for

Sweden Sweden

DECEMBER 13

Sweden Sweden
 
 

Sweden
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which U.S. possession voted to reject statehood on this date in 1998? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who became the first European to discover New Zealand on this date in 1642? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Random House, what grade was Tamora Pierce in when her father suggested that she start writing? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Tamora Pierce work from her Protector of the Small series (according to her KidsReads list of titles):
KINGLY THAD
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which two South African leaders met for the first time on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the White House, how tall was Mary Todd Lincoln? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Stanford University, Ella Barker participated in how many different civil rights organizations and campaigns? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by James Wright (according to the Academy of American Poets)
NEN THEIR PORK
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Encyclopedia.com, how was Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner's lamp ignited?

2. According to the New York Times what kind of music did guitarist Carlos Montoya help to transform?

3. According to Princeton University, why had the population of Nanking, China swollen to more than 1 million by the mid-1930s?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Ángel Ganivet (according to the Authors' Calendar)
O DRAG LEAN BRAID
 
 

Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner
Born on This Date 1780

[University of Pennsylvania]

The Periodic Table


Mary Todd Lincoln
Born on This Date 1818

[National Park Service]

Abraham Lincoln


Carlos Montoya
Born on This Date 1903

[Jazzpix]

International Music


Ella Baker
Born on This Date 1903

[North Carolina State U.]

U.S. Civil Rights Movement


Tamora Pierce
Born on This Date 1954

[Official Website]

Young-adult Authors

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
Malta: Republic Day
(Commemoration of declaration as a republic 12/13/1974)
Malta U.S. Department of State
St. Lucia: National Day
(Observance of the feast day for St. Lucia)
St. Lucia
Sweden: St. Lucia Day
(Celebration of the festival of light - first day of Christmas celebrations)
St. Lucy Day St. Lucia Christmas Catholic Encyclopedia
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1916 Leonard Weisgard (Connecticut-born Children's Author, Illustrator: 1947 Caldecott Medal for Little Island Connecticut Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists 1947 Caldecott Medal for Little Island
1954 Tamora Pierce (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Tamora Pierce Young-adult Authors
1957 Lucia M. Gonzalez (Cuban-born Latin-American Children's Author) Cuban Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors Latin-American Authors & Illustrators Scholastic
1720 Carlo Gozzi (Italian Playwright) Italian Authors & Illustrators Plays
1797 Heinrich Heine (German Poet) Heinrich Heine Poetry
1804 Joseph Howe (Canadian Journalist, Reformer, and Politician) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Journalism
1871 Emily Carr (Canadian Writer and Painter) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Artists Writer's Almanac
1865 Ángel Ganivet (Spanish Essayist and Novelist) Ángel Ganivet
1890 Marc Connelly (Pennsylvania-born Playwright) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Plays
1897 Drew Pearson (Illinois-born Journalist) Drew Pearson Journalism
1911 Kenneth Patchen (Ohio-born Poet, Novelist, and Painter) Kenneth Patchen Poetry American Artists
1915 Ross MacDonald (California-born Writer of Detective Novels) Ross MacDonald
1927 James Wright (Ohio-born Writer Awarded the 1972 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Collected Poems) James Wright Poetry 1972 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for <I>Collected Poems</I>
1948 Lester Bangs (California-born Rock and Roll Critic) California Authors & Illustrators Journalism Popular Music Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1950 David Russell (California-born African-American Visual Storyboard Artist and Painter) California Artists & Illustrators Star Wars African American Artists & Illustrators Official Website African American Registry
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1835 Phillips Brooks (Massachusetts-born Lyricist: "O Little Town of Bethlehem") Massachusetts Composers Religion Christmas Concordia
1798 Joseph Walker (Virginia-born Trapper, Pioneer: First Euro-American to See the Yosemite Valley) Joseph Walker Yellowstone National Park
1780 Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner (German Chemist) Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner Chemistry The Periodic Table of Elements
1844 John Henry Patterson (Ohio-born Founder of the National Cash Register Company) John Henry Patterson
Military Leaders
1860 John J. Pershing (Missouri-born World War I Commander in Chief of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe) John J. Pershing World War I
1835 Phillips Brooks (Massachusetts-born Religious Leader, Statesman, Scholar) Phillips Brooks Religion American Composers
1818 Mary Todd Lincoln (Kentucky-born Wife of President Abraham Lincoln) Mary Todd Lincoln Abraham Lincoln
1830 James Walker (Kentucky-born U.S. Senator from Arkansas) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1859 John Tillman (Missouri-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Arkansas) Missouri Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1864 Emil Seidel (Pennsylvania-born Socialist Leader in Wisconsin) Pennsylvania Carolina Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Carolina Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1882 Jane Edna Hunter (South Carolina-born African-American Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights Activist Womens Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1903 Ella Josephine Baker (Virginia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Ella Josephine Baker Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders
1923 Wiley Branton (Arkansas-born African-American Attorney and Civil Rights Activist) Arkansas Political & Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders African American Registry
1902 William Alexander "Sonny" Greer (New Jersey-born African-American Jazz Musician) William Alexander Sonny Greer Jazz Musicians Famous African Americans
1903 Carlos Montoya (Spanish-born Latin-American Flamenco Guitarist) Carlos Montoya International Musicians Dance Jazz Latin-American Studies
1925 Dick Van Dyke (Illinois-born Actor) Dick Van Dyke Actors Television Film
1929 Christopher Plummer (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors The Sound of Music
1948 Ted Nugent (Detroit-born Popular Musician) Ted Nugent Popular Musicians
1957 Steve Buscemi (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1913 Archie Moore (Mississippi-born African-American Member of the Boxing Hall of Fame) Mississippi Sport Figures Boxing Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
1918 Bill Vukovich (California-born Two-Time Winner of the Indianapolis 500) California Sport Figures Auto Racing Indianapolis 500
1924 Larry Doby (South Carolina-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) South Carolina Sport Figures Baseball  Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
1943 Ferguson Jenkins (Canadian-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Canadian Sport Figures Baseball  Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures
1952 Cathy Rigby (California-born Member of the Gymnastics Hall of Fame) Cathy Rigby Gymnastics Hall of Fame The Olympic Games
1969 Sergei Federov (Russian-born Ice Hockey Player) Russia Ice Hockey
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1204 Maimonides (Spanish Philosopher, Theologian) Spanish Political and Social Leaders Theologians and Religious Leaders Philosophy Concordia
1250 Frederick II (German Emperor) German Political and Social Leaders Concordia
1934 Thomas Watson (Massachusetts-born Associate of Alexander Graham Bell: "Watson, Come here. I need you/") Alexander Graham Bell Massachusetts Scientists & Inventors Telephone Inventors & Inventions
1961 Grandma Moses (New York-born Painter: Age of 101) Anna Mary Robertson Moses American Artists
1986 Ella Josephine Baker (Virginia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Ella Josephine Baker Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders
2006 Lamar Hunt (Arkansas-born Founder of the American Football League: Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Arkansas Sports Figures Kansas City Chiefs National Football Hall of Fame
2009 Paul Samuelson (Indiana-born 1970 Nobel Laureate for Economics) Paul Samuelson Economists Nobel Foundation
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1294 Pope Celestine V Resigns Catholic Popes Religion Concordia
1577 Francis Drake Departs England on 3-year Global Voyage British History Naval History World History Writer's Almanac History Channel
1621 The Ship Fortune Sets Sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts Laden with Goods for England Great Britain Plymouth Colony Naval History Business Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1642 Dutch Navigator Abel Tasman Is First European to Discover New Zealand New Zealand Abel Tasman History Channel
1769 Dartmouth College Receives Its Royal Charter from King George III New Hampshire George III Education Dartmouth College Library of Congress
1775 The Continental Congress Authorizes Construction of the First Warship to Bear the Name Delaware Delaware Continenetal Congress Naval Military History American Revolution U.S. Navy State of Delaware
1777 Spanish Expedition Leaves New Orleans to Map the Texas Gulf Coast New Orleans Texas U.S. Maps Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Tuesday - Prepared a place to build huts. Set the men off to clear land and cut logs. A hard wind blew all day. Some Indians passed by.
Illinois Missouri Weather Native American Studies Camp DuBois
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The last night was verry Clear & the frost which fell Covered the ice old Snow & thos parts which was naked of an inch, The Thermotr. Stands this morning at 20° below 0, a fine day. find it imposible to make an Observation with an artifical Horsison Joseph Fields kill a Cow and Calf to day one mile from the fort river falls

Ordway: clear frosty morning but not So cold as it was yesterday. we had 2 Sleds ready provided for the purpose of halling in the meat. 2 men went out a Short time and killed 2 buffaloe one of them came in and 5 men were Sent out with him took a Sled with them and brought in the 2 buffaloe. they Saw a nomber of the Savvages returning from the prarie with their horses loaded with meat one of killed a Goat & brought it in to the fort & Gave it to our officers. 2 of my mess went up to the 1st village of the Mandans to day and bought Some corn and beans with a little paint and a fiew rings &.C. one of the men belonging to the N. W. Compy. came down from the Grovantares upper village to See us.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature

Buffalo Pronghorn

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1804 New Orleans' First English Language Newspaper, The Union, Begins Publication New Orleans Journalism Historic Firsts Encyclopedia Louisiana
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The Clatsops leave us to day after a brackfast on Elk which they appeared to be very fond of

before they left us they Sold me two robes of the Skins of a Small animal about the Size of a Cat, and to Captain Lewis 2 Cat or Loucirva Skins for the purpose of makeing a Coat.

Drewyer & Shannon returned from hunting, haveing killed 18 Elk & left them boochered in the woods near the right
fork of the river about 6 miles above this place

— in the evining 3 Indians came in a Canoe, and offered to us for Sale roots & 2 Sea otter Skins, neither of which we Could purchase this evening.

Some Showers of rain last night, and to day Several verry hard Showers— we Continue to put up the Streight butifull balsom pine on our houses—and we are much pleased to find that the timber Splits most butifully and to the width of 2 feet or more.


Whitehouse: We had rain & Cloudy weather, during the whole of this day.

We raised another line of our Huts. they had 2 Rooms in each hut, & were 16 feet in the clear. We finished raising
the huts, & began the foundation of another line of them in the same Manner, of those we had raised.

the three lines composed 3 Squares, & the other square we intend picketting in, & to have 2 Gates at the two
Corners.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1838 Searcy County, Arkansas Is Created Searcy County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1858 Echols County Is Created As Georgia's 132nd County Echols County, Georgia University of Georgia
1860 Lewis Cass Resigns as Secretary of State Over Buchanan's Failure to Address Southern Secession President James Buchanan American Presidency State Michigan
1861 Confederate Troops Repel Union Attack from Their Summit Position at Allegheny Mountain, WV West Virginia American Civil War National Park Service West Virginia Archives
Polk County, Florida Is Created in Honor of President James K. Polk Polk County, Florida President James K. Polk Florida Historical Society
1862 Confederates Devastate Union Troops at Fredericksburg Virginia Battle of Fredericksburg History Channel
1863 Union's Roebuck Captures Confederate Sloop Carrying 16 Bags of Salt off Florida's Coast Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Sherman's Troops Capture Georgia's Fort McAllister, Open Supply Lines Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea Forts National Park Service
The Confederacy Authorizes Impressment of Free Negroes and Slaves into the Confederate Army American Civil War African-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
1868 Madison Is the First of Alabama's 67 Counties to be Created through Dec 30, 1868 Madison County, Alabama Historic Firsts Alabama Archive
Camille Saint-Saëns Is the Soloist for the Paris Premiere of His "Piano Concerto No. 2" Camille Saint-Saëns Composers Classical Music Historic First American Public Media
1882 The Northwestern Telephone Exchange Begins Operating in Faribault, Minnesota with 40 Customers Faribault, Minnesota Telephone Minnesota Historical Society
1883 The Custom House at Sitka, Alaska, a Log Building Constructed by the Russians, Is Gutted by Fire Sitka, Alaska Fire Alaska Historical Society
1894 Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope Is Demonstrated in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Thomas Edison Film History Link
1895 Gustav Mahler Conducts the Premiere of His Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") by the Berlin Philharmonic Berlin, Germany Gustav Mahler Composers Historic First American Public Media
1902 The Beck Theater Opens in Bellingham, Washington Bellingham, Washington Stage and Theater History Link
1913 Sergei Rachmaninov Conducts the Premiere of His Choral Symphonic Poem, "The Bells," in St. Petersburg, Russia Sergei Rachmaninovr Composers Historic First American Public Media
1918 Woodrow Wilson Arrives in France for Peace Conference Woodrow Wilson World War I History Channel
1928 George Gershwin's American in Paris Debuts at Carnegie Hall in New York City George Gershwin Music History Channel
1930 Igor Stravinsky's "Symphony of Psalms" Is First Performed in Brussels at the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Conducted by Ernest Ansermet Brussels, Belgiium Igor Stravinsky Composers Historic First American Public Media
1935 Bonnet Carre Spillway Is Dedicated as Part of the Mississippi Flood Control Project Lousiana Mississippi Flooding U.S. Army Corps of Engineers St. Philip Neri School
1936 Samuel Barber's "Symphony in One Movement" (No. 1), Op. 9, is Premiered at the Adriano Theater in Rome Rome, Italy Samuel Barber Composers Historic First American Public Media
1937 Japanese Begin Slaughter of 200,000 Chinese in Nanking Japan The Rape of Nanking Death History Channel
1942 Joseph Goebbels Complains Italy Too Lax With Jews Italy Joseph Goebbels The Holocaust Judaism World War II History Channel
1944 Japanese Kamikaze Strikes USS Nashville: 138 Killed Japan Naval History World War II Death New York Times
First African-American Woman Admitted to WAVE Officer Training African-American History World War II Historic Firsts
1951 Senator McCarthy's Accusations Lead to State Department Dismissals Senator Joe McCarthy U.S. Congress McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
1957 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1,130 in Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1958 U.S. Launches Bioflight 1 with a Live Squirrel Monkey to Monitor Body Sensors Space Exploration Primates NASA
1961 270 African-American Protesters Arrested at Albany, Georgia Trial of 11 Freedom Riders Georgia Human Rights/Civil Rights Racism Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1962 NASA Launches Relay 1 Communications Satellite with Radiation Experiments Space Exploration Communications Technology Radiation NASA
1967 NASA Launches Pioneer 8 Solar-orbiting Satellite for Measuring Interplanetary Phenomena Space Exploration Solar System NASA
NASA Launches TETR 1 Satellite to Provide Training to Apollo Ground Stations Space Exploration Moon Exploration NASA
1968 San Francisco State U. Begins Holidays Week Early Due to Student Protests San Francisco Education African-American History U.S. Civil Rights Movement San Francisco State University
1970 Dmitri Shostakovich's "String Quartet No. 13" Is First Performed in Leningrad, by the Beethoven Quartet Dmitri Shostakovich Composers Historic First American Public Media
1972 Vietnam Peace Negotiations Are Hopelessly Deadlocked Vietnam War History Channel
The Intiman Theatre Launches Its Debut Season in Kirkland, Washington Kirkland, Washington Stage and Theater Historic Firsts Official Website History Link
1973 U.S. Treasury Historical Association Is Formed Official U.S. Treasury
1974 Malta Constitution Revised from Parliamentary Democracy to a Republic Malta U.S. Department of State
1977 Entire University of Evansville Basketball Team, Coaches and Staff Die in Chartered Plane Crash Indiana Sports Figures University of Evansville Basketball Basketball Air Disasters Death New York Times
1978 First Susan B. Anthony One-dollar Coins Are Struck for Circulation Susan B. Anthony Currencies Historic Firsts History Channel U.S. Treasury
1979 Canada's Government Defeated on No-confidence Vote Canada CNN
1981 Polish Government Imposes Martial Law in a Crackdown on the Solidarity Labor Movement Poland Solidarity New York Times BBC
1982 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2,800 in Yemen, Saudi Arabia Yemen Saudi Arabia Earthquakes Death USGS
1988 Yasser Arafat Addresses the United Nations in Geneva after U.S. Refuses Him a Visa United Nations Switzerland Yasser Arafat New York Times
1989 F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela Meet for First Time F.W. de Klerk Nelson Mandela Historic Firsts New York Times
"Driving Miss Daisy" Is Released Film Internet Movie Database Received 4 Academy Awards, Including Best Picture
1990 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 19 in Sicily Sicily Earthquakes Death USGS
1991 North & South Korea Sign Treaty of Reconciliation Korea Korea Monterey Institute for International Studies
1995 Race Riots Break Out in South London London Racism BBC
1996 Kofi Annan of Ghana Is Chosen to be the United Nation's Seventh Secretary-General United Nations Kofi Annan New York Times
1998 The International Space Station Is Detached and Allowed to Orbit On Its Own for the First Time International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA
Puerto Rican Voters Reject U.S. Statehood Puerto Rico United States History Voting & Elections CNN
2000 Al Gore Concedes Presidential Election to George W. Bush 2000 Presidential Election The American Presidency George W. Bush CNN
2001 Five Islamic Militants Attack India's Parliament, Killing 9 Before Being Killed India Islam War on Terrorism BBC
President Bush Announces the U.S. Will No Longer Honor 1972 Missile Treaty with Russia Russia George W. Bush Nuclear Weapons PBS
2003 Iraqi Dictator Saddam Hussein Is Captured  Saddam Hussein Iraq War History Channel CNN BBC