Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1895 Carol Ryrie Brink (Idaho-born Children's Author Awarded the 1936 Newbery Medal for Caddie Woodlawn Idaho Authors Young Adult Authors 1936 Newbery Medal for Caddie Woodlawn University of Southern Mississippi
1910 Nancy Larrick (Virginia-born Teacher, Children's Author, Editor; Founder of the International Reading Association) Virginia Authors Young Adult Authors International Reading Association School Library Journal
1919 Emily Cheney Neville (Connecticut-born Children's Author Awarded the 1964 Newbery Medal for It's like This, Cat) Connecticut Authors Young Adult Authors 1964 Newbery Medal for It's like This, Cat Britannica
1922 Stan Lee (New York City-born Comic Book Writer; Creator of the "Fantastic Four" and the "Incredible Hulk") New York City Authors Young Adult Authors Cartoons and Comics Writer's Almanac
1927 Elizabeth Fitzgerald Howard (Maryland-born African-American Children's Author) Maryland Authors Primary Authors African-American Authors Slippery Rok University Houghton-Mifflin PIttsburgh Post-Gazette
1928 Janet Lunn (Texas-born Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors Texas Authors Primary Authors Young Adult Authors Canadian Society of children's Authors, Illustrators and Performers Online Guide to Writing in Canada Canadian Children's Book Centre
1940 Barbara Dana (New York City-born Actress Children's Author) New York City Authors American Performing Artists Young Adult Authors Internet Movie Database Charlotte Zolotow The Hudson Valley Writers' Center
1941 Otha Richard Sullivan (Mississippi-born Children's Author of African-American History) Mississippi Authors Young Adult Authors African-American Heritage Mississippi Writer's Project
1951 Cynthia DeFelice (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors Primary Authors Young Adult Authors Official Web Site Farrar, Strauss, Giroux
1954 Nancy Luenn (California-born Children's Author) California Authors Young Adult Authors Parenting Press James Madison University The Evergreen State College
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1833 Edward Levy-Lawson Burnham (English Creator of London Daily Telegraph Newspaper) English Authors Journalism
1932 Manuel Puig (Argentine Novelist, Screenwriter) Argentine Authors Authors Film History Channel
1951 Syl Jones (Ohio-born African-American Playwright) Ohio Authors Plays African American Authors African American Registry
1955 Liu Xiaobo (Chinese Writer, Political Dissident, 2010 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Liu Xiaobo 2010 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1837 B. J. Lang (Massachusetts-born Conductor, Pianist, Organist ) Massachusetts Composers Classical Music Organs
1896 Roger Sessions (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1798 Thomas Henderson (Scottish Astronomer) Scottish Scientists and Mathematicians Space and Astronomy
1873 William Draper Harkins (Pennsylvania-born Chemist, Physicist) Pennsylvania  Scientists and Mathematicians Chemistry Physics
1882 Arthur Stanley Eddington (English Astronomer, Author) English Scientists and Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Authors Historic UK
1898 Carl-Gustaf Rossby (Swedish Meteorologist) Swedish Scientists and Mathematicians Meteorology
Business Leaders
1810 Thomy Lafon (New Orleans-born African-American Business Leader, Philanthropist) New Orleans Business Leaders Business Philanthropy African-American Business Leaders African American Registry
Military Leaders
1822 William Booth Taliaferro (Virginia-born Confederate General) Virginia Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
Political and Social Leaders
1856 Woodrow Wilson (Virginia-born 28th President of the United States) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency World War I
1871 Frederick Pethick-Lawrence (English Women's Suffrage Movement Leader) English Political and Social Leaders Women Women's Suffrage
1929 Owen Bieber (Michigan-born Labor Leader; President of the United Auto Workers) Michigan Political and Social Leaders Labor Leaders United Auto Workers History Channel
Performing Artists
1903 Earl Hines (Pennsylvania-born African-American Jazz Pianist, Bandleader) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database New York Times African American Registry
1908 Lew Ayres (Minnesota-born Actor) Minnesota Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1915 Roebuck "Pops" Staples (Mississippi-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Mississippi Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1921 Johnny Otis (California-born Blues Musician) California Performing Artists Jazz
1934 Maggie Smith (English Academy Award-Winning Actor) English Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film
1954 Denzel Washington (New York-born Academy Award-Winning African-American Actor) New York Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film African American Performing Artists African American Registry
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1694 Mary II, Queen of England England's Political and Social Leaders William and Mary Greenwich Guide
1835 James Findlay (Pennsylvania-born Mayor of Cincinnati; U.S. Representative from Ohio) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Ohio Historical Society
1870 Wilson Lumpkin (Georgia-born U.S. Senator; Namesake of Lumpkin County, Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Georgia Encyclopedia University of Georgia
1932 Frank Taylor Ramsey (Texas-born Horticulturalist) Texas Scientists & Mathematicianss Botany Texas State Historical Association
1937 Maurice Ravel (French Composer) Maurice Ravel Composers
1946 Carrie Jacobs Bond (Wisconsin-born Popular Songwriter) Carrie Jacobs-Bond American Composers and Songwriters Wisconsin Historical Society
1952 Fletcher "Smack" Henderson (Georgia-born African-American Jazz Pianist, Arranger, Bandleader) Georgia Performing Artists Blues & Jazz African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
1976 Freddie King (Texas-born African-American Blues Musician) Texas Performing Artists Blues & Jazz African-American Performing Artists Texas State Historical Association
1999 Clayton Moore (Chicago-born Actor Who Played the "Lone Ranger" on Television) Clayton Moore American Performing Artists Television
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1594 Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors Is Performed at the Gray's Inn, London, as Part of the Christmas Celebrations London, England William Shakespeare The Comedy of Errors Theatre History
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1630 The Site of Present-day Cambridge Is Chosen for the Capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Cambridge, Massachusetts Colonial Massachusetts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1781 British Troops Are Posted at John's Island, Just Outside of Charleston, South Carolina Great Britain John's Island Revolutionary War History Channel
1784 Empress of China, the First American Ship to Go to China, Begins Its Return from Guangzhou China Naval History International Trade Historic Firsts Asian History
1793 Thomas Paine Is Arrested in France for Treason France Thomas Paine Crime Revolutionary War History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1816 The American Colonization Society Is Organized in Washington, D.C. to Return African Americans to Africa Africa Washington, D.C. African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1832 Pro-Slavery John C. Calhoun Resigns As Andrew Jackson's Vice President to Fill an Empty South Carolina Senate Seat John C. Calhoun U.S. Senate President Andrew Jackson Slavery History Channel
1835 108 U.S. Soldiers Are Killed When Ambushed by Seminoles in Sumter County, Florida Sumter County, Florida Seminole Indians War Death Florida Historical Society University of Georgia
1838 Chattooga County Is Created as Georgia's 93rd County Chattooga County, Georgia University of Georgia
1846 Iowa Is the 29th State to be Admitted to the Union Iowa U.S. History New York Times Minnesota Historical Society
1848 Benton, Arkansas Is Incorporated Benton, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1854 Des Arc, Arkansas Is Incorporated Des Arc, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1857 In Washington, the Cape Flattery Lighthouse on Tatoosh Island Begins Operation Washington Lighthouses HistoryLink
1858 A Meeting of Educators in Portland Results in the Formation of the Oregon State Education Association Portland, Oregon Education Oregon State Education Association
1859 Congregation Beth Israel, the Oldest Jewish House of Worship in Texas, Is Chartered Houston Houston, Texas Judaism Texas State Historical Association
1863 Voters in Troy Township, Michigan Approve a Tax to Pay $100 to Men Volunteering to Join the Union Army Michigan Economics American Civil War State of Michigan
1867 President Andrew Johnson Names Major General George Meade to Lead Georgia's Reconstruction Georgia President Andrew Johnson Reconstruction University of Georgia
1869 The Knights of Labor Union of Tailors in Philadelphia Holds the First Labor Day Ceremonies in American History Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Labor Historic Firsts History Channel
1895 Auguste and Louis Lumiére Open the First Movie Theater at the Grand Café in Paris Auguste Lumiére Film Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac History Channel
1897 Edmond Rostand's Play, ''Cyrano de Bergerac,'' Is Premiered at the Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin, Paris, France Paris, France Plays Historic Firsts New York Times Theatre History
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Carry Nation Attacks a Saloon in Wichita, Kansas Wichita, Kansas Carrie Nation Drug Abuse History Channel
1903 In Washington, Whatcom and Fairhaven Merge to Form Bellingham Bellingham, Washington HistoryLink
1904 Falling Cotton Prices Cause Georgia Farmers to Burn 2M Bales in an Effort to Raise Market Prices Farming & Agriculture Business University of Georgia
1908 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake in Sicily Kills over 100,000 People and Destroys Several Towns Sicily Earthquake Death History Channel USGS
1911 Sun Yatsen Is Elected President of the Republic of China Sun Yatsen Elections Asian History
1915 San Francisco, California's City Hall Is Dedicated San Francisco, California Architecture San Francisco City Hall Learn California
1925 George Gershwin's Musical "Tip-Toes" Opens at the Liberty Theater in New York City George Gershwin American Musicals Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database American Public Media
Florida Power and Light Company Is Incorporated Florida Business Electricity Business Florida Power and Light Company Florida Historical Society
U.S. Post Office Issues a 17-cent Stamp Honoring Former U.S. President Woodrow Wilson Virginia Political and Social Leaders Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
1926 The First Producing Oil Well in Ector County, Texas Is Brought in on the W. E. Connell Ranch Ector County, Texas Business Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1928 Ma Rainey, Known as the "Mother of the Blues," Makes Her Last Recording Ma Rainey Blues & Jazz African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
1934 In Alaska, a Juneau Lodge of the Sons of Norway Is initiated at the Odd Fellows Hall Juneau, Alaska Sons of Norway Alaska Historical Society
1938 Future Senator Joseph McCarthy Announces His Candidacy for the Wisconsin 10th Circuit Court Judgeship Joseph McCarthy U.S. Congress Elections Wisconsin Historical Society
1941 The U.S. Navy Requests the Creation of a Construction Battalion That Will Be Known as the "Seabees" World War II Naval Military History History Channel
1944 Leonard Bernstein's Musical "On the Town" Opens in New York City at the Adelphi Theater New York City Leonard Bernstein American Musicals Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database American Public Media
1945 The U.S. Congress Officially Recognizes the ''Pledge of Allegiance" U.S. Congress Pledge of Allegiance New York Times
Igor Stravinsky Becomes an American Citizen Igor Sravinsky Composers American Public Media
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1957 The 2,000,000th Volkswagen Is Built German Business Automotives Volkswagen History Channel
1958 In Professional Football's First Overtime Game, the Baltimore Colts Defeat the New York Giants for the NFL Championship Baltimore New York City Sports Figures Football National Football League Historic Firsts New York Times
1961 Night of the Iguana by Tennessee Williams Opens at the Royale Theatre in New York Tennessee Williams American Authors Plays Internet Broadway Database Mississippi Writer's Project
1963 21 Persons Are Killed and 66 Injured As Fire Sweeps through the Roosevelt Hotel in Downtown Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville, Florida Fire Death Florida Historical Society
1965 North Vietnamese Leader Ho Chi Minh Rejects Unconditional Peace Talks with the United States Vietnam War Asian History
1972 North Vietnamese Officials Agree to Return to the Peace Negotiations in Paris, France Paris, France Vietnam War History Channel
The John Henry Statue Is Erected at Talcott, West Virginia West Virginia Railroad Labor West Virginia
1973 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's The Gulag Archipelago Is Published in the Original Russian in Paris Soviet Union Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Authors Cold War History Channel
Vanuatu Is at the Epicenter of a 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Vanuatu Earthquake USGS
1974 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake in Pakistan Kills 5,300 and Injures 17,000 Pakistan Earthquake Death USGS
1978 Beijing Mayor Peng Zhen Is Released From Jail After 12 Years of Imprisonment and Exile Chinese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the First American Test-Tube Baby, Is Born in Norfolk, Virginia Norfolk, Virginia Medical Research Child Advocacy Historic Firsts New York Times
1989 Alexander Dubcek Is Elected Chairman of the New Multiparty Czechoslovak Parliament Czech Political and Social Leaders Alexander Dubcek Voting Cold War History Channel
1994 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Off the East Coast of Honshu, Japan Kills Two People Japan Earthquake Death USGS
1996 In Canada, a Blizzard Dumps 5' of Snow on British Columbia Canada Snow CBC
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2003 British Government Announces Armed Undercover "Sky Marshals" Will Be Placed on Some British Passenger Planes in the U.S. Great Britain Aviation Terrorism BBC