Slavery Slavery


Slavery Slavery
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which British cathedral opened on this date in 1697? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What name was given to the first U.S. Savings Bank that opened on this date in 1816? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Kidsread, from which institution did David Macaulay receive his degree in architecture? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an artist, architect or designer born on this date:

1. In which city and state was the first synagogue in America dedicated on this date in 1763? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Afrocentric Voices, Harry Burleigh's mother was fluent in which two languages other than English? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Houston, what was the nasty drawback to Gerardus Mercator's world map? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a painting by Georges Seurat that is in the Art Institute of Chicago (according to Artcyclopedia)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Vincent Art Gallery, what technique did Georges Seurat adopt instead of the regular brushstrokes of impressionism?

2. According to the National Academy Press, Peter Carl Goldmark was responsible for how many inventions in fields such as acoustics, television and phonograph recording?

3. According to The New York Times, what was Maria Callas preparing to write at the time of her death?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by Charles' Dickens:

Georges Seurat
Born on This Date 1866



Harry T. Burleigh
Born on This Date 1866

[Jazz Roots]

American Composers

Peter Goldmark
Born on This Date 1906

[Consumer Electronics Assoc.]

Inventors and Inventions

Maria Callas
Born on This Date 1923

[Official Website]


David Macaulay
Born on This Date 1946

[Way Things Work]

Problem Solving

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Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
(Observed December 2 in accordance with U.N. resolution 317 (IV): 12/2/1949)
United Nations Slavery United Nations
Burma: National Higher Education Day
Burma Education Teacher Appreciation
Laos: Republic Day
(Celebration of the creation of the Peoples' Republic of Laos: 12/02/1975)
Laos U.S. Department of State
United Arab Emirates: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from Great Britain 12/02/1971)
United Arab Emirates Great Britain United States Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1946 David Macaulay (English-American Children's Author) David Macaulay Invention Architecture Young-adult  Authors 1991 Caldecott Award for Black and White
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1885 Nikos Kazantzakis (Greek Author, Journalist, Statesman) Greek Authors Journalism
1891 Charles Wesley (Kentucky-born African-American Historian, Educator) Kentucky Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
1902 Howard Koch (New York City-born Academy Award-Winning Screeenwriter for "Casablanca") Howard Koch American Authors Film 1942 Academy Award for Best Actor - Raging Bull Internet
1948 T(homas) C(oraghessan) Boyle (New York-born Novelist, Short Story Writer) New York Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1958 George Saunders (Texas-born Author) Texas Authors Writer's Almanac
1963 Ann Patchett (Los Angeles-born Novelist) Los Angeles Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1859 Georges Seurat (French Artist) Georges Seurat
1902 Wilfredo Lam (Cuban Artist) Cuban Artists Hispanic Artists African American Registry
1946 Gianni Versace (Italian Fashion Designer) Italian Artists & Designers Biography
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1866 Harry Thacker. Burleigh (Pennsylvania-born African-American Baritone, Composer) Harry T. Burleigh American Performing Artists American Composers African American Performing Artists
1879 Rudolf Friml (Czech-American Operetta Composer) Czech Composers American Composers Opera
1920 Robert Moevs (Wisconsin-born Composer and Pianist) Wisconsin Composers American Composers Wisconsin Historical Society
1923 Maria Callas (New York City-born Operatic Soprano) Maria Callas Opera
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1906 Peter Goldmark (Hungarian-American Physicist, Engineer, Inventor) Hungarian Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Space Exploration The Phonograph Television
Business Leaders
1930 Gary Becker (Pennsylvania-born Economist; 1992 Nobel Laureate for Economics) Pennsylvania Business Leaders Business & Economics 1992 Nobel Laureate for Economics
Political & Social Leaders
1904 Thaddeus Francis Boleslaw Wasielewski (Wisconsin-born Member of the United States Congress) Wisconsin Political & Social Leaders United States Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1922 Charles Diggs (Detroit-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Detroit Political & Social Leaders United States Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1924 Alexander Haig (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Military Leader, Secretary of State) Alexander Haig President Richard Nixon President Gerald Ford President Ronald Reagan U.S. Secretary of State U.S. Military
Performing Artists
1925 Julie Harris (Michigan-born Actress) Michigan Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography
1967 Lucy Liu (New York City-born Asian-American Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Asian-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1981 Britney Spears (Louisiana-born Popular Musician) Louisiana Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database Biography
Sports Figures
1973 Monica Seles (Yugoslavian Professional Tennis Player) Yugoslavia Tennis
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1547 Hernán Cortés (Spanish Conqueror of Mexico) Hernán Cortés Mexico
1594 Gerardus Mercator (Flemish Cartographer) Gerardus Mercator Maps
1859 John Brown (Virginia-born Abolitionist: Hanged) Harper's Ferry John Brown Abolition Notorious Americans
Alfred Kelley (Connecticut-born Political Proponent of Ohio's Canal System) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Canals Ohio Historical Society
1864 Archibald Gracie (New York City-born Confederate General Killed in Action) New York City Military Leaders Virginia American Civil War
1892 Jay Gould (New York-born Financier, Robber Baron) New York Business Leaders Railroad Business History Channel
1967 Cardinal Francis Spellman (New York City-born Roman Catholic Cardinal) New York City Political and Social Leaders Catholicism
1990 Aaron Copland (New York City-born Composer) Aaron Copland American Composers
2008 Odetta (Alabama-born African-American Folk Musician) Odetta Folk Musicians Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1200 - 1299
1254 Manfred, King of Sicily, Defeats Papal Armies at Foggia and Retains Kingdom Italy Crusades Boise State
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1620 First English Newspaper, New Tydings Out of Italie, Is Published In Amsterdam The Netherlands Journalism Historic Firsts NYU
1697 London's St. Paul's Cathedral Is Opened St. Paul's Cathedral Architecture Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1717 J.S. Bach Is Released from Custody of the Duke of Weimar Who Imprisoned Him for Accepting a New Post at Prince Leopold's Court Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Crime American Public Media
1737 John Wesley Sails from Georgia to Charleston and on to England English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Charleston, South Carolina Colonial History Religous Leaders and Theologians University of Georgia
1763 Newport, Rhode Island Touro Synagogue Is First Synagogue Dedicated in America Rhode Island Judaism Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1793 Fleeing Debtors, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Enlists in the English Cavalry Samuel Taylor Coleridge History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1804 Napoleon Crowned First French Emperor in Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris Napoleon Bonaparte Paris History Channel
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The latter part of last night was verry warm and Continued to thaw untill
the wind Shifted to the North

at 11 oClock this morning the Chiefs of the Lower village of the Mandans with maney of theire young men and 4 of the Shar-ha's who had come to Smoke with the pipe of Peace with the Mandans, we explained to them our intentions our views and advised them to be at peace, Gave them a flag for theire nation, Some Tobacco with a Speech to Deliver to their nation on theire return,

also Sent by them a letter to Mrs. Tabbo & Gravoline, at the Ricares [Arikara Indians] Village, to interseid in
proventing Hostilities, and if they Could not effect those measures to Send & informe us of what was going on,
Stateing to the Indians the part we intend to take if the Rickores
[Arikara Indians] & Seauex did not follow our Derections and be at peace with the nations which we had addopted— We made Some fiew Small presents to those Shar ha's and also Some to the Mandans & at 3 oClock they all Departed well pleased, haveing Seen many Curisossties, which we Showed them—. river rise one inch

Ordway: a pleasant thawy morning the work continued on. a nomber of the
Shian or dog Indians came from the village to visit us. we Gave them victuels & used them friendly. our officers Gave them Some tobacco & a fiew Small articles of Goods &.C.

Gass: The day was pleasant, and the Snow melted fast. A party of the Chien Indians with some of the Mandans came to the fort: they appeared civil and
good natured.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Snow

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Cloudy with Some rain this morning

I Send out three men to hunt & 2 & my man york in a Canoe up the Ke-ke-mar-que Creek in Serch of fish and fowl—

I feel verry unwell, and have entirely lost my appetite for the Dried pounded fish which is in fact the cause of my disorder at present—

The men are generally Complaining of a lax and gripeing— In the evening Joseph Field came in with the Marrow bones of a elk which he killed at 6 miles distant, this welcome news to us. I dispatched Six men in a empty Canoe with Jo: mediately for the elk which he Said was about 3 miles from the water this is the first Elk which has been killd. on this Side of the rockey mountains— Jo Fields givs me an account of a great deel of Elk Sign & Says he Saw 2 Gangs of those Animals in his rout, but it rained So hard that he could not Shoot them—

The party up the Creek returned without any thing and informs me they could not See any fish in the Creek to kill and the fowls were too wild to be killed, this must be owing to their being much hunted and pursued by the Indians in their Canoes.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Health Care
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1805 Napoleon Bonaparte Defeats Russian and Austrian Armies at Austerlitz Napoleon Bonaparte Austria Russia European History Projekt Austerlitz
1816 Philadelphia Savings Fund Society Opens As First U.S. Savings Bank Pennsylvania Business & Economics Historic Firsts New York Times
The Family of 7-year-old Abraham Lincoln Settles on 160 Acres Along Pigeon Creek in Southern Indiana Indiana Abraham Lincoln Indiana Historical Society
1823 President Monroe Presents His Monroe Doctrine to Congress James Monroe The Monroe Doctrine History Channel
1830 In Lenawee County, Michigan, Elizabeth Chandler Organizes the State's First Antislavery Society Lenawee County, Michigan Abolition Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1845 Polk Reasserts 1823 Monroe Doctrine and Aggressive Westward Expansion James K. Polk The Monroe Doctrine Westward Expansion History Channel
1852 Louis Napoleon, Stages a Coup d'etat and Proclaims the Second Empire France Catholic Encyclopedia
1857 The First Minnesota State Legislature Convenes, Five Months Before the State Is Admitted to the Union Minnesota State Legislature Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1858 In Minnesota, the St. Anthony Falls' Falls Evening News First Applies the Term "Land of Lakes" to the State Minnesota Journalism Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1859 Abolitionist John Brown Is Hanged in Virginia (West Virginia) for His Raid on Harper's Ferry Harper's Ferry John Brown Abolition Notorious Americans Death Virginia Military Institute PBS West Virginia Virginia Archives Virginia Historical Society University of Georgia
Governor Joseph E. Brown Signs Legislation Incorporating the Lucy Cobb Institute for the Education of Young Ladies in Athens, Georgia Athens, Georgia Education Women University of Georgia
1863 Statue of Freedom Is Placed Atop the U.S. Capitol Building U.S. Congress Architecture Architect of the Capitol
General Braxton Bragg Turns Over Command of the Army of Tennessee to General William Hardee at Dalton, Georgia Dalton, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
Federal Troops Destroy Three Separate Salt Works in Lake Ocala, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Confederate General Archibald Gracie, Jr., Killed at Petersburg, Virginia Virginia New York City Military Leaders American Civil War Death History Channel
1865 Alabama's Legislature Ratifies the 13th Amendment Abolishing Slavery with Provision Alabama Slavery 13th Amendment Alabama State Archives
1867 Charles Dickens Begins His Second Reading Tour of America in Boston Charles Dickens Boston Authors Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1877 Camille Saint-Saëns' Opera "Samson et Dalila" Is First Performed at the Hoftheater in Weimar Germany Camille Saint-Saëns Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1883 Johannes Brahms' Symphony No. 3 is First Performed Publicly with the Vienna Philharmonic Vienna Philharmonic Johannes Brahms Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1884 Granville T. Woods Receives His First Patent for a Telephone Transmitter Granville T. Woods Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions The Telephone Famous African Americans Cincinnati Public Library
1886 Johannes Brahms' Violin Sonata No. 2 in A, Op. 100 is First Performed in Vienna Vienna Johannes Brahms Composers Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 Gillette Patents First Safety Razor with Double-edged Disposable Blade Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Gillette Historic Firsts
1902 Meeting in Washington, D.C., 11 Nations Form the Pan American Health Organization Washington, D.C. Health and Fitness Pan American Health Organization
The First V-8 Engine Is Patented Automobiles Patents and Trademarks Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1903 Residents Evacuate Greenwood, Delaware, When Two Trains Collide During a Snowstorm - Detonating Explosives Aboard One Greenwood, Delaware Railroad State of Delaware
1907 The Texas Town of Peck Is Renamed Tomball in Honor of Thomas Henry Ball Texas Tomball, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1917 Russia Reaches Armistice with the Central Powers Russia World War I History Channel
1922 In Astoria, Oregon, Fire Destroys 32 City Blocks of Buildings, Including the City's Entire Business District Astoria, Oregon Fire
1927 Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey Is Deported to Jamaica Jamaica African-American History PBS
Fox Movietone Newsreel Is First Sound Movie Shown in Seattle, Washington Washington Film Sound Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1932 Bing Crosby and Bob Hope First Perform Together Bing Crosby Bob Hope History Channel
1933 A Horse Racing Track Opens at Charles Town, West Virginia Charles Town, West Virginia Horse Racing West Virginia State Archive
1934 Pyrex Glass Poured for First 200" Telescope Mirror (Mt. Palomar Observatory) Astronomy Glass Historic Firsts Mount Palomar Observatory
1939 New York City's LaGuardia Airport Begins Operation as an Airliner from Chicago Arrives and Then Returns to Chicago New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1942 First Controlled Self-sustaining Nuclear Chain Reaction: University of Chicago Chicago The Manhattan Project Enrico Fermi Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1948 Whittaker Chambers Leads Investigators to the Pumpkin Papers McCarthyism/Red Scare Alger Hiss The Cold War University of Missouri, Kansas City
1949 Belá Bartók's Viola Concerto Is Posthumously Premiered by Violist William Primrose and the Minneapolis Symphony Minnesota Orchestra Belá  Bartók Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Navy's Football Team Upsets Army 14-2 Before 102,000 Fans in Philadelphia Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Football Navy Football Army Football Wisconsin Historical Society
1954 The U.S. Senate Censures Wisconsin's Joseph McCarthy for Dishonor and Disrepute Joe McCarthy U.S. Senate McCarthyism History Channel New York Times Wisconsin Historical Society
President Eisenhower Announces Pact of Mutual Security with the Nationalist Chinese Taiwan President Eisenhower Cold War BBC
1956 Bill Russell Paces U.S. Basketball Team to Olympic Gold Medal in Melbourne Australia 1956 Summer Olympics Basketball New York Times
1957 First Consumer Electricity Generated from Nuclear Power (Shippingport, PA) Pennsylvania Nuclear Energy Historic Firsts Federation of American Scientists
Raymond Carver's First Child, Christine LaRae Carver, Is Born in Yakima, Washington Washington Raymond Carver American Authors American Collection
Sam Cooke's "You Send Me" Deposes Elvis Presley's "Jailhouse Rock" as #1 Song in America Mississippi Performing Artists Elvis Presley African-American Performing Artists Popular Music Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1960 Archbishop of Canterbury Meets Pope John XXIII (First Such Visit Since 1397) Religion Catholicism National Catholic Reporter
1961 Fidel Castro Publicly Announces He Is a Marxist-Leninist Fidel Castro History Channel
1969 First Commercial 747 Jumbo Jet Flight Made from Seattle to New York City Washington State New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1970 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Begins Operation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Earth & Envionmental Science Environmental Protection Agency New York Times
1971 Unmanned Soviet Spacecraft Mars 3 Lands on Mars Soviet Union Space Exploration Mars
United Arab Emirates Gains Independence from Great Britain United Arab Emirates Great Britain CIA
1975 King Resigns and Peoples' Democratic Republic of Laos Is Established Laos U.S. Department of State
1977 South African Police Are Cleared in the Death of Steve Biko South Africa Apartheid Law and Legal Resources BBC
1979 Iranians Begin 2-day Constitutional Referendum Giving Absolute Power to Ayatollah Khomeini Iran Country Studies
1980 Three American Nuns and a Lay Churchwoman Are Killed by Death Squads in El Salvador El Salvador Catholicism Death Concordia
The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act Converts Massive Tracts Across Alaska into National Parks & Wildlife Refuges Alaska Earth and Environmental Science Law National Park Service Alaska Historical Society
1982 First Permanent Artificial Heart Successfully Implanted in Patient Barney Clark The Heart Medical Research History of Technology Historic Firsts New York Times
1983 Michael Jackson's Thriller Video Is Released Michael Jackson Popular Music Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database
1988 Cyclone Kills 140,000 People in Bangladesh Bangladesh Hurricanes & Typhoons Death BBC
Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-27) Is Launched for 4-day Department of Defense Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1989 NASA's Solar Max Mission (SMM) Satellite Re-enters the Earth's Atmosphere Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1990 Helmut Kohl's Coalition Wins First Free All-German Elections Since 1932 Germany Elections New York Times
Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-35) Is Launched for 8-day Astronomical Mission Space Shuttle Space & Astronomy NASA
1991 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 4,500 Homeless in Romania Romania Earthquake USGS
U.S. Hostage Joseph Cicippio Released in Lebanon After 1,906 Days Captive Lebanon Terrorism New York Times
1992 Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-53) Is Launched for 7-day Department of Defense Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1993 Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-61) Is Launched for 11-day Hubble Servicing Mission Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA
Drug Lord Pablo Escobar Is Shot to Death by Medellin Security Forces Colombia Illegal Drugs Death New York Times
1995 The SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) Is Launched into Orbit Space Exploration The Sun ESA
1996 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake and Tsunami Strike Kyushu, Japan Japan Earthquake Tsunami USGS
1998 Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates Donates $100M to Immunize Children in Developing Countries Bill Gates Child Health Philanthropy
1999 Northern Ireland Cabinet of Protestants & Catholics Meets for First Time Northern Ireland Religion Historic Firsts CNN
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2001 The Enron Corporation Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Enron Business New York Times
2007 Hurricane Force Winds and Heavy Rains Pound the Pacific Northwest for Two Days, Killing 5, Causing Severe Damage and Flooding Washington Oregon California Storms Wind Flooding Death KGW CNN