Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

MARCH 1

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International Death Penalty Abolition Day
(Observed annually to commemorate the abolition of the death penalty in Michigan, March 1, 1847)
Michigan Human Rights Capital Punishment Historic Firsts Human Rights Education Association
Women of Color Day
(Observed annually on March 1)
Women African-American Heritage Asian-American Heritage Hispanic Heritage Native-American Heritage Women of Color Day
1841 Blanche Kelso Bruce (Virginia-born First African-American to Serve a Full Term in the U.S. Senate) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Mississippi Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1914 Ralph Waldo Ellison (Ohio-born African-American Author) Ralph Waldo Ellison Notable African American Authors
1921 Patrick Des Jarlait (Minnesota-born Native-American Artist) Minnesota Artists Native-American Artists American Artists
1927 Harry Belafonte (New York-born African-American Popular Singer) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1970 Yolanda Griffith (Chicago-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Yolanda Griffith Basketball African American Sports Figures
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1780 Pennsylvania Is First State to Abolish Slavery (newborns only) Pennsylvania Abolition Historic Firsts African American Heritage
1847 Michigan Is First English-speaking Government to Abolish the Death Penalty Except for Treason Michigan Human Rights Capital Punishment Historic Firsts Human Rights Education Association
1875 Congress Passes First U.S. Civil Rights Act to Provide Equal Access to Public Places and Transportation U.S. Congress Civil Rights Law Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1879 HMS Osprey Arrives at Sitka, Alaska from Victoria, British Columbia in Response to Fears of an Indian Uprising Canada Sitka, Alaska Native American Heritage Naval Military History Alaska Historical Society
1880 In Delaware, the Wilmington Morning News Begins Publication Championing African-American Rights and Education Wilmington, Delaware Journalism Education Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1890 Federal Court Requires Visalia, California to Integrate Its Public Schools Visalia, California Education African-American Heritage National Park Service African American Registry
1894 Jenette Hubbard Bolles Receives Her Degree as the First Female Doctor of Osteopathy Medical Profession American Women in Science and Medicine Historic Firsts DR. Dom IntelliHealth
1912 In New York City, Isabella Goodwin Becomes the Nation's First Female Police Detective New York City Women Law Enforcement Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1940 Richard Wright's Native Son Is Published Richard Wright Literature African American Authors Mississippi Writers
1949 Joe Louis Retires as the World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis African-American Sports Figures International Boxing Hall of Fame New York Times
1954 4 Puerto Ricans Open Fire in U.S. House of Representatives Puerto Rico U.S. Congress Hispanic Heritage History Channel
1964 The Milwaukee United School Integration Committee Is Formed to Promote and Coordinate the Integration of Milwaukee's Schools Milwaukee, Wisconsin Education Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Wisconsin Historical Society
1967 U.S. Representative, Adam Clayton Powell (NY), Is Denied His Seat in the 90th Congress. New York City Political and Social Leaders Adam Clayton Powell U.S. Congress African-American Heritage New York Times
1996 Atlanta Hawks' Lenny Wilkens Records His 1,000th Coaching Win Lenny Wilkens National Basketball Association African-American Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame University of Georgia

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