Christmas Christmas


Christmas Christmas
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Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which Missouri town was hit by a severe earthquake and aftershock on this date in 1811? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was abolished when 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified on this date in 1865? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Boyds Mill Press, what was Elizabeth Yates doing when she came up with the idea to write children's books? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1790, the U.S. Congress was moved between what two cities? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to, Elián González became the focus of an international political uproar after he was rescued from what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the BBC, how many years of dictatorial rule were ended when Spanish voters approved their new constitution on this date in 1978? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Joyce Kilmer (according to the University of Toronto)
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Oberlin College, what is the Hall-Heroult process that was developed by Charles Martin Hall and Paul L.T. Heroult?

2. According to Writer's Almanac, in what year did Joyce Kilmer write his most famous verse, Trees?

3. According to Book Rags, how did Ryan White contract the HIV virus?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1923 work by Khalil Gibran (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Charles Martin Hall
Born on This Date 1863

[Gale Group]


Joyce Kilmer
Born on This Date 1886


Elizabeth Yates
Born on This Date 1905

[Bethlehem Books]

Young-adult Authors Awarded 1951 Newbery Medal for Amos Fortune, Free Man

Ryan White
Born on This Date 1971

[American Foundation
for AIDS Research]

Elián González
Born on This Date 1993


Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Catholicism: St. Nicholas Day
(Commemorates of the death of St. Nicholas of Myra: 12/06 either 345 or 352)
St. Nicholaus Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia
Finland: Independence Day
(Commemoration of Finnish approval of the Declaration of Independence from Russia: 12/06/1917)
Finland Russia U.S. Department of State
Spain: Constitution Day
(Commemoration of Spanish voters endorsing new constitution to put an end to dictatorship: 12/06/1978)
Spain U.S. Department of State BBC
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1884 Cornelia Meigs (Illinois-born Children's Author) Illinois Authors & Illustrators Young-adult  Authors
1905 Elizabeth Yates (New York-born Children's Author: Awarded 1951 Newbery Medal for Amos Fortune, Free Man) Elizabeth Yates Young-adult  Authors 1951 Newbery Medal for Amos Fortune, Free Man
1944 John Reynolds Gardiner (Los Angeles-born Children's Author) John Reynolds Gardiner Young-adult  Authors
1478 Baldassare Castiglione (Italian Author, Courtier, and Diplomat) Baldassare Castiglione
1803 Susanna Moodie (English Novelist) English Authors Writer's Almanac
1883 Khalil Gibran (Lebanese Poet) Khalil Gibran Poetry
1886 Joyce Kilmer (New Jersey Poet) Joyce Kilmer Poetry Trees World War I
1892 Osbert Sitwell (English Essayist) English Authors Writer's Almanac
1893 Sylvia Townsend Warner (English Novelist and Short Story Writer) English Authors Writer's Almanac
1922 William P. McGivern (Chicago-born Novelist) William P. McGivern
1942 Peter Handke (Austrian Avant-garde Playwright and Novelist) Peter Handke Plays
1898 Alfred Eisenstaedt (German Photographer) Alfred Eisenstaedt Photography Journalism
1901 Eliot Porter (Illinois-born Photographer) Illinois Artists and Photographers Photography
1896 Ira Gershwin (New York City-born Composer, Songwriter) Ira Gershwin
1933 Henryk Gorecki (Polish Composer) Henryk Gorecki Composers
1955 Bright Sheng (Chinese-American Composer) Chinese Composers Composers Asian-American Composers
1863 Charles Martin Hall (Ohio-born Chemist Who Developed a Cost-effective Process for the Production of Aluminum) Charles Martin Hall Chemistry Aluminum Business & Economics
1892 Theodore Lawless (Louisiana-born African-American Dermatologist, Medical Research and Philanthropist) Louisiana Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research African-American Scientists & Mathematicians African American Registry
Business Leaders
1822 Eberhard Faber (German Pencil Manufacturer) German Business Leaders Business Florida Historical Association
1889 Robert W. Woodruff (Georgia-born President of Coca-Cola) Georgia Business Leaders Business Coca-Cola University of  Georgia
1421 Henry VI (King of England) English History British Monarchy
1815 Jane Grey Swisshelm (Pennsylvania-born Abolitionist, Feminist, Newspaper Publisher) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Abolition Women Journalism
1971 Ryan White (Indiana-born AIDS Victim and Early Activist) Ryan White AIDS
1993 Elián González (Cuban Refugee) Elián González Florida Hispanic Heritage Immigration
1900 Agnes Moorehead (Massachusetts-born Actress) Massachusetts Performing Artists American Entertainers Film Internet Movie Database Wisconsin Historical Society
1920 Dave Brubeck (California-born Jazz Musician) Dave Brubeck Jazz
1953 Tom Hulce (Wisconsin-born Actor) Detroit Performing Artists American Entertainers Film Wisconsin Historical Society
1955 Steven Wright (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists American Entertainers Film Internet Movie Database
1956 Peter Buck (California-born Popular Musician) California Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1962 Janine Turner (Nebraska-born Actress) Nebraska Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1905 James J. Braddock (New York City-born Member of the Boxing Hall of Fame) James J. Braddock International Boxing Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1352 Pope Clement VI (French-born Roman Catholic Pope) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion
1749 Pierre Gaultier La Verendrye (French-Canadian Explorer) La Verendrye Explorers History Channel
1805 Nicolas-Jacques Conté (French Inventor of the Modern Pencil) French Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Technology & Society
1879 Erastus Bigelow (Massachusetts-born Father of the American Carpet Industry) Massachusetts Business Leaders American Business Leaders Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1889 Jefferson Davis (Kentucky-born President of the Confederate States of America) Jefferson Davis American Civil War
1949 Huddie (Leadbelly) Ledbetter (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Musician) Louisiana Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists Texas State Historical Association
1988 Roy Orbison (Texas-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Roy Orbison Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1240 The Mongol Army Crosses the Frozen Dnieper River and Conquers Kiev Ukraine Mongolia War Sam Houston State University
1492 Christopher Columbus Is First European to Discover the Dominican Republic & Haiti The Dominican Republic Haiti Christopher Columbus University of Florida
1786 Wolfgang Mozart Finishes His Symphony No. 38 in D Wolfgang Mozart Composers American Public Media
1790 The U.S. Congress Moves from New York to Philadelphia New York City Philadelphia The U.S. Congress New York Times
1800 The Northwest Territory Government Authorizes the Creation of Ohio's Clermont County Clermont County, Ohio Ohio Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: It was a dark wet morning that I awoke to. I was told that Capt. Lewis and an officer passed by here yesterday on his way to St. Louis. At 11 o'clock we picked up a small supply of provisions and continued on. We passed many small creeks and islands today. One creek had a settlement on it called Rock Creek. We passed two islands and a small sandbar and then passed the Meremeck River. 3/4 of a mile after the Meremeck we came to a farm.
Illinois Missouri Farming & Agriculture The Mississippi River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The wind blew violently hard from the N, N W. with Some Snow the air Keen and Cold. The Thermometer at 8 oClock A, M, Stood at 10 dgs. above 0
— at 9 oClock a man & his Squar Came down with Some meat for the inturpeter his dress was a par mockersons of Buffalow Skin a Pr. Legins of Goat Skin & a Buffalow robe, 14 ring of Brass on his fingers, this metel the Mandans ar verry fond off— Cold after noon river rise 1½ Inch to day

Ordway: a cold Blustry morning. Some Squalls of Snow & wind high it being So disagreeable weather that we delayed on the work.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Weather Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The wind blew hard all the last night with a moderate rain, the waves verry high, the wind increased & from the S. W. and the rain Continued all day, about Dark the wind Shifted to the North cleared away and became fair weather.

The high tide of today is 13 inches higher than yesterday, and obliged us to move our Camp which was in a low Situation, on higher ground Smoke exceedingly disagreeable.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 Vincennes University Is Founded Indiana Education Education Vincennes University Indiana Historical Society
1811 Large Earthquake Hits New Madrid, Missouri Followed by Aftershock 6 Hours Later Missouri Earthquakes USGS
1821 The First Wisconsin Post Office Is Established in Green Bay Green Bay, Wisconsin U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1830 President Jackson Tells Congress Progress Is Being Made Relocating Indians West U.S. Congress President Andrew Jackson Native American Heritage Library of Congress
1841 Iowa's Fourth Territorial Legislative Assembly Meets in Iowa City in a Donated Building Iowa Legislature State Historical Society of Iowa
1846 American Forces Clash with Califorinos East of San Diego in the Battle of San Pasqual California Mexican-American War Hispanic Heritage Oaland Museum of California
Hector Berlioz Conducts the Initial Performance of His Dramatic Legend, "The Damnation of Faust," at the Paris Opéra-Comique Hector Berlioz Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1847 The Alabama Legislature Begins Its First Session in the New Capital of Montgomery Alabama Alabama State Archives
1851 U.S. Government Lets the Contract for Construction of the Port Isabel, Texas Lighthouse Texas Lighthouses Texas State Historical Association
1861 Florida's New River County Is Renamed Bradford County in Honor of Captain Richard Bradford Florida The American Civil War Official County Website Florida Historical Association
Georgia's Cass County Is Renamed Bartow County in honor of Colonel Francis Bartow Georgia The American Civil War Official County Website University of Georgia
1862 Lincoln Orders the Hanging of 39 Sioux Convicted of Minnesota Uprising Minnesota Abraham Lincoln Sioux Indians Capital Punishment Death Lincoln Papers
Florida's Suspends the Collection of Taxes in Counties under Union Control Florida The American Civil War Taxes Florida Historical Association
1863 Monitor Weehawken Sinks in Charleston Harbor Killing 30 Crew Members South Carolina The American Civil War Naval History Death U.S. Navy
1864 President Lincoln Submits His Annual Message to Congress U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
Abraham Lincoln Appoints Salmon P. Chase Supreme Court Chief Justice Salmon P. Chasei Abraham Lincoln U.S. Supreme Court Library of Congress Lincoln Papers
U.S.S. Sunflower Captures Confederate Sloop Pickwick Along Florida's Gulf Coast Florida The American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Association
1865 The 13th Amendment Abolishing Slavery Is Ratified (Georgia - 27th State) 13th Amendment Slavery African-American History History Channel State of Michigan
1876 Tchaikovsky's Opera, "Vakula the Blacksmith," Premieres at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia Tchaikovsky Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1877 Thomas Edison Makes First Sound Recording "Mary Had a Little Lamb" Thomas Edison The Phonograph Historic Firsts American Society of Mechanical Engineers
1884 The Capstone Is Placed Atop the Washington Monument Washington Monument George Washington Library of Congress
1890 Hector Berlioz' Opera "La Prise de Troie" (The Capture of Troy), Acts 1 & 2 of "Les Troyens" (The Trojans), Is First Staged in Karlsruhe, Germany Germany Hector Berlioz Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1898 In Delaware, a Trolley Line Is Opened Between Wilmington and the Brandywine Springs Amusement Park Wilmington, Delaware Transportation Rollercoasters State of Delaware
1902 Mark Twain's "The Belated Russian Passport" Appears in Harper's Weekly Mark Twain American Authors Journalism American Collection
1907 361 Miners Are Killed in West Virginia's Monongah Coal Mine Disaster Monongah Coal Mine Disaster Labor Death History Channel West Virginia State Archive
In Fairbanks, Alaska, Fire Burns the Model Cafe, a Drug Store and a Men's Clothing Store Fairbanks, Alaska Fire Alaska Historical Society
1917 In Halifax, Nova Scotia, the French Warship Mont Blanc Collides with a Freighter, Killing 2000 People with 9000 Injured Canada France Naval History Death World War I History Channel
Finnish Parliament Approves the Declaration of Independence from Russia Finland Russia Virtual Finland
1919 Igor Stravinsky's, Symphonic suite, "Le chant du rossignol," Premieres in Geneva, Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland Igor Stravinsky Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1921 Articles of Agreement Are Signed Making Ireland a Free State Ireland British History University College Cork History Channel
Agnes McPhail First Woman Elected to Canadian House of Commons Canada Women Historic Firsts Canadian Parliament
1923 Calvin Coolidge Makes First Presidential Radio Broadcast Calvin Coolidge The Amercian Presidency Radio Historic Firsts New York Times
1924 Seattle's Olympic Hotel Opens Washington HistoryLink
1929 Igor Stravinsky's "Capriccio" for Piano and Orchestra, Is First Performed at the Salle Pleyel in Paris Paris, France Igor Stravinsky Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1932 Richard P. Spikes Receives Patent #1,889,814 for an Automatic Gear Shift Automobiles Inventors & Invention Patents & Trademarks African-American Scientists & Inventors African American Registry
1933 Federal Judge Rules James Joyce's Ulysses Is Not Obscene James Joyce Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1938 France & Germany Sign Treaty of Friendship France Nazi Germany European History World War II Indiana University
1941 Japanese Reject U.S. Peace Proposal: FDR Awaits Attack Japan Franklin Roosevelt Attack on Pearl Harbor History Channel
1947 President Harry Truman Dedicates the Everglades National Park in Florida Florida Harry Truman Everglades National Park Florida Historical Association
1955 Volkswagen U.S. Trademark Is Registered Autombiles Trademarks & Patents USPTO
Federal Government Standardizes the Size of License Plates U.S. Government Autombiles Standards History Channel
1957 Teamsters Expelled from AFL-CIO Labor Unions AFL-CIO International Brotherhood of the Teamsters New York Times
First U.S. Satellite Blows Up on Launch Pad Space Exploration Cold War NASA
1958 Pioneer 3 Lunar Explorer Reaches Distance of 63,580 Miles Before Falling Back to Earth Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1966 NASA Launches ATS-1 (Applications Technology Satellite) Test Satellite Space Exploration NASA
1969 In California, Violence Mars a Free Rolling Stones Concert Attended by 30,000 California Popular Musicians Rolling Stones Learn California
1973 Gerald Ford Sworn in As Vice-President Gerald Ford Richard Nixon New York Times
1978 Spanish Voters Overwhelmingly Approve New Constitution, Ending Dictatorship Spain BBC
1979 NASA's Attempted Launch of a Third RCA Domestic Communications Satellite Fails Space Exploration RCA NASA
1980 NASA Launches Intelsat-5 Communications Satellite Space Exploration NASA
1983 Doctors Perform Britain's First Heart and Lung Transplant Great Britain Medical Research Anatomy Historic Firsts BBC
1987 Protests Against Soviet Treatment of Jews Take Place in Washington and Moscow Soviet Union Judaism Civil Rights/Human Rights History Channel
1988 Southern Iran Is Shaken by 5.7 Magnitude Earthquake Iran Earthquakes USGS
1992 2,000 Die in Riot After Hindu Extremists Destroy a Mosque in India India Hinduism Islam Death BBC
1994 Orange County, California Declares Bankruptcy California Investments & Markets Official Website History Channel
1998 Astronauts Mate the International Space Station's Zarya Control Module to the Unity Connecting Module Space Shuttle International Space Station NASA
Bill Cosby Receives Kennedy Center Honors Bill Cosby Famous African Americans The Kennedy Center History Channel
Hugo Chavez Is Elected President of Venezuela Venezuela Elections CNN