The Tanzania Flag The Tanzania Flag


The Tanzania Flag The Tanzania Flag

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was elected president of Poland on this date in 1990? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this day in 1993, astronauts completed their repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope. How long did it take them to make these repairs? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, for what newspaper did Joel Chandler Harris work from 1876 to 1890? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. What two events occurred in the life of Doug Engelbart on this date, 30 years apart? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Heisman Foundation, who finished third in the voting for the 1935 Heisman Trophy? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where was Clarence Birdseye when he discovered that food could be kept fresh if frozen? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a story by Joel Chandler Harris (according to the Catholic Encyclopedia)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Authors' Calendar, what is the title of the epic poem for which John Milton is best known?

2. According to the San Diego Supercomputer Center, from which university did Grace Hopper receive her B.A. in mathematics?

3. According to Federal Judicial Center, which U.S. President nominated Anna Diggs Taylor to the Federal Court for the Eastern District of Michigan?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by John Milton (according to the University of Toronto):

John Milton
Born on This Date 1608

[University of Richmond]

Clarence Birdseye
Born on This Date 1885


Foods & Nutrition

Jean de Brunhoff
Born on This Date 1899

Primary Children's Author

Grace Hopper
Born on This Date 1906

[University of Pennsylvania]
Computer Pioneer

Anna Diggs Taylor
Born on This Date 1932

[Detroit News]

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Tanzania: Independence and Republic Day
(Commemoration of 1961 independence from Great Britain)
Tanzania Great Britain U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1848 Joel Chandler Harris (Georgia-born Children's Author) Joel Chandler Harris Primary Children's Authors
1899 Jean de Brunhoff (French Children's Author) Jean de Brunhoff Primary Children's Authors
1915 Eloise McGraw (Texas-born Children's Author) Eloise McGraw Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1608 John Milton (English Poet) John Milton Poetry
1866 Meredith Nicholson (Indiana Author) Montgomery County, Indiana
1905 Dalton Trumbo (Colorado-born Screenwriter) Dalton Trumbo Film Makers
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1919 Roy DeCarava (New York City-born African-American Photographer) New York City Artists Photography African-American Artists African-American Registry
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1879 Benjamin Delahauf Foulois (Connecticut-born Military Aviation Pioneer) Connecticut Explorers and Aviators Aviation Military History Technology and Society
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1742 Carl Wilhelm Scheele (Swedish Chemist) Swedish Mathematicians & Scientists Chemistry
1748 Comte Claude-Louis Berthollet (French Chemist) French Mathematicians & Scientists Chemistry
1906 Grace Hopper (New York City-born Mathematician, Computer Pioneer) Grace Hopper History of Computers
1885 Clarence "Bob" Birdseye (new York City-born Frozen Foods Pioneer) Bob Birdseye Foods & Nutrition Inventors & Invention
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1729 Juan de Ugalde (Spanish Military Leader, Namesake of Uvalde, Texas) Spanish Military Figures Uvalde, Texas Hispanic Military Figures Texas State Historical Association
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1579 St. Martin de Porres (Peruvian-born Catholic Saint) Peru Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Religion African-American Registry
1796 James Conway (Tennessee-born Governor of Arkansas) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
1912 Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill (Massachusetts-born Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives) Tip O'Neill U.S. Congress Politics
1932 Anna Diggs Taylor (District of Columbia-born African-American Federal Court Judge) Anna Diggs Taylor Law & Legal Resources Famous African Americans
1947 Tom Daschle (U.S. Senator from South Dakota; U.S. Secreatry of Health and Human Services) Tom Daschle President Barack Obama U.S. Congress
Performing Artists
1898 Emmett Kelly (Kansas-born Clown) Kansas Performing Artists American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1916 Kirk Douglas (Issur Danielovitch Damsky: New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Film
1922 Redd Foxx (Missouri-born African-American Comedic Actor) MIssouri Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1929 John Cassavetes (New York City-born Actor, Filmmaker) New York City Performing Artists Film The Internet Movie Database
1930 Buck Henry (New York City-born Comedic Actor, Writer) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1934 Judi Dench (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film
1953 John Malkovitch (Illinois-born Actor) Illinois Performing Artists Film
1957 Donny Osmond (Utah-born Popular Singer) Utah Performing Artists American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
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1942 Dick Butkus (Chicago-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Chicago Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1165 Malcolm IV, King of Scotland Scottish Political and Social Leaders
1924 Mahlon Pitney (New Jersey-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) New Jersey  Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1930 Rube Foster (Texas-born Founder of the National Negro Baseball League; Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Rube Foster Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures Texas State Historical Association
1935 Walter W. Liggett (Minnesota-born Tabloid Editor Killed by Machine-Gun Fire at His Home) Minnesota Authors Journalism Crime Gun Control Minnesota Historical Society
1968 Karl Barth (Swiss Theologian, Philosopher) Swiss Political and Social Leaders Theologians
1971 Ralphe Bunche (Detroit-born African-American States; 1950 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Ralphe Bunche Nobel Laureate for Peace United Nations Famous African-Americans
1979 Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen (Illinois-born Theologian, Author) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Religion Radio Television
1982 Leon Jaworski (Texas-born Special Prosecutor During the Watergate Scandal) Texas Political and Social Leaders Richard Nixon The Watergate Scandal
1996 Mary Leakey (English Archaeologist, Anthropologist) Mary Leakey Archaeology & Anthropology
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1716 Martín de Alarcón Is Appointed Spanish Governor of Texas Texas Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1775 Patriots Are Victorious at Great Bridge; Drive the British Out of Virginia Virginia American Revolution The History Channel
The Continental Congress Orders Delaware to Organize a Battalion of Troops Delaware Continental Congress American Revolution State of Delaware
1779 A Day of Thanksgiving Is Declared in Delaware by President Caesar Rodney Delaware Thanksgiving American Revolution State of Delaware
1793 Noah Webster Establishes New York's First Daily Newspaper, American Minerva New York Media Noah Webster Journalism Middle Tennessee State University
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The Thermometer Stood this morning at 7° above 0, wind from the E. Capt Lewis took 18 men & 4 horses and went out Send in the meet killed yesterday and kill more, the Sun Shown to day Clear, both interpeters went to the Villages to day at 12 oClock two Chiefs Came loaded with meat one with a dog & Slay also loaded with meat, Capt Lewis Sent in 4 Hors's loaded with meat, he continued at the hunting Camp near which they killed 9 buffalow.

Ordway: the morning pleasant but not So cold as it was yesterday. about
10 o.C. Capt Lewis & 12 men went out a hunting and concluded to leave a fiew men down in a Bottom abt. 5 mls. below in order to hunt & take care of the meat. a nomber of the Savvages came to our Garrison. Some of them brought Some fat meat and Gave to our officers. Some of the hunting party returned in the evening with our horses loaded with fine meat Capt Lewis camped with Several hunters in a Bottom 5 or 6 ml. from the Fort and took care of the meat which they had killed in the course of the day which was about Six buffalow in all.

Gass: Captain Lewis and twelve more of us, went down to the bottom where the two men were taking care of the meat. We found some buffaloe had come into the woods, and we killed ten of them and a deer. Having dressed them we
loaded four horses with meat and sent them with some of the party to the fort: Captain Lewis and the rest of us encamped out, and had tolerable lodging with the assistance of the hides of the buffaloe we had killed.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature

Buffalo Deer

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rained all the last night we are all wet,

I directed 2 hunters Drewyer & Shannon to go in pursute of the Elk, with the other 3 men I deturmined to proceed on
to the Ocian, & Set out on a Westerley direction

Crossed 3 Slashes Swamps and arived at a Creek which I could not Cross as it was deep and no wood to make a
raft, I proceeded down this Creek a Short distance and found that I was in a fork of the Creek, I then returned to the raft on which we had Crossed the day before crossed and kept down about one mile and met 3 Indians loaded with fresh Salmon which they had Giged in the Creek I crossed yesterday in the hills,

those indians made Signs that they had a town on the Seacoast at no great distance, and envited me to go to their town which envitation I axcepted and accompand. them, they had a Canoe hid in the Creek which I had just before rafted which I had not observed, we crossed in this little Canoe just large enough to carry 3 men an their loads

after Crossing 2 of the Indians took the Canoe on theire Sholders and Carried it across to the other Creek about ¼ of a mile, we Crossed the 2d Creek and proceeded on to the mouth of the Creek which makes a great bend above the mouth of this Creek or to the S. is 3 houses and about 12 families of the Clat Sop Nation,

we cross to those houses, which were built on the S. exposur of the hill, Sunk into the ground about 4 feet the walls roof & gable ends are of Split pine boards, the dores Small with a ladder to decend to the iner part of the house, the fires are 2 in the middle of the house their beads ar all around raised about 2½ feet from the bottom flore all covered with mats and under those beads was Stored their bags baskets and useless mats,

those people treated me with extrodeanary friendship, one man attached himself to me as Soon as I entered the hut, Spred down new mats for me to Set on, gave me fish berries rutes &c. on Small neet platteers of rushes to eate
which was repeated, all the Men of the other houses Came and Smoked with me Those people appeared much neeter in
their diat than Indians are Comonly, and frequently wash theer faces and hands—

in the eveng an old woman presented a bowl made of a light Coloured horn a kind of Surup made of Dried berries which is common to this Countrey which the natives Call Shele wele this Surup I though was pleasent, they Gave me Cockle Shells to eate a kind of Soup made of bread of the Shele well barries mixed with roots in which they presented in neet trenchers made of wood.

a flock of Brant lit in the Creek which was 70 yds wide I took up my Small rifle and Shot one which astonished those people verry much, they plunged into the Creek and brought the brant on Shore—

in the evening it began to rain and Continud accompanied with a Violent wind from the S. W. untill 10 oClock P. M.

those people have a Singular game which they are verry fond of and is performed with a piece of bone about the Size of a large bean which they pass from, one hand into the other with great dexterity dureing which time they Sing, and ocasionally, hold out their hands for those who Chuse to risque their property to guess which hand the been is in— the individual who has the been is a banker & opposed to all in the room. on this game they risque their beeds & others part of their most valuable effects— this amusement has occupied about 3 hours of this evening, Several of the lodge in which I am in have lost all the beeds which they had about them—

they have one other game which a man attempted to Show me, I do not properly understand it, they make use of maney peces about the Shape and size of Backgammon Pices which they role on the floor through between two pins Stuck up at certain distancies &c.—

when I was Disposed to go to Sleep the man who' had been most attentive named Cus-ka-lah produced 2 new mats and Spred them near the fire, and derected his wife to go to his bead which was the Signal for all to retire which they did emediately. I had not been long on my mats before I was attacked most violently by the flees and they kept up a close Siege dureing the night

Whitehouse: We had rain the greater part of last night, & it continued raining this morning.

Captain Clark & the men that went with him to the Ocean, did not return.

Captain Lewis sent a Serjeant & eight men after the remainder of the Meat, which was left by the party Yesterday. They embarked in two Canoes. In the Evening they returned & brought the meat and the Canoe which had been floated off by the rising of the tide with them.

Three of our party took our small Canoe and went after an Ax, which was left behind, at the place we last encamped at. They returned before night, & had found the Ax. Four Indians came in a Canoe with them & staid with us all night.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1822 DeKalb, Bibb, Pike, and Crawford Are Created as Georgia's 54th, 55th, 56th, and 57th Counties Georgia DeKalb County, Georgia Bibb County, Georgia Pike County, Georgia Crawford County, Georgia University of Georgia
1824 Peruvian Patriots Defeat 9,000 Spaniards at Battle of Ayacucho Peru Spain War Britannica
1825 City of Tallahassee, Florida Is Incorporated Tallahassee Florida Historical Society
Washington County Is Created As Florida's 12th County in Honor of George Washington Washington County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1835 The Texan Army Captures San Antonio The Texas War for Independence Mexico The History Channel
1839 The Illinois Legislature Meets in Springfield for the First Time Illinois Historic Firsts Lincoln Logs
1840 Scottish Explorer David Livingstone Sets Sail on His First Journey to Africa Scottish Explorers Africa Concordia
1842 Montgomery County, Arkansas Is Created Montgomery County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1843 The First Christmas Cards Are Created in England and Sold for a Shilling Christmas Historic Firsts Concordia
1844 Milwaukee, Wisconsin's First Daily Newspaper, The Daily Sentinel, Is Published Milwaukee Wisconsin Journalism Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1847 Abraham Lincoln Is Appointed to Two Committees As Member of U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1851 Settlers Begin Loading the Ship Leonesa with King County, Washington's First Lumber Export with Shipment to San Francisco King County, Washington San Francisco Trees Naval History Business Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1854 Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade" Is Published Alfred Lord Tennyson Charge of the Light Brigade The History Channel
1859 Newton County is the Last Indiana County to be Organized Newton County, Indiana Indiana University Northwest
1861 Congress Creates the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War U.S. Congress American Civil War The History Channel
1865 New York Stock Exchange Opens at New Location on 10-12 Broad Street The New York Stock Exchange Investors & Investment NYSE EconEdLink
1867 Delegates Convene in Atlanta to Draft a New Constitution for the State of Georgia Georgia University of Georgia
1872 P.B.S. Pinchback Serves as Louisiana's Acting Governor During Impeachment of Governor Warmoth Louisiana Political and Social Leader African-American Political and Social Leaders PBS
1873 Alabama State Legislature Creates the Colored Normal School at Huntsville (Alabama A&M) Alabama Education African American Heritage Alabama A&M Alabama State Archives
1875 President Grant's Personal Secretary Is Indicted for Conspiracy in Whiskey Ring Scandal President Grant Crime Law & Legal Resources Harper's Weekly
1890 In Minnesota, the University Avenue Streetcar Line from Minneapolis to St. Paul Begins Operation Minnesota Transportation Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Claude Debussy's "Nuages" and "Fêtes" Is First Performed in Paris Claude Debussy Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1902 The Last Case Is Filed Before the New Mexico Private Land Claims Court Which Adjudicated 248 Grants in 13 Years New Mexico Westward Expansion Law and Legal Resources New Mexico Magazine
1905 New French Law Guarantees Separation of Church and State France Religion Law and Legal Resources Concordia
Richard Strauss' Salome Is First Performed in Dresden, Germany German Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1907 Christmas Seals First Sold in Wilmington, DE to Fight Tuberculosis Delaware Christmas Tuberculosis Historic Firsts American Lung Association
1909 A Bleriot Type XI Monoplane (Single Wing) Aircraft Is First Flown in the U.S. Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Is Recorded 250 Km Southwest of Guam Guam Earthquakes USGS
1917 Turkish Troops Surrender Jerusalem to British Troops Led by Viscount Allenby Turkey Great Britain World War I The History Channel
1918 Edith Wharton's The Marne Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1921 Inventor Thomas Midgley, Jr. Receives a U.S. Patent for Ethyl Gasoline Ohio Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Trademarks and Patents Transportation Organic Chemistry Ohio Historical Society
1924 Wrigley's Gum Is Trademarked Trademarks and Patents Wrigley USPTO
1935 The First Heisman Trophy Is Presented to the University of Chicago's Jay Berwanger Iowa Sports Figures University of Chicago Heisman Foundation Historic First State Historical Society of Iowa
The Detroit Lions Defeat the New York Giants 26-7 to Win Their First NFL Championship Detroit Football NFL Historic First State of Michigan
In Minnesota, Tabloid Editor Walter W. Liggett Is Killed by Machine-Gun Fire at His Minneapolis Home Minnespolis, Minnesota Journalism Crime Gun Control Death Minnesota Historical Society
1937 Benjamin B. Mozee Is Issued a Commission as U. S. Marshal for the Second Judicial Division, at Nome, Alaska Nome, Alaska U.S. Government Law Enforcement Agencies Law and Legal Resources Alaska Historical Society
1940 Two British/Indian Divisions Overwhelm Seven Italian Divisions in Egypt Great Britain India Italy Egypt World War II The History Channel
1941 China Declares War Against Japan, Germany, and Italy China Japan Germany Italy New York Times
1946 Herbert J. Thomas Memorial Hospital, Named for the World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Winner, Opens in South Charleston, West Virginia South Charleston, West Virginia Health Care West Virginia State Archives
1948 U.S. Postal Service Issues 3-cent Stamp to Commemorate Joel Chandler Harris' 100th Birthday Joel Chandler Harris Primary Children's Authors U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
1949 Vladimir Horowitz Premieres Samuel Barber's Piano Sonata in Havana, Cuba Havana, Cuba Vladimir Horowitz Samuel Barber Composers Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Harry Gold Sent to Prison for Atomic Espionage Ethel & Julius Rosenberg Crime Nuclear Weapons World War II The History Channel
1957 Jack Kerouac Finishes Writing Dharma Bums Jack Kerouac American Authors American Collection
1958 Anti-Communist John Birch Society Is Formed in Indianapolis, IN Indianapolis, Indiana The Cold War John Birch Society The History Channel
1961 Tanganyika (now Tanzania) Gains Its Independence from England Great Britain Tanzania African History CIA
1965 A Charlie Brown Christmas Premieres Peanuts Television Internet Movie Database
1968 Doug Engelbart Demonstrates the First Computer Mouse at Stanford California Computer Technology Historic First Stanford
1975 President Ford Authorizes $300M Loan to Save New York City from Default New York City Gerald Ford Business & Economics New York Times
1985 Former Argentine President Jorge Videla Sentenced to Life Imprisonment Argentina Law and Legal Resources Harvard University
1990 Solidarity Founder Lech Walesa Landslide Wins Polish Presidential Runoff Lech Walesa Elections The History Channel
1992 Prince Charles & Princess Diana Announce Their Separation Princess Diana Prince Charles The History Channel New York Times
1993 Space Shuttle Astronauts Complete 5-days Repair of Hubble Space Telescope Astronauts The Hubble Telescope BBC
U.S. Begins Eliminating 500 Missile Silos Under Arms Control Treaty Nuclear Arms Control New York Times
1994 Britain and Sinn Fein Hold First Formal Talks in More Than 70 Years Great Britain Ireland European History BBC
1995 Kweisi Mfume Chosen to Head the NAACP Kweisi Mfume African-American Studies NAACP New York Times
1998 Stanford University Honors Doug Engelbart for His Computer Pioneering California Computer Technology Stanford University
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2000 U.S. Supreme Court Orders Florida to Stop Hand Counting Disputed Presidential Ballots U.S. Supreme Court Florida American Presidency 2000 Presidential Election CNN
2002 United Airlines Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy United Airlines Business PBS