for

Alabama Alabama

DECEMBER 14

Alabama Alabama
 
 

Alabama
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which state was admitted to the union on this date in 1819? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the name of the aircraft that began the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world on this date in 1986? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to his official website, why did John Neufeld think it would be fun to be a writer? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:
ARABIAN NOLL
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who announced his retirement on this date in 1999? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to NASA, what idea did Tycho Brahe support with his observations of the stars? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Southern Mississippi, what childhood illness kept Rosemary Sutcliff close to home? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Stanley Crouch (according to Columbia University):
STAIRWAY UNIPLUS
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the New York Times, what is the title of the well-known short story that Shirley Jackson published in 1948?

2. According to King Features, what award did Stanley Crouch receive from the American Academy of Arts and Letters?

3. According to U.S. Centennial of Flight, Jimmy Doolittle was one of the three best known pilots of the interwar period. Who were the other two?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1932 work by Paul Éluard (according to Authors' Calendar):
FEAT CRITIC
 
 
Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
Born on This Date 1546

[Florida State University]

Space & Astronomy

Jimmy Doolittle
Jimmy Doolittle
Born on This Date 1896

[Maxwell AFB]

Aviation

Shirley Jackson
Shirley Jackson
Born on This Date 1919

[Random House]

American Authors

Rosemary Sutcliff
Rosemary Sutcliff
Born on This Date 1920

[Random House]

Young-adult Authors

Stanley Crouch
Stanley Crouch
Born on This Date 1945

[King Features]

Journalism

 
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Alabama: Admission Day
(Commemorates the admission of Alabama as the 22nd state: 12/14/1819)
Alabama Alabama Department of Archives and History
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1917 Rhoda Blumberg (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors James Madison University
1920 Rosemary Sutcliff (English Children's Author) Rosemary Sutcliff Young-adult Authors Special Needs Education
1929 Lorna Balian (Wisconsin-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Wisconsin Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists University of Minnesota
1938 John Neufeld (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Official Website
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1503 Nostradamus (French Astrologer) Nostradamus
1895 Paul Éluard (French Poet) Paul Éluard Poetry
1919 Shirley Jackson (San Francisco-born Author) Shirley Jackson
1929 Raymond Patterson (New York City-born African-American Poet) New York City Authors & Illustrators African American Authors & Illustrators Poetry African American Registry
1945 Stanley Crouch (California-born African-American Writer, Essayist) Stanley Crouch African American Authors & Illustrators
1951 Ann Hempel (Chicago-born Short Story Writer) Ann Hempel
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1730 James Bruce (Scottish Explorer of Ethiopia: The First European Explorer of Tropical Africa) Scottish Explorers Ethiopia
1896 Jimmy Doolittle (California-born World War I Flying Ace) Jimmy Doolittle Aviation World War II
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1546 Tycho Brahe (Danish Astronomer) Tycho Brahe Space and Astronomy
1909 Edward Tatum (Colorado-born 1958 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Edward Tatum Genetics 1958 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1922 Nikolay Basov (Russian-born 1964 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Nikolay Basov Soviet Union Lasers 1964 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1739 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (French Political Economist, Public Administrator, Reformer) French Business Leaders Economists
Political and Social Leaders
1855 John Mercer Langston (Virginia-born First African-American Known to be Elected to a Political Position: Clerk, Ohio) Virginia Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders
1895 George VI (King of England) English Political and Social Leaders George VI
Performing Artists
1898 Lillian Randolph (Kentucky-born African-American Actress) Kentucky Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1899 Deford Baily (Tennessee-born African-American Musician) Tennessee Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Country Music African American Registry
1911 Spike Jones (California-born Popular Musician) Spike Jones Popular Musicians
1920 Clark Terry (Missouri-born African-American Jazz Trumpeter) Missouri Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Jazz St. Louis Walk of Fame
1922 Don Hewitt (New York City-born Creator of the Television News Show "60 Minutes") Don Hewitt Journalism Television 60 Minutes Internet Movie Database
1946 Patty Duke (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
Michael Ovitz (Chicago-born Comedian) Chicago Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1925 Sam Jones (Ohio-born African-American Professional Baseball Player) Ohio Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Baseball African American Registry
1939 Ernie Davis (Pennsylvania-born African-American Winner of the 1961 Heisman Trophy) Ernie Davis African-American Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame 1961 Heisman Trophy Winner
1946 Stan Smith (California-born Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) California Sports Figures International Tennis Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
872 Pope Adrian II (Hadrian II: Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion Concordia
1799 George Washington (First President of the United States) George Washington American Presidents Library of Congress
1861 Prince Albert (German-born Royal Consort to Queen Victoria of England) German Political and Social Leaders English Political and Social Leaders Prince Albert
1917 William Waters (New York-born Architect) New York Artists & Architects Architecture Wisconsin Historical Society
1920 George Gipp (Michigan-born University of Notre Dame Football Player: "Win One for the Gipper") Michigan Sports Figures University of Notre Dame College Football Hall of Fame
1921 Henrietta Leavitt (Massachusetts-born Astronomer) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1943 John Harvey Kellogg (Michigan-born Found of Kellogg) John Harvey Kellogg Foods and Nutrition Business & Economics Kellogg
1953 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author; Awarded the 1939 Pulitzer Prize for Best Novel) Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Young-adult Authors 1939 Pulitzer Prize for Best Novel
1963 Dinah Washington (Alabama-born African-American Popular Singer) Alabama Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Jazz Internet Movie Database
1964 William Bendix (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1978 Iola Bowden Chambers (Texas-born African-American Educator, Director of the Texas Negro Fine Arts School) Texas Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1980 Elston Howard (Missouri-born First African-American to Play for the New York Yankees) Missouri Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Baseball New York Yankees
1985 Roger Maris (Minnesota-born Professional Baseball Player Who Broke Babe Ruth's Record with 61 Home Runs in a Season) Roger Maris Baseball New York Yankees
1989 Andrei D. Sakharov (Russian-born 1975 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Andrei D. Sakharov Soviet Union Physics Cold War 1975 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1993 Myrna Loy (Montana-born Actress) Myrna Loy Actors Film
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1790 Alexander Hamilton Presents Proposal for Bank of the United States Alexander Hamilton Federal Reserve System History Channel
1793 Screven County, Georgia Is Created in Honor of Revolutionary War General James Screven Screven County, Georgia University of Georgia
1798 David Wilkinson (RI) Awarded First U.S. Patent for Nut & Bolt Machine Rhode Island Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning. wind from the S. E. the murckerey Stood at '0' this morning I went with a party of men down the river 18 miles to hunt Buffalow, Saw two Bulls too pore to kill, the Cows and large gangues haveing left the River, we only killed two Deer & Camped all night with Some expectation of Seeing the Buffalow in the morning, a verry Cold night, Snowed

Ordway: Cloudy & moderate this morning. Capt Clark Set out with 14 men to Go down the River a hunting. directly after it Set in to Snowing verry fast. a nomber of the Mandans came to See us. 14 of them eat in my Room at one time. the Big White dined with Capt Lewis. towards evening Several of the hunters came in & informed us that the Buffalow had left the river. they Saw but 2 they had killed 2 Deer. Capt Clark & 8 men camped in a Bottom of wood 8 or 10 ml. down the river from our Fort.

Gass: This day was more moderate, and light snow showers fell. Captain Clarke and fourteen men went out to hunt; and took the three sleds with them. In the evening five of them returned. Captain Clarke and the other 9 encamped out, and killed two deer. The snow fell about three inches deep.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature Snow

Buffalo Deer

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The Day Cloudy and rained moderately all day

we finish the log work of our building,

the Indians leae us to day after Selling a Small Sea otter Skin and a roab,

all employd in finishing a house to put meat into. all our last Supply of Elk has Spoiled in the repeeted rains which
has been fallen ever Since our arrival at this place, and for a long time before, Scerce one man in Camp Can bost of being one day dry Since we landed at this point, the Sick getting better, my man York Sick with Cholick & gripeing

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 First Meteorite Recorded in the New World Creates 5' Crater in Connecticut Connecticut Meteors & Meteroites Historic Firsts Yale University
1809 Twiggs County, Georgia Is Created in Honor of Revolutionary War General John Twiggs Twiggs County, Georgia University of Georgia
1814 British Capture Five American Gunboats at the Battle of Lake Borgne, Louisiana Louisiana War of 1812 Naval History National Park Service
1817 In California, Mission San Rafael Arcángel Is Founded San Rafael, California California Missions Religion Latin-American Heritage LearnCalifornia
1819 Alabama Is Admitted as the 22nd State Alabama U.S. History Alabama Archives
1825 Decemberists Fail in Attempt to Disrupt the Enthronement of Russian Tsar Nicholas I Russian Political and Social Leaders State Hermitage Museum
1827 Meriwether, Harris, Talbot, and Marion Are Created As Georgia Counties 71-74 Georgia University of Georgia
1835 William Henry Harrison's Campaign for President of the United States Begins with a Convention in Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana William Henry Harrison American Presidency Indiana Historical Society
1836 Michigan Approves Congressional Terms for Admission to the Union Michigan Ohio U.S. Congress State of Michigan
1837 Macon County, Georgia Is Created in Honor of U.S. Senator Nathaniel Macon Twiggs County, Georgia University of Georgia
Republic of Texas Establishes a Medical Licensing Board Republic of Texas Medicine Texas State Historical Association
1842 Newton County, Arkansas Is Created Newton County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1849 Alabama's State Capitol Is Destroyed by Fire Alabama Fire Alabama Archives
1859 Georgia Law Prohibits Slave Owners Providing for the Freedom of Slaves in the Event of the Owner's Death Georgia Slavery Law & Legal Resources University of Georgia
1863 President Lincoln Pardons His Sister-in-law Emily Todd Helm President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Logs
1864 President Lincoln Proclaims Ratification of Treaty with Tabeguache Band of Utah Indians Utah President Abraham Lincoln Native American Tribes Lincoln Logs
1868 New Mexico Supreme Court Chief Justice John Slough Calls Colonel William Rynerson a Thief and a Coward. Rynerson Will Kill Slough the Next Day New Mexico New Mexico Magazine
1872 Estimated 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Washington's Puget Sound Area Washington Earthquake History Link
1880 Justice William Strong Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1898 President William McKinley Addresses a Joint Session of the Georgia General Assembly Georgia President William McKinley University of Georgia
The First Steam Locomotive Pulls into the Eastern Oregon Town of Moro Moro, Oregon Railroads Historic Firsts SalemOregon.com
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Max Planck Introduces His Hypothesis of Light As Quantized Energy Packets Max Planck Quantum Mechanics Light 1918 Nobel Laureate in Physics History Channel
1902 The S.S. Silvertown Leaves San Francisco Laying the Pacific Telegraph Cable to Connect Hawaii with the Continental United States Hawaii San Francisco Telegraph Naval History Historic Firsts LearnCalifornia
1911 Norwegian Explorer Roald Amundsen Is First Person to Reach the South Pole Roald Amundsen Antarctica Historic Firsts History Channel
1914 In Delaware, Wilmington's Avenue Theater Is Gutted by Fire Wilmington, Delaware Stage and Theater Fire State of Delaware
1918 British Women Vote and Stand for Election for First Time Great Britain Women's Suffrage Voting Historic Firsts
Finland's King Frederick Renounces the Throne After Only Two Months Finland History Channel
1922 The Kellogg Company Is Incorporated Michigan Businesses & Corporations Foods and Nutrition Kellogg
1926 The TILT-A-WHIRL Trademark Is Registered Trademark TILT-A-WHIRL USPTO
1933 Federal Government Tells the State of West Virginia to Provide More Relief for Its Poor West Virginia Government U.S. Government Great Depression West Virginia State Archive
1934 San Antonio's School Defense League Is Founded for Education of Mexican-American Children City of San Antonio Education Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
Babes in Toyland Opens in Theaters Film Internet Movie Database
1939 Soviet Union Is Expelled from League of Nations for Invasion of Finland Soviet Union Finland League of Nations History Channel
1940 Research Team, Headed by Glenn Seaborg, Produces the First Plutonium Glenn Seaborg Plutonium Historic Firsts Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
In Alaska, the Valdez Federal Building, Housing the U. S. District Court and Marshal's Office, Burns Valdez, Alaska Fire Alaska Historical Society
1944 National Velvet Premieres in New York City with 12-year-old Elizabeth Taylor New York City Elizabeth Taylor Film History Channel
1946 U.N. General Assembly Votes to Establish Its Headquarters in New York City United Nations New York City New York Times
1947 NASCAR Is Founded in Dayton Beach, Florida Florida NASCAR USA Today History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1959 Archbishop Makarios Elected First President of Future Cyprus Republic Cyprus BBC
Motown Records Is Founded in Detroit by Berry Gordy Berry Gordy Popular Music African American Registry
1961 Kennedy Announces Intent to Increase Aid to South Vietnam President John F. Kennedy Vietnam War History Channel
1962 Venus Probe, Mariner II Transmits Earth's First Data From Another Planet, Venus Venus Space Exploration Historic Firsts BBC NASA
1964 Parker Pen of Janesville, Wisconsin Begins Trading as a Public Stock Janesville, Wisconsin Markets & Investments Historic Firsts Parker Pen Wisconsin Historical Society
1966 NASA Launches Biosatellite 1 to Determine Effects of Space Environment on Life Processes Space Exploration NASA
1967 British Lawn Tennis Assoc. Agrees to Allow Pros to Compete AT Wimbledon Great Britain Wimbledon Tennis USA Today
1969 3,000 Protest in Seattle for Equal Rights for African-American Construction Workers Washington Labor African-American Heritage History Link
1970 In the My Lai Massacre Trial, Testimony Indicates Orders Were Given to Exterminate the Village Vietnam War Law and Legal Resources War Crimes Florida Historical Society
1972 Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt Commemorate Their Final Moon Walk with a Plaque Space Exploration Lunar Exploration BBC Technology and Society
1978 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 76 in Iran Iran Earthquake Death USGS
1980 CIA Issues Warning About Soviet Arms Sales to Third World Nations The Soviet Union The CIA The Cold War International Trade History Channel
1981 Israel Formally Annexes the Golan Heights Israel Gloan Heights New York Times
1985 Wilma Mankiller First Woman to Lead Major Native-American Tribe Wilma Mankiller Cherokee Women Historic Firsts New York Times
UCLA's Men's Soccer Team Defeats American University 1-0 in 8 Overtimes Soccer UCLA American University USA Today
1986 Voyager Aircraft Begins First Non-stop, Non-refueled Flight Around the World California Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
1993 Colorado Judge Declares State's Gay Rights Ban Unconstitutional Colorado Civil/HumanRights Gay Rights New York Times
1995 Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia Sign Dayton Accord to End Balkan Civil War Bosnia-Herzegovina Serbia Croatia BBC
Boeing Machinists End 69-day Strike Washington State Aviation History Labor Job Actions History Channel
1997 Fidel Castro Declares Christmas an Official Holiday in Ahead of Papal Visit Fidel Castro Christmas Pope John Paul II New York Times
1999 U.S., Germany Establish $5.2B Fund for Nazi-era Slaves - Forced Laborers Nazi Germany The Holocaust World War II Business & Economics CNN
Charles Schulz Announces His Retirement Charles Schulz Comics & Cartoons History Channel
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 200 to present
2000 Federal Trade Commission Approves $111B AOL & Time Warner Merger Federal Trade Commission America Online Time-Warner CNN