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New Jersey New Jersey

New Jersey
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year did New Jersey become the third state in the Union on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what country was the first land speed record set on this date in 1898? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the State of Michigan, why did Ty Cobb agree to be manager of the Detroit Tigers on this date in 1920? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. What Colorado landmark was discovered on this day in 1888? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Wright Patterson Air Force Base, when he graduated from West Point, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. was one of only two African-American line officers in the U.S. Army? Who was the other? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Education World, what prompted Catherine Gourley's interest in media literacy? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1914 work by H.H. Munro (according to the Authors' Calendar)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for which work was J.J. Thomson awarded the 1884 Adams Prize?

2. According to National Public Radio, how did Ossie Davis meet this wife, Ruby Dee? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, for what movie was Steven Spielberg awarded the Academy Award for Best Director in 1993?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a recording by Fletcher Henderson (according to RedHotJazz)

J.J. Thomson
Born on This Date 1856

[American Institute of Physics]

The Electron 1906 Nobel Prize for Physics

Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
Born on This Date 1912

[U.S. Air Force]

American Military Leaders

Ossie Davis
Born on This Date 1917

[Valdosta State University]

American Performing Artists

Steven Spielberg
Born on This Date 1946

Film Maker

Catherine Gourley
Born on This Date 1950

Young-adult Author

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Mexico: Las Posadas (Day 3 of 9)
(Commemoration of Mary and Joseph's journey to Bethlehem)
Mexico Catholicism Christmas Mexico Connect
Niger: Republic Day
(Celebration of autonomy from France: 12/18/1958)
Niger France Embassy of Niger, Washington, D.C.
Qatar: Founder's Day
(Observed annually on this date to celebrates Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed bin Thani., the father of the Qatar state)
Qatar Qatar Tourism
Republic of the Philippines: Misa de Gallo/Simbang Gabi/Misa de Aguinaldo
(Day 3 of 9 early morning Christmas masses)
The Republic of the Philippines Catholicism Christmas University of San Francisco (pdf)
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1884 Alison Uttley (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors
1916 Carla Greene (Minnesota-born Children's Author) Minnesota Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors
1927 Marilyn Sachs (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1950 Catherine Gourley (Pennsylvania-born non-Fiction Children's Author) Catherine Gourley Young-adult Non-fiction
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1826 Orpheus Everts (Indiana-born Surgeon, Medical Writer, Poet, Painter) Indiana Authors Health Care Poetry American Artists
1865 Ephraim Douglass Adams (Iowa-born Historian) Iowa Authors History
1870 H.H. Munro (Saki: Burma-born Scottish Short-Story Writer) H.H. Murno
1910 Abe Burrows (New York City-born Playwright) New Yrok City Authors Plays Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1879 Paul Klee (Swiss Painter) Paul Klee Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1879 Edward MacDowell (New York City-born Composer, Pianist) Edward MacDowell American Composers Classical Musicians
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1856 J.J. Thomson (English-born 1906 Nobel Prize for Physics) J.J. Thomson The Electron 1906 Nobel Prize for Physics
1890 Edwin Howard Armstrong (New York City-born Electrical Engineer and Inventor) Edwin Howard Armstrong Inventors and Inventions Radio Sound
1939 Harold Varmus (New York-born 1989 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 1989 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1912 Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. (Washington, D.C.-born African-American 4-Star General in the U.S. Military) Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. African American Military Figures
1707 Charles Wesley (English co-Founder of Methodism and a Hymnist) English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians United Methodist Church Concordia Writer's Almanac University of Georgia
Political & Social Leaders
1842 Nathan Bay Scott (Ohio-born U.S. Senator from West Virginia) Ohio Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate West Virginia State Archives
1863 Francis Ferdinand (Austrian Archduke Whose Assassination Ignited World War I) Austrian Political and Social Leaders World War I
1888 Robert Moses (Connecticut-born Public Administrator Who helped Shape Modern-Day New York City) Robert Moses New York City Political and Social Leaders New York Times
1913 Willy Brandt (West German Chancellor) Willy Brandt The Cold War
1946 Steve Biko (South African Civil Rights Leader) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid U.S. Civil Rights/Human Rights African American Registry
Performing Artists
1779 Joseph Grimaldi (London-born Comic Entertainer; First Clown to Wear White-face Make-up) Joseph Grimaldi
1888 Gladys Cooper (London-born Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1897 Fletcher Henderson (Georgia-born African-American Jazz Bandleader, Arranger, Pianist) Fletcher Henderson Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1904 George Stevens (California-born Filmmaker) California Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1916 Betty Grable (Missouri-born Actress) Betty Grable Actors Film
1917 Ossie Davis (Georgia-born African-American Actor, Civil Rights Activist) Ossie Davis Actors Film U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson (Texas-born African-American Blues Musician) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1946 Steven Spielberg (Ohio-born Filmmaker; 1998 Academy Award for Directing Saving Private Ryan) Steven Spielberg Filmmakers 1998 Academy Award for Directing Saving Private Ryan
1943 Keith Richards (English Popular Musician: "The Rolling Stones") Rolling Stones Popular Musicians
1955 Ray Lotta (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Television Film
1963 Brad Pitt (Oklahoma-born Actor) Brad Pitt Actors Film
1978 Katie Holmes (Ohio-born Actress) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Film
1980 Christina Aguilera (New York City-born Popular Musician, Actress) New York City-born Performing Artists Actors Popular Musicians
Sports Figures
1886 Ty Cobb (Georgia-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame
1964 "Stone Cold" Steve Austin (Texas-born Professional Wrestler) Steve Austin Wrestling
1971 Arantxa Sanchez Vicario (Spanish Professional Tennis Player) Spanish Sports Figures Tennis
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1773 Antonio Stradivari (Italian Craftsman: Maker of Violins) Antonio Stradivari Musical Instruments
1832 Philip Freneau (New York City-born Poet) Philip Freneau Poetry
1901 William Flank Perry (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1971 Bobby Jones (Georgia-born Member of the Golf Hall of Fame) Bobby Jones World Golf Hall of Fame
1980 Aleskey Nickolayevich Kosygin (Premier of the Soviet Union) Russian Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Political and Social Leaders
1984 Santiago Jimenez Sr. (Texas-born Popular Conjunto Musician) Texas Performing Artists Latin-American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Texas State Historical Association
1995 Konrad Zuse (German Inventor, Computing Pioneer) German Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Computer Technology Society and Technology
2001 Wang Ruowang (Chinese Dissident Writer) Chinese Authors Authors Asian History
2008 Mark Felt (Idaho-born "Deep Throat" Informant of the Watergate Scandal) Mark Felt Watergate Scandal The FBI
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1620 Landing Party from The Mayflower Goes Ashore Seeking a Good Site for Settlement Plymouth Colony Voyage of the Mayflower Colonial Massachusetts Historic Firsts (pdf) History Channel
1688 James II Begins His Exile from England English Political and Social Leaders English RoyaltyI Greenwich Guide
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1777 U.S. Celebrates Its First National Day of Thanksgiving Commemorating Victory at the Battle of Saratoga American Revolution Thanksgiving Day Historic Firsts History Channel
1787 New Jersey Is the Third State to Ratify the U.S. Constitution New Jersey U.S. Constitution Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Sunday - Clear morning.
Illinois Missouri Camp DuBois
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rained and Snowd alternetly all the last night, and Spurts of Snow and Hail Continued untill 12 oClock, which has chilled the air which is Cool and disagreeable, the wind hard & unsettled—

The men being thinly Dressed and mockersons without Soks is the reason that but little can be done at the Houses to day—

at 12 the Hail & Snow Seased, and rain Suckceeded for the latter part of the day

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1833 Walker County Is Created as Georgia's 90th County Walker County, Georgia University of Georgia
1834 Emory College Is Chartered in Oxford, Georgia Oxford, Georgia Georgia Education Emory University Concordia
1839 New York University Professor John Draper Makes the First Photographic Image of a Celestial Body: A Daquerreotype of the Moon New York City Photography Space & Astronomy The Moon Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1840 Perry and Bradley Counties Are Created in Arkansas Arkansas Cities and Counties Arkansas History Collection
Burton's Gentleman's Magazine Publishes "The Man of the Crowd" by Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe Journalism American Collection
1853 Putnam's Monthly Magazine Publishes Second Part of "Bartleby the Scrivener..." by Herman Melville Herman Melville Journalism American Collection
The Dalles Bridge Is Completed Across the Columbia River, Connecting Klickitat County, Washington, to The Dalles, Oregon Klickitat County The Dalles, Oregon Bridges Columbia River HistoryLink
1855 Curry County, Oregon Is Formed by the Territorial Legislature and Named in Honor of Governor George Law Curry Curry County, Oregon
1857 Pierce and Milton Counties Are Created As Georgia's 120th and 121st Counties Georgia University of Georgia
1860 U.S. Senator John Crittenden (Kentucky) Proposes to Protect Slavery South of the Missouri Compromise Line John Crittenden U.S. Senate Slavery Writer's Almanac
Texas Rangers "Rescue" Cynthia Ann Parker in Raid on a Comanche Camp Notorious Texans Cynthia Ann Parker Commanche Indians Texas State Historical Association
1862 Confederates Rout Union Troops at Lexington, Tennessee Tennessee Battle of Lexington, TN History Channel
1863 Federal Soldiers Destroy Salt Works Around St. Andrews Bay, Florida St. Andrews Bay, Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 The 13th Amendment to the Constitution Abolishing Slavery Is Officially Adopted 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Slavery African-American Heritage History Channel State of Delaware
1866 Georgia Government Creates the Position of State Superintendent of Public Education Georgia Government Georgia Education Georgia Department of Education University of Georgia
1878 The Last of the Vigilante Molly Maguires Irish Secret Society Is Executed in Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Labor Crime Capital Punishment History Channel
1888 The Ancient Mesa Verde Indian Ruins Are Discovered in Southwest Colorado Colorado Native American Heritage Westward Expansion Mesa Verde National Park History Channel
1890 First Electrified Underground Railway System Officially Opens in London Great Britain Railroads Electricity & Magnetism History of Technology Historic Firsts London Underground
1892 Tchaikovsky's ''The Nutcracker Suite'' Premieres in St. Petersburg, Russia Tchaikovsky Classical Music Historic Firsts New York Times American Public Media
1895 The Anti-Saloon League of America Is Organized at Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Alcoholism American Council on Alcoholism Concordia
1898 France's Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat Sets First Official World's Land-Speed Record: 39.245 mph France Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Elijah McCoy Receives Patent for a Lubricator Elijah McCoy Inventors and Inventions African-American Inventors and Mathematicians Patent #663976 USPO
1901 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Damages Hundreds of Houses in Turkey Turkey Earthquake USGS
The Seaford, Delaware Volunteer Fire Department Fights Its First Fire Seaford, Delaware Fire Official Web Site
1912 Piltdown Man Is Discovered in a Sussex, England Gravel Pit Sussex, England Evolution History Channel
1915 President Woodrow Wilson Marries Edith Bolling Galt Woodrow Wilson New York Times
F. Scott Fitzgerald's Play The Evil Eye, A Two-Act Musical Comedy, Opens at Princeton University F. Scott Fitzgerald Plays Princeton University American Collection
Spokane, Washington's Division Street Bridge Collapses, Killing 5 People Spokane, Washington Bridges Death HistoryLink
1916 Battle of Verdun Ends: Nearly 1,000,000 Dead France World War I Library of Congress History Channel
1917 U.S. Congress Approves the 18th Amendment to the Constitution Prohibiting the Sale of Alcohol U.S. Congress 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Writer's Almanac
In Florida, the Key West Naval Air Station Is Commissioned into Service Key West, Florida Naval Military History Aviation Military History Key West Naval Air Station Florida Historical Society
1920 Ty Cobb Becomes Manager of the Detroit Tigers Baseball Team Detroit Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame State of Michigan
1927 Michigan Is the First State to Mark "No Passing Zones" with Solid Yellow Lines on the Road Michigan Automotives Road Safety Historic Firsts Michigan Historical Society
1930 The University of Wisconsin Fieldhouse Is Dedicated with a 25-12 Basketball Victory over the University of Pennsylvania Wisconsin Education University of Wisconsin University of Pennsylvania Basketball Wisconsin Historical Association
1936 The First Giant Panda in the U.S. Arrives in San Francisco San Francisco Giant Pandas Historic Firsts Female Explorer Learn California
1940 Adolf Hitler Signs Secret Directive Ordering Preparations for a Nazi Invasion of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II New York Times
1941 Japanese Invade Hong Kong Japan Hong Kong World War II History Channel
1944 U.S. Supreme Court Upholds the Wartime Relocation of Japanese-Americans U.S. Supreme Court Japanese-American Detainment Human Rights/Civil Rights World War II New York Times
1946 English Government Wins Vote on State Ownership, Leading to Nationalizing Railways, Ports, Mines, etc. English Government Railroads Historic UK
1947 Occupying Commander Douglas MacArthur Orders the Breakup of Japan's Zaibatsu Industrial Conglomerates Japanese Business Douglas MacArthur Business and Economics World War II Asian History
1948 WDSU TV Channel 6 in New Orleans Begins Broadcasting New Orleans Television Historic Firsts WDSU Louisiana Secretary of State
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Government Officials Inspect Lake Geneva, Wisconsin as a Possible Location for the U.S. Air Force Academy Lake Geneva, Wisconsin Education U.S. Air Force Academy Wisconsin Historical Association
1956 Japan Is Admitted to the United Nations The United Nations Japan Asian History
The Florida Board of Education Agrees to Locate the University of South Florida in North Tampa Tampa, Florida Florida Education University of South Florida
Television Game Show To Tell the Truth Premieres Television Historic Firsts The Internet Movie Database Merriam-Webster
1957 First Public U.S. Nuclear Power Plant Opens in Shippingport, Pennsylvania Shippingport, Pennsylvania Nuclear Power Historic Firsts New York Times
1958 U.S. Department of Defense Broadcasts the First Voice Message from Space Space Exploration Sound Historic Firsts NASA
1961 Martin Luther King Is Released from the Albany, Georgia Jail, Agreeing to End Local Bus Boycott Albany, Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement University of Georgia
Capital Punishment Is Restored in Delaware by the General Assembly's Override of Governor Elbert Carvel's Veto Delaware Government Capital Punishment State of Delaware
1965 Gemini 7 Completes 14-day Mission with Frank Borman and Jim Lovell Aboard Frank Borman Jim Lovell Space Exploration NASA
1969 England's Parliament Abolishes the Death Penalty for Murder English Government Capital Punishment New York Times
1971 U.S. Congress Enacts the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Conveying over 40 Million Acres to Settle Alaska Native Land Claims Alaska U.S. Congress Native-American Heritage Historic U.S. Documents Economics Alaska Historical Society
1972 U.S. B-52 Bombers Begin "Operation Linebacker Two" the Largest Aerial Blitz of the Vietnam War Vietnam War Aviation Military History Writer's Almanac History Channel
1985 In Minneapolis, Mary Lund Is the First Woman to Receive a Jarvik-7 Artificial Heart Minneapolis, Minnesota Women Medical Research Artificial Hearts Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1987 Ivan Boesky Sentenced to Two Years: Fined $100M Markets & Investments Crime Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1988 Minnesota-based Pillsbury Company Accepts a $5.7 Billion Buy-Out from British Conglomerate Grand Metropolitan PLC Minneapolis, Minnesota Business Pillsbury Minnesota Historical Society
1997 Republic of Korea (South Korea) Voters Elected KIM Dae Jung President Korean Political and Social Leaders Elections Asian History CNN
In Albany, Georgia, Ground Is Broken for the Mount Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum Albany, Georgia Georgia Museums U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage Mount Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum University of Georgia
1999 NASA Launches Terra Earth Observation System Satellite Space Exploration Earth Science NASA