Centennial of Flight


Centennial of Flight
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What act was passed by Congress on this date in 1963? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Why is this date celebrated as Wright Brothers Day in the United States? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Distinguished Women Past and Present, Deborah Sampson was the first women known to do what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:

1. What company had its color television specifications approved on this date in 1953? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Academy of American Poets, what was the title of John Greenleaf Whittier's first published poem? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Artists of Yamhill County, David Kherdian's wife is a winner of the Caldecott Medal. What is her name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Selected Writing by David Kherdian (according to the Wisconsin Library Association)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what accomplishment was Willard Frank Libby awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

2. According to the, Sy Oliver's parents shared the same profession. What was it? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Classical Music Pages, what school was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky sent to at the age of 10?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1846 work of poetry by John Greenleaf Whittier (according to the Academy of American Poets)

Deborah Sampson
Born on This Date 1760

[Illinois State University]

American Revolution

John Greenleaf Whittier
Born on This Date 1807

[Rutgers University]


Willard Frank Libby
Born on This Date 1908

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemist 1960 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Sy Oliver
Born on This Date 1910



David Kherdian
Born on This Date 1931

[Artists of Yamhill County]

Young-adult Author

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Bahrain: National Day (Day 2 of 2)
(Celebration of independence from Britain: 12/16/1971)
Bahrain Britain Bahrain Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Bhutan: National Day
(Commemoration of the election of first hereditary king: 12/17/1907)
Bhutan Expedia
Mexico: Las Posadas (Day 2 of 9)
(Commemoration of journey of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem)
Mexico Catholicism Christmas Mexico Connect
Republic of the Philippines: Misa de Gallo/Simbang Gabi/Misa de Aguinaldo
(Day 2 of 9 early morning Christmas masses)
The Republic of the Philippines Catholicism Christmas
United States: Wright Brothers Day
(Commemoration of Orville Wright's first powered flight: 12/17/1903)
North Carolina The Wright Brothers Historic Firsts
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1904 William Lipkind (New York City-born Poet, Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors Archaeology & Anthropology Poetry
1931 David Kherdian (Wisconsin-born Poet, Children's Author) David Kherdian Poetry Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1616 Roger L'Estrange (English Journalist, Pamphleteer) English Authors Journalism
1796 Thomas C. Haliburton (Canadian Judge and Humorist) Thomas C. Haliburton
1807 John Greenleaf Whittier (Massachusetts-born Quaker Poet, Abolitionist) John Greenleaf Whittier Poetry Quakers Abolition
1873 Ford Madox Ford (English Writer, Editor; a Founding Fathers of English Modernism) Ford Madox Ford
1903 Erskine Caldwell (Georgia-born Novelist) Erskine Caldwell
1929 William Safire (New York City-born Columnist, Author Awarded the 1978 Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Commentary) William Safire Journalism 1978 Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Commentary
Artists, Architects and Designers
1925 Calvin Tomkins (New Jersey-born Arts Journalist) Calvin Tomkins The New Yorker
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1749 Domenico Cimarosa (Italian Composer) Italian Composers Classical Music
1894 Arthur Fiedler (Boston-born Conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra) Arthur Fielder Classical Music
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1778 Humphrey Davy (English Chemist Who Discovered Sodium, Barium, Magnesium, Potassium and Strontium Humphrey Davy Chemistry Sodium Barium Magnesium Potassium Strontium
1797 Joseph Henry (New York-born Physicist; Pioneer in the Study of Electromagnetism) Joseph Henry Electricity & Magnetisim
1839 Newton H. Winchell (New York-born State Geologist for Minnesota) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Minnesota Scientists & Mathematicians Geology Minnestoa Historical Society
1861 Arthur Edwin Kennelly (English-American Electrical Engineer Who Discovered the Ionosphere) Arthur Edwin Kennelly Earth Science Electricity & Magnetisim
1892 Edwin J. Cohn (New York City-born Biochemist; Pioneer in Protein Chemistry) Edwin J. Cohn Biochemistry
1908 William Libby (Colorado-born Chemist; 1960 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for Development of Radiocarbon Dating) William Libby Chemistry Archaeology Carbon Radiation 1960  Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1760 Deborah Sampson (Massachusetts-born Woman Who Served in the American Revolution Disguised as a Man) Deborah Sampson American Revolution Women
1833 James Thadeus Holtzclaw (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University Georgia
1842 John Maberry (Delaware-born Recipient of the Medal of Honor at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863) Delaware Military Figures Congressional Medal of Honor American Civil War State of Delaware
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1927 Barbara A. Sizemore (Chicago-born African-American Educator) Chicago Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political & Social Leaders
1778 Juan Martín de Veramendi (Mexican Governor of Texas) Mexican Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Latin-American Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1874 W.L. MacKenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada: 1921-26, 1926-30, 1935-48) Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1938 L.C. Dorsey (Mississippi-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights Mississippi Writers Project
Performing Artists
1874 Horace Goldin (Russian-American Magician, Illusionist) Horace Goldin Russian Performing Artists
1910 Sy Oliver (Michigan-born African-American Jazz Trumpeter, Composer, Bandleader) Sy Oliver Jazz African American Performing Artists
1939 Eddie Kendricks (Alabama-born African-American Popular Singer; Member of "The Temptations") Alabama Performing Artists Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1830 Simón Bolívar (Venezuelan-born General, Statesman Who Brought Political Independence to Five South American Nations) South America Venezuelan Political and Social Leaders Colombia Peru Bolivia Ecuador Spain
1861 Henry Ruffner (Virginia-born Anti-Slavery Minister, Educator, Author) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Religion Educators of Note American Authors Slavery West Virginia State Archive
1983 Josefina Niggli (Mexican Author) Josefina Niggli Latin-American Authors
2008 Sammy Baugh (Texas-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Sammy Baugh Professional Football Hall of Fame
2009 Jennifer Jones (Oklahoma-born Actress Awarded 1943 Best Actress Academy Award for Song of Bernadette) Jennifer Jones American Performing Artists Film Academy Awards National Public Radio
2011 Kim Jong Il (North Korean Dictator) Kim Jong Il
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1538 Pope Paul III Excommunicates England's King Henry VIII English History King Henry VIII Catholicism Greenwich Guide
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1777 France Formally Recognizes the United States as a Sovereign Nation France The American Revolution History Channel
1778 Americans at Fort Sackville in Vincennes Surrender to a Superior British and Indian force Great Britain Vincennes Indiana Native American Heritage Forts The American Revolution Indiana Historical Society
1790 The Aztec Sun Stone Is Unearthed in Mexico City Mexico Aztecs Calendars American Philosophical Society
1793 Hancock County Is Created As Georgia's 15th County, in Honor of John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress Hancock County, Georgia John Hancock University Georgia
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1801 In the Treaty of Fort Adams, the Choctaw Nation Cedes 2,264,920 Acres of Land Along the Mississippi River to the U.S. for $2,000 Mississippi Choctaw Indians WEstward Expansion Historic U.S. Documents Economics Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Saturday - A cold, fine morning. Took equal altitudes: m m A. M. [38] 38 45 P. M. [3]2 20 41 do [3]8 41 59 " [3]2 21 46=32o 47' 45" do [3]8 43 1 " [3]2 23 45 Missed the altitude at 12 o'clock with the quadrant.
Illinois Missouri Data Collection Camp DuBois
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a verry Cold morning the Thrmt. Stood a 43° below 0.

We found Mr. Henny a verry intelligent man from whome we obtained Some Scetches of the Countrey between the Mississippi & Missouri, and Some Sketches from him, which he had obtained from the Indins. to the West of this place also the names and charecktors of the Sceoux &c

about 8 oClock P M. the thermometer fell to 74° below the freesing pointe—

the Indian Chiefs Sent word that Buffalow was in our neighbourhood, and if we would join them, in the morning they would go and kill them—

Ordway: Some of our men went up to the Mandan Village

a clear & cold morning. the Thurmometer Stood at about 35 fat. it has been Several degrees lower Some days past.

towards evening the chiefs Son came from 1st vill. of the Mandans & Informed us that the Buffalow were comming in towards the River, & that their was a large Gang near the Fort So that our men Scared them back by cutting fire wood for the night.—

Whitehouse: This day was clear and cold weather. Sergt. Gass fixed a horse Sled for one of the N. W. Compy. tradors to go to thier forts with. A number of the North west traders being in the two Villages of the Mandan Nation. They trafficed with the natives for Furr, Peltry & Buffalo hides to a very considerable amount, in the afternoon some Mandan Indians arrived at our Camp, and informed our officers, that the Buffaloes had returned near the River again—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature

Business Maps Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain last night and a continuation of it this morning. all the men at work about the houses, Some Chiking, Dobbing Cutting out dores &c. &c.

The 7 men left to bring in the Elk arrived and informed that they Could not find the meat that the party who Stayed out all night had left—

the forepart of this day rained hailed and blew hard, the after part is fair and Cool— a Mountain which is S. E. about 10 mile distant has got Snow on its top which is ruged and uneavin

Cause a Small fire & Smoke to be made under the meat which is hung up in Small peaces: The trees which our men have fallen latterly Split verry badly into boards. The most of our Stores are wet. our Leather Lodge has become So rotten that the Smallest thing tares it into holes and it is now Scrcely Sufficent to keep off the rain off a Spot Sufficiently large for our bead.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1817 A New Steamboat, Superior, Begins Daily Trips from Philadelphia to Baltimore via Wilmington, Delaware Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Baltimore, Maryland Wilmington, Delaware Steamboats Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1843 Charles Dickens Publishes A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol Christmas History Channel
1852 Columbia County, Arkansas Is Created Columbia County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1853 Johannes Brahms Plays the First Public Performance of His: Piano Sonata No. 1 in C, Op. 1, and "Scherzo" in eb Johannes Brahms Composer Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
1859 Georgia Law Makes It Illegal for Free African Americans to Enter the State; Those Who Do Will Be Seized and Sold as Slaves Georgia Government Law and Legal Resources Racism Slavery African-American Heritage University Georgia
1860 President Lincoln Refuses to Compromise on the Further Extension of Slavery in the U.S. President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Log
President Lincoln Says There Is No Legal Means for a State to Secede from the Union Without the Consent of the Other States President Abraham Lincoln U.S. Constitution Constitutional Law Lincoln Log
1861 Florida Legislature Appropriates $10,000 for the Purchase of Cloth to be Given to Patriotic Women's Societies to Manufacture Uniforms Florida Economics American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1862 Upset with Cotton Speculators, General Grant Expels Jews from Tennessee, Kentucky and Mississippi Tennessee Kentucky Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant Judaism American Civil War History Channel
1863 President Lincoln Proposes a Bureau of Emancipation U.S. Government President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Log
U.S. Forces Capture the British Blockade Runner Ringdove and Its 5-Man Crew Off Florida's Indian River Inlet Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 Franz Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony in b (No. "8") Is Premiered in Vienna, Austria Franz Schubert Composer Historic Firsts American Public Media
1877 Mark Twain Speaks at the Public Celebration of the 70th birthday of John Greenleaf Whittier John Greenleaf Whittier Mark Twain Poetry American Collection
1879 Anton Dvorák's "String Quartet No. 10, Op. 51" Is First Performed in Prague Anton Dvorák Composer Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
1884 The Northern Pacific Railroad Reaches Yakima City, Washington, But Won't Stop Yakima, Washington Railroad History Link
1887 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Conducts the Russian Symphony in the Premiere of His "Capriccio Espagnol," in St. Petersburg Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Composer Historic Firsts American Public Media
1892 Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker First Performed Pyotr IlyichTchaikovsky Composers Ballet Historic Firsts
1897 The Town of LaCrosse Is Incorporated in Alachua County, Florida Alachua County, Florida Florida Historical Society
Steamship Service from Miami to Nassau and Cuba Is Inaugurated by Henry M. Flagler Nassau, Bahamas Cuba Miami, Florida Henry Flagler Steamboats Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1898 President McKinley Visits Savannah, Georgia as Part of the Nation's Spanish-American War Victory Celebration Savannah, Georgia President William McKinley Spanish-American University Georgia
The Oregon Historical Society Is Created Oregon History Oregon Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1902 The Coat of Arms Is Modified on Georgia's First State Flag Georgia State Flag University Georgia
1903 Orville Wright Makes the First Sustained, Controlled, Powered Flight: 12 secs/120 ft The Wright Brothers Aviation History Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac Library of Congress History Channel New York Times
1907 Ugyen Wangchuck Is Elected as the First Hereditary Monarch of Bhutan Bhutan Elections National Assembly of Bhutan (pdf)
1915 Mesaba Transportation Company of Hibbing, Minnesota Is Incorporated and Will Eventually Become the Greyhound Bus Lines Hibbing, Minnesota Transportation Greyhoound Bus Minnestoa Historical Society
1917 In California, Labor Radicals Bomb the Governor's Mansion California Government Labor Terrorism Learn California
1920 The League of Nations Grants South Africa a Mandate to Govern South-West Africa (now Namibia) League of  Nations South Africa Namibia South African History
1921 Pierce County, Washington Opens a Bridge over the Carbon River, Providing the First Automobile Access to Fairfax Pierce County, Washington Bridges HistoryLink
1925 Colonel William "Billy" Mitchell Is Convicted of Insubordination Billy Mitchell U.S. Military Leaders Law & Legal Resources U.S. Air Force
1926 Benny Goodman Records his First Solo "He's The Last Word" Benny Goodman Popular Musicians PBS
1927 Off the Massachusetts Coast, Navy Submarine S-4 Sinks When Hit by a U.S. Coast Guard Cutter, Killing 6 Massachusetts Naval Military History Death Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1929 A Magnitude 7.8 Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Near Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
The U.S.S. Lexington Docks at Tacoma, Washington to Help the City Overcome Its Power Shortage Tacoma, Washington Naval Military History Energy HistoryLink
1931 A Magnitude 4.6 Earthquake Is the Largest in Mississippi's Recorded History Mississippi Earthquakes USGS
1932 In Garland County, Arkansas, Construction Is Completed on the Ouachita River's Carpenter Dam Garland County, Arkansas Carpenter Dam Encyclopedia of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1933 The Chicago Bears Defeat the New York Giants 23-21 to Win the NFL Championship at Wrigley Field Chicago Sports Figures New York Sports Figures Football NFL New York Times
1936 Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy Debut on Radio Edgar Bergen Radio American Performing Artists History Channel
1939 German Battleship Graf Spee Is Scuttled Off Uruguay Uruguay Nazi Germany Naval History World War II U.S. Navy
1941 Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, U.S. Commander at Pearl Harbor, Is Relieved of His Post Hawaii Pearl Harbor History Channel
1942 British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Condemns the Persecution of Jews in Eastern Europe European History British Political and Social Leaders Judaism The Holocaust World War II BBC
In Minneapolis, the Elizabeth Kenny Institute for the Treatment of Infantile Paralysis Is Dedicated in Honor of the Australian Nurse Australian Scientists & Mathematicians Minneapolis, Minnesota Polio Minnestoa Historical Society
1944 A Military Proclamation Approves the Release of Japanese Americans from Internment Camps Japanese Americans World War II History Channel
German Tanks, Aircraft and Paratroops Cross the Luxembourg And Belgian Borders in a Massive Ardennes Counter-Offensive Nazi Germany Luxembourg Belgium World War II BBC
1947 A Prototype of Boeing's First Jet Bomber, the B-47, Makes Its Maiden Flight Over Washington Washington Aviation Military History Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1949 The African National Congress (ANC) Adopts a Programme of Action to Protest Apartheid in South Africa South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire Closes in New York After 855 Performances. New York City Tennessee Williams Plays Internet Broadway Database
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1951 The Radio Show of Texas Storyteller John Henry Faulk Debuts on WCBS Texas Performing Artists Radio Historic Firsts WCBS Texas State Historical Association
1953 The FCC Approves RCA's Color Television Specifications As Industry Standard Television Standard History of Technology RCA
Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. 10 Is First Performed by the Leningrad Philharmonic Dmitri Shostakovich Composer Historic Firsts American Public Media
1957 A Plane Operated by the Stanford Research Institute Crashes on Alaska's Gravina Island Alaska Air Disasters Stanford Research Institute Alaska Historical Society
U.S. Test-Fires Its First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile on a 500-Mile Flight from Cape Canaveral Cape Canaveral, Florida Arms Control Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1959 On the Beach Opens in Theaters Film Nuclear War The Internet Movie Database
1960 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie Returns from Brazil to Suppress a Coup at Home Haile Selassie Brazil South African History
1961 A Fire at a Circus in Brazil Kills More Than 300 People and Severely Burns Hundreds More Brazil Circus Fire Death History Channel
1963 Congress Passes the Clean Air Act U.S. Congress Air Quality History Channel
The C-141A Aircraft Makes Its First Successful Test Flight over Georgia's Dobbins AFB Georgia Avaition Military History Historic Firsts University Georgia
1965 The Supremes Performance Opens Houston Astrodome Houston PBS The Supremes Famous African Americans
1966 At the University of Minnesota Hospitals, Doctors Perform the World's First Successful Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Minnesota Medical Research Anatomy Historic Firsts University of Minnesota Hospitals Minnestoa Historical Society
Built for the Washington State Ferries, the Superferry Hyak Is Launched at the San Diego Yard of the National Steel & Shipbuilding Company San Diego, California Washington Naval History Washington State Ferries History Link
1969 US Air Force Closes 22-yr Investigation into Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) U.S. Government Aviation History New York Times
1974 The 1,000,000th U.S. Trademark Is Issued to Cumberland Packing Corporation for the G Clef and Staff Design Used on "Sweet'n Low" Trademarks & Patents Sweet'n Low USPTO
1975 In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme Is Sentenced to Life in Prison for the Attempted Assassination of President Gerald Ford Sacramento, California Gerald Ford The American Presidency Crime Law & Legal Resources Television News Archive History Channel
The NAACP Presents Its Annual Spingarn Medal to Baseball Player Hank Aaron Hank Aaron Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Heritage NAACP University Georgia
1976 Atlanta, Georgia Television Station WTCG-TV Change to WTBS, Broadcasting Via Satellite and Cable as America's First America's Super Station Television Ted Turner Turner Broadcasting System Historic Firsts University Georgia
1979 Missouri Stunt Man, Stan Barrett Drives the First Rocket Car to Break the Sound Barrier at 739.666 mph. Missouri Sports Figures Automobile Sound Historic Firsts History Channel
1981 Leah Aleice Simms Is Appointed County Judge of Dade County; the First African-American Woman to Hold a Judgeship in Florida Dade County, Florida Law and legal Resources Female Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1983 An IRA Car Bomb Kills 6 and Injures 90 at London's Harrods Department Store London, England Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1989 The First Episode of 'The Simpsons' Airs as a Christmas Special The Simpsons Television Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database TV Guide
1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Roman Catholic Priest and Opponent of Dictator of Jean-Claude Duvalier, Is Elected President of Haiti in a Landslide Jean-Bertrand Aristide Elections Catholicism History Channel
Winter Storms Cause More Than $3 Million Damage to the Vessels and Ferry Terminals Operated by Washington State Ferries Washington Naval History Storms Economics Washington State Ferries History Link
1991 The Announcement Is Made That the Soviet Union Will Cease to Exist on or Before January 1, 1992 The Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
1992 U.S., Canada & Mexico Sign the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) United States Canada International Trade New York Times
1993 American Troops Pull Out of Somalia Following a Series of Gun Battles with Local Militias Somalia War South African History
1994 In Montreal, 26-year-old Popular Singer, Céline Dion, Marries Her 51-year-old Longtime Manager René Angélil Canadian Performing Artists Popular Musicians Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1996 Leftist Rebels Begin a 4-month Occupation of the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru, Holding 490 People Hostage Peru Japan Terrorism History Channel
Kofi Annan of Ghana Is Appointed United Nations Secretary-General. United Nations Kofi Annan New York Times South African History