Oregon-born Children's Author) Oregon Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1931 Margot Zemach (Los Angeles-born Children's Author, Illustrator: 1974 Caldecott Medal Winner for Duffy and the Devil) Los Angeles Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors 1974 Caldecott Medal Winner for Duffy and the Devil
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1628 John Bunyan (English Clergy, Author of The Pilgrim's Progress) British Authors & Illustrators Religion Concordia
1667 Jonathan Swift (Irish Novelist, Satirist, Poet, Pamphleteer, Author of Gulliver's Travels Jonathan Swift
1835 Mark Twain (Missouri-born Humorist, Author of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn) Missouri Authors and Illustrators Mark Twain
1850 Cayetano Coll y Toste (Puerto Rican Historian) Puerto Rican Authors and Illustrators Latin American Authors and Illustrators
1856 James A. Woodburn (Indiana-born Historian) Indiana Authors and Illustrators
1893 I.J. Singer (Polish-born Yiddish Novelist) Polish Authors Judaism
1906 J.D. Carr (Pennsylvania Writer of Detective Fiction) J.D. Carr
1915 Robert Lax (New York-born Poet) Robert Lax Poetry
1947 David Alan Mamet (Chicago-born Playwright) David Alan Mamet Plays
Artists, Architects and Designers
1508 Andrea Palladio (Italian Renaissance Architect) Italian Artists and Architects Architecture
1912 Gordon Parks (Kansas-born African-American Writer, Photographer, Filmmaker) Gordon Parks African-American Artists, Architects & Designers Photography Filmmakers American Authors
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1711 Ebenezer Kinnersley (English Pioneer in the Study of Electricity) British Scientists & Mathematicians Electricity Center for the Study of Society and Technology
1761 Smithson Tennant (English Chemist Who Discovered Iridium and Osmium) English Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry Osmium Iridium Diamond
1843 Martha G. Ripley (Vermont-born Public Health Measure Crusader Who Established Minneapolis Minnesota's Maternity Hospital) Vermont Mathematicians and Scientists Minneapolis Minnesota Women Health Care Minnesota Historical Society
1869 Nils Dalén (Swedish Physicist: 1912 Nobel Laureate in Physics) Swedish Scientists & Mathematicians 1912 Nobel Laureate in Physics
1889 Edgar Douglas Adrian (English Neurophysiologist: 19312 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) English Scientists & Mathematicians 1932 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
1915 Henry Taube (Canadian Chemist: 1983 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Henry Taube Chemistry Metals 1983 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1926 Andrew V. Schally (Polish Chemist: 1977 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Polish Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry 1977 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Military Leaders
1466 Andrea Doria (Italian Admiral) Italian Military Leaders Naval History
1670 John Toland (Irish Religious Philosopher) Irish Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders Philosophy
Political and Social Leaders
1863 Andres Bonifacio (Philippine Revolutionary Who Laid the Groundwork for the First Philippine Republic) Philippine Political and Social Leaders Revolts and Revolutionaries
1874 Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of England; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature) British Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1918 Mabel Evans Cason (Indiana-born African-American Educator and Activist) Indiana Political & Social Leaders African-American Political Leaders African American Registry
1924 Shirley Chisholm (New York-born Politician: First African-American Woman Elected to the U.S. Congress) Shirley Chisholm United States Congress African-American Political Leaders
Performing Artists
1915 Brownie McGhee (Tennessee-born African-American Blues Singer, Guitarist, Pianist, Songwriter) Tennessee Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1929 Joan Ganz Cooney (Arizona-born Producer of Sesame Street Arizona Performing Artists Museum of Broadcast Communication
Dick Clark (New York-born Disc Jockey, Television Producer) New York Performing Artists Television Popular Music Biography
1937 Ridley Scott (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1952 Mandy Patinkin (Chicago-born Actor) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1955 Billy Idol (English Popular Musician) English Performing Artists Popular Music Biography
1965 Ben Stiller (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1978 Clay Aiken (North Carolina-born Popular Musician) North Carolina Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1935 Sandy Koufax (Ohio-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1962 Bo Jackson (Alabama-born African-American 1985 Heisman Trophy Winner) Alabama Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures 1985 Heisman Trophy Winner Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1864 Hiram B. Granbury (Mississippi-born Confederate General from Texas; Killed at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee) Mississippi Military Figures Texas Military Figures Battle of Franklin, TN Texas State Historical Association
Pat Cleburne (Irish-American Confederate General Killed at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee Irish Military Figures Tennessee Battle of Franklin, TN Arkansas History Commission
1900 Oscar Wilde (Irish Playwright) Oscar Wilde Plays
1977 Terence Rattigan (English Playwright) English Authors Plays
1999 Robert A. Swanson (New York City-born co-Founder of Genentech Corporation) New York City Business Leaders Genentech
2001 Robert Tools (Alabama-born African-American: Lived 151 Days as the First Recipient of a Fully Self-Contained Artificial Heart) Alabama Explorers and Pioneers Medical Research Heart African-American Heritage Jewish Hospital
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1100s that Occurred on this Date
1170 Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas a Becket Returns From a Six-year Political Exile in France British Political and Social Leaders Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1609 Galileo Records His Firsts Observations of the Face of the Moon Galileo Galilei Space and Astronomy The Moon Historic Firsts National Center for Academic Research
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1782 U.S. and Britain Sign Preliminary Articles in Paris, Ending Revolutionary War Great Britain American Revolution Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1783 5.3 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in New Jersey's Recorded History New Jersey Earthquake USGS
1784 Meeting in Trenton, New Jersey, the Continental Congress Elects Virginia's Richard Henry Lee As President Trenton, New Jersey Virginia Political and Social Leaders Continental Congress Virginia Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 The Louisiana Territory is Transferred from Spain to France Spain France Louisiana Louisiana Purchase Louisiana State Museum
1804 U.S. Senate Begins Impeachment Trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase Samuel Chase U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Sentate New York Times
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning at 8 oClock an Indian Calld from the other Side and informed that he had Something of Consequence to Communicate. we Sent a perogue for him & he informed us as follows. Viz: "five men of the Mandan Nation out hunting in a S. W. derection about Eight Leagues was Suprised by a large party of Sceoux & Panies [Arikara Indians] , one man was Killed and two wounded with arrows & 9 Horses taken, 4 of the We ter Soon nation
was missing, & they expected to be attacked by the Soiux

we thought it well to Show a Disposition to ade and assist them against their enimies, perticularly those who Came in oppersition to our Councils, and I Deturmined to go to the town with Some men, and if the Sceoux were comeing
to attact the nation to Collect the worriers from each Village and meet them,
thos Ideas were also those of Capt Lewis,

I crossed the river in about an hour after the arrival of the Indian express with
23 men including the interpeters and flankd the Town & came up on the back part—The Indians not expecting to receive Such Strong aide in So Short a time was much Supprised, and a littled allarmed at the formadable appearance of my party— The principal Chiefs met me Some Distance from the town (Say 200 yards) and invited me in to town, I ord my pty into dft. lodges & I explained to the nation the cause of my comeing in this formadable manner to their Town, was to asst and Chastise the enimies of our Dutifull Children,— I requested the Grand Cheif to repeat the Circumstancies as they hapined which he did as was mentioned by the Express in the morning— I then informed them that if they would assemble their warrers and those of the different Towns I would to meet the Army of Souix &
Chastise thim for takeing the blood of our dutifull Children &c.

after a conversation of a fiew minits anongst themselves, one Chief the Big Man Cien Said they now Saw that what we hade told them was the trooth, whin we expected the enimies of their Nation was Comeing to attact them, or had spilt their blood were ready to protect them, and Kill those who would not listen to our Good talk— his people had listened
to what we had told them and Carelessly went out to hunt in Small parties believing themselves to be Safe from the other Nations— and have been killed by the Panie
[Arikara Indians] s & Seauex.

"I knew Said he that the Panies [Arikara Indians] were liers, and told the old Chief who Came with you (to Confirm a piece with us) that his people were liers and bad men and that we killed them like the Buffalow, when we pleased, we
had made peace Several times and your Nation have always Condemmed the war, we do not want to Kill you, and will not Suffer you to Kill us or Steal our horses, we will make peace with you as our two fathers have derected, and they Shall See that we will not be the Ogressors, but we fear the Ricares
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] will not be at peace

"My father those are the words I Spoke to the Ricare [Recorees - Arikara Indians] in Your presents— you See they have not opened their ears to your good Councils but have Spuilt our blood." two Ricarees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] whome we Sent home this day for fear of our peoples Killing them in their greaf—informed us when they Came here Several days ago, that two
Towns of the Ricares
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] were makeing their Mockersons, and that we had best take care of Our horses &."— a number of Sieuex were in their Towns, and they believed not well disposed towards us—

four of the Wetersoons are now absent they were to have been back in 16 days they have been Out 24 we fear they have fallen. my father the Snow is deep and it is cold our horses Cannot travel thro the the plains,— those people who have Spilt our blood have gorn back? if you will go with us in the Spring after the
Snow goes off we will raise the Warriers of all the Towns & nations around about us, and go with you."

I told this nation that we Should be always willing and ready to defend them
from the insults of any nation who would dare to Come to doe them injurey dureing the time we would remain in their neighbourhood, and requstd. that they would inform us of any party who may at any time be discovered by their
Patroles or Scouts; I was Sorry that the Snow in the Plains had fallen So Deep Sence the Murder of the young Chief
by the Scioux as prevented, their horses from traveling I wished to meet those Scioux & all others who will not open their ears, but make war on our dutiful! Children, and let you See that the Wariers of your great father will Chastize the enimies of his dutifull Children the Mandans, wetersoons & Winitarees, who have opend. their ears to his advice—

you Say that the Panies or Ricares [Recorees - Arikara Indians] were with the Sciaux, Some bad men may have been with the Sciaux you know there is bad men in all nations, do not get mad with the racarees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] untill we know if those bad men are Countenced by their nation, and we are Convinced those people do not intend to follow our Councils—

you know that the Sceaux have great influence over the ricarees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] and perhaps have led Some of them astray— you know that the Ricarees [Recorees - Arikara Indians] , are Dependant on the Sceaux for their guns, powder, & Ball, and it was policy in them to keep on as good terms as possible with the Sciaux untill they had Some other means of getting those articles &c. &. you know your Selves that you are Compelled to put up with little insults from the Christinoes & Ossinboins because if you go to war with those people, they will provent the traders in the north from bringing you Guns Powder & Ball and by that means distress you verry much, but whin you will have Certain Suppliers from your Great American father of all those articls you will not Suffer any nation to insult you &c.

after about two hours conversation on various Subjects all of which tended towards their Situation &c. I informed them
I Should return to the fort, the Chief Said they all thanked me verry much for the fatherly protection which I Showed towards them, that the Village had been Crying all the night and day for the
death of the brave young man, who fell but now they would wipe away their tears, and rejoice in their fathers protection—and Cry no more—

I then Paraded & Crossed the river on the ice and Came down on the N. Side
the Snow So deep, it was verry fatigueing arrved at the fort after night, a Cold night the river rise to its former hite—
The Chief frequently thanked me for Comeing to protect them— and the whole Village appeared thankfull for that measure

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Snow

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain and hail with intervales of fair weather for the Space of one or two hours at a time dureing the night untill 9 oClock this morning, at which time it Cleared away and the Sun Shewn for ____ hours,

Several men out hunting I Send 5 men in the bend above to hunt fowl &c. in a Canoe, employ all the others in drying our wet articles by the fire Several men Complain of a looseness and gripeing which I contribute to the diet, pounded fish mixed with Salt water, I derect that in future that the party mix the pounded fish with fresh water—

The Squar gave me a piece of bread made of flour which She had reserved for her child and carefully Kept untill this time, which has unfortunately got wet, and a little Sour— this bread I eate with great Satisfaction, it being the only mouthfull I had tasted for Several months past

my hunters killed three Hawks, which we found fat and delicious, they Saw 3 Elk but Could not get a Shot at them.
The fowlers killed 3 black Ducks with Sharp White beeks keep in large flocks & feed on Grass, they have no Craw and their toes are Seperate, Common in the U. States

The Chinnooks in this neighbourhood bury their dead in their Canoes. for this purpose 4 pieces of Split timber are Set erect on end, and sunk a fiew feet in the ground, each brace having their flat Sides opposit to each other and Sufficiently far assunder to admit the width of the Canoe in which the dead are to be deposited; through each of those perpindicular posts, at the hight of 6 feet a mortice is Cut, through which two bars of wood are incerted; on those
Cross bars a Small Canoe is placed, in which the body is laid after beaing Carefully roled in a robe of Some dressed Skins; a paddle is also deposited with them; a larger Canoe is now reversed, overlaying and imbracing the Small one, and resting with its gunnals on the Cross bars; one or more large mats of flags or rushes are then rold. around the Canoe and the whole Securely lashed with a long Cord usially made of the bark of the arbar vita or white Cedar. on the Cross bars which Support the Canoes is frequently hung or laid various articles of Clothing Culinary utensils &c. we cannot understand them Sufficiently to make any enquiries relitive to their religious opinions, from their depositing Various articles with their dead, beleve in a State of future ixistance.

I walked on the point and observed rose bushes different Species of pine, a Spcies of ash, alder, a Species of wild Crab Loral and Several Species of under Broth Common to this lower part of the Columbia river- The hills on this Coast rise high and are thickly covered with lofty pine maney of which are 10 & 12 feet through and more than 200 feet high. hills have a Steep assent.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Native Americans Clatsop County, Oregon
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1817 59 Soldiers & Settlers Killed & Wounded in Indian Attack on Florida's Apalachicola River Florida Native American Heritage Death Florida Historical Society
1819 Savannah Returns to Savannah, Georgia As First Steamship to Cross the Atlantic Savannah, Georgia Steamships Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1834 A Total Eclipse of the Sun Is Visible Over Arkansas: 11:30 a.m. - 2:20 p.m. Arkansas The Sun Arkansas History Commission
1836 The Wisconsin Territorial Legislature Approves the Incorporation of the Bank of Milwaukee Milwaukee, Wisconsin Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
1838 Mexico Declares War on France in Response to French Occupation of Vera Cruz Mexico France War CNN
1846 Iowa's First General Assembly Meets in Iowa City Iowa General Assembly Historic Firsts Iowa State Historical Society
1848 Ashley County, Arkansas Is Created Ashley County, Arkansas Is Created Arkansas History Commission
1853 Russian Fleet Destroys the Turkish Fleet at the Battle of Sinope Russia Turkey Naval History Crimean War Victorian Web
1858 John Landis Mason Receives U.S. Patent #22186 for the Mason Jar Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions McClung Museum USPTO
Governor Signs Legislation Creating Clayton County, Georgia Savannah, Georgia University of Georgia
1863 Florida Legislature Designates December 24 As a Day of "Fasting, Humiliation and Prayer" Florida Florida Historical Society
1864 Confederate Forces Suffer Devastating Defeat at Franklin, Tennessee Tennessee Battle of Franklin, TN History Channel Texas State Historical Association Arkansas History Commission
1875 African-American Inventor, A.P. Ashbourne, Patents a Biscuit Cutter Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists & Inventors University of California Irvine
1877 Tchaikovsky's "Variations on a Rococo Theme" for Cello and Orchestra Are First Performed in Moscow Tchaikovsky Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1882 The Cornerstone Is Laid for the University of Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas Education University of Arkansas Little Rock Arkansas History Commission
1886 Folies Bergýre Stages First Revue Paris Stage and Theater Dance Historic Firsts History Channel
1889 African-American Inventor, S.R. Scratton, Patents a Curtain Rod Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists & Inventors North Carolina Black Business Directory
1893 The Ohio Hospital for Epileptics Opens in Gallipolis Gallipolis, Ohio Epilepsy Ohio Historical Society
1895 Peter Trimble Rowe Is Consecrated as the Episcopal Bishop of Alaska Alaska Religion Alaska Historical Society
1897 African-American Inventor, J.A. Sweeting, Patents Cigarette Rolling Device Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists & Inventors St. Louis Public Library
1899 Hartford Electric Makes First Commercial Use of Aluminum Electrical Conductors Aluminum Electricity History of Technology Historic First Hartford Electric Company
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Monsanto Incorporates Indiana University Chemistry Business & Economics
Henry Ford Incorporates a Company That Becomes the Cadillac Division of GM Henry Ford Cadillac Business & Economics State of Michigan
1902 U. Chicago Ends U. Michigan 56-game Win Streak with 2-0 Victory. Football University of Michigan Football University of Chicago Football USA Today
Harvey "Kid Curry" Logan Sentenced to 20 years Hard Labor in Tennessee Tennessee Harvey Logan Butch Cassidy Notorious Americans History Channel
1903 The Brooklyn Academy of Music Facility Burns to the Ground New York City Education Music Fire American Public Media
1904 The City of Dania, Florida Is Incorporated Dania Beach, Florida Florida Historical Society
1912 A Proclamation by the Governor Gives Oregon Women the Right to Vote Oregon Government Women's Suffrage Voting Rights
1913 Rachmaninov Conducts the First Performance of His Choral Symphonic Poem, "The Bells," in St. Petersburg, Russia Rachmaninov Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1917 Louise Olivereau Is Convicted for Encouraging Men to Avoid WWI Military Service WWI Law and Legal Resources History Link
1921 The Joy of Cooking Is First Published The Joy of Cooking Foods and Nutrition Literature Historic Firsts Merriam-Webster
In Delaware, the Wilmington Fire Department Is First Organized with Fifty Paid Fire Fighters Wilmington, Delaware Fire Historic Firsts State of  Delaware
1925 Miami, Florida Receives a Record 14.1 Inches of Rain During a 12-Hour Period Miami, Florida Storms Florida Historical Society
1936 London Landmark, the Crystal Palace, Burns to the Ground London Fire Safety BBC
1937 Tennessee William's Play Fugitive Kind Premieres in St. Louis St. Louis Tennsssee Williams Plays American Collection
1939 Almost 500,000 Soviet Troops Invade Finland Finland Soviet Union World War II History Channel
1940 Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz Are Married Lucille Ball Television TVLand
1947 Alaska Airlines Charter Flight Crash Lands At Seattle-Tacoma Airport Killing 9 Washington Air Disasters Death History Link
1949 Chinese Communists Capture Chungking China New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 In a Press Conference President Truman Threatens Chinese with the Atomic Bomb China President Truman Korean War Nuclear Weapons University of California Santa Barbara
1952 First Full-Length 3-D Movie, Bwana Devil, Opens in New York New York City Film Internet Movie Database
1954 Alabama Woman Is First Person in Recorded History to be Struck by a Meteorite Alabama Meteorites Historic First History Channel Alabama State Archives
1955 John Steinbeck's Play Pipe Dream Opens in New York John Steinbeck American Authors Internet Broadway Database
1956 Floyd Patterson Defeats Archie Moore for World Heavyweight Championship Boxing Hall of Fame Boxing Hall of Fame USA Today
1959 Production Begins on Alfred Hitchcock's Classic Thriller Psycho Alfred Hitchcock Psycho History Channel
1960 Novelist Ernest Hemingway Undergoes Shock Treatment for Depression at St. Mary's Hospital in Rochester, Minnesota Rochester, Minnesota Ernest Hemingway American Authors Mental Health Minnesota Historical Society
1962 U Thant of Burma Elected Secretary-General of the United Nations United Nations U Thant New York Times
1963 Israeli Teenage Pianist/Composer, Shulamit Ran, Performs Her "Capriccio" for Piano and Orchestra with the New York Philharmonic New York Philharmonic Israeli Composers Classical Musicians Composers American Public Media
1966 Barbados Gains Independence from Great Britain Barbados Great Britain African American Registry
1967 6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 18 Along the Albania-Yugoslavia Border Albania Yugoslavia Earthquake Death USGS
1968 West Virginia's Consolidated Coal Company's #9 Mine Is Sealed, Ten Days After Deadly Explosion West Virginia West Virginia Archives
1970 NASA Launches the OAO-B Automated Orbiting Astronomical Observatory B Space Exporation Spaces & Astronomy NASA
1974 Leakeys Uncover Landmark Female Fossilized Remains "Lucy" in Ethiopia Ethiopia Richard Leakey Anthropology PBS
USC Defeats Notre Dame 55-24 After Trailing 24-0 at Half University of Southern California Football Notre Dame USA Today
1976 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1 Person in Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
1977 Lenny Wilkens Is Hired As Coach of the Seattle Supersonics Washington Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures History Link
1979 Sugar Ray Leonard Defeats Wifred Benitez: World Welterweight Championship Boxing Hall of Fame Boxing Hall of Fame USA Today
1981 U.S. and USSR Open Talks to Reduce Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Soviet Union Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
1982 Animal Rights Activists Bomb British Prime Minister's Residence, #10 Downing Street Animals Terrorism BBC
Florida's African-American Legislators Organize the State's First "Black Caucus" Florida African-American Political and Social Leaders Politics Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1987 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in the Gulf of Alaska Alaska Earthquake USGS
Bo Jackson Rushes for 221 Yards, 3 TDs for Oakland Raiders on 25th Birthday Alabama Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures 1985 Heisman Trophy Winner Football Hall of Fame USA Today
1993 Clinton Signs Brady Bill Requiring Waiting Period for Handgun Purchase U.S. Congress President Clinton Gun Control History Channel
Tacoma, Washington's City Council Approves Chinese Reconciliation Resolution Washington Law and Legal Resources Asian-American Heritage History Link
1994 Almost 1,000 Abandon Achille Lauro Cruise Ship Fire on the Indian Ocean Naval History Fire Safety BBC
1995 President Bill Clinton Is First U.S. President to Visit Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Bill Clinton Historic Firsts New York Times
1999 40,000 Demonstrators Disrupt 135-nation Trade Gathering in Seattle Washington State International Trade New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavor (STS-97) for the International Space Station Space Shuttle International Space Station NASA
John Corigliano's Pulitzer Prize-Winning Symphony No. 2 Is Firsts Performed by the Boston Symphony Boston Symphony John Corigliano Composers Historic Firsts 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Music American Public Media
2004 Kweisi Mfume Announces Resignation As President of the NAACP Kweisi Mfume African-American Political and Social Leaders NAACP African American Registry