Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 12

1825 Richard Harvey Cain (Virginia-born African-American Congressman from South Carolina) Virginia Political and Social Leaders South Carolina Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1882 Jimmy Winkfield (Kentucky-born African-American Jockey: Winner of the 1901 and 1902 Kentucky Derbies) Kentucky Sports Figures Horse Racing Hall of Fame Kentucky Derby African American Registry
1907 Helen Claytor (Minnesota-born African-American Advocate for Civil Rights and Women's Rights) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Women African-American Political and Social Leaders YWCA African American Registry
1908 Lionel Hampton (Kentucky-born African-American Vibes Musician) Lionel Hampton Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1937 Dennis Banks (Minnesota-born Indian Rights Activist) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Native-American Heritage Human Rights/Civil Rights
1940 Herbie Hancock (Illinois-born African-American Jazz Pianist) Illinois Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists Biography.com African American Registry
1941 Toi Derricotte (Michigan-born African-American Poet) Michigan Authors & Illustrators Poetry African-American Authors & Illustrators African American Registry
1952 Gary Soto (California-born Latin-American Children's Author, Poet) Gary Soto Young-adult Authors Poetry Latin-American Authors & Illustrators
1956 Andy Garcia (Cuban-American Actor) Cuban Performing Artists Actors Film Latin-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1975 Josephine Baker (Missouri-born African-American Singer) Missouri Performing Artists Popular Musicians Dance African-American Performing Artists
1981 Joe Louis (Alabama-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Joe Louis International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1989 Sugar Ray Robinson (Michigan-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Sugar Ray Robinson International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
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1834 President Andrew Jackson Signs Treaty of Payne's Landing Intended to End Hostilities with the Seminoles Florida President Andrew Jackson Seminole Indians Historic American Documents Florida Historical Society
1836 Mexican Forces under General Santa Anna Capture Thompson's Ferry on the Brazos River Santa Anna Texas Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1854 Vigilantes Hang Two Snohomish Indians in Seattle, Washington's Pioneer Square Seattle, Washington Native American Heritage Capital Punishment History Link
1958 The First New York City Puerto Rican Day Parade Is Held New York City Puerto Rico Latin-American Studies National Puerto Rican Day Parade, Inc.
1961 Ray Charles Receives Grammy for Best Performance by a Pop Single Artist for "Georgia on My Mind" Ray Charles Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists Grammy Awards University of Georgia
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Is Arrested in Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham, Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Crime University of Georgia
1983 Harold Washington Is Elected as the First African-American Mayor of Chicago Chicago Famous African-Americans Historic Firsts Chicago Public Library New York Times

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