Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

MARCH 3

1819 Alexander Crummell (New York City-born Minister, Advocate of Black Nationalism) New York City Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1836 Henry Clay Bruce (Virginia-born African-American Author) Virginia Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors and Illustrators Slavery University of North Carolina African American Registry
1913 Margaret Bonds (Chicago-born African-American Pianist, Composer, Arranger) Chicago Composers & Songwriters Classical Musicians American Composers & Songwriters African-American Composers & Songwriters African American Registry
Sports Figures
1884 John Baxter Taylor Jr. (Washington, D.C.-born First African American to Win an Olympic Medal) Washington, D.C. Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Track and Field 1908 Summer Olympics The Ivy League African American Registry
1962 Jackie Joyner-Kersee (Illinois-born Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Jackie Joyner-Kersee Track and Field Hall of Fame The Olympic Games African American Sports Figures
Herschel Walker (Georgia-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Georgia Sports Figures College Foootball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures University of Georgia
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1820 U.S. House Passes Missouri Compromise, Admitting Missouri as a Slave State Missouri Maine U.S. House of Representatives Missouri Compromise History Channel African American Registry
1832 U.S. Supreme Court Gives Federal Government Rights over Cherokees Located in Georgia Georgia U.S. Supreme Court Cherokee Indians University of Georgia Oyez
1836 Under Siege by Seminole Indians, American Soldiers in Florida Kill Their Horses and Mules for Food Florida Seminole Indians War Horses Florida Historical Society
1841 U.S. Congress Appropriates $1,061,816 to Support the Second War Against the Seminole Indians Florida Seminole Indians War Economics Florida Historical Society
1849 President James K. Polk Signs the Minnesota Territory into Existence with a Population of About 10,000 Indians and 5,000 Euro-American Settlers Minnesota President James K. Polk Native-American Heritage Westward Expansion The New York Times Minnesota Historical Society
1859 400 Men, Women and Children Are Sold At the Largest Slave Auction in U.S. History Georgia History Slavery Economics African-American Heritage Library of Congress
1865 Freedmen's Bureau Is Created to Oversee Slavery-to-Freedom Transition Abraham Lincoln Slavery The History Channel Lincoln Papers
1870 State Legislature Votes to Establish the West Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind West Virginia Education Education Special Needs Education West Virginia Archive
1879 Belva Lockwood Is First Woman Admitted to Appear before U.S. Supreme Court Belva Lockwood U.S. Supreme Court Women Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts FindLaw
1887 Anne Sullivan Arrives At Keller Home to Teach Their 6-year-old Daughter Helen Helen Keller Anne Sullivan Special Needs Education Educators of Note Helen Keller Birthplace
1891 In New Mexico, the U.S. Congress Establishes the Court of Private Land Claims to Validate Spanish and Mexican Land Grants Spain Mexico New Mexico U.S. Congress Economics Law and Legal Resources Hispanic Heritage New Mexico Magazine
North Carolina's General Assembly Establishes Elizabeth City State University North Carolina Education Education African-American Heritage Elizabeth City State University African American Registry
1915 D.W. Griffith's Controversial Film The Birth of a Nation Premieres in New York City New York City D.W. Griffith Racism Birth of a Nation Library of Congress History Channel
1991 Beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles Police Officers Is Captured on Amateur Video Los Angeles Law Enforcement Racism African-American Heritage Television New York Times History Channel African American Registry
2001 Johnny Ruiz Defeats Evander Holyfield in 12 Rounds to Become the First-Ever Latino WBA Heavyweight Champion Massachusetts Sports Figures Georgia Sports Figures Boxing Historic Firsts Latin-American Sports Figures Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
2008 The Congressional Medal of Honor Is Posthumously Awarded to Woodrow Wilson Keeble, the First Sioux Indian to Receive the Medal South Dakota Military Figures Native-American Military Figures Sioux Indians American Military Figures Historic Firsts Governor of North Dakota

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