Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Christianity: Christmas
(Observed annually on December 25th)
Religion Christmas
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1869 Charles Finger (English-American Children's Author Awarded the 1925 Newbery Medal for Tales from Silver Lands) English Authors Arkansas Authors Young-Adult Authors 1925 Newbery Medal for Tales from Silver Lands Arkansas History Commission
1915 Eth Clifford (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Young-Adult Authors Houghton-Mifflin
1951 Pam Muñoz Ryan (California-born Latin-American Children's Author) Pam Muñoz Ryan Primary Children's Authors Latin American Studies
Artists, Architects and Designers
1883 Maurice Utrillo (French Painter) French Artists Artists
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1959 Michael Anderson (New York-born African-American Astronaut; Perished 2/1/2003 in Space Shuttle Columbia) Michael Anderson Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster African-American Explorers and Astronauts
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1642 Isaac Newton (English-born Mathematician, Scientist; Founder of Calculus and Newton's Laws of Motion) Isaac Newton Calculus Physics Gravity
1871 Clara Barton (Massachusetts-born Nurse; Founder of the American Red Cross) Clara Barton Health Care Aemrican Red Cross
1878 Louis Chevrolet (French-American Automobile Designer) French Scientists, Inventors Automotives Chevrolet
Business Leaders
1887 Conrad Hilton (New Mexico-born Businessman; Founder of Hilton Hotels) New Mexico Business Leaders Hilton Hotels
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1828 Benjamin F. Gue (Founder of Iowa State University) Iowa Education Education Iowa State University
1835 Benjamin Tucker Tanner (Pennsylvania-born Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church) Pennyslvania Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders, Theologians African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1886 Franz Rosenzweig (German-born Religious Philosopher, Writer) German Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders, Theologians Philosophy
Political and Social Leaders
1834 James Sidney Hinton (North Carolina-born First African American Elected to the Indiana House of Representatives) North Carolina Poltical and Social Leaders Indiana Poltical and Social Leaders African-American Poltical and Social Leaders Indiana Historical Society
1835 Gilbert Motier Woodward (Washington D.C.-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) Washington, D.C. Poltical and Social Leaders Wisconsin Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wiscconsin State Historical Society
1866 John Slaton (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1897 Stella Akin (First Woman Admitted to the Georgia Bar) Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1918 Anwar Sadat (President of Egypt; Nobel Laureate for Peace) Anwar Sadat 1978 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1950 Karl Rove (Colorado-born Advisor to President George W. Bush) Colorado Political and Social Leaders President George W. Bush
Performing Artists
1886 Edward "Kid" Ory (Louisiana-born African-American Dixieland Jazz Trombonist, Composer, Bandleader) Louisiana Peforming Artists Jazz American Composers and Songwriters African-American Peforming Artists African American Registry
1899 Humphrey Bogart (New York City-born Actor) Humphrey Bogart American Performing Artists Film
1907 Cab Calloway (New York-born African-American Singer, Bandleader, Dancer) New York Performing Artists American Performing Artists Popular Musicians Dance African-American Performing Artists History Channel African American Registry
1937 O'Kelly Isley (Ohio-born African-American Popular Singer, "The Isley Brothers") Ohio Peforming Artists Popular Musicians African-American Peforming Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1946 Jimmy Buffett (Mississippi-born Popular Singer, Songwriter) Mississippi Performing Artists Popular Musicians Official Website Mississippi Writers Project
1949 Sissy Spacek (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1954 Annie Lennox (Scottish Singer, Songwriter, Composer) Scottish Performing Artists Popular Musucians Composer, Songwriter
1957 Shane MacGowan (English Singer, Songwriter) English Performing Artists Popular Musucians Composer, Songwriter
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1938 Karel Capek (Czech Playwright) Karel Capek Poetry
1946 W.C. Fields (Pennsylvania-born Comedic Actor) W.C. Fields American Performing Artists Film
1977 Charlie Chaplin (English Comedic Actor) Charlie Chaplin Actors Film
1989 Nicolae Ceausescu (Ousted Romanian President Executed with His Wife) Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War Capital Punishment BBC
1992 Helen Beatrice May Joseph (South African Political and Human Rights Activist) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
1996 Dean Martin (Ohio-born Popular Singer) Ohio Performing Artists Popular Musicians History Channel
2006 James Brown (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Georgia Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
2008 Eartha Kitt (South Carolina-born African-American Emmy-Award Winning Actress, Singer) Eartha Kitt Popular Musicians American Performing Artists Batman Emmy Awards African-American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events from 1000 - 1099 that Occurred on this Date
1066 William the Conqueror Is Crowned King of England William the Conqueror English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy New York Times
Historic Events of the 1200s that Occurred on this Date
1241 Mongol Forces Capture Budapest, Hungary Hungary Asian History
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1482 England's King Edward IV Entertains 2,000 to a Special Christmas Feast English Political and Social Leaders Edward IV Christmas Greenwich Guide
1487 Portuguese Seafarer Bartolomeu Dias Enters Lüderitz Bay After Sailing 3 Weeks Along the Namib Coast of South West Africa Bartolomeu Dias Namibia Explorers Naval History South African History
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1539 In Florida, Priests with Hernando de Soto's Expedition Conduct the First Christmas Service in North America Hernando de Soto Florida Christmas Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1660 Voyageurs, Huron Indians and Father René Menard Participate in Michigan's First Recorded Christmas Celebration Michigan Catholicism North American Explorers Huron Indians Christmas Historic Firsts State of Michigan
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1723 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 63" Is Performed As Bach's First Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1724 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 91" Is Performed As Bach's Second Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1725 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 110" Is Performed As Bach's Third Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1728 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 197a" Is Performed As Bach's Fourth Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1734 Part 1 ("Jauchzet, frohlocket") of J.S. Bach's 6-part "Christmas Oratorio," S. 248, Is Performed in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1773 The East India Company Ship Polly Loaded with Tea from England Is Turned Back at Philadelphia England Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Naval History Taxes American Revolution State of Delaware
1776 General Washington's 5,400 Troops Cross the Delaware River to Surprise Hessian Forces Celebrating Christmas in Trenton, New Jersey Trenton, New Jersey George Washington Naval Military History American Revolution History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1815 Beethoven Conducts a Cantata and His Name Day Fest Overture, Op. 115, at a Vienna Benefit for the Citizens' Hospital Fund Vienna, Austria Ludwig van Beethoven Composers Christmas Music American Public Media
1818 "Silent Night" Is Performed for the First Time at the Church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorff, Austria Oberndorff, Austria Music Christmas Music Historic Firsts American Goethe Society (pdf) New York Times American Public Media
1830 The First Regularly Scheduled U.S. Passenger Train Begins Operation Out of Charleston, South Carolina Along a 6-mile Track Charleston, South Carolina Railroads Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1832 The Ohio Government Authorizes the Creation of Carroll County Carroll County, Ohio Ohio Historical Society
1837 Named for Major Francis Dade Who Was Massacred by Seminole Indians, Dade County Is Created as Georgia's 92nd County Dade County, Georgia University of Georgia
1837 In Florida, U.S. Troops Led by Zachary Taylor Rout the Seminoles at the Battle of Okeechobee Florida Zachary Taylor Seminole Indians War Death Museum of Florida Art African American Registry Florida Historical Society
1838 The First Communion Service Is Conducted for Episcopalians in Texas Texas Religious Music Christmas Music Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Society
1842 The First American Flag Is Hoisted in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota American Flag Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1846 U.S. Troops Defeat the Mexicans at Brazitos Near Las Cruces, in the Only Mexican War Battle Fought in New Mexico. New Mexico Mexican-American War New Mexico Magazine
Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Poems" Is Published Ralph Waldo Emerson Poetry American Collection
1851 Christmas Is First Celebrated in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Christmas Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1861 President Lincoln and His Cabinet Meet for 4 Hours to Consider a Solution to the Trent Affair Great Britain President Abraham Lincoln The Trent Affair Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Hosts a Large Gathering for Christmas Dinner, Including Family and Friends From Illinois and Kentucky Kentucky Illinois President Abraham Lincoln The White House Christmas Lincoln Logs
1862 President and Mrs. Lincoln Visit Hospitals President Abraham Lincoln Health Care American Civil War Christmas Lincoln Logs
1868 President Andrew Johnson Grants an Unconditional Pardon for Everyone Involved in the Southern Rebellion That Resulted in the Civil War President Andrew Johnson The American Presidency Law & Legal Resources American Civil War University of Georgia
1870 As a Present to His Wife, Richard Wagner Conducts an Ensemble in Playing "Siegfried Idyll" at His Villa in Switzerland Switzerland Richard Wagner Composers Christmas Music American Public Media
1871 In Texas, the Houston and Texas Central Railroad Is the First to Reach Austin Austin, Texas Railroad Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Society
1880 In Delaware, the New Castle County Court House Is Completed on Wilmington's Rodney Square Wilmington, Delaware Architecture State of Delaware
1886 England's Dial Square Football Club Is Renamed to Royal Arsenal (from Royal Oak Public House and Woolwich Arsenal Station English Sports Figures Soccer Royal Arsenal Football Club Greenwich Guide
1899 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Property Damage in San Jacinto, California San Jacinto, California Earthquakes USGS
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1907 The Yakima Valley Transportation Company Operates Its First Electric Trolley Over a 3-mile Line in North Yakima (Now Yakima). Yakima, Washington Transportation Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1912 Arkansas Governor Donaghey Pardons 300 Convicts Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Crime Law and Legal Resources Arkansas History Commission
1913 Minneapolis's First Public Christmas Tree Is Lit in Gateway Park Minneapolis, Minnesota Christmas Minnesota Historical Society
1914 Troops from Both Sides Emerge from Their Trenches for a Christmas Truce Christmas World War I History Channel
1917 45 Mexicans Cross the Border Capturing and Looting the Luke Brite Ranch, Killing 3 People Mexico Texas Death Texas State Historical Society
1926 Hirohito Becomes Emperor of Japan, Succeeding His Father, Emperor Yoshihito Japanese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1928 The Pocahontas Theater Opens in Welch, West Virginia Welch, West Virginia Stage and Theater Christmas Historic Firsts West Virginia State Archive
1929 The U.S. Army Signal Corps Radio Station at Nome, Alaska Is Destroyed by Fire Nome, Alaska Fire U.S. Army Alaska Historical Society
1931 The First National Radio Broadcast of a Complete Opera Is Humperdinck's "Hänsel und Gretel" from the Metropolitan Opera, New York City Engelbert Humperdinck New York City Metropolitan Opera Radio Opera Christmas Historic Firsts American Public Media
1932 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake in Changma, Gansu (Kansu), China Collapses 1,000 Houses, Kills 275 People China Earthquakes Death USGS
1933 In Seattle, Washington, Katherine Cornell, Basil Rathbone and Orson Welles Give a 4:00 a.m. Live Performance Seattle, Washington American Performing Artsts Christmas HistoryLink
1936 China's Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) Is Released After Being Kidnapped 12 Days Earlier Chiang Kai-shek Asian History
1937 Arturo Toscanini Conducts His First Radio Concert by the NBC Symphony Orchestra Radio Classical Music Christmas Historic Firsts NBC American Public Media
1938 Vivien Leigh Is Cast to Play Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With the Wind Vivien Leigh Actors Gone With the Wind History Channel
1941 The British Garrison in Hong Kong Surrenders to the Japanese After a 17-Day Siege Hong Kong Great Britain Japan World War II History Channel Asian History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1940 Rodgers and Hart's Pal Joey Premieres at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre with Gene Kelly in the Leading Role New York City Plays Internet Broadway Database
1951 In Mims, Florida, Civil Rights Activists Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore Are Killed When a Bomb Explodes in Their Home Mims, Florida Racism Civil Rights, Human Rights Terrorism Christmas African-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
1952 Queen Elizabeth II Makes Her First Christmas Speech to the British People Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II Christmas Historic Firsts BBC
1956 In Birmingham, Alabama, the Home of Minister and Civil Rights Leader Fred Shuttlesworth Is Bombed Birmingham, Alabama Racism Civil Rights, Human Rights Religion Terrorism African-American Heritage Alabama State Archive
1974 In Australia, Cyclone Tracy Kills 65 and Leaves 9,000 Homeless Australia Cyclones and Hurricanes Death BBC
1982 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake in the Flores Island Region of Indonesia Destroys 1,875 Homes, Killing 13 People Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
1983 Temperature in Delaware Reaches -7° F Delaware Temperature State of Delaware
1989 Ousted Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu and His Wife, Elena, Are Executed Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War Capital Punishment BBC
1991 Mikhail Gorbachev Announces He Is Resigning as President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev The Cold War History Channel New York Times BBC
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 In Luoyang, China, 300-500 People Die in a Fire at a Disco Nightclub China Fire Death History Channel
2002 Katie Hnida Is the First Woman to Play in a Division I College Football Game Attempting an Extra Point for New Mexico Against UCLA New Mexico Sports Figures Football Female Sports Figures Historic Firsts University of New Mexico Football UCLA Football New York Times
2003 European Space Agency Mars Probe, Beagle 2, Disappears and Is Lost Space Exploration Mars Exploration European Space Agency BBC