for

The Tonga Flag The Tonga Flag

DECEMBER 4

The Tonga Flag The Tonga Flag
 
 

Tonga
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which space shuttle was launched on a mission to the International Space Station on this date in 1998? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What are the home states of astronauts Borman and Lovell, who were launched aboard the Gemini 7 spacecraft on this date in 1965? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Scholastic, after he finished high school, why did George Ancona travel to Mexico? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by George Ancona (according to Houghton Mifflin):
I FEAR WEST IS FORK
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which airline ceased operations on this date in 1991? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the State of Michigan, what group was responsible for founding Michigan Central College on this date in 1844? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Scottish Library Association, where was Thomas Carlyle born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a work by Thomas Hobbes:
A VILE THAN

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Spartacus, on what charge was Edith Cavell arrested by the Germans?

2. According to Biography.com, where in Spain was Francisco Franco born on this date in 1892?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, where was Alfred Day Hershey born on this date in 1908?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1896 work by Rainer Maria Rilke (according to Writer's Almanac):
SEEN OIL GUIDE
 
 

Thomas Carlyle
Born on This Date 1795

[Getty Museum]

Poetry


Edith Cavell
Born on This Date 1865

[Spartacus]

Medicine


Francisco Franco
Born on This Date 1892

[New Geneva Center]

Spain


Alfred Day Hershey
Born on This Date 1908

[Nobel Foundation]

Genetics 1969 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology


George Ancona
Born on This Date 1929

[Gale Group]

Primary Children's Author/Illustrator

 
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Tonga: King Tupou I Day
(Commemoration of King George Tupou I)
Tonga World Travel Guide
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1905 Munro Leaf (Maryland-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Maryland Authors Primary Authors American Artists
1929 George Ancona (New York City-born Latin-American Author, Photographer) George Ancona Primary Authors Photography Latin-American Authors
1940 Bruce Hiscock (California-born Children's Author, Illustrator) California Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1795 Thomas Carlyle (Scottish Author) Thomas Carlyle
1804 John Kitto (English Biblical Writer and Illustrator) English Artists Religion The Bible Artists Chambers Book of Days Concordia
1835 Samuel Butler (English Writer) English Authors Victorian Web Writer's Almanac
1875 Rainer Maria Rilke (Czech Poet) Rainer Maria Rilke Poetry
1893 Herbert Read (English Poet) Herbert Read Poetry
1911 Robert Payne (English Writer) English Authors Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1866 Wasily Kandinsky (Russian Abstract Artist) Wasily Kandinsky Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1821 Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel (German Astronomer) German Scientists and Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
1867 Charles Herty (Georgia-born Chemist, Pioneer in the Paper Industry) (German Astronomer) Georgia Scientists and Mathematicians Chemistry University of Georgia
1908 Alfred Day Hershey (Michigan-born Microbiologist: 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Alfred Day Hershey Genetics Viruses 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1842 William B. Cushing (Wisconsin-born Civil War Hero) Wisconsin Military Figures American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1899 Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (Idaho-born Native-American World War I Flying Ace) Gregory Pappy Boyington Natibve-American Heritage Aviation World War I
1584 John Cotton (English-born Religious Leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony) English Political and Social Leaders Massachusetts Bay Colony Religion Concordia
1895 Fung Yu-lan (Chinese Philosopher) Chinese Political and Social Leaders Philosophy
Political & Social Leaders
1865 Edith Cavell (English Nurse Martyred by the Germans in World War I) Edith Cavell Nursing: Medicine World War I
1832 Thomas Lowry Young (Irish-American Governor of Ohio) Irish Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Ohio Historical Society
1892 Francisco Franco (Spanish General & Dictator) Francisco Franco
Performing Artists
1861 Lillian Russell (Iowa-born Singer, Comic Opera Prima Donna) Lillian Russell American Performing Artists Actors
1889 Buck Jones (Indiana-born Actor) Indiana Performing Artists Actors Film Westward Expansion Internet Movie Database
1949 Jeff Bridges (Los Angeles-born Actor) Jeff Bridges Actors
1973 Marisa Tomei (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television Biography.com
1973 Tyra Banks (California-born African-American Model) California Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Biography.com
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1131 Omar Khayyam (Persian Poet) Omar Khayyam Poetry
1334 Pope John XXII (French-born Roman Catholic Pope) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1642 Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu (Paris-born Catholic Cardinal; Minister of King Louis XIII) Parisian Political and Social Leaders Catholicism
1679 Thomas Hobbes (English Philosopher) Thomas Hobbes Philosophy
1798 Luigi Galvani (Italian Pioneer in Electricity) Luigi Galvani Electricity
1832 William Sturgeon (English Inventor of the First Electromagnet) English Scientists & Mathematicians Electromagnetism Technology and Society
1893 John Tyndall (Irish Physicist: Namesake of the Tyndall Effect Explaining the Atmospheric Scattering of Light) Irish Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Light
1928 "Dapper Dan" Hogan (Owner of St. Paul, Minnesota's Green Lantern Speakeasy, Boss of the City's Underworld) St. Paul, Minnesota Notorious Minnesotans Crime Minnesota Historical Society
1976 Benjamin Britten (English Composer) English Composers BBC
1991 George Beto (Montana-born Texas Minister, Prison Administrator) Montana Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Prisons Texas State Historical Association
1993 Frank Zappa (Maryland-born Popular Musician) Frank Zappa Popular Musicians
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1100 - 1199
1154 Adrian IV Is Chosen as the Only English-born Catholic Pope English Political and Social Leaders Roman Catholic Popes Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1563 The Council of Trent Concludes with Condemnations of Protestant Doctrines Religion Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1619 38 Englishmen Land in Virginia and Observe the First Thanksgiving at the Future Site of the Berkeley Hundred Plantation English Pioneers and Explorers Virginia Colonial Virginia Thanksgiving Historic Firsts Library of Congress Virginia Historical Society
1639 British Amateur Astronomer, Jeremiah Horrocks, Is the First Person to Observe a Venus Transit Across the Sun English Scientists & Mathematicians Venus The Sun Space & Astonomy Historic Firsts NASA
1682 William Penn Holds His First Assembly in Chester, Pennsylvania, Annexing Present Day Delaware into Pennsylvania William Penn Chester, Pennsylvania Delaware Colonial America State of Delaware
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1717 The Colony of Maryland Establishes a Nanticoke Indian Reservation on the Site of Present-Day Laurel, Delaware Maryland Laurel, Delaware Nanticoke Indians Colonial America State of Delaware
1783 In Manhattan, General George Washington Says Farewell to Officers of the Continental Army New York City George Washington American Revolution Writer's Almanac Library of Congress
1791 Britain's Observer Newspaper Is Founded by WS Bourne British History Journalism The Guardian
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We got quite an early start this morning, just a little before sunrise. After 3/4 of a mile we passed the small creek called Gabia, here was a landing place for the trading boats of St. Genevie. The village here contains 120 families, mostly French . 3/4 of a mile above Gabia Creek the high land juts to the river and forms a great cliff of rocks. It was here that I saw a cave, 12 ft in diameter and about 70 ft above the river. We eventually came to the Old Fort Charters where I took meridian altitude. At 1 o'clock we passed the upper point of Ft. Charles Isle where the channel that forms the island next to the fort is totally dry, it appears that it is filling up with sand and mud. The river here is wide with a high land of cliffs about 250 ft above the water.
Illinois Missouri France Forts Geology The Mississippi River
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain all the last night, this morning it increased with the wind from the S. E.

I Set out Sergiant Pryor and 6 men to the Elk he had killed with directions to Carry the meat to a bay which he informed me was below and as he believed at no great distance from the Elk, and I Should proceed on to that bay as Soon as the wind would lay a little and the tide went out in the evening

— the Smoke is exceedingly disagreeable and painfull to my eyes, my appetite has returned and I feel much better of my late complaint

— a Spring tide to day rose 2 feet higher than Common flood tides and high water at 11 oClock

— Hard wind from the South this evening, rained moderately all day and the waves too high for me to proceed in Safty to the bay as I intended, in Some part of which I expected would be convenient for us to make winter quarters, the reports of seven huntes agreeing that elke were in great abundance about the Bay below.

no account of Capt. Lewis. I fear Some accident has taken place in his craft or party

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Health Care
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 Reverend Thomas Paul Is Installed as Pastor of the New African Meeting House in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Religion African American Heritage Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1816 James Monroe of Virginia Is Elected as the Fifth President of the United States Virginia Political and Social Leaders President James Monroe The American Presidency Presidential Elections The New York Times
Gioacchino Rossini's Opera, "Otello," Is First Performed in Naples at the Teatro del Fondo Gioacchino Rossini Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Pulbic Media
1819 Residents of Corydon, Indiana Form a Singing Society Corydon, Indiana Music Indiana Historical Society
1833 The Constitution of the American Anti-Slavery Society Is Adopted in Philadelphia Philadelphia Slavery Northwestern African American Registry
1838 The Last of the Cherokees Being Emigrated West Cross the Mississippi River into Arkansas on the Memphis to Little Rock Road Tennessee Arkansas Cherokee Mississippi River Trail of Tears National Park Service (pdf) Arkansas History Commission
1844 Michigan Central College (Hillsdale College) Opens in Spring Arbor Spring Arbor, Michigan Education Historic Firsts Hillsdale College State of Michigan
1850 The First Issue of the Portland Oregonian Hits Newsstands Portland, Oregon Journalism Historic Firsts Portland Oregonian SalemOregon.com
1854 James Wilson Grimes Becomes Governor of Iowa Iowa Political and Social Leaders State Historical Society of Iowa
1855 The St. Paul, Minnesota City Council Establishes the City's First Professional Fire Department, Succeeding a Volunteer Hook and Ladder Company St. Paul, Minnesota Fire Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1860 A Telegraph Office Opens in St. Anthony (Now Southeast Minneapolis), Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Telegraph Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 U.S. Senate Expels John Breckinridge (KY) for Joining Confederate Army Kentucky American Civil War U.S. Congress
1864 Union and Confederate Forces End Eight Days of Battle at Waynesboro, Georgia Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea History Channel
Blockade Runner Peep O'Day Is Captured by Boats from USS Pursuit Near Florida's Indian River Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1867 The National Grange Is Founded in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Farming & Agriculture The National Grange History Channel
1872 U.S. Brigantine Mary Celeste Found Adrift without Her Crew Mystery of the Mary Celeste History Channel Writer's Almanac
1875 Tammany Hall's "Boss" Tweed Escapes from Jail and Flees the Country William Marcy Boss Tweed Politics Library of Congress
1879 Henrik Ibsen's "A Doll's House" Is Published in Copenhagen Henrik Ibsen Authors Plays Theater History
1881 Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto Is First Performed in Vienna by the Vienna Philharmonic Vienna Philharmonic Tchaikovsky Composers Classical Music Historic Firsts American Pulbic Media
1895 Sergei Rachmaninoff Conducts the Premiere of His "Caprice bohémien" (Capriccio on Gypsy Themes) in Moscow Sergei Rachmaninoff Composers Historic Firsts American Pulbic Media
1897 "The Decoration of Houses" by Edith Wharton and Ogden Codman, Jr. Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1898 Antonin Dvorák's Symphonic Poem, "Hero's Song," Op. 111, Is First Performed in Vienna, Austria Vienna, Austria Antonin Dvorák Composers Historic Firsts American Pulbic Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1906 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Is Founded as the First African-American Collegiate Greek-letter Fraternity Education African-American Heritage Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity African American Registry
1909 New York's Amsterdam News Is Founded as an African-American Weekly Newspaper New York City Media Journalism African-American Heritage Amsterdam News PBS African American Registry
The First Grey Cup Canadian Football Championship Is Held Canada Football Historic Firsts Canadian Football League
1913 The Lewiston-Clarkston Bridge Opens Connecting Idaho and Washington Across the Snake River Idaho Washington Bridges History Link
1914 German Navy Forms the First Seaplane Unit Germany Aviation Military History Historic Firsts Century of Flight
1915 Henry Ford Sets Sail for Europe in Attempt to Stop World War I Henry Ford World War I History Channel Michigan Historical Society (pdf)
Ku Klux Klan Is Chartered as a Corporate Fraternal Organization in Fulton County, Georgia Fulton County, Georgia Ku Klux Klan University of Georgia
1917 English Psychiatrist W.H. Rivers Presents First Report on the Phenomenon of "Shell Shock" English Scientists and Mathematicians Mental Health Psychology World War I Historic Firsts History Channel
1918 President Woodrow Wilson Sets Sail for Versailles Peace Conference Woodrow Wilson Treaty of Versailles History Channel
1925 Gilchrist County, Florida's 67th County, Is Established by the State Legislature Gilchrist County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1928 In Reagan County, Texas, Carl Cromwell Drills the World's Deepest Oil Well: 8,525 Feet Reagan County, Texas Economics Texas State Historical Association
The Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District Is Formed to Design, Construct and Finance the Golden Gate Bridge Califorrnia Business The Golden Gate Bridge Bridges Business LearnCalifornia
A Car Bomb Kills "Dapper Dan" Hogan, Owner of St. Paul, Minnesota's Green Lantern Speakeasy and Longtime Boss of the City's Underworld St. Paul, Minnesota Notorious Minnesotans Crime Death Minnesota Historical Society
1932 The Public School Building at Fairbanks, Alaska Is Destroyed by Fire Fairbanks, Alaska Education Fire Alaska Historical Society
1933 Ma Perkins Debuts as Radio's First Soap Opera Radio Historic Firsts Old Time Radio
1942 Polish Christians Create the Council for the Assistance of the Jews Poland Judaism Warsaw Ghetto Uprisings World War II History Channel
At Naples, U.S. Bombers Strike the Italian Mainland for the First Time Italy Aviation Military History World War II The New York Times
1943 President Franklin Roosevelt Closes the WPA (Works Progress Administration) Franklin Roosevelt The New Deal History Channel
1945 U.S. Senate Approves U.S. Participation in the United Nations United Nations U.S. Senate The Cold War History Channel The New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 Walter Reuther Is Elected President of the CIO Walter Reuther Labor Elections AFL-CIO History Channel
1954 Seattle's Metropolitan Theater is Demolished Seattle, Washington Stage and Theater History Link
1957 Railway Accident Kills 92 in England England Railroads Death Greenwich Guide
Helen Holt Is Sworn in as West Virginia's First Secretary of State West Virginia Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts West Virginia State Archives
1959 "Sam", a Monkey, Reaches Weightlessness for over 3 Minutes in a U.S. Space Capsule Space Exploration Monkeys Florida Historical Society
1961 England Makes Oral Contraception Available on Its National Health Service England Birth Control and Abortion Law and Legal Resources BBC
1963 Second Session of the Second Vatican Council Closes Authorizing Mass in the Vernacular Instead of Latin Catholicism World Languages Concordia
1964 Florida's Nova Southeastern University Is Incorporated Florida Education Education NOVA University Florida Historical Society
1965 NASA Launches Gemini 7 with Astronauts Borman & Lovell Aboard for 14-day Mission Frank Borman Gene Lovell Space Exploration NASA
1969 Police Kill Black Panther Leaders, Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, in Their Chicago Apartment Chicago Civil Rights African-American Heritage Death Columbia University African American Registry
1971 10 Die as a Bomb Explodes in a Crowded Catholic Pub in Belfast Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1972 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Triggers Landslides and Disrupts Electricity on Japan's Island of Hachijojima Japan Earthquake USGS
1978 Pioneer Venus Orbiter Enters into an Elliptical Orbit Around Venus Space Exploration Venus NASA
1981 President Ronald Reagan Broadens CIA Powers to Include Spying Inside US Ronald Reagan CIA Reagan Presidential Library
Ciskei Is Fourth Black Homeland to be Granted Independence by the South African Government South Africa South African History
1982 University of Georgia Junior Running Back Herschel Walker Is Awarded the Heisman Trophy Georgia Sports Figures Football African-American Sports Figures 1982 Heisman Trophy University of Georgia
1986 Congressional Committees Are Created to Investigate Iran-Contra Scandal Iran-Contra Schedule U.S. Congress Television News ArchiveC
1991 Associated Press Journalist Terry Anderson Is Released after Being Held Hostage in Lebanon for Seven Years Lebanon Journalism Terrorism History Channel BBC
Pan American World Airways Ceases Operations Businesses & Economics Aviation History Television News ArchiveC
1992 President Bush Orders 28,000 U.S. Troops to Somalia in Unsuccessful Attempt to Stop Fighting Among Warlords Somalia President George Bush War History Channel
1995 Netscape and Sun Jointly Announced Javascript as a New Language to Complement HTML History of the Internet History of Technology O'Reilly Network
1996 NASA Launches Its Mar Pathfinder Mission Mars Space Exploration NASA
1998 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-108) on First ISS Assembly Mission Space Shuttle International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2003
2003 President George W Bush Withdraws Punitive Steel Tax to Avoid a Trade War with Europe European History International Trade Tax BBC