Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1904 Ingri Parin D'Aulaire (Norwegian-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Norwegian Authors Primary Children's Authors Artists University of Minnesota
1915 Ted Rand (Washington-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Washington Authors Primary Children's Authors Artists Satttle Post-Intelligencer
1934 Aidan Chambers (English Playwright, Children's Author) English Authors Primary Children's Authors Young Adult Authors Plays Official Website CLIP
1943 Diane Stanley (Texas-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Texas Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists Official Website Harper Children Houghton Mifflin Reading Online
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1874 Zona Gale (Wisconsin-born Novelist. Playwright) Wisconsin Authors & Illustrators American Authors Plays Wisconsin State Library Writer's Almanac
1896 Louis Bromfield (Ohio-born Author Awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Novel) Ohio Authors & Illustrators American Authors 1926 Pulitzer Prize Authors' Calendar Writer's Almanac
1910 Charles Olson (Massachusetts-born Avant-Garde Poet) Massachusetts-born Authors Poetry Writer's Almanac
1930 Wilfrid Sheed (English Novelist, Essayist) English Authors Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1873 William A. Harper (Canadian-born African-American Artist) Canadian Artists Artists African-American Artists African American Registry
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1773 George Cayley (English Aviation Pioneer) English Explorers and Aviators Aviation Historic UK
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1571 Johannes Kepler (German Father of Modern Astronomy) Johannes Kepler Space and Astronomy
1822 Louis Pasteur (French Scientist Who Proved Disease Is Caused by Germs) Louis Pasteur Biology Medical Research Reading Online
Business Leaders
1883 Cyrus Stephen Eaton (Canadian-American Industrialist) Canadian Business Leaders
Political and Social Leaders
1771 William Johnson (South Carolina-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1823 Mackenzie Boswell (Prime Minister of Canada) Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1831 Lucius Fairchild (Ohio-born 3-term Governor of Wisconsin) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1846 David M. Clough (New Hampshire-born Governor of Minnesota: 1895 - 1899) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1901 Marlene Dietrich (German Actress, Singer) Marlene Dietrich Actors Popular Musicians Film
1906 Oscar Levant (Pennsylvania-born Pianist, Actor, Author) Pennsylvania Performing Artists American Performing Artists Actors Film American Authors
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1821 Stephen F. Austin (Virginia-born "Father" of Anglo-American Texas) Stephen F. Austin Texas Political and Social Leaders
1834 Charles Lamb (English Poet, Essayist) Charles Lamb Poetry
1944 Amy Cheney Beach (New Hampshire-born Composer) Amy Cheney Beach American Composers
1979 Hafizullah Amin (President of Afghanistan; Executed) Afghanistan Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Cold War History Channel New York Times
1985 Dian Fossey (San Francisco-born Naturalist Murdered in Rwanda) Rwanda Dian Fossey Gorillas
1986 Dumas Malone (Mississippi-born Historian Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for His Biography of Thomas Jefferson) Dumas Malone Thomas Jefferson U.S. History 1975 Pulitzer Prize for History
1990 Harold Town (Canadian Abstract Painter, Illustrator, Printmaker, Sculptor, Writer) Canadian Artists Artists CBC
2007 Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan Opposition Leader and Former Prime Minister: Assassination) Pakistani Political and Social Leaders National Public Radio
2008 Robert Graham (Mexican-American Sculptor of the Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C.) Robert Graham Franklin Roosevelt Memorial American Artists & Designers Latin-American Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1723 J.S. Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 64 Is Performed As the Third Day of Bach's First Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1724 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 133" Is Performed As Bach's Second Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1725 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 151" Is Performed As Bach's Third Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1734 J.S. Bach's Performs Part 3 of His 6-part "Christmas Oratorio," S. 248, in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
1780 American Troops Destroy a British Force Terrorizing Patriots Near South Carolina's Bush River Great Britain South Carolina American Revolution History Channel
1785 Wilmington Quakers Petition Delaware's General Assembly to Eliminate Slave Trade in the State Wilmington, Delaware Slavery Quakers State of Delaware
1794 Portuguese Slave Ship São José Wrecks Off the Coast of South Africa, Drowning 200 Slaves Portugal South Africa Slavery Naval History Death South African History
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1821 The Hanging of Two Native Americans in Detroit for Killing Two White Men Are the First Executions in Michigan Detroit, Michigan Native American Heritage Capital Punishment Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1831 Charles Darwin Sets Sail from England on the HMS Beagle for the Galapagos Islands, the Inspiration for His Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin Naval History Evolution Writer's Almanac Historic UK History Channel
1835 Three Companies of U.S. Soldiers Arrive at Florida's Fort Drane to Reinforce Military Confrontations with the Seminoles Florida Seminoles Forts Florida Historical Society
Holland Lodge No. 36, the First Masonic Lodge in Texas, Meets at Brazoria Brazoria, Texas Grand Lodge of Texas Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1839 Austin, Texas Is Incorporated Austin, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1841 The Term "Lisztomania" Is Coined to Describe the Reaction to Franz Liszt's Performance at the Singakademie in Berlin, Germany Berlin, Germany Franz Liszt Composers American Public Media
1842 Governor Charles McDonald Signs Act Repealing All Laws Prohibiting the Free Introduction of Slaves into Georgia Georgia Government Slavery Laws and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1845 Georgia Makes It Illegal for a White Person to Contract an African-American Mechanic or Mason Georgia Government Racism Labor Laws and Legal Resources African-American Heritage University of Georgia
In Jefferson, Georgia, Dr. Crawford Long Is the First to Use Anesthesia During Childbirth Jefferson, Georgia Medical Research Women Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1846 Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan's Thousand Volunteer Army Captures El Paso El Paso, Texas Mexican-American War History Channel
1862 U.S.S. Roebuck Captures the British Schooner Kate Attempting to Make a Cargo Run Up Florida's St. Mark's River Great Britain Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Confederate Army of Tennessee Finishes Crossing the Tennessee River on Its Retreat to Mississippi Mississippi American Civil War History Channel
1866 The Delaware Association for Moral Improvement and Education of Colored People Is Organized in Wilmington Wilmington, Delaware Education African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1892 In North Carolina, Livingstone Plays Biddle in the First Football Game Between Two Traditionally African-American Colleges North Carolina Education Education Football Historic Firsts African-American Heritage Livingstone College African-Ameerican Heritage
1894 The Kimball Opera House, Georgia's Former State Capitol in Atlanta, Is Destroyed by Fire Atlanta, Georgia Fire University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Carry Nation Campaigns Against Alcohol in Wichita, Kansas by Smashing the Bar at the Elegant Carey Hotel Wichita, Kansas Carrie Nation Drug Abuse Library of Congress History Channel
1904 James Barrie's Play Peter Pan Opens at the Duke of York's Theater in London London, England James Barrie Plays History Channel
1906 Mahnomen (Ojibwe for "wild rice") County, Minnesota Is Formed Mahnomen County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1907 Moore Theater Opens in Seattle, Washington Moore Theater Stage and Theater History Link
1913 The Leschi Is the First Auto Ferry to Operating on Lake Washington Washington Steamboats Automotives Historic Firsts History Link
1918 Volunteers and Members of the Polish People's Guard Take Up Arms Against Germans Occupying the Industrial City of Poznan Poland Germany World War I History Channel
Representatives of 72 Counties Meet in Marshalltown and Organize the Iowa Farm Bureau  Marshalltown, Iowa Iowa Farm Bureau
1927 The Musical Show Boat Opens on Broadway New York City American Musicals Plays Internet Broadway Database History Channel
1932 New York City's Radio City Music Hall Opens to the Public Radio City Music Hall Music Architecture Historic Firsts Library of Congress History Channel
1934 In Fayette County, West Virginia, a Boiler in a Locomotive Hauling Mine Workers Explodes, Killing 18 Miners Fayette County, West Virginia Railroad Labor Death West Virginia State Archives
Isabel and Monroe Smith Open the First U.S. Youth Hostel in Northfield, Massachusetts Northfield, Massachusetts Child Advocacy Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1939 The Glen Miller Show Debuts on CBS Radio Glen Miller Radio Popular Music Historic Firsts History Channel
1940 F. Scott Fitzgerald Is Buried in Rockville Union Cemetery in Rockville, Maryland Rockville, Maryland F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1941 The U.S. Government Initiates Rubber Rationing Beginning with Tires U.S. Government Automotives World War II History Channel
1942 Germany's "Smolensk Committee" Begins Recruiting anti-Soviet Prisoners of War to Join German Troops Against the Soviets Germany Soviet Union Prisoners of War World War II History Channel
1943 President Roosevelt Seizes Control of Railroads to Force the Resolution of a Labor Dispute President Franklin Roosevelt Railroads Business Labor" World War II History Channel
1944 President Roosevelt Orders the Seizure of Montgomery Ward's Properties When the Company Refuses to Comply with a Labor Agreement President Franklin Roosevelt Montgomery Ward Business Labor" World War II History Channel
Texas Lieutenant, Eli Whiteley, Earns the Congressional Medal of Honor for Bravery in France France Texas Military Figures Congressional Medal of Honor World War II Texas State Historical Association
1945 Allied Powers Decide to Divide Korea into North and South Occupation Zones Divided Along the 38th Parallel Korea Korea World War II Korean War Cold War Asian History
The World Bank Is Created With an Agreement Signed by 28 Nations The World Bank Historic World Documents Cold War New York Times
1949 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands Grants Sovereignty to Indonesia After More Than 300 Years of Dutch Rule Indonesia Dutch Political and Social Leaders New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1954 Italian-American Composer, Gian Carlo Menotti, Premieres His Pulitzer-Prize-Winning "The Saint of Bleecker Street," in New York City New York City Italian Composers Composers Historic Firsts 1955 Pulitzer Prize for Music American Public Media
1955 The NAACP Awards Its Annual Spingarn Medal to Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame NACCP African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1960 France Explodes Its Third Atomic Bomb in Africa's Sahara Desert Africa France Atomic Weapons Cold War BBC
1965 British Oil Rig Collapses in the North Sea, Killing 13 Great Britain Business Death BBC
1966 "The Theme From Star Trek" Words by Gene Roddenberry, Is Registered With the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Gene Roddenberr Popular Music Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights USPTO
1968 Apollo 8 Returns to Earth Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA History Channel Florida Historical Society
1970 ''Hello, Dolly!'' Closes on Broadway After a 6-year Run of 2,844 Performances. New York City American Musicals Plays Internet Broadway Database New York Times
1975 A Coal Mine Explosion Followed by a Flood Kills At Least 372 Workers in Dhanbad, India India Labor Flooding Death History Channel Asian History
1978 King Juan Carlos Ratifies Spain's First Democratic Constitution in Nearly Five Decades King Juan Carlos Historic World Documents History Channel
1979 Afghanistan President Hafizullah Amin Is Executed as the Soviet Union Sends 75,000 Troops into the Country Afghanistan Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Cold War Death History Channel New York Times Asian History
1985 Terrorists Kill 16 and Injure 100 in Attacks on Airports at Vienna and Rome Vienna International Airport Rome Airport Authority Aviation History Terrorism Death BBC
1989 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Near the Southeast Coast of Australia Kills 13, Injures 100, Creates $1.1B Damage Australia Earthquakes Death USGS
1991 Filmed Principally in Fayetteville, Georgia, the Film "Fried Green Tomatoes" Is Released to Theaters Nationwide Fayetteville, Georgia Film Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2004 Opposition Leader Viktor Yushchenko Is Announced as the Winner of the Ukraine Presidential Elections Ukrainian Political and Social Leaders Elections BBC
2007 Pakistan Opposition Leader and Former Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto, Is Assassinated Pakistani Political and Social Leaders Death National Public Radio