Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 13

1854 Richard Ely (New York-born Economist) New York  Scientists and Mathematicians Economists Wisconsin Historical Society
1891 Nella Larsen (Chicago-born African-American Author) Nella Larsen African-American Authors & Illustrators
1924 John Biggers (North Carolina-born African-American Artist) John Biggers African-American Artists
1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Native-American U.S. Senator from Colorado, Born in California) California Political & Social Leaders Colorado Political & Social Leaders U.S. Congress Native American Political and Social Leaders
1944 Charles Burnett (Mississippi-born African-American Film Director, Producer, Screenwriter) Mississippi Performing Artists Filmmakers African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1946 Al Green (Arkansas-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Al Green Rock and Roll Hall of Fame American Composers/Songwriters African-American Performing Arts
1951 Peabo Bryson (South Carolina-born African-American Singer) South Carolina Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Arts Internet Movie Database
1957 Rita Williams-Garcia (New York-born African-American Children's Author) New York Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors African-American Authors & Illustrators
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1785 The Continental Congress Grants Land Rights in the Northwest Territory to Refugees of Nova Scotia Who supported the American Revolution Nova Scotia Continential Congress Immigration American Revolution Ohio Historical Society
1802 In Indiana, the Society of Friends Decides to Build a Farm in Huntington County for Teaching Agriculture to Native Americans Huntington County, Indiana Quakers Native-American Heritage Education Farming & Agriculture Indiana Historical Society
1849 In Minnesota, the U.S. Army Officially Occupies Fort Gaines (Fort Ripley) to Monitor the Winnebago and Maintain Peace Between Ojibwe and Dakota Minnesota Native American Heritage Forts Minnesota Historical Society
1850 California Legislature Passes Foreign Miners Tax Requiring non-American Miners to Pay a Monthly $20 Tax California The California Gold Rush Taxes Virtual Museum of San Francisco Learn California
1873 White Mob Massacres Over 100 African Americans at the Grant Parish Courthouse in Colfax, Louisiana Colfax, Louisiana Terrorism African-American Heritage Death NYU School of Law (pdf)
1874 Fire Destroys Much of the School for the Visually Handicapped in Janesville, Wisconsin Janesville, Wisconsin Education Blindness Fire Wisconsin Historical Society
1886 77 Chiricahua Apache Indians Arrive From Arizona for Imprisonment in St. Augustine, Florida St. Augustine, Florida Arizona Chiricahua Apache Indians Prison Florida Historical Society
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Civil Rights Case Is Argued before U.S. Supreme Court Homer Plessy U.S. Supreme Court Plessy v. Ferguson Oyez
1964 Sidney Poitier Is First African American to Win Academy Award for Best Actor Sidney Poitier Actor Film Academy Award African-American Performing Artists Historic Firsts
1967 Future Hall of Famer, Rod Carew, Plays His First Professional Baseball Game with the Minnesota Twins Rod Carew Minnesota Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball Latin-American Sports Figures Minnesota Historical Society
1997 21-year-old Tiger Woods is the Youngest and First Non-white Masters Champion Tiger Woods The Masters Historic Firsts History Channel BBC

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