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DECEMBER 15

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Bill of Rights Day
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which world landmark re-opened to the public on this date in 2001? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two U.S. spacecraft orbited within 10' of each other on this date in 1965? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. The Canadian legislature approved the national flag on this date in 1964. According to the CBC, who signed a letter in 2000 crediting John Matheson and George Stanley with the design of the flag? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:
SON FREE MANDY
INTERMEDIATE

1. In what year was the Bill of Rights adopted on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Historic Peoria, what was Henry Ford's opinion of the Duryea car? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Smithsonian Institution, what was Andy Razaf's full name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Maxwell Anderson (according to Writer's Almanac)
TWINE REST

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, what name was given to Nero at birth?

2. According to Bedford/St. Martin's, which college did Edna O'Brien attend in Dublin? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Maryland Institute College of Art, what is the name of the collaboration between Henrik Drescher and Wu Wing Yee?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work from Edna O'Brien's trilogy (according to the New York Writer's Institute)
THEY GRILL LONE
 
 

Nero
Born on This Date 37

[BBC]

The Roman Empire


Charles Duryea
Born on This Date 1861

[Boyertown Museum]

The Automobile


Andy Razaf
Born on This Date 1895

[C&M Online]

Poet/Lyricist


Edna O'Brien
Born on This Date 1932

[New York Writers' Institute]

Authors


Henrik Drescher
Born on This Date 1955

[BartNagel]

Primary Children's Author Artist/Illustrator

 
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United States: Bill of Rights Day
(Commemorates the adoption of the Bill of Rights: 12/15/1791)
The Bill of Rights Library of Congress
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1904 Betty Smith (New York City-born Children's Author of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Writer's Almanac
1955 Henrik Drescher (Danish Children's Author, Illustrator) Henrik Drescher Primary Children's Authors Artist
Deborah Savage (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1831 Franklin Sandborn (New Hampshire-born Journalist) New Hampshire Authors & Writers Journalism
1841 James Baldwin (Indiana-born Educator, Author, Editor) Indiana Authors & Writers Educators of Note
1888 Maxwell Anderson (Pennsylvania-born Playwright) Maxwell Anderson Plays
1913 Muriel Rukeyser (New York City-born Poet) New York City Authors & Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
1932 Edna O'Brien (Irish Writer) Edna O'Brien
1933 Donald Woods (South African Journalist, Civil Rights Activist) South African Authors & Writers Apartheid African American Registry
1937 Donald Goines (Detroit-born Pulp Fiction Writer) Detroit Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1832 Gustave Eiffel (French Civil Engineer Who Built the Eiffel Tower) French Architects & Designers The Eiffel Tower Writer's Almanac
1837 George P. Post (New York City-born Architect) New York City Architects & Designers Architecture New York Historical Society
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1830 Lewis Henry Redner (Pennsylvania-born Composer of "O Little Town of Bethlehem") Pennsylvania Composers Religion Christmas Concordia
1895 Andy Razaf (Washington, D.C.-born Jazz Musician, Poet) Andy Razaf Jazz Poetry African American Performing Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1852 Henri Becquerel (French-born 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Henri Becquerel Physics Radiation 1903 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1860 Niels Ryberg Finsen (Danish-born 1903 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine 1903 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1861 Charles Duryea (Illinois-born Automobile Pioneer) Charles Duryea Automobiles Inventors and Inventions
1883 William A. Hinton (Chicago-born Doctor, Professor, and First African-American to Publish an Academic Textbook) Chicago Mathematicians and Scientists Medical Research Famous African Americans African American Registry
1916 Maurice Wilkins (New Zealand-born 1962 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Maurice Wilkins DNA 1962 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1923 Freeman Dyson (English Quantum Physicist) Freeman Dyson Physics Quantum Mechanics
Business Leaders
1892 J. Paul Getty (Minnesota-born Billionaire Independent Oil Producer; Founder of Getty Oil Company) J. Paul Getty
Political & Social Leaders
37 Nero Claudius Caesar (Emperor of Rome) Nero
1839 D.W. Jones (Texas-born 19th Governor of Arkansas: 1896 - 1900) Texas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
1959 Donna Brazile (Louisiana-born African-American Political Consultant) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders 2000 Presidential Election African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Performing Artists
1912 Stan Kenton (Kansas-born Jazz Pianist) Kansas Performing Artists Jazz American Composers/Songwriters Biography.com
1922 Alan Freed (Pennsylvania-born Disc Jockey; Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Radio Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
1933 Tim Conway (Oho-born Comedian, Actor) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Television Biography.com
1942 Dave Clark (English Popular Musician; "The Dave Clark Five") English Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1949 Don Johnson (Missouri-born Actor) Missouri Performing Artists Actors Television Biography.com Internet Movie Database
1963 Helen Slater (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Official Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1899 Harold Abrahams (English-born Winner of the 1924 Olympic Gold Medal in the 100m Run) English Sports Figures Track & Field 1924 Summer Olympic Games International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1796 "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Pennsylvania-born Revolutionary War General) Anthony Wayne American Military Leaders American Revolution State of Michigan
1799 Elijah Clarke (North Carolina-born Namesake of Clarke County, Georgia) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders Clarke County, Georgia University of Georgia
1890 Sitting Bull (Tatanka Yotanka: Chief of the Lakota Sioux Indians) Sitting Bull Native American Studies
1934 Maggie Lena Walker (Virginia-born African-American Banker) Virginia Business Leaders Economics and Business African American Business Leaders Virginia Historical Society
1943 Fats Waller (New York City-born African-American Jazz Musician) Fats Waller Jazz Musicians American Composers/Songwriters African American Performing Artists
1944 Glenn Miller (Iowa-born Big Band Musician) Glenn Miller Popular Musicians
1958 Wolfgang Pauli (Austrian-born 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Wolfgang Pauli Physics Sub-atomic Particle 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1966 Walt Disney (Chicago-born Cartoonist; Creator of Mickey Mouse and Disney Corporation) Walt Disney Cartoons & Comics
1981 Aubrey Devine (Iowa-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
2010 Bob Feller (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Football Hall of Fame) Bob Feller Baseball Hall of Fame
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1600
1612 Simon Marius Provides First Telescope Description of Andromeda Galaxy German Scientists & Mathematicians Space & Astronomy Historic Firsts Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1791 With Virginia's Ratification the Bill of Rights Is Adopted Virginia U.S. Government The Bill of Rights Voting Library of Congress Virginia Historical Society
1795 John Rutledge Leaves Position As Temporary Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court South Carolina Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez Project
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1800 Oliver Ellsworth Resigns as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez Project
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Thursday - I cut the road to the prairie 2490 yards to the East.
Beginning to build cabins. One Indian came with m ters killed some grouse. Snow fell.
Illinois Missouri Grouse Camp DuBois
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold Clear morning, Saw no buffalow, I concluded to return to the Fort & hunt on each Side of the river on
our return which we did without Success— the Snow fell 1½ inches deep last night. wind North— on my return to the fort found Several Chiefs there

Ordway: Cloudy cold and Snowey. I & 2 more of the party went up to the 1st & 2 villages of the Mandans. traded for
a little corn &.C. they had all their corn in holes made in the Ground close in front of their lodges. although the day was cold & Stormy we Saw Several of the chiefs and warries were out at play. they had flattish rings made out of clay Stone & two men had Sticks abt. 4 feet long with 2 Short peaces across the fore end of it, and neathing on the other end, in Such a manner that they would Slide Some distance they had a place fixed across their green from the head chiefs house across abt. 50 yds. to the 2 chiefs lodge, which was Smothe as a house flour they had a Battery fixed
for the rings to Stop against. two men would run at a time with Each a Stick & one carried a ring. they run abt. half way and then Slide their Sticks after the ring. they had marks made for the Game but I do not understand how they count the game. they gave us different kinds of victules & made us eat in everry lodge that we went in. they were
verry friendly we returned to the fort. Capt. Clark had returned with the hunters. had not killed any Buffaloe for they
are all back in the praries.

Gass: A cloudy day. Some of the natives paid us a visit, and brought presents of meat to the commanding officers. About one o'clock Captain Clarke and
his party returned, but had killed nothing more. The buffaloe were gone from the river. Some slight showers of snow fell during the day.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature Snow

Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I Set out early with 16 men and 3 canoes for the Elk, proceed up the River three miles and thence up a large Creek from the right about 3 miles

the hite of the tide water drew up the Canoes and all hands went out in three different parties and brought in to the Canoe each Man a quarter of Elk,

I Sent them out for a Second load and had Some of the first Cooked against their return,

after eateing a harty diner dispatched the party for a third and last load, about half the men missed their way and did not get to the Canoes untill after Dark, and Serjt. Ordway Colter, Colins Whitehouse & McNeal Staid out all night without fire and in the rain

— Cloudy all day Some rain in the evening.


Whitehouse: We had cloudy weather. Captain Clark with most of our Men set out with 3 Canoes, to go up the Little River about 3 Miles, after the 17 Elks &ca. which the 2 hunters who returned to Camp Yesterday had killed, & left there. We proceeded on, & came near to the place with the Canoes & halted.

The party had carried each 2 loads of Meat to the Canoes and went out for a third. The woods at that place and under brush lay so thick, that the Men got scatter'd & some of them were lost.

Serjeant Ordway, three of the Men & myself were among those that had lost themselves. We were obliged to stay out during the Night. It rained all that night & the wind blew very cold & being without fire, we suffered considerably both from the Rain & wind. Four of the party also got lost, but they came to the place where the party was with much difficulty after dark.—


Gass: The morning was cloudy. Captain Clarke with 16 of the party started to bring in the meat the 4 men were taking care of; myself and 2 others were employed in fixing and finishing the quarters of the Commanding Officers, and 2 more preparing puncheons for covering the huts.

Some light showers fell during the day; and at night 3 Indians came to our camp, and brought us two large salmon.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Clatsop Indians Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1818 Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Creating Seven New Counties, Georgia's 40-46th Georgia University of Georgia
In Arkansas, Clark, Hempstead and Pulaski Counties Are Created Arkansas Cities and Counties Arkansas History Commission
1824 Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Creating Upson and Ware Counties, Georgia's 59-60th Georgia University of Georgia
1828 Serving in the U.S. Army, Edgar Allan Poe's Battery Arrives at Fort Monroe, Virginia Edgar Allan Poe Virginia American Authors American Collection
1840 Napoleon's Remains Are Interred in Les Invalides in Paris Paris Napoleon Bonaparte The Paris Pages
1847 Wisconsin's Second Constitutional Convention Convenes in Madison Madison, Wisconsin Wisconsin State Constitution Wisconsin Historical Society
1849 The First California Legislature Convenes in San José San Jose, California Historic First LearnCalifornia
Abraham Lincoln Writes Pithy Reply to George W. Rives' Request for a Recommendation Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1851 The First YMCA in the United States Is Founded in Boston, Massachusetts Boston, Massachusetts Greater Boston YMCA Historic First Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1853 Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Creating Dougherty County as Georgia's 103rd County Dougherty County, Georgia University of Georgia
Tillamook County, Oregon Is Created From Parts of Clatsop and Yamhill Counties Tillamook County, Oregon SalemOregon.com
1855 The Elite Second United States Cavalry Regiment Arrives in Texas to Protect the Western U.S. Frontier Texas Westward Expansion U.S. Army Texas State Historical Asosciation
Liberty County, Florida Is Created in Honor of the People Who Founded the United States Liberty County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1859 Georgia Abolishes Public Executions Georgia Capitol Punishment University of Georgia
1861 Lincoln Reviews Proposal for Cable Linking Washington with Atlantic Coast Forts to Florida Abraham Lincoln Telegraph American Civil War Forts Lincoln Logs
1862 President Lincoln Authorizes Tests of a New Formula of Gunpowder Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1863 President Lincoln Sends Six Indian Treaties to Congress Abraham Lincoln U.S. Congress Native-American Heritage Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Attends Production of Henry IV at Ford's Theater Abraham Lincoln Henry IV Ford's Theater Lincoln Logs
1864 Union Troops Nearly Destroy the Confederate Army of Tennessee at Nashville Tennessee Battle of Nashville History Channel Minnesota Historical Society
President Lincoln Receives News of Battle of Nashville in Nightshirt Holding Candle Abraham Lincoln Battle of Nashville Lincoln Logs
Salmon P. Chase Is Sworn in As Chief Justice of United States Supreme Court Salmon P. Chase U.S. Supreme Court Oyez Project
1868 Colonel William L. Rynerson Kills New Mexico Supreme Court Chief Justice John P. Slough in a Barroom Duel in Santa Fe New Mexico Gun Control Death New Mexico Magazine
1872 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Near Lake Chelan Is Largest in Washington's Recorded History Washington Earthquake USGS
1884 The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Opens Its Track Line through Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Railroad State of Delaware
1886 New York Stock Exchange Sets Trading Volume Record of 1.2M Shares Markets and Investments Historic First New York Stock Exchange History Channel
1887 In Minnesota, the First Issue of the Northfield Independent Appears Northfield, Minnesota Journalism Historic First Minnesota Historical Society
In Texas, the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Runs an Excursion Train to the New Community of Cheyenne in Oldham County Oldham County, Texas Railroad Texas State Historical Asosciation
1890 Sitting Bull Killed by Lakota Police Sitting Bull Native American Studies History Channel
1893 Anton Dvorak's "New World Symphony" Is First Performed at a Public Rehearsal in New York City's Carnegie Hall Anton Dvorak Composers Historic First PBS American Public Radio
1896 Georgia Passes Act Allowing Women to Serve as the State Librarian Georgia Library Media Resources University of Georgia
1899 Harper's Magazine Publishes "The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg," a Short Story by Mark Twain Mark Twain American Authors Journalism American Collection
Students Establish a Rowing Club at the University of Washington Washington Rowing University of Washington Rowing History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Cincinnati Reds Trade 20-year-old Christy Mathewson to the New York Giants Baseball Baseball Hall of Fame
1901 Sergei Rachmaninoff's Cello Sonata, Op. 19, Is First Performed in Moscow by Cellist Anatoly Brandukov Sergei Rachmaninoff Composers Historic First American Public Radio
1903 Italian Italo Marchiony Is Issued U.S. Patent #746,971 for an Ice Cream Cone Mold Italian Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Foods & Nutrition Patents & Trademarks Ice Screamers
1915 Allied Forces Begin a Full Retreat from the Shores of the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey Turkey Battle of the Gallipoli Peninsula History Channel
1916 French Capture 7,500 in Big Verdun Drive; Smash Six-Mile German Front France Germany World War I New York Times
1924 A Collection of William Faulkner's Poems Is Published as The Marble Faun William Faulkner American Authors Poetry American Collection
1936 George Orwell Delivers the Manuscript for The Road to Wigan Pier George Orwell Authors History Channel
1938 Ground Is Broken for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Thomas Jefferson Jefferson Memorial New York Times
1939 Gone with the Wind Premieres in Atlanta Georgia Gone with the Wind American Civil War Received Eight Acadmy Awards Including Best Picture Internet Movie Database
1944 Airplane Carrying Bandleader Glenn Miller Disappears en Route to Paris France Glenn Miller Aviation History World War II Death New York Times
1945 General McArthur Orders an End of Shinto As Japan's State Religion Japan General Douglas McArthur Religion World War II History Channel
1949 Opening Night for Manhattan Jazz Club Birdland New York City Jazz University of Virginia African American Registry
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1960 U.S. Pioneer P-31 Lunar Probe Mission Fails Shortly After Launch Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1961 U.N. Rejects Soviet Proposal to Admit Communist China as a Member China Soviet Union United Nations (pdf)
Israeli Court Finds NAZI Officer Adolf Eichmann Guilty on All Counts Israel Adolf Eichmann World War II The Holocaust History Channel
Dr. King Urges Overflow Crowd to Keep Protesting Freedom Rider Trial in Albany, GA Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Human Rights/Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
2,000 Protest Discrimination at the Baton Rouge, LA Courthouse Louisiana Civil Rights African-American History Oyez
1964 Canadian House of Commons Approves the National Flag Canada Canadian Brodcasting Corporation
1965 U.S. Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 Orbit to Within 10' of Each Other Space Exploration Historic First NASA
1967 Bridge Connecting Point Pleasant, WV and Gallipolis, OH Collapses into the Ohio River: 46 Die Ohio West Virginia Bridges Death West Virginia Archive
1968 NASA Launches ESSA-8 Cloud Photography Spacecraft to Replace ESSA-6 Space Exploration Clouds Photography NASA
1969 Nixon Announces 50,000 U.S. Troops to Leave Vietnam by April 15, 1970 Vietnam War President Richard Nixon History Channel
1970 Soviet's Venera 7 Is First Lander to Reach Venus Surface & Continue Transmitting Russian Space Program Space Exploration Venus Historic First NASA
1971 The First Five Women Are Appointed as Special Agents of the United States Secret Service U.S. Secret Service Women Historic First U.S. Treasury
1973 NASA Launches Atmosphere Explorer-C to Investigate the Thermosphere Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
1978 President Carter Announces U.S. Will Recognize Communist China in Place of Taiwan China Taiwan President Jimmy Carter The Cold War History Channel
NASA Launches ANIK-B1 to Test Viability of Satellite Telecommunications Systems Space Exploration Communications Technology Television NASA
The City of Cleveland, Ohio Defaults on $15.5 Million in Loans Cleveland, Ohio Economics Ohio Historical society
1982 Spain Opens Border with the Island of Gibraltar after 13 Years Spain BBC
1984 Soviets Launch Vega for Flyby of Halley's Comet Russian Space Program Space Exploration Halley's Comet NASA
1986 Leonard Bernstein's "Opening Prayer" for Baritone and Orchestra Is First Performed at Carnegie Hall by the New York Philharmonic Carnegie Hall Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1989 Romanians Protest Persecution of Priest by Communist Authorities Romania Catholicism The Cold War New York Times
Glory Is Released in the U.S. Film American Civil War African-American Heritage Received Three Acadmy Awards Internet Movie Database
1993 British and Irish Prime Ministers Sign Joint Declaration of Peace Great Britain Ireland Historic World Documents European History BBC
1995 New York Stock Exchange Sets Trading Volume Record of 652.8M Shares Markets and Investments Historic First History Channel
1996 Boeing Co. Announces Plan to Acquire McDonnell Douglas Corp. for $13.3B Business & Economics Aviation Boeing New York Times
1999 Dutch Architect Rem Koolhaas Unveils His Design for the Seattle Public Library Dutch Artists & Architects Seattle's Central Public Library Libraries Architecture & Design History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - present
2000 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is Permanently Shut Down Ukraine Chernobyl Nucelar Power Disaster CNN
Hillary Rodham Clinton Accepts $8 Million Book Deal for White House Memoirs Hillary Rodham Clinton Business & Economics Literature CNN
2001 Leaning Tower of Pisa Reopens to the Public after 10-year $27M Realignment Italy Leaning Tower of Pisa CNN
2009 In Washington, Boeing Conducts the First Test Flight of the 787 Dreamliner Aircraft Washington Aviation Historic Firsts Boeing
2011 The United States Formally Ends Military Operations in Iraq Iraq Middle East War