Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1865 Rudyard Kipling (English Children's Author) Rudyard Kipling Young-Audlt Authors
1922 Jane Langton (Massachusetts-born Mystery Writer Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Young-Audlt Authors
1931 Sheila Garrigue (English-American Children's Author) English Authors Young-Audlt Authors
1933 Mary Rayner (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors Primary Children's Authors Artists
1943 Mercer Mayer (Arkansas-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Arkansas Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists James Madison University
1944 Robert Locke (California-born Author; aka Clayton Bess, Children's Author) California Authors Young-Audlt Authors California State University Stanislaus Houghton-Mifflin
1947 Jane O'Connor (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Young-Audlt Authors HarperCollins
1966 Tres Seymour (Kentucky-born Children's Author) Kentucky Authors Young-Audlt Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1910 Paul Bowles (New York City-born Novelist, Composer) New York City Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1961 Douglas Coupland (Canadian Novelist) Canadian Authors Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1880 Alfred Einstein (German-American Musicologist, Critic) German Performing Artists Music
1910 Paul Bowles (New York-born Composer, Novelist) New York Composers American Composers Official Web Site
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1850 John Milne (English Seismologist, Geologist; Inventor of the Seismograph) English Scientists & Mathematicians Geology Inventors & Inventions Earthquakes St. Louis University USGS
Business Leaders
1851 Asa Griggs Candler (Georgia-born Founder of Coca Cola) Georgia Business Leaders Official Web Site Writer's Almanac University of Georgia
1866 Louis Allis (Wisconsin-born Manufacturer of Small Engines) Wisconsin Business Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1879 Sri Ramana Maharshi (Indian Mystic; Hindu Philosopher) Indian Political and Social Leaders Hinduism Philosophy
Political and Social Leaders
41 Titus (Emperor of Rome) Roman Political and Social Leaders
1842 Josiah Walls (Virginia-born African-American Slave, Soldier, Teacher; First African-American Member of the U.S. Congress from Florida) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders Slavery American Civil War Reconstruction African-American Polticial and Social Leaders African American Registry
1847 John Peter Altgeld (German-American Mayor of Chicago) John Peter Altgeld Chicago Political and Social Leaders Library of Congress
1873 Alfred Smith (Four-Time Governor of New York; 1928 Candidate for President of the United States) New York City Political and Social Leaders New York Times
1884 Hideki Tojo (Prime Minister of Japan During the World War II) Japanese Political and Social Leaders World War II Asian History History Channel
Performing Artists
1906 Carol Reed (English Film Director) English Performing Artists Filmmakers
1914 Bert Parks (Georgia-born Game Show Host; Emcee for the Miss America Pageant) Georgia Performing Artists Television Miss America Internet Movie Database
1928 Bo Diddley (Mississippi-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ) Mississippi Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists Writer's Almanac African American Registry
1946 Patti (Lee) Smith (Chicago-born Singer, Songwriter) Chicago Performing Artists Popular Music
1957 Matt Lauer (New York City-born Talk Show Host of the "Today Show") New York City Performing Artist Television The Today Show
1959 Tracey Ullman (English Actress, Singer) English Performing Artists Actors History Channel
Sports Figures
1935 Sandy Koufax (New York City-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame New York City Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1975 Tiger Woods (California-born Professional Golfer) Tiger Woods Golf African-American Sports Figures Asian-American Sports Figures
1984 LeBron James (Ohio-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) LeBron James Basketball NBA African-American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1803 Francis Lewis (Welsh-American Signer of the Declaration of Independence from New York) Welsh Poltical and Social Leaders New York Poltical and Social Leaders Colonial New York Declaration of Independence American Revolution History Channel
1875 Adam Kok III (Chief of the Griqua People of South Africa) South African Poltical and Social Leaders South African History
1896 Josť Rizal (Filipino Nationalist Novelist and Poet Executed by a Spanish Firing Squad Spain Philippine Authors Authors Poets Asian History
1905 Frank Steunenberg (Governor of Idaho: Assassinated by Hit Man Hired by Members of the Western Miners Federation) Idaho Political and Social Leaders Labor Crime History Channel
1916 Grigory Efimovich Rasputin (Mystic to the Russian Royal Family: Murdered) Grigory Efimovich Rasputin Notorious Russians
1938 E. W. Griffen (Secretary of Alaska) Alaska Political and Social Leaders
1977 Halsey Hall (New York City-born Sports Broadcaster in Minnesota) New City Sports Figures Minnesota  Sports Figures Media Sports Pavek Museum of Broadcasting Minnesota Historical Association
1979 Richard Rodgers (New York City-born Composer) New City Composers American Composers
1982 Herbert P. Gambrell (Texas Historian) Texas Authors American Authors U.S. History Texas State Historical Association
1985 Rick Nelson (New Jersey-born Popular Musician Killed in a Plane Crash) New Jersey Performing Artists Popular Musicians Air Disasters History Channel
2004 Artie Shaw (New York City-born Jazz Clarinetist, Bandleader, Arranger, Composer) Artie Shaw Jazz
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1725 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 28" Is Performed As Bach's Third Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music American Public Media
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805 William Henry Harrison Signs a Treaty with the Piankashaw, Ceding to the U.S. 2.6M Acres in the SW Indiana Territory (Now Part of Illinois) Indiana Illinois Native American Heritage William Henry Harrison Historic U.S. Documents Indiana Historical Society
1816 Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Wed Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Authors History Channel
1847 Georgia Law Punishes Any White Person Convicted of Gambling with Slaves or Free Blacks Georgia Government Racism Slavery Law & Legal Resources University of Georgia
1851 Georgia's Governor Signs the Act Creating Whitfield County as Georgia's 98th County in Honor of Evangelist George Whitefield Whitfield County, Georgia Religious Leaders and Theologians University of Georgia
1852 Future U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes Marries Lucy Ware Webb of Chillicothe, Ohio Chillicothe, Ohio Rutherford B. Hayes History Channel Ohio Historical Society
1853 In Mexico City, the Gadsden Purchase Is Signed, Giving the U.S. Southern New Mexico and Arizona for $10M Mexico New Mexico Arizona Gadsden Purchase Library of Congress New Mexico Magazine
1861 President Lincoln Forwards to Congress Correspondence with England and France Regarding the Trent Affair England France U.S. Congress President Abraham Lincoln Trent Affair Lincoln Logs
1862 The U.S.S. Monitor Sinks in a Storm Off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina North Carolina Naval Military History American Civil War National Park Service History Channel
President Lincoln Continues to Review the Emancipation Proclamation with His Cabinet President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
1863 Members of the Crew of the U.S.S. Pursuit Destroy Two Salt Works at the Head of Florida's St. Joseph's Bay Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Confederate Attack in Florida Forces the U.S.S. Rosalie to Withdraw Further Up the Myakka River Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1867 A School for African-American Children Opens in Seaford, Delaware Seaford, Delaware Education Racism African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1875 Delaware's First State Teacher Association Meeting Is Held Delaware Education Education Labor Unions Historic Firsts Delaware Education Association State of Delaware
1876 The Snow Hill Salt Company of Charleston, West Virginia Is Incorporated Charleston, West Virginia Business West Virginia State Archive
1879 Gilbert and Sullivan's Comic Opera The Pirates of Penzance Is First Performed in the English Coastal Resort of Paignton England Stage and Theater Plays Historic Firsts Historic UK American Public Media
1896 Josť Rizal, Filipino Nationalist Novelist and Poet, Is Executed by a Spanish Firing Squad Spain Philippine Authors Authors Poets Death Asian History
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 In Chicago, Illinois, a Fire in the Iroquois Theater Kills More Than 600 People Chicago, Illinois Stage & Theater Fire Death History Channel
1905 Former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg Is Assassinated by Hit Man Hired by Members of the Western Miners Federation Idaho Political and Social Leaders Labor Crime Death History Channel
In Arles-Salon, France, Victor Hemery Sets a New Land Speed Record of 109.589 mph, Driving a Gasoline-Powered Darracq Automobile French Sports Figures Automobile Racing Historic Firsts History Channel
1911 Sun Yat-sen Is Elected the First President of the Republic of China. Sun Yat-sen The Cold War New York Times
1916 Russian Mystic to the Royal Family, Grigory Efimovich Rasputin, Is Murdered by Russian Nobles Grigory Efimovich Rasputin Notorious Russians Death History Channel
1922 Vladimir Lenin Proclaims the Establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Vladimir Lenin The Cold War History Channel
Madison, Wisconsin Authorities Confiscate over 1,000 Gallons of Alcohol from a Local Bootlegger Madison, Wisconsin Drug and Alcohol Abuse 18th Amendment Crime Wisconsin Historical Society
1927 The Jazz Singer, the First Full-Length Feature Film with Sound, Debuts at the Blue Mouse Theater in Seattle Seattle, Washington The Jazz Singer Sound Internet Broadway Database HistoryLink
1936 General Motors Workers Begin a Series of Sit-Down Strikes to Force GM's Official Recognition of the United Auto Workers Labor Job Actions General Motors UAW History Channel Michigan
1940 Battle of Angels by Tennessee Williams Premieres in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Tennessee Williams Stage and Theater Historic Firsts Mississippi Writers Project
California's First Freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway Connecting Los Angeles and Pasadena, Officially Opens Los Angeles Transportation Historic Firsts New York Times Learn California
1941 Winston Churchill Delivers His "Chicken Speech" to the Canadian Parliament Canadian Government Winston Churchill World War II CBC
1947 King Michael of Romania Agrees to Abdicate Under pressure from the Communists Romania Soviet Union The Cold War New York Times
1948 Cole Porter's "Kiss Me, Kate" Premieres at the New Century Theatre in New York City Cole Porter Plays American Musicials Historic Firsts Internet Broadway Database
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Secretary of State Dean Acheson Declares the U.S. Will Increase Its Efforts to Contain Communist Aggression U.S. Government The Cold War History Channel
1958 Fidel Castro's Rebels Combat the Cuban Army in Fierce Fighting Around the Las Villas Provincial Capital of Santa Clara Fidel Castro The Cold War BBC
Sons of Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista Flee the Country Landing in Miami, Florida Cuban Immigration Miami, Florida Florida Historical Society
1960 Delaware Governor J. Caleb Boggs Resigns to Gain Seniority in the U.S. Senate, to Which He Has Been Elected Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress State of Delaware
1961 President John Kennedy Addresses 40,000 Spectators and 1,100 Cuban Survivors of the Ill-Fated Bay of Pigs Invasion at Miami's Orange Bowl The Orange Bowl President John Kennedy Bay of Pigs Invasion Florida Historical Society
1962 The Green Bay Packers Defeat the New York Giants 16-7 to Retain the National Football League Title Wisconsin Sports Figures New York City Sports Figures Football NFL Florida Historical Society
1965 Ferdinand Marcos Is Inaugurated as President of the Republic of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos History Channel Asian History
1969 President Nixon Signs a Bill Cutting Individual Tax Rates 5% and Removing 9M Low-Income Americans from the Tax Roles President Richard Nixon Taxes History Channel
The International Monetary Fund Agrees to Purchase Gold from South Africa South Africa International Monetary Fund Gold South African History
1971 Iraqi Officials Announce the Expulsion of 60,000 Iranian Men, Women and Children Iraq Iran Middle East History BBC
1972 The United States Halts Its Heavy Bombing of North Vietnam Vietnam War Aviation Military History New York Times Asian History
Officials in Washington, D.C. Announce Vietnam War Peace Talks Will Resume in Paris on January 2 Washington, D.C. Vietnam War History Channel
1978 Ohio State Fires Football Coach Woody Hayes 1-day After He Punches a Clemson University Player Ohio Sports Figures South Carolina College Football Hall of Fame Ohio State Fotball Clemson Football New York Times
1983 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 26 People and Injures Hundreds Along the Afghanistan-Pakistan Border Afghanistan Pakistan Earthquakes Death USGS
1984 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 20 People Along the India-Bangladesh Border Region, Leaving 100 Injured and 10,000 Homeless India Bangladesh Earthquakes Death USGS
1985 Popular Musician, Rick Nelson, Dies in a Plane Crash New Jersey Performing Artists Popular Musicians Air Disasters Death History Channel
1986 Officials Announce Canaries Will Be Replaced with Carbon Monoxide Detectors in British Coal Mines Great Britain Labor Carbon Monoxide Canaries BBC
Exxon Is the First U.S. Company to Leave South Africa in Protest of Apartheid South Africa Business Apartheid Economics Exxon South African History
1993 Israel and the Vatican Extend Diplomatic Recognition to Each Other Israel The Vatican Middle East History New York Times
1994 Britain's Last Government Coal Mines Sold in South Wales to 'Celtic Energy' Great Britain Wales Labor Business BBC
1997 China and the Republic of South Africa Announce They Will Establish Diplomatic Relations Beginning January 1, 1998 China South Africa Asian History