Return Today in the History of America's Diversity Heritage Return

APRIL 15

1889 A. Philip Randolph (Florida-born African-American Labor Activist; Founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) Florida Political and Social Leaders Railroad Labor African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry New York Times Biography.com
1896 May Edward Chinn (Massachusetts-born African-American, Native-American Physician in New York City) Massachusetts Scientists and Mathematicians New York Scientists and Mathematicians Medical Professionals African American Scientists and Mathematicians Native American Scientists and Mathematicians African American Registry
1898 Bessie Smith (Tennessee-born African-American Blues Singer) Bessie Smith Jazz and Blues Vocalist African American Performing Artists
1915 Walter Washington (Georgia-born First African-American Mayor of Washington, D.C.) Georgia. Political and Social Leaders Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Politics African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1919 Lofton Mitchell (North Carolina-born African-American Author, Playwright) North Carolina Authors American Authors Plays African American Authors African American Registry
1920 Hilda Simms (Minnesota-born African-American Actress) Minnesota Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film African American Performing Artists African American Registry Internet Movie Database
1922 Harold Washington (First African-American Mayor of Chicago) Chicago Political & Social Leaders Politics African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1928 Norma Merrick Sklarek (New York City-born African-American Architect) New York City Aritsts Architecture African American Artists African American Registry
1942 Eleanor Schick (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Native-American Studies Art
1957 Evelyn Ashford (Louisiana-born African-American Member of the International; Track and Field Hall of Fame) Louisiana Sports Figures Track & Field Hall of Fame Olympics Famous African Americans
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1994 Ralph Ellison (Oklahoma-born African-American Author) Ralph Ellison American Authors African American Authors
2010 Benjamin Hooks (Tennessee-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Benjamin Hooks American Civil Rights Movement African American Political & Social Leaders
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1813 U.S. Forces Seize Control of Alabama's Ft. Charlotte and Mobile from Spain Spain Alabama Hispanic Heritage Alabama Archives
1817 First American School for the Deaf Founded in Hartford, Connecticut Connecticut Deafness Education Historic Firsts King County Government, Seattle, WA
1862 President Lincoln Sends to Senate Treaty with "Sac and Fox, of the Missouri, and the Iowa Tribes, of Indians" Iowa Missouri Abraham Lincoln U.S. Congress Native American Heritage Lincoln Log
1864 President Lincoln Sends to the Senate a Supplemental Treaty with the Chippewa Indians Abraham Lincoln U.S. Congress Chippewa Indians Lincoln Log
1866 The Atlanta Ladies Memorial Association Is Formed to Help Honor Living and Deceased Confederate Veterans Atlanta, Georgia Women American Civil War University of Georgia
1947 Jackie Robinson Is the First African-American to Play in Major League Baseball Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures PBS Library of Congress History Channel African American Registry University of Georgia
1965 James Baldwin's The Amen Corner Is Produced as a Play on Broadway at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre James Baldwin Plays African American Authors Internet Broadway Database American Collection
1987 The Milwaukee Brewers' Juan Nieves Is the First Puerto Rican Pitcher to Throw a No-Hitter in Major League Baseball Puerto Rican Sports Figures Milwaukee, Wisconsin Baseball Major League Baseball Latin-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society

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