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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1984, who became the first women in history to dunk a basketball in a game? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which spacecraft was launched on this date in 1968? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Annick Press, why did Claire Mackay write the book Mini-Bike Hero? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an award won by Claire Mackay (according to Online Guide to Writing in Canada):

1. On this date in 2000, who resigned as the Governor of Texas? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the International Olympic Committee, what was Florence Griffith Joyner doing when Bob Kersee found her and helped her to enroll in UCLA? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Kansas University, what makes the Winter Solstice the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1947 work by Lawrence Treat (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Edinburgh, what position did Robert Brown hold with the British Museum?

2. According to Britannia, for what achievement is Benjamin Disraeli best remembered?

3. According to Houghton Mifflin, what is the meaning of the name Stalin?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1957 work by Heinrich Böll (according to the Authors' Calendar):
Robert Brown
Robert Brown
Born on This Date 1951

Gale Group


Benjamin Disraeli
Benjamin Disraeli
Born on This Date 1804

[Brooklyn College]

British Political and Social Leaders

Josef Stalin
Josef Stalin
Born on This Date 1879


Soviet Union

Claire Mackay
Claire Mackay
Born on This Date 1930

[Annick Press]

Primary Children's Authors

Florence Griffith-Joyner
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Born on This Date 1959

Track and Field Hall of Fame
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Winter Solstice
(The shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere)
Winter Solstice
Mexico: Las Posadas (Day 6 of 9)
(Commemoration of journey of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem)
Las Posadas Catholicism Christmas Mexico Connect
Republic of the Philippines: Misa de Gallo/Simbang Gabi/Misa de Aguinaldo
(Day 6 of 9 early morning Christmas masses)
The Republic of the Philippines Catholicism Christmas
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1936 Claire Mackay (Canadian Children's Author) Claire Mackay Primary Children's Authors Canadian Society of Children's Authors
1946 Susan Pearson (Canadian Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors University of Minnesota
1951 Michael Berenstain (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors James Madison University
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1860 Frederick Bonfils (Missouri-born Publisher of The Denver Post) Missouri Authors & Illustrators Colorado Authors & Illustrators The Denver Post
1892 Rebecca West (English Journalist) English Authors & Illustrators Journalism
1903 Lawrence Treat (New York City-born Mystery Writer: Three-time Edgar Allan Poe Award Winner) Lawrence Treat Mystery Writers of America
1905 Anthony Powell (English Novelist) Anthony Powell
1917 Heinrich Böll (German-born 1972 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Heinrich Boll 1972 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1932 Edward Hoagland (New York City-born Novelist, Nature Writer, Essayist) Edward Hoagland
Artists, Architects and Designers
1401 Masaccio (Italian Painter) Italian Artists
1872 Helen Farnsworth Mears (Wisconsin-born Sculptor) Wisconsin Artists American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1917 André Eglevsky (Russian Classical Dancer) Russian Performing Artists Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1773 Robert Brown (Scottish Scientists, First to Observe Brownian Motion Between Fine Particles in Liquid) Robert Brown Botany Cells Physics
1890 Hermann Joseph Muller (New York City-born 1946 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Radiation 1946 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Political and Social Leaders
1118 Thomas a Becket (English-born Archbishop of Canterbury) English Political and Social Leaders Religion Archbishop of Canterbury
1761 Robert Barnwell (South Carolina-born American Revolutionary War Patriot, Hero) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders American Revolution History Channel
1804 Benjamin Disraeli (Prime Minister of England: 1868, 1874 - 1880) Benjamin Disraeli Authors
1851 Thomas Chipman McRae (Governor of Arkansas; Member of the U.S. Congress from Arkansas) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1860 Henrietta Szold (Maryland-born Founder of Hadassah, the American Women's Zionist Organization) Maryland Political and Social Leaders American Women Political Leaders Judaism
1879 Josef Stalin (Georgian-born Dictator of the Soviet Union) Josef Stalin Soviet Union World War II Cold War
1918 Kurt Waldheim (Austrian-born Secretary General of the United Nations, 1972-82) United Nations Kurt Waldheim Nazi Germany
Performing Artists
1935 Phil Donahue (Ohio-born Television Talk Show Host) Phil Donahue Television
1937 Jane Fonda (New York City-born Actress) Jane Fonda Actors Film Vietnam War
1940 Frank Zappa (Maryland-born Popular Musician) Frank Zappa Popular Musicians
1948 Samuel L. Jackson (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Actor) Samuel L. Jackson African-American Performing Artists Actors Film
1955 Jane Kaczmarek (Wisconsin-bon Actress) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Television Film IMDB Wisconsin Historical Society
1957 Ray Romano (New York City-born Comedic Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Biography
1966 Kiefer Sutherland (English-born Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
Sports Figures
1911 Josh Gibson (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Josh Gibson African-American Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1926 Joe Paterno (New York City-born Football Coach) New York City Sports Figures Football Penn State University
1954 Chris Evert (Florida-born Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) Chris Evert International Tennis Hall of Fame
1959 Florence Griffith Joyner (California-born Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Florence Griffith Joyner African-American Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame Olympics
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
69 Vitellius (Emperor of Rome) Roman Empire
1807 John Newton (English Hymnist, Author of "Amazing Grace") English Composers and Songwriters Composers Religion
1824 James Parkinson (English Physician Who First Identified the Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease) English Scientists & Mathematicians Parkinson's Disease
1872 Robert Scott Duncanson (New York-born African-American Artist) New York Artists African-American Artists American Artists & Illustrators
1921 P.B.S. Pinchback (Georgia-born African-American U.S. Congressman) Georgia Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1923 Jim Wells (Texas Political Leader; Namesake of Jim Wells County) Jim Wells County, Texas Politics Texas State Historical Association
1940 F. Scott Fitzgerald (Minnesota-born Author) F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors
1945 George S. Patton (California-born U.S. Army General) George S. Patton U.S. Military Leaders World War II
1973 Nikolaas Tinbergen (Dutch 1973 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Dutch Scientists & Mathematicians Birds 1973 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1620 Pilgrims Go Ashore from the Mayflower, Landing At What Will Be Plymouth, Massachusetts Massachusetts Plymouth Colony
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1777 General George Washington Orders Troops to Move to Wilmington, Delaware and Protect the Flour Mills Wilmington, Delaware George Washington American Revolution State of Delaware
1799 William Wordsworth Moves into Dove Cottage William Wordsworth Poetry History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine Day worm and wind from the N W by W, the Indian whome I stoped from Commiting murder on his wife, thro jellousy of one of our interpeters, Came & brought his two wives and Showed great anxiety to make up with the man with whome his joulassey Sprung— a womin brought a Child with an abcess on the lower part of the back, and offered as much corn as She Could carry for Some medison, Capt Lewis administered &c.

Ordway: Some cloudy & Warm this morning, but a pleasant day. we continued Setting up the pickets &.C.

Whitehouse: This day we had moderate weather, the Snow melting fast. the Men were all employed picketting the fort as usual.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rain as usial last night and all day to day moderately.

we Continued at the Cabins dobbing & Shinking of them, fall Several trees which would not Split into punchins—

one of the indians was detected Stealing a horn Spoon, and leave the Camp.

our Sackacome out, which we made use of to mix with our tobacco to Smoke which has an agreeable flavour.Send 2 men to gather Some at the ocian,

Saw Elk Sign

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
USGS The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 The Fourier Series Is First Introduced at the Paris Institute Paris Calculus Historic Firsts University of St. Andrews
1812 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near California's Santa Barbara Channel California Earthquake USGS
1813 The Indiana Legislature Creates Washington County Washington County, Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1816 Pike County, Indiana Is Created Pike County, Indiana Kindred Trails Indiana Historical Society
1818 Owen County, Indiana Is Created Pike County, Indiana Kindred Trails Indiana Historical Society
1819 State of Georgia Creates Rabun County in Honor of Gov. William Rabun Who Died in Office Rabun County, Georgia University of Georgia
1822 Montgomery County, Indiana Is Created Montgomery County, Indiana Kindred Trails Indiana Historical Society
1824 $13,500 in Contracts Are Signed for a 16'-wide Roadway from Tallahassee to St. Augustine Florida Economics Florida Historical Association
1829 Carrollton Viaduct, First U.S. Stone Arch Railroad Bridge Dedicated in Baltimore Maryland Bridges Railroad Historic Firsts University of New Brunswick
1830 Georgia Claims All Land within the State's Boundaries Including Land Occupied by the Cherokee Georgia Cherokee University of Georgia
1835 Oglethorpe University Is Chartered in Milledgeville, Georgia Georgia Education Oglethorpe University Concordia
1842 Fulton County, Arkansas Is Created Fulton County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1848 Clarksville, Arkansas Is Incorporated Clarksville, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1850 William Wallace, Abraham Lincoln's Third Son, Is Born in Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Parents and Families Lincoln Log
1853 Texas Legislation Encourages Constructing Railroad from East Texas to El Paso Texas Railroad Texas State Historical Association
1857 State of Georgia Creates Mitchell County in Honor of Revolutionary War General Henry Mitchell Mitchell County, Georgia University of Georgia
1858 State of Florida Creates Suwannee and Bradford Counties Florida Florida Historical Association
1861 British Take a Hard Line to Resolve Trent Affair Great Britain Naval History Trent Affair History Channel
President Lincoln Discusses Trent Affair with Senator Browning of Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1864 Sherman's Troops Occupy a Defenseless Savannah, Georgia Savannah, Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea University of Georgia
1866 2,000 Indians Massacre 81 U.S. Cavalry Outside Ft. Kearney, WY Wyoming Native-American History Westward Expansion Death History Channel
1872 H.M.S. Challenger Leaves England on World's First Scientific Voyage Challenger Expedition Naval History History of Science Historic Firsts University of California San Diego
1873 At Little Rock, Arkansas, the Baring Cross Bridge Opens Across the Arkansas River Little Rock, Arkansas Bridges Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture Arkansas History Commission
1874 Grant Orders Troops to Restore Peace After Massacre of Blacks in Vicksburg Mississippi President U.S. Grant Racism College of St. Scholastica
1877 Georgia's New Constitution Is Put into Effect Georgia Laws and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1891 James Naismith Invents Basketball and the First Game Is Played at Springfield, College, MA James Naismith Massachusetts Historic Firsts Springfield College Basketball Hall of Fame Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1895 MA Commemorates Pilgrims' Landing Making Forefathers' Day a Legal Holiday Massachusetts Plymouth Colony Forefathers' Day John Howland Society
1897 The Name of the Georgia Lunatic Asylum Is Changed to the Georgia State Sanitarium Georgia Mental Health University of Georgia
1898 Pierre and Marie Curie Discover Radium Marie Curie Pierre Curie Radium Radiation New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1906 In Alaska, the First Message Is Sent Via a Submarine Cable Between Juneau and Wrangell Alaska Telegraph Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1913 The First Crossword Puzzle Is Printed in the New York World Crossword Puzzles Journalism Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1923 Great Britain Recognizes Nepal As a Fully Sovereign State Nepal Great Britain South Asian Journal
1928 President Calvin Coolidge Signs the Boulder Canyon Project Act President Calvin Coolidge Hoover Dam Library of Congress
1932 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake in South Central Nevada Felt in California and Utah Nevada California Utah Earthquake USGS
1937 Walt Disney's Snow White Premieres in Los Angeles Los Angeles Walt Disney Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs USPTO
1938 A Coelacanth, a Fish Through to be Extinct, Is Caught Along the Coast of South Africa South Africa Coelacanth South African History Online
1945 Ernest Hemingway Divorces His Third Wife, Martha Gellhorn Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1946 Louis Jordan's "Let the Good Times Roll," Debuts on Rhythm and Blues Charts Louis Jordan Popular Music African-American Performing Artists Library of Congress
1948 Repeal of External Relations Act Establishes Intent to Create Republic of Ireland Ireland Great Britain European History Dublin Public Libraries
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1956 Court Ruling Goes into Effect Banning Segregated Busing in Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery Bus Boycott Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage Alabama Archives
Martin Luther King Sits in the Front Seat of Montgomery, Alabama Bus Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Montgomery Bus Boycott U.S. Supreme Court African-American History
1958 Charles de Gaulle Elected President of France by a Sweeping Majority Charles de Gaulle Elections History Channel
1962 U.S. Agrees to Sell Nuclear Missiles to Great Britain Great Britain Nuclear Weapons Cold War BBC
1963 NASA Launches TIROS 8 Satellite to Improve Televised Cloud Cover Images Space Exploration Clouds NASA
1966 The $3.5M Bridge over the Lodge Expressway at the Detroit-Oak Park City Limits Is Michigan's 10,000th Bridge Michigan Bridges State of Michigan
1967 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One in Northern Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
The Rolling Stones Release Their Album, Their Satanic Majesties Request The Rolling Stones Popular Music History Channel
1968 Apollo 8 Launched as First-Manned Flight to Orbit the Moon Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Historic Firsts History Channel NASA
1969 Thailand Announces It Will Withdraw 12,000 Troops from South Vietnam Thailand Vietnam War History Channel
1970 Elvis Presley Meets President Richard Nixon in the White House Elvis Presley President Richard Nixon The White House New York Times
1971 U.N. Chooses Kurt Waldheim to Succeed U Thant as Secretary-general United Nations Kurt Waldheim Nazi Germany New York Times
1975 Oakland' s 48-year-old George Blanda Ends Career with 4 PATs v. Kansas City Pennsylvania Sports Figures Pro Football Hall of Fame USA Today
1984 6-7 Georgeann Wells Jams First Dunk in Women's Basketball History West Virginia Basketball Historic Firsts New York Times West Virginia Archive
1988 Terrorist Bomb Blows Up Pan Am Jumbo Jet over Lockerbie, Scotland: 270 Die Scotland Libya Pan Am 103 Terrorism Death
Three Soviet Astronauts Return to Earth After One year in Space Aboard Soyuz TM-4 Russian Space Program Space Exploration Historic Firsts Society and Technology
1991 Eleven Former Soviet Republics Form the Commonwealth of Independent States Fall of the Soviet Union Commonwealth of Independent States History Channel
1995 City of Bethlehem Passes from Israeli to Palestinian Control Israel Palestine New York Times
1996 House Speaker Newt Gingrich Admits to Violating House Ethics Rules Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives New York Times
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 President-elect George W. Bush Resigns As Governor of Texas Texas President George W. Bush The American Presidency State of Texas
The State of Delaware Adds a Protected Zone of 5,800 Acres Around the Nanticoke River Area Delaware Rivers Earth and Enivronmental Science State of Delaware
2010 U.S. Census Bureau Announces the Official U.S. Population Count Is 308,745,538 U.S. Census U.S. Census Bureau