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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was arrested on this date in 1955 for refusing to give up her bus seat to a White passenger? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1989, who became the first Soviet leader to visit the Pope in the Vatican? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. In what city was Jan Brett born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1988 Jan Brett book (according to James Madison University):

1. Which planets of the Solar System were visible from Earth on this date in 1997? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Romanian embassy in Vilnius, in the Middle Ages what were the three Romanian principalities? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Wikipedia, how did Minoru Yamasaki earn money to pay for his tuition at the University of Washington? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an element discovered by Martin Klaproth:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the European Network for Chemistry, what was the sixth element discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth?

2. According to the Authors' Calendar, where was Rex Stout born?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Martin Rodbell awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1939 book by Rex Stout (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Martin Heinrich Klaproth
Born on This Date 1743

[European Network for Chemistry]

Titanium Chromium Strontium
Zirconium Tellurium Cerium

Rex Stout
Born on This Date 1886

[Wolfe Pack]


Minoru Yamasaki
Born on This Date 1912

[Dwight Cendrowski]

World Trade Center

Martin Rodbell
Born on This Date 1925

[National Institutes of Health]

Cells Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine

Jan Brett
Born on This Date 1949

[Official Website]

Children's Primary Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
World AIDS Day
(Observed annually on December 1 since 1988)
AIDS Presidential Proclamation World AIDS Day Web Site
Eat a Red Apple Day
(Observed annually on December 1)
Apples Food Reference
Central African Republic: National Day
(Commemoration of self-governance achieved 12/01/1958)
Central African Republic France World Travel Guide
Panama: Teachers' Day
(Observed on this date since 1958 to commemorate the birth of Manuel José Hurtado, a reformer of Panamanian education)
Panama Education Teacher Appreciation
Portugal: Restoration of Portuguese Independence
(Commemorates declaration of independence from Spain by proclaiming Joao IV, King of Portugal: 12/1/1640)
Portugal U.S. Department of State Lonely Planet
Romania: National Day (Union Day)
(Commemoration of the unification of Transylvania with Bessarabia and Bucovina 12/01/1918)
Romania U.S. Department of State Romanian Embassy Vilnius
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1939 Polly Berends (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1949 Jan Brett (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Jan Brett Primary Children's Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1886 Rex Stout (Indiana-born Detective Story Writer) Rex Stout
Artists, Architects and Designers
1912 Minoru Yamasaki (Washington-born Asian-American Architect of the New York World Trade Center) Minoru Yamasaki World Trade Center Asian American Artists and Architects
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1743 Martin Heinrich Klaproth (German Chemist Who First Isolated Six Different Chemical Elements) Martin Heinrich Klaproth
Titanium Chromium Strontium Zirconium Tellurium Cerium
1925 Martin Rodbell (Maryland-born Biochemist: 1994 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Martin Rodbell Protein Cells 1994 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1872 Gerard Swope (Missouri-born Engineer: President of General Electric) Gerard Swope New York Times Electricity New York Times
Political and Social Leaders
1857 Samuel M. Ralston (Ohio-born Governor of Indiana; U.S. Senator from Indiana) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Indiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1873 Edward Voigt (German-born U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin) German Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1895 Eurith Dickinson (Ed) Rivers (Georgia Governor) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
Performing Aritsts
1913 Mary Martin (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Biography
1935 Woody Allen (New York City-born Actor) Woody Allen Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
Lou Rawls (Chicago-born African-American Popular Musician) Chicago Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Attists Internet Movie Database
1940 Richard Pryor (Illinois-born African-American Comedian, Actor) Illinois Actors Film Notable African Americans
1945 Bette Midler (Hawaiian-born Singer, Actress) Hawaii Actors Film
1961 Jeremy Northam (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1939 Lee Trevino (Texas-born Latin-American Member of the Golf Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Latin-American Studies Golf Hall of Fame Biography
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1521 Pope Leo X (Italian-born Catholic Pope) Pope Lexo X Martin Luther Concordia
1866 George Everest (Welsh Geographer, Surveyor: Namesake of Mt. Everest) Wales Mount Everest
1917 Thomas Bowman (Maine-born Member of the United States House of Representatives from Iowa) Maine Political and  Social Leaders Iowa Political and  Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1971 Arthur Spingarn (New York City-born Civil Rights Activist, Attorney) New York City Social Leaders Law & Legal Resources African-American History
1973 David Ben-Gurion (Polish-born Statesman: First Prime Minister of Israel) Israel David Ben-Gurion BBC
1987 James Baldwin (New York City-born African-American Author) James Baldwin American Authors Notable African-Americans
1989 Alvin Ailey (Texas-born African-American Dancer, Choreographer) Alvin Ailey Dance Notable African-Americans
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1100s that Occurred on this Date
1145 Pope Eugene III Sends a Papal Bull to King Louis VII of France Proclaiming the Second Crusade Catholicism France Second Crusade Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1640 Portuguese Revolutionaries Murder Their Spanish Administrator and Name Dom Joäo IV King Portugal Spain BBC
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1736 Johann Sebastian Bach Gives an Organ Recital at the Frauenkirche in Dresden, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Pipe Organ Composers American Public Media
1774 The Continental Congress Prohibits Importation of Slaves Continental Congress Slavery Kansas University
1783 First Manned Hydrogen Balloon Climbs to 600m above Paris, Travels 43 km Paris Balloons Hydrogen Historic Firsts NASA
1794 The First Half-Dollar Coins Were Placed Into Circulation Currency Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1800 The U.S. Capital Is Moved from Philadelphia to Washington, District of Columbia Washington, D.C. National Association to Restore Pride in the Nationa Capital
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: wind from the N W. all hands ingaged in gitting pickets

at 10 oClock the half brother of the man who was killed Came and informd. us that after my departure last night Six Chiens So Called by the french Shar ha Indians had arrived with a pipe and Said that their nation was at one days march and intended to Come & trade The mandans apprehended danger from the Shar has as they were at peace with the Seaux; and wished to Kill them and the Ricarees (or Panies) [Arikara Indians] but the Cheifs informed the nation "it was our wish that they Should not be hurt, and forbid being Killed &c." we gave a little Tobacco &c. & this man Departed well Satisfied with our councils and advice to him

in the evening a Mr. G Henderson* in the imploy of the hudsons bay Company Sent to trade with the Gros ventre—or big bellies [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] So Called by the french traders

Ordway: the morning fair. we commenced bringing the pickets & preparing to picket in our Garrison &.C. an Indian came from the Manden village to Inform us that a large nomber Sd. 300 lodge of the Shian nation had Come to their villages.

a Scotsman* who is tradeing at the Mandens came to visit us. he belonged to the hudson bay company he brought over Tobacco Beeds & other kinds of Goods & traded with the Mandens for their furs & buffalow Robes. they bring Some Guns to trade for horses &.C. this hudsons bay compy. lay Garrisoned near the N. W. Compy. Eight or 10 days travel by land a North course from this.

Gass: The day was pleasent, and we began to cut and carry pickets to complete our fort. One of the traders from the North West Company came to the fort, and related that the Indians had been troublesome in his way through. An
Indian came down from the first Mandan village, and told us that a great number of the Chien or Dog nation had arrived near the village.

[*George Henderson was in charge of a party of Hudson's Bay Company men who had come from the Assiniboine River to compete with the North West Company traders.]

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Snow

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Cloudy morning wind from the S. E.

sent out the men to hunt and examin the country, they soon returned all except Drewyer and informed me that the wood was so thick it was almost impenetrable and that there was but little appearance of game; they had seen the track of one deer only and a few small grey squirrels.

— half after one oclock Drewyer not yet arrived. heard him shoot 5 times just above us and am in hopes he has fallen in with a gang of elk.

Clark: A cloudy windey morning wind from the East,

dispatched two hunters, I deturmined to take a Canoe & a fiew men and hunt the marshey Islands above
Point William, the Wind rose So high that I could not proceed, and returned to partake the dried fish, which is our Standing friend,

began to rain hard at Sun Set and Continued. my hunters returned without any thing

haveing Seen 2 parcels of elk men all employed to day in mending their leather Clothes, Shoes &c. and Dressing leather.

The emence Seas and waves which breake on the rocks & Coasts to the S W. & N W roars like an emence fall at a distance, and this roaring has continued ever Since our arrival in the neighbourhood of the Sea Coast which has been 24 days

Since we arrived in Sight of the Great Western; (for I cannot Say Pacific) Ocian as I have not Seen one pacific day Since my arrival in its vicinity, and its waters are forming and perpetually breake with emence waves on the Sands and rockey Coasts, tempestous and horiable.

I have no account of Capt. Lewis Since he left me.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1821 Dominican Republic Proclaims Independence from Spain and Reunification with Colombia Dominican Republic Spain Colombia New York Consulate of the Dominican Republic
1822 11 year-old Pianist Franz Liszt Performs for the First Time in Vienna, Austria's Town Hall Vienna, Austria Franz Liszt Classical Music Composers American Public Media
1824 The Deadlocked Presidential Election Is Turned Over to House of Representatives John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson Henry Clay The American Presidential Elections History Channel University of Georgia
1826 The Barnet Is the First Steamboat to Pass through Massachusetts' South Hadley Canal Massachusetts Rivers and Canals Steamboats Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1830 Victor Hugo Misses Submission Date The Hunchback of Notre Dame Victor Hugo Authors History Channel
1832 Felix Mendelssohn's Overture, "Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage," Is First Performed in Berlin, Germany Felix Mendelssohn Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1845 Florida's First Two Senators Are Seated in the U.S. Senate Florida U.S. Senate Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1850 The U.S. Congress Passes the Donation Land Claim Act Granting Tracts of Public Land to Settlers of the Oregon Territory Oregon U.S. Congress Westward Expansion Historic U.S. Documents
1855 At the Washington Navy Yard, the Steam Frigate Minnesota Is Christened with a Bottle of Minnesota Water Minnesota Naval Military History Minnesota Historical Society
1859 The French Opera House of New Orleans Opens with Rossini's William Tell Rossini New Orleans Opera American Public Media
1860 First Installment of Charles Dickens' Great Expectations Is Published Great Expectations Authors Penguin Putnam Writer's Almanac
1862 Abraham Lincoln's Delivers State of the Union Address to Congress Abraham Lincoln's 1862 State of the Union Address American Presidency U.S. Congress History Channel Writer's Almanac
Union Ships Capture Two Confederate Blockade Runners in Florida Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Florida's Legislature Approves $60,000 for Care of the State's Sick and Wounded Soldiers Florida Economics American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1866 Construction Is Completed on the 1,619' Suspension Bridge Across the Ohio River Between Cincinnati, Ohio & Covington, Kentucky Cincinnati, Ohio Covington, Kentucky Ohio River Bridges Ohio Historical Society
1874 T.J. Byrd Receives Patent# 157,370 for Railroad Car Couplings Patents and Copyrights Railroads African-American History Inventors Assistance League
1880 The Missouri Pacific Railway Enters Texas by Leasing the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad Line from Kansas to Texas Texas Kansas Missouri Railroad Texas State Historical Association
1883 Yakima City, Washington Is Incorporated Washington HistoryLink
1884 Elfego Baca Survives the Attack of 80 Cowboys in New Mexico New Mexico Hispanic Heritage Westward Expansion History Channel
Fire Destroys Science Hall on the Campus of the University of Wisconsin at Madison Madison, Wisconsin Education Fire University of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1886 Richard Wagner's Opera "Tristan und Isolde" Receives Its American Premiere at the Metropolitan Opera in New York Richard Wagner Metropolitan Opera Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's First Story about Sherlock Holmes Is Published Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Authors Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1894 The Yukon Order of Pioneers Is Organized at Fortymile on the Yukon River Alaska Alaska
1897 Associate Justice Stephen J. Field Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1905 Political Cartoonist John Francis Knott Begins 52-yr Career with the Dallas Morning News Texas Political Cartoons Journalism Texas State Historical Association
1906 Fred Beell, of Marshfield, Wisconsin, Wins the American Heavyweight Wrestling Championship in New Orleans New Orleans, Louisiana Wisconsin Sports Figures Wrestling Wisconsin Historical Society
1913 Ford Motor Introduces the Assembly Line to Complete a Car Every 2.5 Minutes Ford Motor Company Automobiles Labor History Channel
Gulf Oil Opens the World's First Gas Station in Pittsburgh, PA Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Automobiles Historic Firsts Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
1918 Transylvania Unites with Bessarabia and Bucovina to From Romania Romania Romanian Embassy Vilnius
Iceland Becomes a Sovereign State Under the Danish Crown Iceland Denmark CIA
1919 Lady Astor Is Sworn in As the First Female Member of the British Parliament Great Britain Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1924 George Gershwin's Musical, "Lady, Be Good," Is First Performed at the Liberty Theater in New York City George Gershwin Composers American Musicals Historic Firsts American Public Media
1925 Locarno Treaties Are Signed Guaranteeing Peace and Frontiers in Europe France Belgium Germany Great Britain Italy British Foreign Office
Mr. Peanut Trademark Is Registered Trademarks & Patents Propaganda Pleanter's Peanuts USPTO
1928 8.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 225 in Talca, Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
Pitcairn (Eastern) Airlines Initiate 15-hour Service Between Miami and New York Florida New York City Aviation History Smithsonian Florida Historical Society
1934 Benny Goodman Debuts As a Regular on Radio Variety Show Let's Dance Benny Goodman Radio Dance History Channel
Maurice Ravel's Last Work, "Don Quichotte ŕ Dulcinée," Is First Performed in Paris, France Maurice Ravel Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
Stalin Collaborator, Sergei M. Kirov, Assassinated in Leningrad Soviet Union Death History Channel
1937 Vaughan Williams' One-act Opera, "Riders to the Sea," Is First Performed in London, England Vaughan Williams Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1941 Japan's Imperial Conference Decides to Go to War with the United States Japan World War II University of Virginia
In Minneapolis, Minnesota, 18 Members of the Socialist Workers Party are Found Guilty of Advocating the Overthrow of the U.S. Government Minneapolis, Minnesota Labor Crime Law and Legal Resources Minnesota Historical Society
1942 Nationwide Gasoline Rationing Goes into Effect in the United States Automobiles World War II New York Times University of Georgia
British Government Unveils for Cradle-to-Grave Welfare Plan Great Britain Community Service Economics BBC
1943 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin End Conference in Tehran Winston Churchill Josef  Stalin Franklin Roosevelt World War II BBC
1944 Bela Bartók's "Concerto for Orchestra" Is First Performed by the Boston Symphony Boston Symphony Bela Bartók Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
Historic Events that occurred 1940-1999 on this date
1951 Eudora Welty's Story "The Bride of the Innisfallen" is Published by the New Yorker Eudora Welty American Authors The New Yorker American Collection
Benjamin Britten Conducts the First Performance of His Opera, "Billy Budd, " in London, at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden London, England Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1955 Rosa Parks Is Arrested for Refusing to Give Her Bus Seat to a White Passenger Rosa Parks U.S. Civil Rights Movement African Amercian History History Channel Library of Congress Alabama State Archive State of Michigan
1956 Leonard Bernstein's Musical, "Candide," Is First Performed at the Martin Beck Theater in New York City New York City Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1957 New York City Ballet Debuts Agon, a Stravinsky/Balanchine Collaboration George Balanchine New York City Igor Stravinsky Ballet Library of Congress
1958 France Grants Self-governance to the Central African Republic Central African Republic France U.S. Department of State
1959 Twelve Nations Sign Treaty Making Antarctica a Military-free Continent Antarctica Historic World Documents War World History History Channel New York Times
1960 Soviets Launch Sputnik 6 with Two Dogs and Television System Aboard Russian Space Program Space Exploration Dogs NASA
1965 Airlift Begins to Bring Thousands of Cuban Refugees to the U.S. Cuba Aviation History The Cold War Latin-American Studies New York Times
1969 U.S. Government Holds First Draft Lottery Since World War II Vietnam War New York Times University of Georgia
1978 President Jimmy Carter Designates Over 55 Million Acres of Alaska as National Monuments Alaskan Landmarks Jimmy Carter National Park Service
1989 Jaguar Shareholders Approve Buyout by Ford Ford Motors Automobiles Business & Economics Official Website
Mikhail Gorbachev First Soviet Leader to Visit the Pope in the Vatican Mikhail Gorbachev Catholicism Religion Historic Firsts Concordia
The East German Congress Strikes Requirement of Communist Leadership from Its Constitution Germany Cold War Country Studies
1990 Channel Tunnel Construction Workers Open Rock Wall to Link Britain to France Great Britain France The Channel Tunnel BBC
1991 Ukrainians Vote Overwhelmingly for Independence from the Soviet Union Ukraine Soviet Union Politics and Elections New York Times
1997 All Planets of the Solar System and Crescent Moon Visible from Earth The Solar System The Moon CNN
1999 Scientists Announce the Mapping of Virtually an Entire Human Chromosome Human Genome Project Historic Firsts CNN
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2000 Vicente Fox Is Sworn in As President of Mexico Mexico CBC
2001 Two Suicide Bombers Kill 12 in Downtown Jerusalem Pedestrian Mall Israel War on Terrorism Death Government of Israel