for

DECEMBER 20

 

 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which state became the first to secede from the union on this date in 1860? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. How much did the United States pay France for the Louisiana Territory on this date in 1803? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Scholastic, where was Lulu Delacre born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Lulu Delacre (according to the "My Books Section" of her official website):
ASIA LESS SORT
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which civil rights demonstration ended on this date in 1956? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Smithsonian Institution, what activity did Thomas Edison, Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone enjoy doing together each year? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to his Harvard University biography, from which university did William Julius Wilson receive his PhD? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by John Steinbeck:
WORN CRANEY
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Missouri, Kansas City, what were Samuel Mudd's positions on slavery, the Confederacy and Lincoln?

2. According to Brookhaven National Laboratory, whose lectures did Robert Jemison Van de Graaff attend while he was a student at the Sorbonne in Paris?

3. According to History Link, in what year did Whitman Seminary reopen as Whitman College?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a solo project by John Fletcher (according to the History Channel):
CHIDE WAGS LOOSE
 
 

Samuel Mudd
Born on This Date 1833

[U. of Missouri KC]

Assassination of President Lincoln


Harvey Firestone
Born on This Date 1868

[Gale Group]

Firestone Tires


Robert J. Van de Graff
Born on This Date 1901

[University of Surrey]

Electricity


William Julius Wilson
Born on This Date 1935

[PBS]

Educators of Mote


Lulu Delacre
Born on This Date 1957

[Official Web Site]

Young-adult Authors

 
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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
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Mexico: Las Posadas (Day 5 of 9)
(Commemoration of journey of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem)
Las Posadas Catholicism Christmas Mexico Connect
Republic of the Philippines: Misa de Gallo/Simbang Gabi/Misa de Aguinaldo
(Day 5 of 9 early morning Christmas masses)
The Republic of the Philippines Catholicism Christmas University of San Francisco (pdf)
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1936 Carol Farley (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1940 M.B. Goffstein (Minnesota-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Minnesota Authors & Illustrators American Artists
1945 Dennis Brindell Fradin (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1955 Michael J. Caduto (Rhode Island-born Children's Science Author) Rhode Island Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Earth & Earth Science
1957 Lulu Delacre (Puerto Rican Children's Author, Illustrator) Lulu Delacre Primary Authors Young-adult Authors American Artists Latin-American Studies
1579 John Fletcher (English Playwright John Fletcher Plays
1902 Max Lerner (Belarus-born American Newspaper Columnist) Belarus Authors & Illustrators Journalism Writer's Almanac
1911 Hortense Calisher (New York City-born Novelist and Short Story Writer) New York City Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1918 W. Eugene Smith (Kansas-born Photojournalist) W. Eugene Smith Photography Journalism
1927 David Markson (New York-born Novelist) New York Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1946 Andrei Codrescu (Romanian-born American Poet, Novelist, Essayist, Educator) Romanian Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
1954 Elizabeth Benedict (Connecticut-born Novelist) Connecticut Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1871 Henry Hadley (Massachusetts-born Composer, Conductor) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
1938 John Harbison (New Jersey-born Composer, Conductor) New Jersey Composers American Composers
1935 William Julius Wilson (Pennsylvania-born African-American Scholar, Educator) William Julius Wilson Education Famous African Americans
1833 Samuel Mudd (Maryland-born Doctor Accused of Aiding John Wilkes Booth in the Assassination of President Lincoln) Samuel Mudd Medicine Assassination of President Lincoln
1876 Walter Adams (American Astronomer) Walter Adams Astronomy
1901 Robert J. Van de Graaff (Alabama-born Physicist Who Developed the Van de Graaff Particle Accelerator) Robert J. Van de Graaff Physics Subatomic Particles
1868 Harvey Firestone (Ohio-born Founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company) Harvey Firestone Automobiles Inventors & Inventions Firestone Tires
1865 Maud Gonne (English-born Nationalist for Irish Independence) Irish Political and Social Leaders Maud Gonne
1898 Irene Dunne (Kentucky-born Actress) Irene Dunne Actors Film
1921 George Roy Hill (Minnesota-born Academy Award-Winning Director) Minnesota Performing Artists Filmmakers Received 1973 Academy Award for Best Director: <I>The Sting</I> Internet Movie Database
1957 Billy Bragg (English Popular Musician) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1881 Branch Rickey (Ohio-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Branch Rickey Baseball Hall of Fame
1886 Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (California-born Member of the Tennis Hall of Fame) California Sports Figures International Tennis Hall of Fame
1900 Gabby Hartnett (Rhode Island-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Rhode Island Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1942 Bob Hayes (Florida-born African-American Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Bob Hayes Track & Field Hall of Fame The Olympic Games Football Famous Afrcian Americans
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1812 Sacajawea (Shoshone Indian Who Helped to Guide the Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery) Sacajawea Lewis & Clark Expedition
1961 Moss Hart (New York City-born Playwright) Moss Hart Plays
1968 John Steinbeck (California-born 1962 Nobel Laureate for Literature) John Steinbeck American Authors 1962 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1984 William Kaynor (Iowa-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Massachusetts; Airplane Crash) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Air Disasters
1973 Carrero Blanco (Premier of Spain: Assassination) Political and Social Leaders of Spain
Bobby Darin (New York City-born Singer. Songwriter) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1996 Carl Sagan (New York City-born Astronomer, Pulitzer-Prize Winning Author) Carl Sagan Space & Cosmology American Authors 1978 Pultizer Prize for non-Fiction
2007 Lydia Mendoza (Texas-born Tejano Singer) Lydia Mendoza Folk & Ethnic Musicians Latin-American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1576 Archbishop of Canterbury Protests Queen Elizabeth's Order Limiting Preachers to 3-4 Sermons/Year Great Britian Queen Elizabeth I Religion Concordia
1606 Virginia Company Expedition to America Sets Sail from London Great Britian Jamestown Naval History Library of Congress
1699 Czar Peter the Great Changes Russian New Year to January 1 Peter the Great Calendars Sam Houston University
1783 Virginia Cedes Its Western Land to the Federal Government Virginia History Channel
1790 America's First Cotton Mill Begins Production in Rhode Island Rhode Island Business & Economics Library of Congress
1791 British Government Declares Detroit to be Part of Canada Great Britain Canada Detroit State of Michigan
1803 U.S. Completes $27M Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France France The Louisiana Purchase Business & Economics EconEdLink
C.C. Claiborne Is Appointed as the First American Governor of the Province of Louisiana Louisiana Government Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Tuesday - I detained the wagon to haul logs for my building. Hauled logs today with the commissaries team. Men moved into their huts this evening. Chronometer stopped last night. I wound it up at 12 today, and, as usual, it now goes. A hard frosty morning.
Illinois Missouri Data Collection Camp DuBois
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: The wind from the N W a moderate day, the Thermometr 37° [WC: 24°] above 0, which givs an oppertunity of putting up our pickets next the river, nothing remarkable took place to Day river fall a little

Ordway: Some cloudy & Warm this morning, but a pleasant day. we continued Setting up the pickets &.C.

Whitehouse: This day we had moderate weather, the Snow melting fast. the Men were all employed picketting the fort as usual.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain and hail last night and the rained Continued untill 10 oClock a,m,

Men all employd in Carrying punchens or boads & Covering the houses, 4 of which were Covered to day,

the after part of the day Cloudy with Several Showers of rain—

3 Indians arrive in a Canoe. they brought with them mats, roots & Sackacome berries to Sell for which they asked Such high prices that we did not purchase any of them. Those people ask generally double and tribble the value of what they have to Sell, and never take less than the real value of the article in Such things as is calculated to do them Service. Such as Blue & white beeds, with which they trade with the naivs above; files which they make use of to Sharpen their tools, fish hooks of different Sises and tobacco— Tobacco and blue beeds they do prefur to every thing.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1828 Randolph County, Georgia is Created in Honor of John Randolph of Virginia Randolph County, Georgia University of Georgia
1835 Residents of Golida, Texas Declare Their Independence from Mexico Mexico Texas Texas State Historical Association
1836 Republic of Texas Creates a Post Office Department Republic of Texas Texas State Historical Association
1841 U.S. Infantry Fight Seminole Warriors in Florida's Big Cypress Swamp Florida Seminole Indians Big Cypress Swamp War Florida Historical Society
1843 In Central Oregon, Abert Rim and Lake Abert Are Discovered by Lt. John Fremont Oregon North American Explorers Lakes SalemOregon.com
1845 The Baldwin Institute (Baldwin-Wallace University) Is Founded in Berea, Ohio Ohio Education Baldwin-Wallace University Concordia
1847 Land Is Provided in Stillwater, Wisconsin Territory, to Construct What Will Be the First County Courthouse in Minnesota Wisconsin Stillwater, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1849 Democrat Peter H. Burnett Is Inaugurated as California's First State Governor California Historic Firsts State of California Learn California
1851 Polk and Spalding Counties, Georgia Are Created Georgia University of Georgia
1853 Fulton and Worth Counties, Georgia Are Created Georgia University of Georgia
1856 Newberry College Is Chartered in Newberry, South Carolina South Carolina Education Newberry College Concordia
U.S. Infantry Fight Seminole Warriors in Florida's Big Cypress Swamp Fort Myers Florida Seminole Indians War Florida Historical Society
1859 Lincoln Provides Autobiographical Sketch for Jesse Fell of Bloomington, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
The Town of Delmar, Delaware Is Founded Along a New Railroad Route Delmar, Delaware Railroad State of Delaware
Washington Territorial Legislature Charters Whitman Seminary (Whitman College) Washington Education Whitman College History Link
1860 South Carolina Is the First State to Secede from the Union South Carolina American Civil War University of Georgia
1862 Confederates Raid Grant's Mississippi Supply Depot Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War History Channel
Lincoln Refuses to Accept Resignations of Seward and Chase U.S. Government Abraham Lincoln Salmon P. Chase William Seward Lincoln Logs
1863 Union Troops Capture & Burn Confederate Steamer Little Lilly on Florida's Suwannee River Suwannee River State Park American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
A Landmark of St. Paul, Minnesota, the American House Hotel, Burns St. Paul, Minnesota Fire Minnesota Historical Society
1864 Confederate Forces Evacuate Savannah, GA Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea Florida Historical Society University of Georgia
1879 Jacksonville, Florida's Southern Bell Telephone Company Is Chartered Jacksonville, Florida Telephone Florida Historical Society
1883 The First Cantilever Bridge Across Niagara Falls Is Dedicated New York Bridges Niagara Falls Bridges Over Niagara Falls
1886 The Driskill Hotel Opens in Austin, Texas Texas Business Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1888 Body of Rose Mylett, Probable Victim of Jack the Ripper, Found in London Jack the Ripper Crime Death Metropolitan Police
1893 Georgia Law Makes Mob Lynching a Felony Subject to 1-20 Years in Prison Georgia Capital Punishment Crime University of Georgia
1899 Georgia Law Requires Segregated Accommodations on Railroads Georgia Railroad Racism Laws and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1902 Clearwater County, Minnesota Is Established Clearwater County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1905 The SS Portland Is Stranded on Alaska's Spire Island Reef Near Ketchikan, Suffering $20,000 Damage Alaska Naval History Economics Alaska Historical Society
1911 Denman Arena Opens in Vancouver, Canada as the World's Largest Artificial Ice Rink Canada Ice Ice Hockey Ice Skating History of Vancouver
1914 First Battle of Champagne Begins World War I History Channel
1915 Igor Stravinsky Makes His Public Debut as a Conductor, Leading a Performance of His "Firebird" Ballet Suite in Geneva, Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland Igor Stravinsky Composers Ballet American Public Media
1920 The Mail Steamer, SS Dora, Wrecks at Hardy Bay, Vancouver Island and Is a Total Loss Canada Naval History Alaska Historical Society
1929 The Madison, Indiana-Milton, Kentucky Bridge Is Opened Across the Ohio River Indiana Kentucky Ohio River Bridges Northern Kentucky Views Indiana Historical Society
1930 Congress Approves a Federal Fish Hatchery to be Located in Leetown, West Virginia Leetown, West Virginia U.S. Congress Fish WEst Virginia Archive
1932 Al Jolson Records "April Showers" Al Jolson Popular Music History Channel
1940 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Near Ossipee Lake Is Largest in New Hampshire's Recorded History New Hampshire Earthquakes USGS
1942 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 3,000 Dead in Turkey Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
1943 The Patrol Frigate U.S.S. Albuquerque Is Commissioned at Richmond, California Califorinia Albuquerque, New Mexico Naval Military History World War II New Mexico Magazine
1946 8.4 Magnitude Earthquake and 10' Wave Kill 1,330 in Japan Japan Earthquakes Ocean Death USGS
Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life Premieres in New York City Starring Jimmy Stewart and Donna Reed Film Historic Firsts The Internet Movie Database Merriam-Webster
The Yearling Is Trademarked Patents & Trademarks Film The Internet Movie Database USPTO
1956 Martin Luther King Reads Statement Ending Montgomery, AL Bus Boycott Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Montgomery Bus Boycott U.S. Supreme Court African-American History Stanford University
1957 Elvis Presley Receives His Draft Notice for the U.S. Army Elvis Presley Elvis Australia
1960 National Liberation Front (NLF) Forms in North Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam War History Channel
1962 Don Meyers Sets World Indoor Pole Vault Record: 16' 1 1/4" Track and Field Vault World
1963 The Berlin Wall Is Opened for Family Visits Berlin The Cold War History Channel
1966 The National Basketball Association Awards a Franchise to the City of Seattle Seattle, Washington Basketball Seattle Supersonics History Link
1973 Spanish Premier Carrero Blanco Assassinated in Madrid Spanish Political and Social Leaders War on Terrorism BBC
1981 Dreamgirls Opens at the Imperial Theatre on Broadway New York City Plays American Musicals African-American Heritage Internet Broadway Database
1989 U.S. Troops Launch Operation Just Cause to Panamanian Dictator Manuel Noriega Operation Just Cause President George Bush History Channel New York Times BBC
1991 Ante Markovic Resigns As Federal Prime Minister of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Southeast Europe Online
1995 NATO Assumes Peacekeeping Duties in Bosnia Bosnia-Herzegovina NATO History Channel
Province of Macau Transferred from Portugal to China Macau Portugal World History CNN
1999 Vermont Supreme Court Rules Same-Sex Couples Entitled to Same Protections as Heterosexual Wedded Couples Vermont Laws and Legal Resources U.S. Constitution CNN
NASA Launches the ACRIM3 Satellite to Monitor Variability of Solar Irradiance Space Exploration The Sun NOAA
2005 Federal Judge in Pennsylvania Strikes Down Teaching of Intelligent Design in Schools Pennyslvania Education Evolution Separation of Church and State CNN